US 9,809,502 B2
Enhanced Biochar
Ranko Bontchev, Camarillo, CA (US); Han Suk Kim, Thousand Oaks, CA (US); Richard W. Wilson, San Diego, CA (US); Richard Wilson Belcher, Oxnard, CA (US); Cameron Cheyne, Simi Valley, CA (US); Leo E. Manzer, Wilmington, DE (US); Mark L. Jarand, Newbury Park, CA (US); Haijun Wan, Camarillo, CA (US); and Rajashekharam Malyala, Camarillo, CA (US)
Assigned to Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc., Greenwood Village, CO (US)
Filed by Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc., Greenwood Village, CO (US)
Filed on May 16, 2016, as Appl. No. 15/156,256.
Application 15/156,256 is a continuation in part of application No. 14/873,053, filed on Oct. 1, 2015.
Application 14/873,053 is a continuation in part of application No. 14/385,986, granted, now 9,493,380, previously published as PCT/US2012/039862, filed on May 29, 2012.
Application 14/385,986 is a continuation in part of application No. 13/154,213, filed on Jun. 6, 2011, granted, now 8,317,891.
Application 14/385,986 is a continuation in part of application No. 15/156,256.
Application 15/156,256 is a continuation in part of application No. 14/036,480, filed on Sep. 25, 2013, granted, now 9,359,268.
Application 14/036,480 is a continuation of application No. 13/189,709, filed on Jul. 25, 2011, granted, now 8,568,493.
Claims priority of provisional application 62/162,219, filed on May 15, 2015.
Claims priority of provisional application 62/058,445, filed on Oct. 1, 2014.
Claims priority of provisional application 62/058,472, filed on Oct. 1, 2014.
Prior Publication US 2016/0368831 A1, Dec. 22, 2016
Int. Cl. C05G 3/00 (2006.01); C05D 9/00 (2006.01); C05F 11/08 (2006.01); C09K 17/02 (2006.01); C09K 17/04 (2006.01); C05F 11/00 (2006.01); C05F 11/02 (2006.01); C10B 53/02 (2006.01); C10B 57/02 (2006.01); C05D 9/02 (2006.01)
CPC C05D 9/00 (2013.01) [C05F 11/00 (2013.01); C05F 11/02 (2013.01); C05F 11/08 (2013.01); C05G 3/00 (2013.01); C09K 17/02 (2013.01); C09K 17/04 (2013.01); C10B 53/02 (2013.01); C10B 57/02 (2013.01); C05D 9/02 (2013.01); Y02E 50/14 (2013.01); Y10S 71/903 (2013.01)] 19 Claims
OG exemplary drawing
 
1. A plurality of porous carbonaceous particles where at least 75% of the particles, measured by weight or volume, have a particle size less than or equal to 10 mm and where the plurality of porous carbonaceous particles have been treated to have at least 25% of the pores, by volume, filled with an additive; and where the hydrophobicity of the plurality of porous carbonaceous particles under the MED test method has an index of 4 or less.
 
13. A plurality of porous carbonaceous particles where at least 75% of the particles have a particle size less than or equal to 10 mm and where the plurality of porous carbonaceous particles exhibit weight loss of more than 1% in the interval between 43 and 60° C. when performing the Bontchev-Cheyne Test.
 
18. A plurality of porous carbonaceous particles where at least 75% of the porous carbonaceous particles, measured by weight or volume, have a particle size less than or equal to 10 mm and where the plurality of porous carbonaceous particles have been treated by infusing a liquid into at least 25% of the pores by volume, of the plurality of pores of the porous carbonaceous particles; and where the plurality of porous carbonaceous particles in the batch meet EU Feed limit for dioxins of less than 0.75 ng/kg WHO-PCDD/F-TEQ//kg.
 
19. A plurality of porous carbonaceous particles where the plurality of porous carbonaceous particles contains at least 55% carbon by weight, and where the plurality of porous carbonaceous particles have (i) at least 70% of pores, by volume, measure less than 50,000 nanometers using mercury porosimetry testing, (ii) a hydrophobicity of the plurality of porous carbonaceous particles under the MED test method has an index of 4 or less, and (iii) a dioxin content of the plurality of porous carbonaceous particles meets the EU Feed limit of less than 0.75 ng/kg WHO-PCDD/F-TEQ//kg.