US 9,813,728 B2
Moving picture coding method and a moving picture decoding method
Makoto Hagai, Osaka (JP); Shinya Kadono, Fukuoka (JP); Satoshi Kondo, Kyoto (JP); and Kiyofumi Abe, Osaka (JP)
Assigned to GODO KAISHA IP BRIDGE 1, Tokyo (JP)
Filed by Godo Kaisha IP Bridge 1, Tokyo (JP)
Filed on Sep. 20, 2016, as Appl. No. 15/270,408.
Application 14/745,983 is a division of application No. 13/495,318, filed on Jun. 13, 2012, abandoned.
Application 13/495,318 is a division of application No. 11/976,748, filed on Oct. 26, 2007, granted, now 8,223,841, issued on Jul. 17, 2012.
Application 15/270,408 is a continuation of application No. 14/745,983, filed on Jun. 22, 2015, granted, now 9,473,774.
Application 11/976,748 is a continuation of application No. 10/480,932, granted, now 7,515,635, issued on Apr. 7, 2009, previously published as PCT/JP03/04806, filed on Apr. 16, 2003.
Claims priority of application No. 2002-118484 (JP), filed on Apr. 19, 2002.
Prior Publication US 2017/0013271 A1, Jan. 12, 2017
This patent is subject to a terminal disclaimer.
Int. Cl. H04N 7/12 (2006.01); H04N 19/573 (2014.01); H04N 19/00 (2014.01); H04N 19/105 (2014.01); H04N 19/50 (2014.01); H04N 19/176 (2014.01); H04N 19/70 (2014.01); H04N 19/172 (2014.01); H04N 19/46 (2014.01); H04N 19/51 (2014.01); H04N 19/61 (2014.01); H04N 19/107 (2014.01); H04N 19/109 (2014.01); H04N 19/91 (2014.01); H04N 19/146 (2014.01); H04N 19/58 (2014.01); H04N 19/577 (2014.01); H04N 19/17 (2014.01); H04N 19/503 (2014.01); H04N 19/159 (2014.01); H04N 19/15 (2014.01); H04N 19/174 (2014.01); H04N 19/182 (2014.01)
CPC H04N 19/573 (2014.11) [H04N 19/00 (2013.01); H04N 19/105 (2014.11); H04N 19/107 (2014.11); H04N 19/109 (2014.11); H04N 19/146 (2014.11); H04N 19/15 (2014.11); H04N 19/159 (2014.11); H04N 19/17 (2014.11); H04N 19/172 (2014.11); H04N 19/176 (2014.11); H04N 19/46 (2014.11); H04N 19/50 (2014.11); H04N 19/503 (2014.11); H04N 19/51 (2014.11); H04N 19/577 (2014.11); H04N 19/58 (2014.11); H04N 19/61 (2014.11); H04N 19/70 (2014.11); H04N 19/91 (2014.11); H04N 19/174 (2014.11); H04N 19/182 (2014.11)] 1 Claim
OG exemplary drawing
 
1. A picture coding and decoding system which includes a picture coding apparatus which codes a picture on a block basis and a picture decoding apparatus which decodes a coded picture on a block basis,
wherein said picture coding apparatus includes:
a dividing unit operable to divide a current picture to be coded into blocks;
a first selection unit operable to select, for coding a plural-block image unit made up of a plurality of blocks, a common reference picture to be commonly referred to, from among plural reference pictures, the common reference picture being only one reference picture that is selected from among the plural reference pictures and is assigned commonly to each of the plurality of blocks of the plural-block image unit;
a common information description unit operable to describe common information which identifies the selected common reference picture, in a common information area for the plural-block image unit such that reference picture identification information for the selected common reference picture can be omitted for at least one of the plurality of blocks of the plural-block image unit, instead of describing, per block, reference picture identification information which identifies the selected common reference picture;
a first predictive image generation unit operable to generate a predictive image of a current block to be coded included in the plural-block image unit, using the selected common reference picture; and
a coding unit operable to code the current block using the predictive image,
wherein said picture decoding apparatus includes:
a common information obtaining unit operable to obtain, for decoding a plural-block image unit made up of a plurality of blocks, common information which identifies a common reference picture, from only one common information area that is provided for all of the plurality of blocks, instead of obtaining, per block, reference picture identification information which identifies a reference picture from block data of each of the plurality of blocks, the common reference picture being only one reference picture that is selected from among plural reference pictures and is assigned commonly to each of the plurality of blocks of the plural-block image unit such that reference picture identification information for the common reference picture can be omitted for at least one of the plurality of blocks of the plural-block image unit;
a second selection unit operable to select, for decoding a plural-block image unit, the common reference picture to be commonly referred to, from among the plural reference pictures based on the obtained common information;
a second predictive image generation unit operable to generate a predictive image of a current block to be decoded included in the plural-block image unit, using the selected common reference picture; and
a decoding unit operable to decode the current block using the predictive image.