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Class   117SINGLE-CRYSTAL, ORIENTED-CRYSTAL, AND EPITAXY GROWTH PROCESSES; NON-COATING APPARATUS THEREFOR
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 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 1][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 1]1 PROCESSES JOINING INDEPENDENT CRYSTALS
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 2][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 2]2 PROCESSES OF GROWTH WITH A SUBSEQUENT STEP ACTING ON THE CRYSTAL TO ADJUST THE IMPURITY AMOUNT (E.G., DIFFUSING, DOPING, GETTERING, IMPLANTING)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 3][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 3]3 PROCESSES OF GROWTH WITH A SUBSEQUENT STEP OF HEAT TREATING OR DELIBERATE CONTROLLED COOLING OF THE SINGLE-CRYSTAL
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 4][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 4]4 PROCESSES OF GROWTH FROM SOLID OR GEL STATE (E.G., SOLID PHASE RECRYSTALLIZATION)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 5][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 5]5 Subclass 5 indent level is 1 Organic product
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 6][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 6]6 Subclass 6 indent level is 1 At pressure above 1 atmosphere
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 7][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 7]7 Subclass 7 indent level is 1 Using heat (e.g., strain annealing)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 8][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 8]8 Subclass 8 indent level is 2 Of amorphous precursor
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 9][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 9]9 Subclass 9 indent level is 2 Epitaxy formation
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 10][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 10]10 Subclass 10 indent level is 2 Using temperature gradient (e.g., moving zone recrystallization)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 11][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 11]11 PROCESSES OF GROWTH FROM LIQUID OR SUPERCRITICAL STATE
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 12][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 12]12 Subclass 12 indent level is 1 Crucibleless process having movement of discrete droplets or solid particles to thin-film precursor (e.g., Verneuil method)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 13][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 13]13 Subclass 13 indent level is 1 Having pulling during growth (e.g., Czochralski method, zone drawing)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 14][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 14]14 Subclass 14 indent level is 2 With a step of measuring, testing, or sensing (e.g., using TV, photo, or X-ray detector or weight changes)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 17][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 17]17 Subclass 17 indent level is 2 With contact with an immiscible liquid (e.g., LEC)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 19][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 19]19 Subclass 19 indent level is 2 Forming an intended mixture (excluding mixed crystal) (e.g., doped)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 23][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 23]23 Subclass 23 indent level is 2 Shape defined by a solid member other than seed or product (e.g., edge-defined film-fed growth, Stepanov method)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 28][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 28]28 Subclass 28 indent level is 2 Including non-coincident axes of rotation (e.g., relative eccentric)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 29][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 29]29 Subclass 29 indent level is 2 Passing non-induced electric current through a crystal-liquid interface (e.g., Peltier)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 30][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 30]30 Subclass 30 indent level is 2 With liquid flow control or manipulation during growth (e.g., mixing, replenishing, magnetic levitation, stabilization, convection control, baffle)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 35][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 35]35 Subclass 35 indent level is 2 With a significant technique for (a) preliminary preparation or growth starting or (b) product handling or growth ending (e.g., arrangement of or crystallography of seed)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 36][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 36]36 Subclass 36 indent level is 2 Precursor intentionally contains an excess component or a non-product appearing component (e.g., solvent, flux, crystal lattice modifier)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 37][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 37]37 Subclass 37 indent level is 1 Having moving solid-liquid-solid region
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 38][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 38]38 Subclass 38 indent level is 2 Including a step of measuring, testing, or sensing
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 40][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 40]40 Subclass 40 indent level is 2 Liquid precursor penetrating only a portion of a single-crystal, thereby liquefying it, and single-crystal formation therefrom which adjoins the never-liquefied portion of the single-crystal (e.g., liquid wire migration)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 41][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 41]41 Subclass 41 indent level is 2 Precursor composition intentionally different from product (e.g., excess component, non-product forming component, dopant, non-stoichiometric precursor, travelling solvent, flux)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 43][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 43]43 Subclass 43 indent level is 2 Distinctly layered product (e.g., twin, SOI, epitaxial crystallization)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 46][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 46]46 Subclass 46 indent level is 2 Movement includes a horizontal component
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 47][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 47]47 Subclass 47 indent level is 2 Flat, free-standing (i.e., substrate-free) product (e.g., ribbon, film, sheet)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 48][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 48]48 Subclass 48 indent level is 2 Solid heating means contacting the liquid (e.g., immersed)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 49][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 49]49 Subclass 49 indent level is 2 Liquid zone contacts only precursor and product solids (e.g., crucibleless, liquid encapsulant, float zone)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 53][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 53]53 Subclass 53 indent level is 1 Forming a single-crystal region by liquefying a region of a single-crystal and adjusting the composition of the liquid (e.g., alloying, regrowth)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 54][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 54]54 Subclass 54 indent level is 1 Liquid phase epitaxial growth (LPE)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 55][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 55]55 Subclass 55 indent level is 2 With a step of measuring, testing, or sensing
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 56][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 56]56 Subclass 56 indent level is 2 Including change in a growth-influencing parameter (e.g., composition, temperature, concentration, flow rate) during growth (e.g., multilayer or junction or superlattice growing)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 58][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 58]58 Subclass 58 indent level is 2 With pretreatment of epitaxy substrate (e.g., autodoping control, cleaning, polishing, leveling, masking)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 59][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 59]59 Subclass 59 indent level is 2 Including a tipping system (e.g., rotation, pivoting)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 60][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 60]60 Subclass 60 indent level is 2 Including a vertical dipping system
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 61][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 61]61 Subclass 61 indent level is 2 Including a sliding boat system
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 62][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 62]62 Subclass 62 indent level is 2 Electric current controlled or induced growth
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 63][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 63]63 Subclass 63 indent level is 2 Characterized by specified crystallography of the substrate
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 64][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 64]64 Subclass 64 indent level is 2 Precursor composition intentionally contains an excess component or a non-product appearing component (e.g., solvent, flux)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 68][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 68]68 Subclass 68 indent level is 1 Having growth from a solution comprising a solvent which is liquid at or below 20 degrees Celsius (e.g., aqueous solution)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 69][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 69]69 Subclass 69 indent level is 2 With a step of measuring, testing, or sensing
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 70][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 70]70 Subclass 70 indent level is 2 Growth accompanied by material removal (other than the product) from solution (e.g., solvent evaporation, osmosis)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 71][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 71]71 Subclass 71 indent level is 2 At pressure above 1 atmosphere (e.g., hydrothermal processes)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 73][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 73]73 Subclass 73 indent level is 1 Havin growth from molten state (e.g., solution melt)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 74][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 74]74 Subclass 74 indent level is 2 Including change in a growth-influencing parameter (e.g., composition, temperature, concentration, flow rate) during growth (e.g., multilayer or junction or superlattice growing)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 75][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 75]75 Subclass 75 indent level is 2 Forming a platelet shape or a small diameter, elongate, generally cylindrical shape (e.g., whisker, fiber, needle, filament) (e.g., VLS method)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 76][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 76]76 Subclass 76 indent level is 2 Using a scavenger agent (e.g., remove, add, deplete, or redistribute impurity or dopant)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 77][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 77]77 Subclass 77 indent level is 2 Gas or vapor state precursor or overpressure
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 78][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 78]78 Subclass 78 indent level is 2 Precursor composition intentionally different from product (e.g., excess component, non-product forming component, dopant, non-stoichiometric precursor, solvent, flux)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 81][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 81]81 Subclass 81 indent level is 2 Growth confined by a solid member other than seed or product (e.g., Bridgman-Stockbarger method)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 84][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 84]84 FORMING FROM VAPOR OR GASEOUS STATE (E.G., VPE, SUBLIMATION)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 85][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 85]85 Subclass 85 indent level is 1 With a step of measuring, testing, or sensing
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 86][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 86]86 Subclass 86 indent level is 2 With responsive control
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 87][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 87]87 Subclass 87 indent level is 1 Forming a platelet shape or a small diameter, elongate, generally cylindrical shape (e.g., whisker, fiber, needle, filament)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 88][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 88]88 Subclass 88 indent level is 1 With decomposition of a precursor (except impurity or dopant precursor) composed of diverse atoms (e.g., CVD)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 89][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 89]89 Subclass 89 indent level is 2 Including change in a growth-influencing parameter (e.g., composition, temperature, concentration, flow rate) during growth (e.g., multilayer or junction or superlattice growing)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 94][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 94]94 Subclass 94 indent level is 2 With pretreatment or preparation of a base (e.g., annealing)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 98][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 98]98 Subclass 98 indent level is 2 With a movement of substrate or vapor or gas supply means during growth (e.g., substrate rotation)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 99][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 99]99 Subclass 99 indent level is 2 With a chemical reaction (except ionization) in a disparate zone to form a precursor (e.g., transport processes)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 101][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 101]101 Subclass 101 indent level is 2 Characterized by specified crystallography or arrangement of substrate (e.g., wafer cassette, Miller index)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 102][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 102]102 Subclass 102 indent level is 2 With significant flow manipulation or condition, other than merely specifying the components or their sequence or both
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 103][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 103]103 Subclass 103 indent level is 2 Using an energy beam or field, a particle beam or field, or a plasma (e.g., ionization, PECVD, CBE, MOMBE, RF induction, laser)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 104][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 104]104 Subclass 104 indent level is 2 Using an organic precursor (e.g., propane, metal-organic, MOCVD, MOVPE)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 105][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 105]105 Subclass 105 indent level is 1 Including change in a growth-influencing parameter (e.g., composition, temperature, concentration, flow rate) during growth (e.g., multilayer or junction or superlattice growing)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 106][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 106]106 Subclass 106 indent level is 1 With pretreatment or preparation of a base (e.g., annealing)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 107][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 107]107 Subclass 107 indent level is 1 With movement of substrate or vapor or gas supply means during growth
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 108][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 108]108 Subclass 108 indent level is 1 Using an energy beam or field, a particle beam or field, or a plasma (e.g., MBE)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 109][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 109]109 Subclass 109 indent level is 1 Fully-sealed or vacuum-maintained chamber (e.g., ampoule)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 200][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 200]200 APPARATUS
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 201][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 201]201 Subclass 201 indent level is 1 With means for measuring, testing, or sensing
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 202][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 202]202 Subclass 202 indent level is 2 With responsive control means
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 203][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 203]203 Subclass 203 indent level is 2 With a window or port for visual observation or examination
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 204][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 204]204 Subclass 204 indent level is 1 With means for treating single-crystal (e.g., heat treating)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 205][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 205]205 Subclass 205 indent level is 1 For forming a platelet shape or a small diameter, elongate, generally cylindrical shape (e.g., whisker, fiber, needle, filament)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 206][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 206]206 Subclass 206 indent level is 1 For crystallization from liquid or supercritical state
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 207][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 207]207 Subclass 207 indent level is 2 Crucibleless apparatus having means providing movement of discrete droplets or solid particles to thin-film precursor (e.g., Verneuil method)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 208][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 208]208 Subclass 208 indent level is 2 Seed pulling
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 219][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 219]219 Subclass 219 indent level is 2 Having means for producing a moving solid-liquid-solid zone
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 223][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 223]223 Subclass 223 indent level is 2 Shape defined by a solid member other than seed or product (e.g., Bridgman-Stockbarger)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 224][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 224]224 Subclass 224 indent level is 2 Including pressurized crystallization means (e.g., hydrothermal)
 
CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS
 
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 900][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 900]900 APPARATUS CHARACTERIZED BY COMPOSITION OR TREATMENT THEREOF (E.G., SURFACE FINISH, SURFACE COATING)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 901][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 901]901 LEVITATION, REDUCED GRAVITY, MICROGRAVITY, SPACE
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 902][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 902]902 SPECIFIED ORIENTATION, SHAPE, CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, OR SIZE OF SEED OR SUBSTRATE
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 903][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 903]903 DENDRITE OR WEB OR CAGE TECHNIQUE
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 904][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 904]904 LASER BEAM
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 905][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 905]905 ELECTRON BEAM
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 906][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 906]906 SPECIAL ATMOSPHERE OTHER THAN VACUUM OR INERT
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 907][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 907]907 Subclass 907 indent level is 1 Refluxing atmosphere
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 910][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 910]910 DOWNWARD PULLING
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 911][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 911]911 SEED OR ROD HOLDERS
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 912][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 912]912 REPLENISHING LIQUID PRECURSOR, OTHER THAN A MOVING ZONE
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 913][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 913]913 GRAPHOEPITAXY OR SURFACE MODIFICATION TO ENHANCE EPITAXY
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 914][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 914]914 CRYSTALLIZATION ON A CONTINUOUS MOVING SUBSTRATE OR COOLING SURFACE (E.G., WHEEL, CYLINDER, BELT)
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 915][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 915]915 SEPARATING FROM SUBSTRATE
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 916][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 916]916 OXYGEN TESTING
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 917][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 917]917 MAGNETIC
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 918][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 918]918 SINGLE-CRYSTAL WAVEGUIDE
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 919][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 919]919 Subclass 919 indent level is 1 Organic
E-subclasses in USPC Class 117/920-958 were created as duplicates of EPO groups in subclass C30B. With the implementation of CPC, these E-subclasses should no longer be used. Instead, use CPC subclass C30B.
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 920][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 920]920 SINGLE-CRYSTALS HAVING A HOLLOW (E.G., TUBE, CONCAVO-CONVEX) {C30B 29/66}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 921][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 921]921 SMALL DIAMETER, ELONGATE, GENERALLY CYLINDRICAL SINGLE-CRYSTAL (E.G., WHISKERS, NEEDLES, FILAMENTS, FIBERS, WIRES) {C30B 29/62}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 922][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 922]922 FREE-STANDING, FLAT SINGLE-CRYSTAL (E.G., PLATELET, PLATE, STRIP, DISK, TAPE, SHEET, RIBBON) {C30B 29/64}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 923][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 923]923 SINGLE-CRYSTAL OF COMPLEX GEOMETRY (E.G., PATTERNED, ELO) {C30B 29/66}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 924][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 924]924 HOMOGENEOUS COMPOSITION PRODUCT WITH ENLARGED CRYSTALS OR ORIENTED-CRYSTALS (E.G., COLUMNAR)
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 925][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 925]925 ORGANIC COMPOUND CONTAINING SINGLE-CRYSTAL {C30B 29/54}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 926][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 926]926 Subclass 926 indent level is 1 Tartrate containing (e.g., Rochelle salt) {C30B 29/56}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 927][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 927]927 Subclass 927 indent level is 1 Macromolecular compound containing (i.e., more than about 100 atoms) {C30B 29/58}
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 928][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 928]928 SINGLE-CRYSTAL OF PURE OR INTENTIONALLY DOPED ELEMENT {C30B 29/02}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 929][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 929]929 Subclass 929 indent level is 1 Carbon (e.g., diamond) {C30B 29/04}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 930][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 930]930 Subclass 930 indent level is 1 Silicon from solid or gel state {C30B 29/06}
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 931][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 931]931 Subclass 931 indent level is 1 Silicon from liquid or supercritical state {C30B 29/06}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 932][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 932]932 Subclass 932 indent level is 2 By pulling {C30B 29/06}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 933][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 933]933 Subclass 933 indent level is 2 By moving zone (not Verneuil) {C30B 29/06}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 934][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 934]934 Subclass 934 indent level is 2 By liquid phase epitaxy {C30B 29/06}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 935][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 935]935 Subclass 935 indent level is 1 Silicon from vapor or gaseous state {C30B 29/06}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 936][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 936]936 Subclass 936 indent level is 1 Germanium {C30B 29/08}
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 937][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 937]937 INORGANIC CONTAINING SINGLE-CRYSTAL (E.G., COMPOUND, MIXTURE, COMPOSITE) {C30B 29/10}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 938][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 938]938 Subclass 938 indent level is 1 Gold, silver, or platinum containing {C30B 29/52}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 939][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 939]939 Subclass 939 indent level is 1 Free metal or intermetallic compound or silicon-metal compound based, except arsenic (e.g., alloys, SiGe, InSb) {C30B 29/40, 29/52}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 940][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 940]940 Subclass 940 indent level is 1 Halide containing (e.g., fluorphlogopite, fluor-mica) {C30B 29/12}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 941][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 941]941 Subclass 941 indent level is 1 Phosphorus-oxygen bond containing (e.g., phosphate (PO4)) {C30B 29/14}
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 942][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 942]942 Subclass 942 indent level is 1 Silicon-oxygen bond containing (e.g., emerald, beryl, garnet, mica) {C30B 29/16}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 943][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 943]943 Subclass 943 indent level is 2 Quartz (SiO2) {C30B 29/18}
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 944][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 944]944 Subclass 944 indent level is 1 Oxygen compound containing (e.g., yttria stabilized zirconia) {C30B 29/16}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 945][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 945]945 Subclass 945 indent level is 2 Containing A3Me5O12 (1.5(A2O3):2.5(Me2O3)), wherein A is trivalent and selected from the group Sc, Y, La, Hf, or a rare earth metal and Me is trivalent and selected from the group Fe, Ga, Sc, Cr, Co, or Al (e.g., non-silicate garnets) {C30B 29/28}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 946][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 946]946 Subclass 946 indent level is 2 Containing AMe2O4 (AO:(Me2O3)), wherein A is divalent and selected from the group Mg, Ni, Co, Mn, Zn, or Cd and Me is trivalent and selected from the group Fe, Ga, Sc, Cr, Co, or Al (e.g., spinels) {C30B 29/26}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 947][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 947]947 Subclass 947 indent level is 2 Containg AMeO3 ((A2O3):(Me2O3)), wherein A is trivalent and selected from the group Sc, Y, La, Hf, or a rare earth metal and Me is trivalent and selected from the group Fe, Ga, Sc, Cr, Co, or Al (e.g., Perovskite structure, ortho-ferrites) {C30B29/24}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 948][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 948]948 Subclass 948 indent level is 2 Niobate, vanadate, or tantalate containing {C30B 29/30}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 949][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 949]949 Subclass 949 indent level is 2 Titanate, germanate, molybdate, or tungstate containing {C30B 29/32}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 950][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 950]950 Subclass 950 indent level is 2 Aluminum containing (e.g., AL2O3, ruby, corundum, sapphire, chrysoberyl) {C30B 29/20}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 951][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 951]951 Subclass 951 indent level is 1 Carbide containing (e.g., SiC) {C30B 29/36}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 952][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 952]952 Subclass 952 indent level is 1 Nitride containing (e.g., GaN, cBN) {C30B 29/38}
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 953][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 953]953 Subclass 953 indent level is 1 {B,Al,Ga,In,Tl}{P,As,Sb,Bi} compound containing, except intermetallics thereof (i.e., except {Al,Ga,In,Tl}{Sb,Bi}) {C30B 29/40}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 954][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 954]954 Subclass 954 indent level is 2 Gallium arsenide containing (e.g., GaAlAs, GaAs) {C30B 29/42}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 955][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 955]955 Subclass 955 indent level is 2 Gallium phosphide containing {C30B 29/44}
[List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 956][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 956]956 Subclass 956 indent level is 1 {Zn,Cd,Hg}{S,Se,Te} compound containing {C30B 29/46}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 957][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 957]957 Subclass 957 indent level is 2 CdHgTe containing {C30B 29/48}
 [List of Pre Grant Publications for class 117 subclass 958][List of Patents for class 117 subclass 958]958 Subclass 958 indent level is 2 Cadmium sulfide containing (e.g., ZnCdS) {C30B 29/50}
 
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