US 9,809,900 B2
Crystal growth chamber with O-ring seal for Czochralski growth station
Mark S. Andreaco, Knoxville, TN (US); Troy Marlar, Knoxville, TN (US); and Brant Quinton, Knoxville, TN (US)
Assigned to Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc., Malvern, PA (US)
Filed by Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc., Malvern, PA (US)
Filed on Oct. 21, 2014, as Appl. No. 14/519,162.
Claims priority of provisional application 61/897,487, filed on Oct. 30, 2013.
Prior Publication US 2015/0114285 A1, Apr. 30, 2015
Int. Cl. C30B 15/00 (2006.01); C30B 15/16 (2006.01); C30B 15/14 (2006.01)
CPC C30B 15/00 (2013.01) [C30B 15/14 (2013.01); C30B 15/16 (2013.01); Y10T 29/49817 (2015.01); Y10T 29/49826 (2015.01); Y10T 117/106 (2015.01)] 6 Claims
OG exemplary drawing
 
1. A method for growing a crystal with a Czochralski crystal growth station, comprising:
providing a Czochralski crystal growth station, including:
a radio frequency (RF) heater circumscribing a growth chamber;
a crucible retained within an interior of the growth chamber;
a base supporting the RF heater, the crucible, and the growth chamber;
the provided growth chamber including the following components:
a hollow, non-metallic chamber body, constructed of quartz, having open upper and lower ends, the upper and lower ends respectively defining inner circumferential surface walls having respective upper and lower inner circumferential dimensions;
a metallic base cap having first internal cooling channels formed therein for circulating cooling fluid there through, the base cap having a male necked portion, defining a base cap circumferential dimension smaller than the circumferential dimension of the inner circumferential surface wall of the chamber body lower end, for slidable insertion into the inner circumferential surface wall of the chamber body lower end;
a metallic lid cap having second internal cooling channels formed therein for circulating cooling fluid there through, the lid cap having a male necked portion, defining a lid cap circumferential dimension smaller than the circumferential dimension of the inner circumferential surface wall of the chamber body upper end, for slidable insertion into the inner circumferential surface wall of the chamber body upper end;
a base cap thermal expansion gap defined between the base cap necked portion and the inner circumferential surface wall of the chamber body lower end upon insertion of the base cap necked portion into the lower end of the chamber body;
a lid cap thermal expansion gap defined between the lid cap necked portion and the inner circumferential surface wall of the chamber body upper end upon insertion of the lid cap necked portion into the upper end of the chamber body;
a flexibly compliant, lower O-ring, constructed of FKM-type elastomer material, for interposition between the inner circumferential surface wall of the lower open end of the chamber body the male necked portion of the base cap;
a flexibly compliant, upper O-ring, constructed of FKM-type elastomer material, for interposition between the inner circumferential surface wall of the upper open end of the chamber body and the male necked portion of the lid cap;
assembling the growth chamber by orienting the lower O-ring between the inner circumferential surface wall of the corresponding lower open end of the chamber body and the corresponding male necked portion of the base cap and sliding its necked portion into the corresponding lower open end, thereby sealing and defining the base cap thermal expansion gap;
inserting a crucible into an interior of the chamber body, which defines the interior of the growth chamber, above the now sealed base cap and below the upper open end of the chamber body;
circumscribing the assembled growth chamber and crucible with the RF heater, so that the base cap is oriented over the base;
orienting the upper O-ring between the inner circumferential surface wall of the corresponding upper open end of the chamber body and the corresponding male necked portion of the lid cap and sliding its necked portion into the corresponding upper open end, thereby sealing and defining the lid cap thermal expansion gap and capturing the crucible within the chamber body interior, isolated from ambient atmosphere;
confirming that the respective lid and base caps and the respective upper and lower O-rings are sealed relative to their respective open ends of the chamber body
circulating cooling fluid within the first and second internal cooling channels of the respective base cap and lid cap, in order to reduce thermal expansion of the respective male necked portions thereof, and maintain larger corresponding base cap and lid cap thermal expansion gaps when the chamber body, base cap and lid cap are heated, as compared to respective caps that do not have circulating cooling fluid;
filling the interior of the chamber body with a quantity of inert gas, thereby isolating said interior from ambient atmosphere;
heating the assembled growth chamber and crucible with the RF heater, and
growing a crystal therein, while maintaining sealing isolation integrity between the respective, mating, corresponding interfaces between the necked portions of the base and lid caps, the upper and lower O-rings, and the upper and lower, inner circumferential surfaces of the open ends of the chamber body, as the corresponding base and lid cap thermal expansion gap expands or contracts during crystal growth.