U. S. PATENT RESOURCES
As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:
- A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
- A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
- Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
- Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
- Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms
The resources listed below are internal USPTO search
tools. However, the information that they cover is available either
commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility
on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository
- EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
- WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.
EAST or WEST is used for full text, inventor, and class/subclass searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
- EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
- WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.
Includes the ability to formulate queries by classification.
- EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
- WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.
USPC classification or full text search capabilities.
FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES
Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.
Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.
NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES
The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results.
Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously,
although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate
groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet
sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be
considered in the search for prior art.
Ball Seed Company
- Ball Seed Company Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Dictionary of gardening
- STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1992
Huxley, Anthony Julian, et al.
- Monrovia Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
One of the world's largest producers of container-grown plants.
- UPOV Coverage: - , Full Text: -
UPOV's mission is to provide and promote an effective system of plant variety protection, with the aim of encouraging the development of new varieties of plants, for the benefit of society.
The International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) ? UPOV ? CDROM Plant Variety Database is a CD-ROM product that contains data on varieties of member States. The UPOV-CDROM is updated bimonthly.
INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS
An Internet search should be considered when a search
of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art.
A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview
of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related
- Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.
Used to locate foreign sales information.
Public Comments on the Search Templates
Public comments on the search templates are invited.
Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria
for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be
submitted via the Search
Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail
Mail Stop Patents Search Template Comments
Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.