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Classification 713/150.000 - 194.000 >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

EAST or WEST is used for text, class/subclass, and inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application. An initial broad classification search may be conducted to identify subclass information. An initial broad text search may be used to identify buzzwords and synonyms. A backward citation search may also be conducted.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

EAST or WEST is used for text, class/subclass, and inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
PALM (Patent Application Locating and Monitoring)
USPTO Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Pending patent applications, recent patents, and abandoned files.

The Patent Application Locating and Monitoring (PALM) system is a large database system that maintains records for each patent application. PALM is designed to provide on-line access to information on all pending applications, as well as most recently patented and abandoned files. Useful for inventor name searches, for finding related and copending applications, and for looking up continuation data.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

EAST or WEST is used for text, class/subclass, and inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
PLUS
Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
USPTO search system for U.S. patents.

PLUS (Patent Linguistics Utility System) is a USPTO search system for US patents that produces a list of the most closely related patents to the application searched. The system provides a list of classes/subclasses where the suggested patents are classified.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

Used for text, IPC code, and inventor/assignee searching.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

Used for text, IPC code, and inventor/assignee searching.
EPO esp@cenet
esp@cenet Coverage: 1920 - present, Full Text: 1920 - present
National patent information from all member states of the EPO as well as bibliographic data from patents worldwide.

Used for document retrieval.
JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

Used for machine translations.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

ACM Digital Library
ACM Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Citations and full text articles from ACM journals, newsletters, and conference proceedings.

This resource frequently provides highly relevant information. Used for text and inventor searching.
IEEE Xplore
IEEE Coverage: 1952 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Full text access to technical literature in electrical engineering, computer science, and electronics.

This resource frequently provides highly relevant information. Used for text and inventor searching.
Inspec (The Database for Physics, Electronics and Computing)
Dialog Coverage: 1898 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Dialog DataStar Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Inspec (The Database for Physics, Electronics and Computing) corresponds to the three Science Abstracts print publications: Physics Abstracts, Electrical and Electronics Abstracts, and Computer and Control Abstracts.

This resource frequently provides highly relevant information. Can be used to search IEEE content subsequent to 1969, other than IEEE standards. Used for text and inventor searching.
A course in number theory and cryptography
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 2nd ed. - 1994
Koblitz, N.

ABI/INFORM
Dialog Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1991 - present
STN Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1991 - present
Covers worldwide business and management issues.

Full text journal articles covering new product announcements, computers, telecommunications, transportation, healthcare, finance, marketing, and management.
Algebraic aspects of cryptography
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1998
Koblitz, N.

ANTE
STN Coverage: 1981 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Abstracts from approximately 350 academic and trade publications from the U.K. and U.S.

Covers communications engineering, computers and control, electronics, military technology, photography, sound and video recording.
Applied cryptography : protocols, algorithms, and source code in C
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1996
Schneier, B.

Business & IndustryTM (B&I)
Dialog Coverage: 1994 - present, Full Text: 1994 - present
Facts, figures, and key events dealing with public and private companies, industries, markets products for all manufacturing and service industries at an international level.

Full text file covers automotive industry, computers, software, electronics, telecommunications, and transportation.
Business Source Corporate
EBSCO Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
General business periodicals and trade publications.

Dr. Dobb's Journal contains articles for the professional software developer covering all platforms and tools.
CiteSeer
Penn State School of Information Sciences and Technology Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Scientific literature digital library and search engine that focuses primarily on the literature in computer and information science.

Full text scientific research papers.
CMP Computer Fulltext
Dialog Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Full text information about the computer, communications, and electronic industries.

COMPUSCIENCE
STN Coverage: 1972 - 2002, Full Text: - N/A
Complete computer science section from the Zentralblatt fuer Mathematik/ Mathematics Abstracts as well as all material from ACM's (Association for Computing Machinery) Computing Reviews and Guide to Computing Literature.

Bibliographic database covering computer science and technology, with emphasis on software, computer systems organization, information systems, computer graphics, image processing, algorithms, and artificial intelligence.
Computer and Information Systems Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1968 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Coverage of the world's technical literature on storing, processing, and accessing information.

Abstracts from sources covering the world's literature on artificial intelligence, computer applications, programming, and systems organization, hardware, software engineering, and mathematics of computing.
Computer News Fulltext
Dialog Coverage: 1989 - present, Full Text: 1989 - present
Full text articles from Computerworld and Network World.

Covers computer-related technologies and companies within the computer and network industries.
Cryptography and network security : principles and practice
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 3rd ed. - 2003
Stallings, W.

Design and analysis of computer algorithms
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1974
Aho, A., et al.

DIALOG Telecommunications Newsletters
Dialog Coverage: 1995 - present, Full Text: 1995 - present
Full text telecommunications newsletters that provide information on companies, products, markets, and technologies.

Provides information on smart cards, storage, encryption, integrated circuits, cable TV, electronic commerce and gaming, imaging technology, and interactive services.
Dissertation Abstracts Online
Dialog Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Subject, title, and author guide to virtually every American dissertation accepted at an accredited institution.

Dissertations and Theses - Full Text
ProQuest Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: Dates - vary
Doctoral dissertations and Master's theses.

EBSCOhost Research Databases
EBSCO Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Multidisciplinary collection of databases.

Coverage includes computer science topics such as artificial intelligence, human-computer interaction, data structures, software engineering, information retrieval, and networks.
Ei Compendex
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Abstracted information from 4,500 journals plus conference proceedings in engineering and technology.

Elliptic curves and their applications to cryptography : an introduction
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1999
Enge, A.

Gale Group Computer DatabaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Information about the computer, electronics, and telecommunications industries.

Gale Group New Product Announcements/Plus (NPA/Plus)
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: 1985 - present
Full text press releases from all industries covering announcements related to products, with a focus on new products and services.

Gale Group Newsletter DatabaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Full text of specialized industry newsletters that provide information on companies, products, markets, and technologies.

Subject areas include computers, electronics, telecommunications, and transportation.
Gale Group PROMT
Dialog Coverage: 1990 - present, Full Text: 1990 - present
STN Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
International coverage of companies, products, markets, and applied technologies for all industries.

Abstracts and full text records from trade and business journals, newsletters and releases, and analyst reports.
Gale Group Trade & Industry DatabaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
Multi-industry database covering international company, industry, product, and market information.

General Science Abstracts/Fulltext
Dialog Coverage: 1984 - present, Full Text: 1995 - present
Articles of at least one column in length from more than 150 English-language periodicals published in the United States and Great Britain.

Handbook of applied cryptography
CRCnetBASE Coverage: - , Full Text: Current - edition
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1997
Menezes, A. J., et al.

IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin
EAST/WEST Coverage: 1958 - 1998, Full Text: -
Defensive disclosure database.

Inside Conferences
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Contains details of all papers given at every congress, symposium, conference, exposition, workshop, and meeting received at the British Library Document Supply Centre.

International Association for Cryptologic Research for Cryptologic Research
IACR Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Non-profit scientific organization whose purpose is to further research in cryptology and related fields.

Used to obtain conference papers and other cryptology information.
IP.com
IP.com Coverage: 1958 - present, Full Text: 1958 - present
Prior art database.

IP.com contains the most complete electronic source of IBM TDBs with coverage from 1958 to the present. Documentation includes all TDB images. IP.com also hosts disclosure document backfiles from Motorola, Siemens, Sony, Xerox, Air Products, and Internet RFCs. This resource frequently provides highly relevant information.
JICST-EPlus - Japanese Science & Technology
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English citations and abstracts covering the literature published in Japan on all fields of science, technology, and medicine.

Index to Japanese scientific and technical journals, conferences, and reports, with English citations and abstracts.
MATH (MATHematics Abstracts)
STN Coverage: 1972 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database covering worldwide literature in pure and applied mathematics, including computer science, operations research, mathematical programming, systems and control theory.

Covers mathematical programming, circuits, coding, and cryptography.
MathSci
Dialog Coverage: 1910 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Coverage of mathematics, statistics, computer science, algorithms, and operations research.

McGraw-Hill Companies Publications Online
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: 1985 - present
Provides the complete text for many major McGraw-Hill publications.

Subject areas include electronics, communications, computers, and more.
New Scientist
Dialog Coverage: 1994 - present, Full Text: 1994 - present
EBSCO Coverage: 1990 - present, Full Text: 2002 - present
ProQuest Coverage: 1989 - present, Full Text: 2002 - present
Science and technology news.

Full text file provides in-depth coverage on a wide range of topics including computers, engineering, telecommunications, and more.
Newton's telecom dictionary
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 20th ed. - 2004
Newton, H.

NTIS: National Technical Information Service
Dialog Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
U.S. government-sponsored research, development, and engineering reports.

ProQuest Direct
ProQuest Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: 1986 - present
Current periodicals and newspapers, as well as archives of major newspapers.

Bibliographic or full text records of business, scientific, medical and industry information. Includes computers, communications, and telecommunications.
RDISCLOSURE (Research DISCLOSURE)
Kenneth Mason Publications Ltd. Coverage: 1960 - present, Full Text: 1960 - present


Full text defensive disclosure information. Includes documents from over 5,000 companies, including IBM.
Science
AAAS Coverage: 1995 - present, Full Text: 1995 - present
Dialog Coverage: 1996 - present, Full Text: 1996 - present
EBSCO Coverage: 1984 - present, Full Text: 1997 - present
JSTOR Coverage: 1880 - 1999, Full Text: 1880 - 1999
ProQuest Coverage: 1986 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Weekly journal published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Full text journal articles with multidisciplinary coverage of scientific and technical subjects.
SciSearch: A Cited Reference Science Database
Dialog Coverage: 1974 - 1989, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Cited reference index.

Cited reference index to the literature of science, technology, and related disciplines.
Smart card security and applications
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1997
Hendry, M.

TecInfoSource (formerly SoftBase: Reviews, Companies, and Products)
Dialog Coverage: 1994 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Covers emerging technologies, established technology products and their track record in the marketplace across multiple industries.

Bibliographic file covers review records, product records, and company records including biometrics, hardware, networks, computer technology, data mining, databases, communications, image processing, internet, networks, and programming.
TEME - Technology and Management
Dialog Coverage: 1989 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1990 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Worldwide engineering literature.

Bibliographic file with German and international publications relating to technology and management.
Wilson Applied Science & Technology Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Science and technology journal abstracts.

Abstracts of journal articles, books, and conference papers with multidisciplinary coverage of science and technology.

INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

Google TM
Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

This resource may provide information on broad topics, specific companies, products, devices, individuals, materials, and properties.
Internet Archive
Internet Archive Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Provides permanent access to historical collections that exist in digital format.

Wayback Machine used to date web sties.
Yahoo!
Yahoo! Inc. Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

Useful for gathering background information.


Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

Mail Stop Patents Search Template Comments
Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.

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