Economic researchers

A team of economists with extensive experience in economic research and advanced statistical methods.

Portrait of Andrew Toole

Andrew A. Toole

Chief Economist
Dr. Andrew Toole is the Chief Economist at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and a Research Associate at the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW). Dr....
Portrait of Nicholas Rada

Nicholas Rada

Deputy Chief Economist
Nicholas Rada is the Deputy Chief Economist at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Prior to joining the USPTO, Nicholas conducted research at the U.S....
Richard Miller portrait

Richard D. Miller

Senior Economist
Richard Miller is a Senior Economist at the United States Patent and Trademark Office. His current projects focus on empirical study of U.S. patent examination data,...
Portrait of economist Nicholas Pairolero

Nicholas Pairolero

Economist
Nicholas A. Pairolero is an Economist at the United States Patent and Trademark Office. His research interests include the economics of innovation, intellectual property...
Portrait of Michelle Saskena

Michelle Saksena

Economist
Michelle Saksena is an Economist at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Her current research interests include the economics of ideas, intellectual...