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INTERACTIVE VIDEO DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS

Classification 725/all - subclasses >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

All patent documents in a classification are viewed by USPC or IPC for relevance to the patent application being searched. The class/subclass search is best for graphical user interface (GUI) or program guides (EPG), commercial insertion, and ingress noise areas. These areas generally disclose the invention using figures, thus lending themselves to picture searching. Text is searched using key terms, such as on demand, which can result in collections of documents pertaining to general media on demand or specific to video. Broad synonyms are also essential for searching specific areas regarding the set top box.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

All patent documents in a classification are viewed by USPC or IPC for relevance to the patent application being searched. This database provides general teaching as the art is mostly post-1970.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

All patent documents in a classification are viewed by USPC or IPC for relevance to the patent application being searched. The class/subclass search is best for graphical user interface (GUI) or program guides (EPG), commercial insertion, and ingress noise areas. These areas generally disclose the invention using figures, thus lending themselves to picture searching. Text is searched using key terms, such as on demand, which can result in collections of documents pertaining to general media on demand or specific to video. Broad synonyms are also essential for searching specific areas regarding the set top box.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

Used for full text and inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

EPO patent documents in a USPC or an IPC classification are viewed for relevance to the patent application being searched. Text and assignee/inventor searching is also used.
JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

JPO patent documents in a USPC or an IPC classification are viewed for relevance to the patent application being searched. Text and assignee/inventor searching is also used.
JPO Industrial Property Digital Library
NCIPI Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
Japanese patent information.

This resource is used as a source for machine translations of Japanese patent documents from 1993 to present.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

ACM Digital Library
ACM Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Citations and full text articles from ACM journals, newsletters, and conference proceedings.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
IEEE Xplore
IEEE Coverage: 1952 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Full text access to technical literature in electrical engineering, computer science, and electronics.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
BIOSIS Previews
Dialog Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Comprehensive worldwide coverage of research in the biological and biomedical sciences.

This resource provides relevant data if video is used in the medical field.
Business & IndustryTM (B&I)
Dialog Coverage: 1994 - present, Full Text: 1994 - present
Facts, figures, and key events dealing with public and private companies, industries, markets products for all manufacturing and service industries at an international level.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscriber or subscriptions.
Business Dateline
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: 1985 - present
Full text of major news and feature stories from regional business publications from throughout the United States and Canada.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
CMP Computer Fulltext
Dialog Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Full text information about the computer, communications, and electronic industries.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
Computer News Fulltext
Dialog Coverage: 1989 - present, Full Text: 1989 - present
Full text articles from Computerworld and Network World.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
DIALOG Telecommunications Newsletters
Dialog Coverage: 1995 - present, Full Text: 1995 - present
Full text telecommunications newsletters that provide information on companies, products, markets, and technologies.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
Ei Compendex
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Comprehensive database of engineering literature.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
EMBASE
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Index of the world's literature on human medicine and related disciplines.

This resource provides relevant information if video is used in the medical field.
ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center)
Dialog Coverage: 1966 - present, Full Text: - N/A
US Department of Education Coverage: - , Full Text: -
Bibliographic database containing education-related documents, technical reports, journal articles, conference papers, dissertations, and state of the art reviews.

This resource provides relevant information if video is used in education.
Gale Group Computer DatabaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Information about the computer, electronics, and telecommunications industries.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
Gale Group GlobalbaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1986 - 2002, Full Text: - N/A
Worldwide coverage of companies, products, and industries with a primary focus on Europe.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
Gale Group Magazine DatabaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1959 - present, Full Text: 1983 - present
Full text articles on automobiles, finance, sports/recreation, food, and health.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
Gale Group New Product Announcements/Plus (NPA/Plus)
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: 1985 - present
Full text press releases from all industries covering announcements related to products, with a focus on new products and services.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
Gale Group Newsletter DatabaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Facts, figures, analysis, and current information affecting a broad range of industries and sectors.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
Gale Group PROMT
Dialog Coverage: 1990 - present, Full Text: 1990 - present
STN Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
International coverage of companies, products, markets, and applied technologies for all industries.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
Gale Group Trade & Industry DatabaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
Coverage of over 65 major industries, including full text coverage of management, economic, and other professional journals.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin
EAST/WEST Coverage: 1958 - 1998, Full Text: -
Defensive disclosure database.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, hypervideo.
Inside Conferences
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Contains details of all papers given at every congress, symposium, conference, exposition, workshop, and meeting received at the British Library Document Supply Centre.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
Inspec (The Database for Physics, Electronics and Computing)
Dialog Coverage: 1898 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Dialog DataStar Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Inspec (The Database for Physics, Electronics and Computing) corresponds to the three Science Abstracts print publications: Physics Abstracts, Electrical and Electronics Abstracts, and Computer and Control Abstracts.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
Internet and Personal Computing Abstracts
EBSCO Coverage: 1980's - present, Full Text: - N/A
Literature related to personal computing products and developments in business, the Internet, the home, and all other applied areas.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
JICST-EPlus - Japanese Science & Technology
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English citations and abstracts covering the literature published in Japan on all fields of science, technology, and medicine.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
MEDLINE (Medical Literature, Analysis, and Retrieval System Online)
Dialog Coverage: 1951 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1950 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database containing references to journal articles in life sciences with a concentration on biomedicine.

This resource provides relevant information if video is used in the medical field.
NTIS: National Technical Information Service
Dialog Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
U.S. government-sponsored research, development, and engineering reports.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
PASCAL
Dialog Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1977 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Multidisplinary, multilingual bibliographic database covering the major international literature in science, technology, and medicine.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
Periodical Abstracts PlusText
Dialog Coverage: 1986 - present, Full Text: 1992 - present
Provides indexing and abstracting of articles in more than 1,800 general-reference publications.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
ProQuest Direct
ProQuest Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: 1986 - present
Current periodicals and newspapers, as well as archives of major newspapers.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.
Readers Guide Abstracts Full Text
Dialog Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: 1994 - present
Contains feature articles, news stories, cover stories, product evaluations, performing arts reviews, book reviews, fiction, short stories, and poems.

This resource provides relevant data for video distribution, television, internet TV, billing, video on demand, purchasing goods via television, hypervideo, commercials, advertising, polling, opinion surveys, interactive or electronic program guides, video on demand, pay per view, teletext, MPEG encoding/decoding, set top box or STB or set top terminal or STT, converter decoding or encoding box, home communications terminal or HTT, CATV, cable tv, cable tv subscribers.

INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

Google TM
Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

This resource provides relevant information for the following: tutorials, inventor papers and/or web sites, assignee or company product data or specifications, manuals, standards such as MPEGs, RFC's (Request for Comments), and ISO/IEC, etc. In addition, provides access to resources that can define the meaning of acronyms, or terms of art.


Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

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P.O. Box 1450
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Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.

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