Class 072: METAL DEFORMING ( Manual of U.S. Patent Classification )

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Manual of U.S. Patent Classification
as of June 30, 2000


Class
072
METAL DEFORMING


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Subclass Title
ClassTitle ===> METAL DEFORMING
1[Patents]WITH RANDOMLY-ACTUATED STOPPING
2[Patents] . Manually controlled
3[Patents] . Responsive to condition of work or product
4[Patents] . . Work feed or faulty work
5[Patents] . . . Termination or tangle of running-length work
6.1[Patents]WITH USE OF CONTROL MEANS ENERGIZED IN RESPONSE TO ACTIVATOR STIMULATED BY CONDITION SENSOR
6.2[Patents] . Metal deforming by use of roller or roller-like tool element
7.1[Patents] . . Including use of sensor responsive to information carried by removable auxiliary record (e.g., recording disk, tape, or card)
7.2[Patents] . . . Including plural sensors or sensor responsive to comparison between plural conditions
7.3[Patents] . . . . Sensing "pattern"
7.4[Patents] . . . . Sensing work or product (e.g., by X-ray)
7.5[Patents] . . . . . Sensing lead end or tail end
7.6[Patents] . . . . . Sensing cross sectional dimension
8.1[Patents] . . Including plural sensors or sensor responsive to comparison between plural conditions
8.2[Patents] . . . Sensing "memory" stored on tool or tool-linked part
8.3[Patents] . . . Sensing work or product (e.g., by X-ray)
8.4[Patents] . . . . Work and product
8.5[Patents] . . . . Sensing temperature
8.6[Patents] . . . . Sensing slack or tension (e.g., by use of dancer)
8.7[Patents] . . . . . Measuring tension distribution across width of work
8.8[Patents] . . . . Sensing lead end or tail end
8.9[Patents] . . . . Sensing cross sectional dimension
9.1[Patents] . . . . . Sensing flatness (e.g., crown)
9.2[Patents] . . . . . Sensing thickness
9.3[Patents] . . . . . . Of edge of work or product
9.4[Patents] . . . . . . Sensor utilizes radiation to detect thickness (e.g., by X-ray)
9.5[Patents] . . . . Sensing tool or tool-linked part
10.1[Patents] . . . Sensing tool or tool-linked part
10.2[Patents] . . . . Sensing torque
10.3[Patents] . . . . Sensing roll rotation (e.g., speed or distance)
10.4[Patents] . . . . Sensing force
10.5[Patents] . . . . . By sensor along roll surface and another sensor along roll axis
10.6[Patents] . . . . . By sensing hydraulic pressure applied to roll
10.7[Patents] . . . . Sensing roll gap
10.8[Patents] . . Requiring operative intervention (e.g., for safety)
10.9[Patents] . . . With pause awaiting input from operative
11.1[Patents] . . Sensing work or product (e.g., by X-ray)
11.2[Patents] . . . Including plural sensors or sensor responsive to plural conditions
11.3[Patents] . . . . Sensing temperature
11.4[Patents] . . . . Sensing slack or tension (e.g., by use of dancer)
11.5[Patents] . . . . Sensing lead end or tail end
11.6[Patents] . . . . Sensing cross sectional dimension
11.7[Patents] . . . . . Sensing flatness (e.g., crown)
11.8[Patents] . . . . . Sensing thickness
11.9[Patents] . . . . . . Of edge of work or product
12.1[Patents] . . . . Sensing tool or tool-linked part
12.2[Patents] . . . Sensing temperature
12.3[Patents] . . . Sensing slack or tension (e.g., by use of dancer)
12.4[Patents] . . . . With deforming of work by sensor
12.5[Patents] . . . Sensing lead end or tail end
12.6[Patents] . . . Including sensor responsive to infeeder or outpuller
12.7[Patents] . . . Sensing cross sectional dimension
12.8[Patents] . . . . To control operation of deformer directly by sensor
13.1[Patents] . . Including use of sensor responsive to energy input to tool or tool driver
13.2[Patents] . . . Including plural sensors or sensor responsive to plural conditions
13.3[Patents] . . . Sensing pressure of tool actuating fluid
13.4[Patents] . . Sensing tool or tool-linked part
13.5[Patents] . . . To control predetermined sequence of operating movements (e.g., of one tool operating on work)
13.6[Patents] . . . . Of different operating assemblages
13.7[Patents] . . . . . Including plural sensors or sensor responsive to plural conditions
13.8[Patents] . . . . . Including work handling or product handling
14.1[Patents] . . . Including plural sensors or sensor responsive to plural conditions
14.2[Patents] . . . To control operation of interlock
14.3[Patents] . . . To stop machine
14.4[Patents] . . . Sensing force on tool
14.5[Patents] . . . . By sensing hydraulic pressure
14.6[Patents] . . To control different operating assemblages
14.7[Patents] . . Controlling deflector
14.8[Patents] . Including use of sensor responsive to information carried by removable auxiliary record (e.g., recording disk, tape, or card)
14.9[Patents] . . Including plural sensors or sensor responsive to comparison between plural conditions
15.1[Patents] . . . Sensing "memory" stored on tool or tool-linked part
15.2[Patents] . . . Sensing "pattern"
15.3[Patents] . . . Sensing work or product (e.g., by X-ray)
15.4[Patents] . . . . Sensing lead end or tail end
15.5[Patents] . . . . Sensing cross section dimension
16.1[Patents] . Including plural sensors or sensor responsive to comparison between plural conditions
16.2[Patents] . . Sensing work or product (e.g., by X-ray)
16.3[Patents] . . . Sensing performance of work or product
16.4[Patents] . . . Work and product
16.5[Patents] . . . Sensing temperature
16.6[Patents] . . . Sensing slack or tension (e.g., by use of dancer)
16.7[Patents] . . . Sensing lead end or tail end
16.8[Patents] . . . Sensing cross sectional dimension
16.9[Patents] . . . . Sensing thickness
17.1[Patents] . . . Sensing tool or tool-linked part
17.2[Patents] . . Sensing tool or tool-linked part
17.3[Patents] . Sensing work or product (e.g., by X-ray)
18.1[Patents] . . Including plural sensors or sensor responsive to plural conditions
18.2[Patents] . . . Work and product
18.3[Patents] . . . Sensing temperature
18.4[Patents] . . . Sensing slack or tension (e.g., by use of dancer)
18.5[Patents] . . . Sensing lead end or tail end
18.6[Patents] . . . Sensing cross sectional dimension
18.7[Patents] . . . . Sensing flatness (e.g., crown)
18.8[Patents] . . . . Sensing thickness
18.9[Patents] . . . Sensing tool or tool-linked part
19.1[Patents] . . Sensing temperature
19.2[Patents] . . Sensing slack or tension (e.g., by use of dancer)
19.3[Patents] . . . With deforming of work by sensor
19.4[Patents] . . Sensing lead end or tail end
19.5[Patents] . . Including sensor responsive to infeeder or outpuller
19.6[Patents] . . Sensing cross sectional dimension
19.7[Patents] . . . To control operation of deformer directly by sensor
19.8[Patents] . Including use of sensor responsive to energy input to tool or tool driver
19.9[Patents] . . Sensing pressure of tool actuating fluid
20.1[Patents] . Sensing tool or tool-linked part
20.2[Patents] . . To control predetermined sequence of operating movements (e.g., of one tool operating on work)
20.3[Patents] . . . Of different operating assemblages
20.4[Patents] . . . . Including plural sensors or sensor responsive to plural conditions
20.5[Patents] . . . . Including work handling or product handling
21.1[Patents] . . Including plural sensors or sensor responsive to plural conditions
21.2[Patents] . . To control operation of interlock
21.3[Patents] . . To stop machine
21.4[Patents] . . Sensing force on tool
21.5[Patents] . . . By sensing hydraulic pressure
21.6[Patents] . To control different operating assemblages
28.1[Patents]WITH USE OF SELF REGULATING CONTROL SYSTEM UTILIZING ELECTRICAL OR HYDRAULIC ENERGY
28.2[Patents] . Metal deforming by use of roller or roller-like tool element
29.1[Patents] . . Utilizing electrical energy
29.2[Patents] . Utilizing electrical energy
30.1[Patents]WITH STOPPING UPON COMPLETION OF PRESCRIBED OPERATION
30.2[Patents] . Metal deforming by use of roller or roller-like tool element
31.01[Patents]WITH INDICATION OF CONDITION OR POSITION OF WORK, PRODUCT, OR MACHINE ELEMENT (E.G., BROKEN TOOL ALARM, ETC.)
31.02[Patents] . Trueness (e.g., devices for repairing, etc.)
31.03[Patents] . . Elongate member straightening
31.04[Patents] . Tube or rod bending
31.05[Patents] . . Deflection angle
31.06[Patents] . Tube diameter resizing
31.07[Patents] . Including deformation by roller or roller-like tool
31.08[Patents] . . Distance between tools of tool couple
31.09[Patents] . . Work guide position
31.1[Patents] . Including deformation by simple bending
31.11[Patents] . . Tool or tool driver travel
31.12[Patents] . . Work stop position
31.13[Patents] . Work drawn or extruded through die
37[Patents]WITH USE OF OPTICAL OR TRANSPARENT (E.G., VIEWING) MEANS
38[Patents]WITH EXPOSURE OF WORK TO GAS, VAPOR, MIST, OR MODIFIED ATMOSPHERE
39[Patents]WITH CLEANING, DESCALING, OR LUBRICATION OF WORK OR PRODUCT
40[Patents] . Mechanical cleaning
41[Patents] . Lubricating
42[Patents] . . With particular lubricant
43[Patents] . . With means to apply lubricant
44[Patents] . . . With means to transfer lubricant
45[Patents] . . . . Force feed
46[Patents]WITH "COATING" OF WORK
47[Patents] . Metal coating
48[Patents]BY TOOL-COUPLE PRESSING TOGETHER ADJACENT SURFACE PORTIONS OF SAME WORK (E.G., TUBE-SEAMER)
49[Patents] . To form helically-seamed tube
50[Patents] . . Using roller conforming to seam contour
51[Patents] . To form longitudinally-seamed tube
52[Patents] . . During longitudinal movement of work
53[Patents]BY SHOT-BLASTING
54[Patents]BY APPLICATION OF FLUENT MEDIUM, OR ENERGY FIELD
55[Patents] . With cutting
56[Patents] . By kinetic energy of fluid or field
57[Patents] . With actuated tool engaging work
58[Patents] . . Expanding hollow work
59[Patents] . . . Corrugating tubular work
60[Patents] . Using fixed die
61[Patents] . . Expanding hollow work
62[Patents] . . . In circular section die
63[Patents] . . Utilizing diaphragm between fluid and work
64[Patents]BY TWISTING AXIALLY MOVING WORK
65[Patents] . With adjustment of machine or variation in effect of tool on product
66[Patents]COILING BY WORK-GUIDE MEMBER ORBITING ABOUT LONGITUDINAL CENTERLINE OF FORMED COIL
67[Patents]BY USE OF TOOL ACTING DURING RELATIVE ROTATION BETWEEN TOOL AND WORK ABOUT INTERNAL CENTER (E.G., GYRATING OR ROTATING TOOL)
68[Patents] . With metal deformation of different type
69[Patents] . With modification or control of temperature of work, tool or machine, or with lubrication thereof
70[Patents] . With cutting of work or product
71[Patents] . . By composite cutting, deforming tool
72[Patents] . . With actuation of cutter in timed relation to movement of deformer or work
73[Patents] . With oscillation of work about work-axis
74[Patents] . With oscillation of work-engaging tool surface about work surface
75[Patents] . Spherical tool
76[Patents] . Work-hammering tool
77[Patents] . With tool surface orbiting around axis parallel to direction of travel of longitudinally moving work
78[Patents] . . Including orbiting roller mounted on rotating carrier
79[Patents] . . Including deflectors arranged to provide undulating path for work
80[Patents] . During rotation of work
81[Patents] . . With "pattern" causing movement of presser member
82[Patents] . . Caused by work-holding, shape-imparting form (e.g., for "spinning")
83[Patents] . . . With means causing cooperating presser member to traverse form surface
84[Patents] . . Using tool having rotating surface moving along it axis of rotation during deformation
85[Patents] . . . And means causing tool to traverse surface of cooperating rotatable member
86[Patents] . . Using angularly related roller-couple acting parallel to axis of work rotation
87[Patents] . . . And additional work-engaging tool, circumferentially spaced about axis of work rotation
88[Patents] . . Caused by tools (e.g., "platens") relatively moving parallel to their surface
89[Patents] . . . Including rotating tool (e.g., "disk-platen")
90[Patents] . . . Including stationary tool
91[Patents] . . Caused by rotating tool and opposing concave surface
92[Patents] . . . Non-rotating concave surface
93[Patents] . . . . With means to adjust concave surface
94[Patents] . . And movement of work laterally of rotational axis during deformation
95[Patents] . . And longitudinal movement of work
96[Patents] . . . Using external rotating tool and internal core
97[Patents] . . . . Including work-piercing or work-expanding plug
98[Patents] . . . Using tool-surfaces spaced along axis of work rotation
99[Patents] . . . Using hyperboloidal roller
100[Patents] . . . Using tool-cluster
101[Patents] . . Using rotating tool-couple relatively adjustable about pivot normal to tool axis
102[Patents] . . Using non-cylindrical rotating tool
103[Patents] . . . Having helical groove
104[Patents] . . . . With cooperating tool rotating in same direction
105[Patents] . . . And cooperating, complementary tool
106[Patents] . . . . And circumferentially spaced, work-engaging elements
107[Patents] . . . Included in roller-cluster
108[Patents] . . . With cooperating tool rotating in same direction
109[Patents] . . . Including in tool-couple
110[Patents] . . Using roller-cluster
111[Patents] . . Using tool-couple
112[Patents] . Tool orbiting or rotating about an axis
113[Patents] . . Comprising transverse-axis roller inside hollow work
114[Patents] . . Helically-grooved tool threadedly engaging work
115[Patents] . . Comprising movable tool cooperating with fixed, work-spaced tool
116[Patents] . . . Plural, selectively usable fixed tools
117[Patents] . . . Outwardly acting movable tool
118[Patents] . . Including tool surfaces spaced along orbital axis
119[Patents] . . . Including plural tools rotating on angularly related axes
120[Patents] . . With actuation of tool radially
121[Patents] . . . Wherein tool is actuated inwardly
122[Patents] . . . Including rotating tool mounted on rotating carrier
123[Patents] . . . . Including roller having noncylindrical work-engaging surface
124[Patents] . . Comprising roller cooperating with work-spaced tool
125[Patents] . . With work or tool locator or work-clamp
126[Patents] . . Tool both orbits and rotates
127[Patents]BY DEFLECTING SUCCESSIVELY-PRESENTED PORTIONS OF WORK DURING BODILY MOVEMENT THEREOF (E.G., FOR COILING, LEVELLING, CURVING OR TROUGHING MATERIAL IN MOVEMENT)
128[Patents] . With modification or control of temperature or work, tool or machine
129[Patents] . With cutting of work or product
130[Patents] . . And deforming of work or product (other than by deflecting)
131[Patents] . . And stopping of work movement during cutting
132[Patents] . . And actuation of cutter in timed relation to deflector or work movement
133[Patents] . With feeding of discrete articles or orienting of work relative to deflector (other than by deflector)
134[Patents] . With use of means to remove product from deflector
135[Patents] . To form helical coil or tube
136[Patents] . . Including thinning of helical portion of work section
137[Patents] . . With deforming of work or product (other than by coiler)
138[Patents] . . By use of means acting by and during machine operation to form coil of irregular pitch and/or diameter
139[Patents] . . . Including non-cylindrical core
140[Patents] . . By interchangeable or selectable tool portion
141[Patents] . . By multi-convolutional tool
142[Patents] . . By work-guide and rotatable, work-holding core
143[Patents] . . . And means to change pitch of coil
144[Patents] . . . And means to traverse work-guide
145[Patents] . . By movable-periphery tool external of coil
146[Patents] . To form spiral coil
147[Patents] . . With interposes to space adjacent coil convolutions
148[Patents] . . With core inside coil
149[Patents] . By use of work-contacting wiper and moving, work-holding form
150[Patents] . . With core inside hollow workpiece
151[Patents] . . With tensioning or work
152[Patents] . . With deforming or work or product (other than by wiper and former)
153[Patents] . . And means to impart compound motion to form
154[Patents] . . Including backed-up, travelling wiper (e.g., follow bar)
155[Patents] . . And means to urge wiper toward form surface
156[Patents] . . And interrelated means to move form and gripper element thereon
157[Patents] . . Including interchangeable or adjustable wiper or form
158[Patents] . . . Comprising adjustable wiper
159[Patents] . . And work-complementing gripper faces (e.g., contoured)
160[Patents] . By use of deflected arranged to provide longitudinally undulating path for work (e.g., "leveling")
161[Patents] . . With deforming of work or product (other than levelling)
162[Patents] . . Including relatively-inclined successive rollers
163[Patents] . . And back-up means for roller-deflector
164[Patents] . . And adjustable carrier for deflector
165[Patents] . . . Including tier of roller-deflectors on carriers
166[Patents] . By use of deflectors arranged to bend work longitudinally of direction of work-movement
167[Patents] . . Including thinning of portion of work-section
168[Patents] . . With deforming of work or product (other than bending longitudinally)
169[Patents] . . With handling of curved product
170[Patents] . . Including three concurrently-acting delta-arranged deflector elements
171[Patents] . . . And additional work-deflecting or work-constraining element
172[Patents] . . . Comprising two rollers and guide
173[Patents] . . . Including adjustable element
174[Patents] . . . . And interrelated means to adjust plural elements simultaneously
175[Patents] . . . . Comprising rectilinearly reciprocable carrier for element
176[Patents] . By use of deflector arranged to bend work transversely of direction of work movement (e.g., troughing)
177[Patents] . . With deforming of work or product (other than bending transversely)
178[Patents] . . Including roller-cluster
179[Patents] . . Including complementary roller-couple
180[Patents] . . . Including plural, axially-spaced circumferential ribs and grooves
181[Patents] . . . Including plural, successively-acting roller-couples
182[Patents] . . Including roller-couple
183[Patents] . By tension applied to work or product (e.g., uncoiling)
184[Patents]BY USE OF "FLYING TOOL" ENGAGING MOVING WORK
185[Patents] . With cutting
186[Patents] . . By composite cutting, deforming tool
187[Patents] . Included in plural deforming stations or passes
188[Patents] . . Passes spaced along axis of rotating tool
189[Patents] . Including arcuately oscillating tool-face
190[Patents] . Including orbitally-moving tool-face
191[Patents] . . Moving in circular orbit
192[Patents] . . . With cooperating rectilinearly-moving tool (e.g., "anvil")
193[Patents] . . . . Comprising tool inside hollow work
194[Patents] . . . Included in tool-cluster
195[Patents] . . . Circumferentially adjustable relative to work-spaced cooperating surface
196[Patents] . . . With cooperating complementary (e.g., conjugate) tool-face
197[Patents] . . . With cooperating roller
198[Patents] . . . With cooperating allochiral tool-face
199[Patents]BY USE OF ROLLER OR ROLLER-LIKE TOOL-ELEMENT
200[Patents] . With modification or control of temperature of work, tool or machine
201[Patents] . . Including cooling
202[Patents] . . By means (other than a tool) modifying temperature of work
203[Patents] . With cutting of work or product
204[Patents] . . By composite cutting deforming tool
205[Patents] . Including tautening of work during deformation (e.g., "tension bridle")
206[Patents] . With non-roller Metal Deforming station
207[Patents] . Including rectilinearly moving tool cooperating with single roller
208[Patents] . With tool inside hollow work
209[Patents] . . Comprising plug acting on longitudinally moving work
210[Patents] . Mounted on travelling, work-supported carriage
211[Patents] . Mounted on manually maneuverable carrier
212[Patents] . With work-forcer offset from, and relatively movable between, spaced rollers
213[Patents] . . With use of means to move work-forcer
214[Patents] . Comprising tool movable relative to stationary work-portion during deformation
215[Patents] . . Along a curved path
216[Patents] . . . About a fixed pivot
217[Patents] . . . . Work between movable tool and pivot (e.g., sweep-arm bender)
218[Patents] . . . . . With means to apply torque to movable tool
219[Patents] . . . . . Including adjustable tool
220[Patents] . . Along a straight path relative to stationary cooperating tool
221[Patents] . Plural passes spaced along axis of one roller of tool-couple
222[Patents] . . With use of means to displace work laterally into next pass
223[Patents] . . Roller common to two tool-couples
224[Patents] . Included in roller-cluster
225[Patents] . . Comprising diverse roller-pairs
226[Patents] . Plural roller-couples (e.g., successively or optionally usable)
227[Patents] . . With material-handling between successive couples
228[Patents] . . . Including optionally selectable work paths
229[Patents] . . . To reverse-roll the workpiece
230[Patents] . . . By curved guide (e.g., "loop return")
231[Patents] . . . Changing orientation or direction of work
232[Patents] . . Including one roller common to two roller-couples (e.g., three-high mill)
233[Patents] . . . Including roller shiftable between successive passes of work
234[Patents] . . Including successively-acting roller-couples
235[Patents] . . . Comprising relatively-inclined successive couples
236[Patents] . With cleaning or conditioning of tool, or lubrication of tool or machine
237[Patents] . With carrier for roller-couple or tool-couple
238[Patents] . . With replacement of tool
239[Patents] . . . By means to replace tool
240[Patents] . . With variation of bite of roller-couple during deformation
241.2[Patents] . . Including back-up for roller
241.4[Patents] . . . With means to relatively vary back-up force along roller axis
241.6[Patents] . . . . Hydraulic or pneumatic force appliers spaced along roller axis
241.8[Patents] . . . . Means to apply bending moment to roller or back-up roll
242.2[Patents] . . . Load bearing, equal size pair of back-up rolls
242.4[Patents] . . . . And second stage, equal size pair of back-up rolls
243.2[Patents] . . . Including reaction roll
243.4[Patents] . . . . Equal size pair of reaction rolls
243.6[Patents] . . . Irregular, convex or hollow back-up roll
244[Patents] . . With interposer (e.g., wedge or gag) between tool and pressure applier
245[Patents] . . Including fluent-driven tool support
246[Patents] . . Including resiliently urged tool support
247[Patents] . . Including means to position tool along axis
248[Patents] . . With "screw-down" to adjust bite of tool-couple
249[Patents] . . With means to drive tool
250[Patents] . With handling of, or guiding of, work or product relative to tool
251[Patents] . . By endless belt or conveyor roll
252[Patents] . . By reciprocating or oscillating means
252.5[Patents] . Roller or roller-like tool-element of particular configuration
253.1[Patents]BY EXTRUDING THROUGH ORIFICE
254[Patents] . With cutting
255[Patents] . . Severing product from stock or residue
256[Patents] . With metal-deforming other than by extrusion
257[Patents] . With product handling
258[Patents] . Expressing polymetallic-layered product
259[Patents] . By plural impellers operating into one extrusion chamber
260[Patents] . Expressing non-uniform cross-section or non-linear product
261[Patents] . Expressing plural products
262[Patents] . By rotating impeller means
263[Patents] . Non-axial movement of die, ram, mandrel or container
264[Patents] . Utilizing internal forming means (e.g., mandrel) or core tube (e.g., wire guide)
265[Patents] . . Movable longitudinally in ram
266[Patents] . . Integral with ram
267[Patents] . . . Single element ("impact extrusion" type)
268[Patents] . . Core tube
269[Patents] . . Bridge mandrel
270[Patents] . Work supplying
271[Patents] . Pressure or velocity conditioning
272[Patents] . Container and/or support therefor
273[Patents] . Ram or ram element
273.5[Patents] . Indirect extrusion
274[Patents]BY PULLING WORKPIECE THROUGH CLOSED PERIPHERY DIE (E.G., ROD-, TUBE-, OR WIRE-DRAWING)
275[Patents] . With cutting
276[Patents] . Producing a non-uniform product
277[Patents] . With movement of discrete workpiece angularly, laterally, or in a reverse direction
278[Patents] . Utilizing plural metal-deforming tools
279[Patents] . . Varying speed of continuous workpiece through successive tool stations
280[Patents] . . Accumulating work between successive tool stations
281[Patents] . . Including non-coaxial closed dies
282[Patents] . . All closed dies coaxially aligned
283[Patents] . . Including a mandrel inserted within a hollow workpiece
284[Patents] . And applying a "pushing" force
285[Patents] . Movable die
286[Patents] . With heating or cooling
287[Patents] . Utilizing specified work moving means
288[Patents] . . Varying speed of moving work
289[Patents] . . Rotating a drum, roll, sheave, etc.
290[Patents] . . Interrelated work gripper and carrier
291[Patents] . . Maintaining a "straight-line-draw"
292[Patents]BY TIGHTENING FLEXIBLE BAND OR CHAIN ABOUT WORK
293[Patents]BY USE OF NON-DEFORMING WORK-GRIPPING CLAMP AND RELATIVELY MOVABLE CLAMP, TOOL OR WORK-FORCER
294[Patents] . With cutting
295[Patents] . By individually non-deforming clamps
296[Patents] . . With coacting relatively movable tool
297[Patents] . . . With means to actuate tool
298[Patents] . . With means to rotate clamp about fixed axis
299[Patents] . . . About axis intersecting work-gripping regions of two clamps (e.g., twisting)
300[Patents] . . With interrelated clamp closer and clamp mover
301[Patents] . . With bodily motion in fixed path
302[Patents] . . . Substantially direct approach or recession (e.g., stretching)
303[Patents] . . . . Along curved path (e.g., tire upsetting)
304[Patents] . With work-distorting clamp
305[Patents] . With plural spaced clamps
306[Patents] . Plural or complex apparatus (e.g., with plural operations)
307[Patents] . . With means to advance elongated work (e.g., pipe elbow crimper)
308[Patents] . Clamp is active metal-deforming element
309[Patents] . . With coacting movable tool
310[Patents] . . Clamp rotatable about fixed axis (e.g., bending brake)
311[Patents] . Movable clamp
312[Patents] . With interrelated clamp closer and tool mover
313[Patents] . . Jaw actuator driven by tool or tool holder
314[Patents] . . Mechanical actuator
315[Patents] . . . Cam or toggle
316[Patents] . Clamp structure constitutes sole initial metal-deforming force-reaction means (i.e., is passive tool)
317[Patents] . . With plural selectively usable clamps (e.g., tube flarer)
318[Patents] . . Deforming indeterminate-length work
319[Patents] . . With pivotal tool (e.g., sheet metal bender)
320[Patents] . . . With die surface extension on clamp
321[Patents] . . . . Curved die surface
322[Patents] . . With die surface extending from clamp jaw
323[Patents] . . . Plural die surface portions and coacting tools
324[Patents]WITH CUTTING
325[Patents] . By composite tool (e.g., piercing)
326[Patents] . . Shear-type
327[Patents] . . . With endless cutting edges
328[Patents] . . . . Utilizing stripper or ejector
329[Patents] . . . . Blank detaching
330[Patents] . . . Blank detaching
331[Patents] . . . Severing (e.g., subdividing)
332[Patents] . By shearing tool-couple
333[Patents] . . With endless cutting edges (e.g., for punching a hole)
334[Patents] . . . After final metal-deforming operation
335[Patents] . . . Pre-cutting (i.e., before metal-deforming)
336[Patents] . . . . Blank detaching
337[Patents] . . Blank detaching
338[Patents] . Severing a discrete piece from stock, work, or product
339[Patents] . . Pre-cutting
340[Patents] . Machining after final metal-deforming (e.g., grinding to size)
341[Patents] . Machining between plural metal-deforming operations
342.1[Patents]WITH TEMPERATURE MODIFICATION OF TOOL OR OF SPECIFIED PORTION OF WORK
342.2[Patents] . Cooling
342.3[Patents] . . Of tool
342.4[Patents] . . . And heating of tool
342.5[Patents] . . And heating of work
342.6[Patents] . . . Distinct temperature modifications at distinct locations of workpiece
342.7[Patents] . Of tool
342.8[Patents] . . Preheating
342.92[Patents] . . By electrical resistance heater within tool
342.94[Patents] . Distinct temperature modifications at distinct locations of workpiece
342.96[Patents] . . By passing electric current through work
343[Patents]BY USE OF CLOSED-DIE AND COACTING WORK-FORCER (E.G., PUSH-DRAWING)
344[Patents] . With stripping or ejecting from tool
345[Patents] . . Timed with tool motion
346[Patents] . . . With work feeding
347[Patents] . Cup or shell drawing (i.e., deep drawing)
348[Patents] . . With additional metal-deforming
349[Patents] . . . Plural deep drawing
350[Patents] . . With application of frictional restraining force to work during deformation
351[Patents] . . . With yieldable actuation of work-gripper (e.g., spring-biased blank-holder)
352[Patents] . Forcing work into or within closed die; e.g., forging
353.2[Patents] . . By two or more coacting tools movable relative to closed die; e.g., tool complex
353.4[Patents] . . . Symmetrically expanding tools
353.6[Patents] . . . . With tools converging to form annular surface; e.g., segments of closed die
354.2[Patents] . . . With tools converging to form annular surface; e.g., segments of closed die
354.6[Patents] . . . One tool telescoping into closed die
354.8[Patents] . . . . One yieldably connected to another
355.2[Patents] . . . . Coaxial opposed tools
355.4[Patents] . . . . . Passing through work; e.g., punch
355.6[Patents] . . . . . Both tools telescoping into closed die
356[Patents] . . With additional metal-deforming
357[Patents] . . With actuation of split die
358[Patents] . . Tool portion enters cavity of closed die
359[Patents] . . . With telescoping engagement
360[Patents] . . Coacting closed-dies
361[Patents] . . With holding, handling or guiding of work or product
362[Patents]PROCESS
363[Patents] . Deforming stacked blanks
364[Patents] . With temperature maintenance or modification
365.2[Patents] . "Rolling"
366.2[Patents] . . Between disclosed rollers
367.1[Patents] . Tube making or reshaping
368[Patents] . . Making
369[Patents] . . Bending
370.01[Patents] . . Comprising use of internal tool
370.02[Patents] . . . End necked down
370.03[Patents] . . . End upset
370.04[Patents] . . . Laterally pressed die(s)
370.05[Patents] . . . . Collapsible mandrel
370.06[Patents] . . . Expanding tube
370.07[Patents] . . . . Sleeve expanded in passage
370.08[Patents] . . . . Expanding internal tool
370.1[Patents] . . End forming
370.11[Patents] . . . Flange forming
370.12[Patents] . . . End closing (e.g., crimping)
370.13[Patents] . . . Compression die (e.g., swaging)
370.14[Patents] . . Changing wall thickness
370.15[Patents] . . . Increasing wall thickness
370.16[Patents] . . Fin or thread forming
370.17[Patents] . . . Internal
370.18[Patents] . . . . And external
370.19[Patents] . . Corrugations forming
370.2[Patents] . . . Axial
370.21[Patents] . . Groove forming
370.22[Patents] . . Using pressurized fluid during deformation
370.23[Patents] . . Change in cross section
370.24[Patents] . . . Change in circular tube diameter
370.25[Patents] . . . . Reduction in diameter
370.26[Patents] . . . Polygon cross section (e.g., rectangular)
370.27[Patents] . . Forming holes in tube
371[Patents] . Coiling and/or twisting
372[Patents] . Involving use of claimed apparatus
373[Patents] . . Reciprocating tool
374[Patents] . . . Opposed tool faces
375[Patents] . . . . Complementary
376[Patents] . . . . Single tool pair
379.2[Patents] . Deforming sheet metal
379.4[Patents] . . Container making
379.6[Patents] . . Forming undulations
377[Patents] . With attenuation, thickening, elongating or shortening of work material
378[Patents] . . By application of tensile forces
380[Patents]BY RELATIVELY MOVABLE OFFSET TOOL-FACES (E.G., FOR BENDING OR DRAWING)
381[Patents] . Embodying three or more coacting relatively movable tools (i.e., tool complex)
382[Patents] . . Comprising yieldable tool or face portion
383[Patents] . . With concurrent actuation of tools
384[Patents] . Plural
385[Patents] . Multi-point tool-couple (e.g., corrugator)
386[Patents] . With tool motion in fixed path
387[Patents] . . Pivotal motion only
388[Patents] . . . Cantilever bender
389.1[Patents] . . Between and co-planar with opposed tools
389.2[Patents] . . . For a small radius bend
389.3[Patents] . . . . Elongated knife edge die (i.e., press brake)
389.4[Patents] . . . . . Adjustable tool face
389.5[Patents] . . . . . . Opposed tools having adjustable crown (i.e., provision for die crowning)
389.6[Patents] . . . Fluid pressure actuated (i.e., hydraulically or pneumatically actuated)
389.7[Patents] . . . . Manually pumped (e.g., by use of a hydraulic jack)
389.8[Patents] . . . . Pivotable opposed tools
389.9[Patents] . . . Rack and pinion actuated
390.2[Patents] . . . Ratchet actuated
390.3[Patents] . . . Cam actuated
390.4[Patents] . . . Linkage actuated
390.5[Patents] . . . Lever actuated
390.6[Patents] . . . Screw actuated
390.7[Patents] . . . . Puller
391.2[Patents] . . Concentric or telescoped tools
391.4[Patents] . . . Tool inside hollow fastener
391.6[Patents] . . . . With fastener loader or supply
391.8[Patents] . . . . Helically ribbed tool
392[Patents]BY RELATIVELY RECEDING WORK-ENGAGING TOOL-FACES (E.G., FOR STRETCHING)
393[Patents] . Embodying three or more tools (e.g., tube expander)
394[Patents]BY THREE OR MORE COACTING RELATIVELY MOVABLE TOOLS (I.E., TOOL-COMPLEX)
395[Patents] . With paired coplanar tool-faces (e.g., for stretching flat work)
396[Patents] . Yieldable face portion or auxiliary tool on tool-couple element
397[Patents] . . On actuated tool
398[Patents] . . Movable toward and against portion of work (e.g., floating mandrel)
399[Patents] . Concurrently actuated tools
400[Patents] . . With coacting fixed tool
401[Patents] . . . Between generally opposed-stroke tools
402[Patents] . . All tools movable radially inward
403[Patents] . With means to actuate tools in sequence
404[Patents]BY PLURAL TOOL-COUPLES
405.01[Patents] . With means to feed work between plural tool stations
405.02[Patents] . . Belt or chain work carrier
405.03[Patents] . . Rotary work carrier (e.g., Turret)
405.04[Patents] . . Threaded rod work carrier
405.05[Patents] . . Sliding table work carrier
405.06[Patents] . . Continuous stock feed
405.07[Patents] . . Work pushed between tool stations
405.08[Patents] . . Including means to store work
405.09[Patents] . . Work grasping
405.1[Patents] . . . Suction device (e.g., suction cup)
405.11[Patents] . . . Reciprocating work feeder
405.12[Patents] . . . . Having work grasping jaws
405.13[Patents] . . . . Adapted to grasp work laterally (e.g., by gripper rail or transfer fingers)
405.14[Patents] . . . . . Telescoping work gripper
405.15[Patents] . . . . . Rotational movement
405.16[Patents] . . . . . Lifting movement
406[Patents]WITH MEANS TO EFFECT COMPOUND MOTION OF TOOL (E.G., ROCKING)
407[Patents]WITH MEANS TO ACTUATE BOTH ELEMENTS OF TOOL-COUPLE
408[Patents] . By continuously rotating shaft
409.01[Patents] . Handle actuated (e.g., plier type, etc.)
409.02[Patents] . . Hog ringer
409.03[Patents] . . . With supply
409.04[Patents] . . With work supply or feed
409.05[Patents] . . . Surgical clip
409.06[Patents] . . . Electrical connector
409.07[Patents] . . Multiple stroke actuator
409.08[Patents] . . Tool having constant angular orientation
409.09[Patents] . . . Including cam
409.1[Patents] . . Including cam
409.11[Patents] . . Plural tools pivotal with respect to plural handles
409.12[Patents] . . Toggle
409.13[Patents] . . Including distinct work retaining or positioning means
409.14[Patents] . . . Electrical connector
409.15[Patents] . . . Belt clip
409.16[Patents] . . Including selectable or replaceable tool
409.17[Patents] . . Spreader
409.18[Patents] . . Flanger or beader
409.19[Patents] . . Work comprises tube
411[Patents]BY RELATIVELY MOVABLE TOOLS HAVING SLIDABLY-ENGAGED WORK-CONFINING WALL MEANS (E.G., EDGEWISE SHEET-METAL BENDER)
412[Patents]BY TOOL-COUPLE EMBODYING NONPLANAR TOOL-FACE
413[Patents] . With adjustable or replaceable section of tool-face
414[Patents] . With complementary tool-faces (e.g., for embossing)
415[Patents] . . Constant profile (e.g., cylindrical segments)
416[Patents] . Similar tool-faces
417[Patents]INCLUDING INTERRELATED TOOL-MOVER AND BLANKHOLDER-MOVER
418[Patents]INCLUDING TOOL MEANS TO MOVE WORK TO OR AGAINST COOPERATING TOOL
419[Patents]WITH MEANS TO HANDLE WORK OR PRODUCT
420[Patents] . Including means to permit maneuvering of work or product at tool zone
421[Patents] . . With means to interrelate movement of tool and of work
422[Patents] . By gripper and/or endless chain
423[Patents] . . With drum carrier for gripper
424[Patents] . With means to store workpieces (e.g., magazine)
425[Patents] . Including variable-speed means
426[Patents] . Including product handling means
427[Patents] . . Ejector
428[Patents] . Including work guide
429[Patents]WITH MEANS TO DRIVE TOOL
452.1[Patents] . Including cam-actuated support
452.2[Patents] . . Pivotal cam
452.3[Patents] . . . Internal cam
452.4[Patents] . . . Rotary cam
452.5[Patents] . . . . Eccentric circle (e.g., crank)
452.6[Patents] . . . . Radial cam face
452.7[Patents] . . . . Axial cam face
452.8[Patents] . . Linear cam
452.9[Patents] . . . Inclined cam (eg., inclined plane)
430[Patents] . Including magnet, solenoid or explosive
431[Patents] . Including yieldable connection in drive train to movable tool
432[Patents] . . Including pneumatic or hydraulic connection
433[Patents] . . Including metallic spring connection
434[Patents] . . . Coil spring
435[Patents] . Mechanical potential-energy drive means only
436[Patents] . . With means to check energy for subsequent release
437[Patents] . . Wherein energy is stored by retraction of tool
438[Patents] . . . With means to control force of blow
439[Patents] . . . Wherein tool is retracted by pinch rolls acting on rectilinearly moving tool-support
440[Patents] . . . Wherein tool is retracted by flexible strap
441[Patents] . With means to selectably control movement of tool
442[Patents] . . By drive means common to optionally selectable tools
443[Patents] . . To control speed of tool
444[Patents] . . By means to connect and/or disconnect tool from its drive
445[Patents] . With stored-energy means to retract tool
446[Patents] . With means to permit tool positioning
447[Patents] . . To reposition line-of-action of tool
448[Patents] . . To position stationary tool of tool-pair
449[Patents] . Including gear-actuated tool support
450[Patents] . Including link-actuated tool support
451[Patents] . . Toggle links
453.01[Patents] . Including pneumatic- or fluid-actuated tool support
453.02[Patents] . . Multiple or staged drive means
453.03[Patents] . . . With mechanical drive means
453.04[Patents] . . . . Fluid high pressure/mechanical low pressure
453.05[Patents] . . . Displacement additive
453.06[Patents] . . . Pressure additive
453.07[Patents] . . . . Axially aligned pistons
453.08[Patents] . . . . Independently actuated means
453.09[Patents] . . . . Pull-down press
453.1[Patents] . . Utilizing stored energy
453.11[Patents] . . . Stored kinetic energy
453.12[Patents] . . Pull-down press
453.13[Patents] . . Including fluid cushion for die opposite to ram
453.14[Patents] . . With ram or tool support aligning means
453.15[Patents] . . Randomly manipulated or work-supported tool
453.16[Patents] . . . With handle for manual manipulation
453.17[Patents] . . . . Riveting tool
453.18[Patents] . . Having hydraulic or pneumatic return
453.19[Patents] . . . Riveting tool
454[Patents] . Including screw-actuated tool support
455[Patents]WITH TOOL CARRIER (E.G., PRESS FRAME)
456[Patents] . With guide for rectilinearly moving tool
457[Patents]BY OR WITH WORK-CONSTRAINER AND/OR MANIPULATED WORK-FORCER
458[Patents] . Comprising lever manipulated to force work
459[Patents] . . With work-complementing tool-face adjacent to work-gripping clamp
460[Patents] . Comprising nondeforming work-gripping clamp having adjacent tool-face
461[Patents] . Comprising work-stopping abutment
462[Patents]TOOL AND/OR TOOL HOLDER
463[Patents] . With nondeforming passageway
464[Patents] . Including deforming tool and cutting tool
465.1[Patents] . Including flexible or yieldable tool or support
466[Patents] . . Flexible or articulated back-up
466.2[Patents] . . Bending mandrel
466.3[Patents] . . Overload release
466.4[Patents] . . Riveting tool
466.5[Patents] . . . Rivet bucker or dolly
466.6[Patents] . . Handtool (e.g., hammer or dolly)
466.7[Patents] . . Fluid pressure supported
466.8[Patents] . . Resilient material
466.9[Patents] . . . Metal spring (e.g., coil or leaf)
467[Patents] . Tool comprising closed periphery deforming passageway
468[Patents] . . Including adjustable size or multiple passageway
469[Patents] . Tool-comprising die plate having ribs and/or grooves
470[Patents] . Including tool couple or die couple (e.g., opposed die faces)
471[Patents] . . With intermediate tool
472[Patents] . . Including plural tool couples
473[Patents] . . Having adjustable face
474[Patents] . . Having nonsymmetrical faces
475[Patents] . . . Complementary faces
476[Patents] . Having unitary tool-face
477[Patents] . . Including optionally selectable faces
478[Patents] . . Comprising plural sections fixed together in use (e.g., adjustable or collapsible)
479[Patents] . . With elongated extension fixed to tool face in use (e.g., handle or shank)
480[Patents] . . . Adjustable relative to tool-face before use
481.1[Patents] . . With support or holder for adjustable or removable tool face
481.2[Patents] . . . Pneumatic- or fluid-actuated means to move or hold tool face
481.3[Patents] . . . Threaded means to move or hold tool face
481.4[Patents] . . . . To move by threaded member that travels along tool face
481.5[Patents] . . . . . Threaded means "telescopically" interfits with tool face
481.6[Patents] . . . . To hold by actuating a clamping mechanism
481.7[Patents] . . . . . Threaded means comprising "fastener"
481.8[Patents] . . . . To hold by threaded means comprising "fastener"
481.9[Patents] . . . . To hold by binding tool face
482.1[Patents] . . . Cam to move or hold tool face
482.2[Patents] . . . . To hold by actuating a clamping mechanism
482.3[Patents] . . . . Wedge shaped cam
482.4[Patents] . . . . . To move tool face
482.5[Patents] . . . . . Engaging dovetail on tool face
482.6[Patents] . . . Lever to move tool face
482.7[Patents] . . . Ratchet to move tool face
482.8[Patents] . . . Gear to move tool face
482.9[Patents] . . . Magnetic means to hold tool face
482.91[Patents] . . . Spring to hold tool face
482.92[Patents] . . . Pin to hold tool face
482.93[Patents] . . . Tool face held by friction fit to support
482.94[Patents] . . . . Tool face threaded directly to support
483[Patents]MISCELLANEOUS
******************************
CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS
******************************
700[Patents]DEFORMING SPECIFIED ALLOYS OR UNCOMMON METAL OR BIMETALLIC WORK
701[Patents]PREVENTING DISTORTION
702[Patents]OVERBENDING TO COMPENSATE FOR SPRINGBACK
703[Patents]KNURLING
704[Patents]CAMBER-ADJUSTING TOOL
705[Patents]VEHICLE BODY OR FRAME STRAIGHTENER
706[Patents]EXPLOSIVE
707[Patents]MAGNETISM
708[Patents]REVERSE DRAWING
709[Patents]SUPERPLASTIC MATERIAL
710[Patents]VIBRATING
711[Patents]HYDROSTATIC EXTRUSION
712[Patents]ELECTRICAL TERMINAL CRIMPER
713[Patents]METHOD OF MAKING VEHICLE POWER TRANSMITTING SHAFT
714[Patents]METHOD OF MAKING UNIVERSAL JOINT SHELL
715[Patents]METHOD OF MAKING CAN BODIES
*********************************
FOREIGN ART COLLECTIONS
*********************************
Any foreign patents or non-patent literature from subclasses that have been reclassified have been transferred directly to FOR Collection listed below. These collections contain ONLY foreign patents or nonpatent literature. The parenthetical references in the Collection titles refer to the abolished subclasses from which these Collections were derived.
PROCESS (72/362)
FOR 100 . Tube making and/or reshaping (72/367)
FOR 101 . . Comprising use of internal tool (72/370)
TOOL OR TOOL HOLDER (72/462)
FOR 102 . Including flexible or yieldable tool or support (72/465)


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Last Modified: 6 October 2000