US 9,808,850 B2
Process for forming hollow member with complicated cross-section
Guannan Chu, Weihai (CN); Yanli Lin, Weihai (CN); and Shijian Yuan, Weihai (CN)
Assigned to HARBIN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY (WEIHAI), Weihai, Shandong Province (CN)
Filed by HARBIN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY (WEIHAI), Weihai, Shandong Province (CN)
Filed on Nov. 1, 2016, as Appl. No. 15/340,776.
Claims priority of application No. 2015 1 0999744 (CN), filed on Dec. 21, 2015.
Prior Publication US 2017/0173655 A1, Jun. 22, 2017
Int. Cl. B21D 26/02 (2011.01); B21D 26/033 (2011.01); B21D 19/00 (2006.01); B21D 26/045 (2011.01); B21D 26/039 (2011.01); B21D 15/03 (2006.01); B21D 26/041 (2011.01)
CPC B21D 26/033 (2013.01) [B21D 15/03 (2013.01); B21D 19/00 (2013.01); B21D 26/039 (2013.01); B21D 26/041 (2013.01); B21D 26/045 (2013.01)] 6 Claims
OG exemplary drawing
 
1. A process for forming a hollow member, the process comprising the following steps:
(1) analyzing cross-sectional perimeters of the hollow member to find a shortest cross-sectional perimeters and a longest cross-sectional perimeters, wherein, the shortest cross-sectional perimeters is designated as a cross-section A and the longest cross-sectional perimeters is designated as a cross-section B;
(2) selecting a tube blank, having a cross-sectional perimeter designated as “L”, said cross-sectional perimeter “L” is not longer than the cross-section B of the hollow member;
(3) selecting a die C, a die D, and two seal punches in accordance with a shape of the hollow member, the die C and the die D having inner surfaces;
(4) placing the tube blank into the die D, and sealing ends of the tube blank by the seal punches and filling an inside of the tube blank with a fluid medium;
(5) moving the die C towards the die D such that the die C begins to be in contact with the tube blank in step (4);
(6) adjusting internal pressure of the tube blank in step (5) to p1, p1 is 0.1-10 MPa;
(7) continuing moving the die C towards the die D, a bending moment M thereby generated at the tube blank in step (6) by a combined action of forces from the dies and the internal pressure of the tube blank, wherein, the bending moment M makes the cross-sections of the tube blank to undergo bending deformation and be gradually in close contact with inner surfaces of the dies C and D;
(8) adjusting the internal pressure of the tube blank in step (7) to p2 when the tube blank at the cross-section A is in close contact with 80%-100% of the inner surfaces of the dies C and D; wherein, p2 is 0.5-100 MPa;
(9) continuing moving the die C towards the die D until the tube blank in step (8) at the cross-section B is in close contact completely with the inner surfaces of the dies C and D; wherein, during this process, side walls of the tube blank undergo compressive deformation under a support of the internal pressure p2 of the tube blank at the cross-section A; and the tube blank at other cross-sections first undergoes bending deformation under the combined action of forces from the dies and the internal pressure and then compressive deformation as lowering the upper die after the tube blank is in contact with 80%-100% of the inner surfaces of the dies;
(10) removing the seal punch to unseal the tube blank;
(11) withdrawing the die C such that the formed member can be removed; and
(12) removing the formed member and then clearing off the fluid medium inside.