Pursuing international IP protection

Tools to pursue intellectual property protection in other countries

The U.S. is party to several treaties and international agreements that help intellectual property (IP) right holders secure IP protection not only in their home countries but also abroad. In addition, the USPTO has a variety of arrangements with other national and regional IP offices that are designed to facilitate the examination of applications for patents and trademarks, and more generally, to help applicants manage their applications in multiple jurisdictions.

Preliminary filing considerations

 

Treaties that help facilitate IP filings in multiple countries

 

Worksharing and other cooperative arrangements

 

The below table shows some of the countries and regional IP offices that are parties to these treaties and participate in the worksharing and other cooperative arrangements described above. The European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) is the regional IP office that issues registrations for trademarks and industrial designs that have effect throughout the EU (EUIPO does not issue patents). The European Patent Office (EPO) is responsible for the grant of European patents. All EU member states and several other countries, including Switzerland, Norway, and Turkey, are members of the EPO.

Select the country or region for information about how the treaties and cooperative arrangements are implemented there.

Country or regionIP office

Paris

Convention

PCT

Hague

Agreement

Madrid

Protocol

 

PPHCSPPDXGD

TM5 ID

List

AustraliaIP Australia
Check mark indicating Australia is party to the Paris Convention
Check mark indicating Australia is party to the PCT
 
Check mark indicating Australia is party to the Madrid Protocol
Check mark indicating IP Australia participates in Patent Prosecution Highway
 
Check mark indicating IP Australia participates in Priority Document Exchange
Check mark indicating IP Australia participates in Global Dossier
 
CanadaCIPO
Check mark indicating Canada is party to the Paris Convention
Check mark indicating Canada is party to the PCT
Check mark indicating Canada is party to the Hague Agreement
Check mark indicating Canada is party to the Madrid Protocol
Check mark indicating CIPO participates in Patent Prosecution Highway
 
Check mark indicating CIPO participates in Priority Document Exchange
Check mark indicating CIPO participates in Global Dossier
Check mark indicating Canada participates in the TM5 ID List
ChinaCNIPA
Check mark indicating China is party to the Paris Convention
Check mark indicating China is party to the PCT
 
Check mark indicating China is party to the Madrid Protocol
Check mark indicating CNIPA participates in Patent Prosecution Highway
 
Check mark indicating CNIPA participates in Priority Document Exchange
Check mark indicating CNIPA participates in Global Dossier
Check mark indicating China participates in the TM5 ID List
EPO Member StatesEPO
Check mark indicating EPO is party to the Paris Convention
Check mark indicating EPO is party to the PCT
  
Check mark indicating EPO participates in Patent Prosecution Highway
 
Check mark indicating EPO participates in Priority Document Exchange
Check mark indicating EPO participates in Global Dossier
 
European UnionEUIPO
Check mark indicating EU is party to the Paris Convention
 
Check mark indicating the EU is party to the Hague Agreement
Check mark indicating the EU is party to the Madrid Protocol
  
Check mark indicating EUIPO participates in Priority Document Exchange
 
Check mark indicating EUIPO participates in TM5 ID List
JapanJPO
Check mark indicating Japan is party to the Paris Convention
Check mark indicating Japan is party to the PCT
Check mark indicating Japan is party to the Hague Agreement
Check mark indicating Japan is party to the Madrid Protocol
Check mark indicating JPO participates in PCT Collaborative Search and Examination
Check mark indicating JPO participates in Collaborative Search Pilot Program
Check mark indicating JPO participates in Priority Document Exchange
Check mark indicating JPO participates in Global Dossier
Check mark indicating Japan participates in the TM5 ID List
MexicoIMPI
Check mark indicating Mexico is party to the Paris Convention
Check mark indicating Mexico is party to the PCT
Check mark indicating Mexico is party to the Hague Agreement
Check mark indicating Mexico is party to the Madrid Protocol
Check mark indicating IMPI participates in Patent Prosecution Highway
    
Republic of KoreaKIPO
Check mark indicating Republic of Korea is party to the Paris Convention
Check mark indicating Republic of Korea is party to the PCT
Check mark indicating Republic of Korea is party to the Hague Agreement
Check mark indicating Republic of Korea is party to the Madrid Protocol
Check mark indicating KIPO participates in Patent Prosecution Highway
Check mark indicating KIPO participates in Collaborative Search Pilot Program
Check mark indicating KIPO participates in Priority Document Exchange
Check mark indicating KIPO participates in Global Dossier
Check mark indicating Republic of Korea participates in the TM5 ID List

Disclaimer

The USPTO provides useful information and non-legal advice. The information above does not address all international filing scenarios. For example, multinational inventor groups or inventions made outside the U.S. introduce complex legal issues best addressed by a legal professional. The USPTO cannot aid in the selection or recommendation of an attorney or agent; however, the USPTO maintains a register of active patent practitioners who are eligible to represent others before the USPTO in patent matters.