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MULTICELLULAR LIVING ORGANISMS AND UNMODIFIED PARTS THEREOF AND RELATED PROCESSES

Classification 800/260.000 - 323.300 >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

EAST or WEST is used for full text and inventor searching.
ABSS (Automated Biotechnology Sequence Search System)
Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Genetic sequence search system.

USPTO internal genetic sequence search system composed of commercially available databases such as Genbank/EMBL, Geneseq, PIR, and UniProt. In-house databases (pending applications, issued patents, and published applications (PGPubs) are also available for interference and prior art purposes. Useful for routine sequence searching as well as specialized searches, including alignments, length-limited, oligomer, and score/length.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

PALM (Patent Application Locating and Monitoring)
USPTO Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Pending patent applications, recent patents, and abandoned files.

The Patent Application Locating and Monitoring (PALM) system is a large database system that maintains records for each patent application. PALM is designed to provide on-line access to information on all pending applications, as well as most recently patented and abandoned files. Useful for searching related applications by inventor name.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

Used for text and inventor searching, and for identifying double-patenting issues.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, IPC Classified and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: 1970 - present
WEST Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: 1970 - present
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

EAST or WEST is used for text and inventor/assignee searching.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classified Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
English abstracts database of published unexamined applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland.

EAST or WEST is used for text and inventor/assignee searching.
EPO esp@cenet
esp@cenet Coverage: 1920 - present, Full Text: 1920 - present
National patent information from all member states of the EPO as well as bibliographic data from patents worldwide.

Used for translations and document retrieval.
JPO Abstracts, Text and Classified Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
English abstracts database of published unexamined applications.

EAST or WEST is used for text and inventor/assignee searching.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

BIOSIS Previews
Dialog Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Comprehensive worldwide coverage of research in the biological and biomedical sciences.

Contains information on life sciences, including biological and biomedical areas. Used for text and inventor searching, and for locating general biology information.
CA SEARCH: Chemical Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Database of the worldwide literature of chemistry and its applications. Abstracts available via STN.

Useful in text and inventor searching. Covers a broad range of subject areas.
CAplus
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Chemistry bibliographic database.

Covers the same material as file CA but contains early access to bibliographic information and patent family information for the documents in the process of being indexed. Useful in text, inventor and registry number searching and a broad range of subject areas including chemical engineering, biochemistry, and applied, organic, physical, and inorganic chemistry.
Dissertation Abstracts Online
Dialog Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Subject, title, and author guide to virtually every American dissertation accepted at an accredited institution.

Used for text and inventor searching, and when a dissertation is cited as prior art reference.
Dissertations and Theses - Full Text
ProQuest Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: Dates - vary
Doctoral dissertations and Master's theses.

Used for text and inventor searching, and when a dissertation is cited as prior art reference.
EMBASE
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Index of the world's literature on human medicine and related disciplines.

Comprehensive bibliographic database covering biomedical and pharmaceutical literature worldwide. Used for text and inventor searching.
MEDLINE (Medical Literature, Analysis, and Retrieval System Online)
Dialog Coverage: 1951 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1950 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database containing references to journal articles in life sciences with a concentration on biomedicine.

Contains information on every area of medicine. Corresponds to Index Medicus. Used for text and inventor searching.
SciSearch: A Cited Reference Science Database
Dialog Coverage: 1990 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Cited reference index.

Used for text and inventor searching, and also for cited references.
AGRICOLA (AGRICultural OnLine Access)
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database consisting of records for literature citations of journal articles, monographs, theses, patents, translations, microforms, audiovisuals, software, and technical reports.

National Agricultural Library database of books and journal articles covering all aspects of agriculture. Used for text and inventor searching, and for plants and plant breeding references.
AGRIS International
Dialog Coverage: 1975 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Worldwide agricultural literature prepared by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.

Used for the potato database, to obtain information about sugar beets, and for information about crops that are produced commercially in Europe.
Anatomy of Seed Plants
STIC - Reference Delivery Coverage: - , Full Text: -
Esau, Katherine

Reference book on the structure and development of seed plants and plant anatomy.
Annual Reviews
Annual Reviews Coverage: - , Full Text: Dates - vary
Annual Reviews volumes are published each year for 32 focused disciplines within the Biomedical, Physical, and Social Sciences.

Used to identify prior art and enablement issues.
CAB ABSTRACTS
Dialog Coverage: 1972 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Covers literature from all areas of agriculture and related sciences.

CGIAR
CGIAR Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A


Strategic alliance of countries, international and regional organizations, and private foundations supporting 15 international agricultural Centers, that work with national agricultural research systems and civil society organizations including the private sector.
CONFSCI (Conference Papers Index)
STN Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database that provides access to international research papers and findings presented at scientific and technical conferences and meetings throughout the world.

This resource may provide relevant information on the latest technology.
Current Protocols in Molecular Biology
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1995
Wiley Interscience Coverage: - , Full Text: Current - edition
Includes more than 1,000 procedures from hundreds of biologists at top laboratories around the globe.

Derwent Biotechnology Resource
Dialog Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Formerly Derwent Biotechnology Abstracts. Covers journal articles, patents, and conference proceedings describing research in the field of biotechnology.

Covers biotechnology from genetic manipulation through biochemical engineering and fermentation to downstream processing. Database contains some patent publications.
Dictionary of gardening
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1992
Huxley, Anthony Julian, et al.

Encyclopędia Britannica Online
Encyclopędia Britannica, Inc. Coverage: - , Full Text: Current - edition
Multidisciplinary encyclopedia.

European Cultivated Potato Database
Scottish Agricultural Science Agency Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Resource for potato breeders, scientists and farmers.

Used for prior art.
Expert Protein Analysis System
Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A


Useful reference for enzymatic activity and synonyms.
GenBank (R)
STN Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Nucleic acid database.

GenBank ® (registered trademark of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service) is a nucleic acid database produced by the National Institute of Health. GenBank contain sequences and data such as the GenBank Locus Number, sequence description, source organism, sequence length, and references. Contains all sequences in EMBL and DDBJ (DNA DataBank of Japan).
Genes
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 2004
Lewin, Benjamin ed.

This book provides information on genes, proteins, gene expression, DNA, the nucleus, and cells.
Glossary of Biotechnology Terms
Technomic Publishing Co., Inc. Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Online version of Glossary of Biotechnology Terms by Kimball R. Nill.

GRIN
USDA Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Cooperative effort by public (State and Federal) and private organizations to preserve the genetic diversity of plants.

Information Systems for Biotechnology
ISB Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Provides information resources to support the environmentally responsible use of agricultural biotechnology products.

Used to obtain general information and prior art on genetically modified organisms.
Inside Conferences
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Contains details of all papers given at every congress, symposium, conference, exposition, workshop, and meeting received at the British Library Document Supply Centre.

This resource may provide relevant information.
LIFESCI (Life Sciences Collection)
STN Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database from Cambridge Scientific Abstracts.

Provides broad coverage of international scientific research in different fields of life sciences, including animal behavior, biochemistry, biotechnology, ecology, genetics, and immunology. Used to obtain prior art and to identify enablement issues.
Matthews' Plant Virology
STIC - Reference delivery Coverage: - , Full Text: - 2002
Roger Hull

Molecular approaches to plant physiology
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1970
Price, C.A.

NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information)
NLM Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
National resource for molecular biology information.

OneLook® Dictionary Search
OneLook® Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Search engine for words and phrases.

Used to obtain definitions.
Plant physiology
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 3rd ed. - 1985
Salisbury, Frank B. and Cleon W. Ross

PNAS
National Academy of Sciences Coverage: 1915 - present, Full Text: 1915 - present
Coverage in PNAS spans the biological, physical, and social sciences.

Used to obtain the full text of cited articles.
Principles of biochemistry
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 3rd ed. - 2000
Lehninger, Albert L., et al.

Principles of cultivar development
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1987
Fehr, W. R., et al.

ScienceDirect®
Elsevier B.V. Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Full text collection and abstracts database.

Elsevier journals. Useful for searching and obtaining full text of cited references.
TAIR
TAIR Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Provides a comprehensive resource for the scientific community working with Arabidopsis thaliana, a widely used model plant.


INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

Google TM
Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

Used to obtain general information.


Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

Mail Stop Patents Search Template Comments
Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.

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