In 1994, for the second consecutive year, International Business Machines Corp. (IBM), an American corporation, made first place in the top 10 list of companies receiving patents in the United States, the Patent and Trademark Office announced today.
In 1993, IBM jumped to first place up from sixth in 1992, marking the first time in almost a decade that a Japanese firm had been dislodged by an American corporation from the top in the top 10 list of companies receiving U.S. patents.
U.S. corporations continued to be strong in patenting in 1994, with four out of the top ten spots-the same as in 1993. However, only two of the top five organizations were American, compared with three in 1993.
IBM's 1,298 patents in 1994 surpassed the federal government's 1,251 patents, making it the first time in five years that a non-federal organization topped the list of those receiving patents.
Canon Kabushiki Kaisha ranked third with 1,096 patents, followed by Hitachi, Ltd.; General Electric; Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha, and Toshiba Corporation, each with slight less than 1,000 patents. NEC Corporation moved into eighth place in 1994 from its 12th place ranking in 1993. Eastman Kodak Company and Motorola, Inc., completed the top ten.