Economic researchers

A team of economists with extensive experience in economic research and advanced statistical methods.

Portrait of Andrew Toole

Andrew A. Toole

Chief Economist

Dr. Andrew Toole is the Chief Economist at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and a Research Associate at the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW). Dr....
Portrait of Nicholas Rada

Nicholas Rada

Deputy Chief Economist

Nicholas Rada is the Deputy Chief Economist at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Prior to joining the USPTO, Nicholas conducted research at the U.S....
Richard Miller portrait

Richard D. Miller

Senior Economist

Richard Miller is a Senior Economist at the United States Patent and Trademark Office. His current projects focus on empirical study of U.S. patent examination data,...
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Gerard Torres

Senior Economist

Gerard Torres is a Senior Economist at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Since joining the USPTO, he has forecast the agency’s revenue and helped...
Portrait of economist Nicholas Pairolero

Nicholas Pairolero

Economist

Nicholas A. Pairolero is an Economist at the United States Patent and Trademark Office. His research interests include the economics of innovation, intellectual property,...
Portrait of Michelle Saskena

Michelle Saksena

Economist

Michelle Saksena is an Economist at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Her current research interests include the economics of ideas, intellectual...