US 9,813,729 B2
Moving picture coding method and a moving picture decoding method
Makoto Hagai, Osaka (JP); Shinya Kadono, Fukuoka (JP); Satoshi Kondo, Kyoto (JP); and Kiyofumi Abe, Osaka (JP)
Assigned to GODO KAISHA IP BRIDGE 1, Tokyo (JP)
Filed by Godo Kaisha IP Bridge 1, Tokyo (JP)
Filed on Sep. 20, 2016, as Appl. No. 15/270,423.
Application 14/745,983 is a division of application No. 13/495,318, filed on Jun. 13, 2012, abandoned.
Application 13/495,318 is a division of application No. 11/976,748, filed on Oct. 26, 2007, granted, now 8,223,841, issued on Jul. 17, 2012.
Application 15/270,423 is a continuation of application No. 14/745,983, filed on Jun. 22, 2015, granted, now 9,473,774.
Application 11/976,748 is a continuation of application No. 10/480,932, granted, now 7,515,635, issued on Apr. 7, 2009, previously published as PCT/JP03/04806, filed on Apr. 16, 2003.
Claims priority of application No. 2002-118484 (JP), filed on Apr. 19, 2002.
Prior Publication US 2017/0013272 A1, Jan. 12, 2017
This patent is subject to a terminal disclaimer.
Int. Cl. H04N 7/12 (2006.01); H04N 19/573 (2014.01); H04N 19/00 (2014.01); H04N 19/105 (2014.01); H04N 19/50 (2014.01); H04N 19/176 (2014.01); H04N 19/70 (2014.01); H04N 19/172 (2014.01); H04N 19/46 (2014.01); H04N 19/51 (2014.01); H04N 19/61 (2014.01); H04N 19/107 (2014.01); H04N 19/109 (2014.01); H04N 19/91 (2014.01); H04N 19/146 (2014.01); H04N 19/58 (2014.01); H04N 19/577 (2014.01); H04N 19/17 (2014.01); H04N 19/503 (2014.01); H04N 19/159 (2014.01); H04N 19/15 (2014.01); H04N 19/174 (2014.01); H04N 19/182 (2014.01)
CPC H04N 19/573 (2014.11) [H04N 19/00 (2013.01); H04N 19/105 (2014.11); H04N 19/107 (2014.11); H04N 19/109 (2014.11); H04N 19/146 (2014.11); H04N 19/15 (2014.11); H04N 19/159 (2014.11); H04N 19/17 (2014.11); H04N 19/172 (2014.11); H04N 19/176 (2014.11); H04N 19/46 (2014.11); H04N 19/50 (2014.11); H04N 19/503 (2014.11); H04N 19/51 (2014.11); H04N 19/577 (2014.11); H04N 19/58 (2014.11); H04N 19/61 (2014.11); H04N 19/70 (2014.11); H04N 19/91 (2014.11); H04N 19/174 (2014.11); H04N 19/182 (2014.11)] 2 Claims
OG exemplary drawing
 
1. A picture coding and decoding system which includes a picture coding apparatus which codes a picture on a block basis and a picture decoding apparatus which decodes a coded picture on a block basis,
wherein said picture coding apparatus includes:
a dividing unit operable to divide a current picture to be coded into blocks;
a selecting unit operable to select, for coding a plural-block image unit made up of a plurality of blocks, one or two common reference pictures to be commonly referred to, from among plural reference pictures, the one or two common reference pictures being selected from among the plural reference pictures and are assigned commonly to each of the plurality of blocks of the plural-block image unit;
a describing unit:
in the case where the two common reference pictures are selected to be commonly referred to, as the two selected reference pictures, operable to describe common information which identifies the two common reference pictures in a common information area for the plural-block image unit such that reference picture identification information for the two selected common reference pictures can be omitted for at least one of the plurality of blocks of the plural-block image unit, instead of describing, per block, reference picture identification information which identifies the selected two reference pictures, and
in the case where the one common reference picture is selected to be commonly referred to, as one of the two selected reference pictures, operable to describe common information which identifies the one common reference picture in a common information area for the plural-block image unit such that reference picture identification information for the one selected common reference picture can be omitted for at least one of the plurality of blocks of the plural-block image unit, instead of describing, per block, information which identifies the one of the selected two reference pictures, and further operable to describe, per block, reference picture identification information which identifies the other one of the selected two reference pictures;
a first generating unit operable to generate a predictive image of a current block to be coded included in the plural-block image unit, using the selected two reference pictures; and
a coding unit operable to code the current block using the predictive image,
wherein said picture decoding apparatus includes:
a judging unit operable to judge, for decoding a plural-block image unit made up of a plurality of blocks, whether or not information identifying one or two common reference pictures to be commonly referred to is described in a common information area for the plural-block image unit, the one or two common reference pictures being selected from among plural reference pictures and are assigned commonly to each of the plurality of blocks of the plural-block image unit such that reference picture identification information for the one or two common reference pictures can be omitted for at least one of the plurality of blocks of the plural-block image unit;
a second generating unit:
operable to generate a predictive image of a current block included in the plural-block image unit, using the one common reference picture and the reference picture specified on a block basis, in the case where it is judged that information identifying only the one common reference picture is described in the common information area, and
operable to generate a predictive image of the current block included in the plural-block image unit, using the two common reference pictures, in the case where it is judged that information identifying the two common reference pictures is described in the common information area, and
operable to generate a predictive image of the current block included in the plural-block image unit, using two reference pictures specified on a block basis, in the case where it is judged that the information identifying the one or two common reference pictures is not described in the common information area; and
a decoding unit operable to decode the current block using the predictive image.