US 9,809,517 B2
Method for breakdown of formates
Rolf Pinkos, Bad Duerkheim (DE); Nicolas Marion, Mannheim (DE); and Helmut Kronemayer, Dossenheim (DE)
Assigned to BASF SE, (DE)
Appl. No. 15/124,944
Filed by BASF SE, Ludwigshafen (DE)
PCT Filed Mar. 5, 2015, PCT No. PCT/EP2015/054619
§ 371(c)(1), (2) Date Sep. 9, 2016,
PCT Pub. No. WO2015/135830, PCT Pub. Date Sep. 17, 2015.
Claims priority of application No. 14159198 (EP), filed on Mar. 12, 2014.
Prior Publication US 2017/0015608 A1, Jan. 19, 2017
Int. Cl. C07C 29/90 (2006.01); C07C 29/141 (2006.01)
CPC C07C 29/141 (2013.01) [C07C 29/90 (2013.01)] 10 Claims
 
1. A process for decomposing formates in formate-containing compositions of matter, which comprises reacting formate-containing compositions of matter in the presence of at least one heterogeneous catalyst comprising lanthanum and at a temperature of from 80 to 180° C. and a pressure of from 0.1 to 60 bar,
wherein the formate-containing compositions of matter have a pH of from 6.5 to 10,
the catalyst is a lanthanum oxide/copper/copper oxide/aluminum oxide catalyst, comprising 4 to 15 wt % of lanthanum reckoned as La2O3 and based on the total weight of the catalyst,
the formate-containing composition of matter comprises carbonyl compounds formed by an aldol reaction of alkanals with formaldehyde and/or their corresponding hydrogenation products, and
at least 50 wt % of formate is decomposed.