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ORGANIC COMPOUNDS -- PART OF THE CLASS 532-570 SERIES

Classification 552/all - subclasses >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

EAST or WEST is used for full text, inventor, and class/subclass searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

Includes the ability to formulate queries by classification.
PALM (Patent Application Locating and Monitoring)
USPTO Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Pending patent applications, recent patents, and abandoned files.

The Patent Application Locating and Monitoring (PALM) system is a large database system that maintains records for each patent application. PALM is designed to provide on-line access to information on all pending applications, as well as most recently patented and abandoned files. Useful for searching related applications by inventor name.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

USPC classification or full text search capabilities.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, IPC Classified and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: 1970 - present
WEST Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: 1970 - present
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classified Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
English abstracts database of published unexamined applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
EPO esp@cenet
esp@cenet Coverage: 1920 - present, Full Text: 1920 - present
National patent information from all member states of the EPO as well as bibliographic data from patents worldwide.

Provides PDF images for the full text of patents from a number of countries. Has text search capabilities in the title and abstract fields as well as retrieval by IPC and ECLA classification numbers. While it can be used for searching, its primary use is as a foreign document retrieval system.
FPAS3
Coverage: - , Full Text: -
USPTO foreign patent document retrieval system.

JPO Abstracts, Text and Classified Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
English abstracts database of published unexamined applications.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching.
JPO Industrial Property Digital Library
NCIPI Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
Japanese patent information.

Has text search capabilities in the title and abstract fields as well as retrieval by FI classifications and F-Terms. This resource is used primarily as a source for machine translations of Japanese patent documents from 1993 to present.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

BIOSIS Previews
Dialog Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Comprehensive worldwide coverage of research in the biological and biomedical sciences.

Contains information on life sciences, including biological and biomedical areas. Used for text and inventor searching, uses of drugs, and locating meeting presentations that contain information that can be used as prior art.
CA SEARCH: Chemical Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Database of the worldwide literature of chemistry and its applications. Abstracts available via STN.

Useful in text, inventor, and registry number searching. Covers a broad range of subject areas.
CAOLD (Pre-1967 Chemical Abstracts File)
STN Coverage: 1907 - 1966, Full Text: - N/A
Chemical Abstracts (CA) references from 1907 through 1966.

Searchable by Registry Number, CA reference numbers, authors, patent assignees and title keywords. Structure diagrams are available. Useful for identifying older compounds.
CAplus
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Chemistry bibliographic database.

Covers the same material as file CA but contains early access to bibliographic information and patent family information for the documents in the process of being indexed. Useful in text, inventor and registry number searching and a broad range of subject areas including chemical engineering, biochemistry, and applied, organic, physical, and inorganic chemistry.
CASREACT (R) (Chemical Abstracts Reaction Search Service)
STN Coverage: 1840 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Chemical reaction database.

Reactions of organic substances from 1985 in journals and from 1991 in patents. Searchable by structures and functional groups.
Dissertation Abstracts Online
Dialog Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Subject, title, and author guide to virtually every American dissertation accepted at an accredited institution.

Dissertations and Theses - Full Text
ProQuest Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: Dates - vary
Doctoral dissertations and Master's theses.

EMBASE
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Index of the world's literature on human medicine and related disciplines.

Comprehensive bibliographic database covering biomedical and pharmaceutical literature worldwide. Used for text and inventor searching, and for locating book citations.
MEDLINE (Medical Literature, Analysis, and Retrieval System Online)
Dialog Coverage: 1951 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1950 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database containing references to journal articles in life sciences with a concentration on biomedicine.

Good starting point. Text search performed to obtain information about treatment methods.
REGISTRY
STN Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Substance database containing records for substances identified by the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry System.

Used for searching structures and alternative names.
SciSearch: A Cited Reference Science Database
Dialog Coverage: 1974 - 1989, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Cited reference index.

Used for text and inventor searching, and to identify publication dates.
Adis Clinical Trials Insight
Dialog Coverage: 2000 - present, Full Text: 2000 - present
STN Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: 1983 - present
Drugs, drug therapy, adverse drug reactions and pharmacoeconomics.

Used for text and inventor searching.
Adis R&D Insight
Dialog Coverage: 1986 - present, Full Text: 1986 - present
STN Coverage: 1986 - present, Full Text: 1986 - present
Full text reports on drugs in active research and development by the international pharmaceutical industry.

Used for text and inventor searching, and for reviews of clinical trials.
AGRICOLA (AGRICultural OnLine Access)
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database consisting of records for literature citations of journal articles, monographs, theses, patents, translations, microforms, audiovisuals, software, and technical reports.

Database of books and journal articles covering all aspects of agriculture compiled by the National Agricultural Library. Used for text and inventor searching.
AGRIS International
Dialog Coverage: 1975 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Worldwide agricultural literature prepared by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.

Corresponds in part to the monthly printed publication Agrindex. Comprehensive inventory of worldwide agricultural literature that reflects research results, food production, and rural development. Used for text and inventor searching.
Agrochemicals handbook
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 3rd ed. - 1991
Kidd, Hamish and David R. James

Used to obtain information on pesticides.
Beilstein Facts
Dialog Coverage: 1771 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1779 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Structures and properties for about 9 million heterocyclic, acyclic and isocyclic compounds.

Organic substance records from the Beilstein Handbook of Organic Chemistry as well as data from 120 journals in organic chemistry. Used for identifying properties, old compounds, and structure searching.
CAB ABSTRACTS
Dialog Coverage: 1972 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Covers literature from all areas of agriculture and related sciences.

Used to obtain agricultural references.
CANCERLIT
Dialog Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1963 - 2002, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic records referencing cancer research publications.

Database of biomedical and other aspects of cancer literature. Text search used to locate information on the uses of drugs.
CHEMCATS (Chemical Catalogs Online)
STN Coverage: 1995 - present, Full Text: 1995 - present
Chemical catalogs.

Contains detailed information about commercially available chemicals and their worldwide suppliers. A record provides catalog information for a substance as furnished by the supplier.
Compendium of Pesticide Common Names
Alan Wood Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
List of ISO-approved standard names of chemical pesticides.

CONFSCI (Conference Papers Index)
STN Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database that provides access to international research papers and findings presented at scientific and technical conferences and meetings throughout the world.

Index of scientific and technical papers presented at over 1,000 major regional, national, and international meetings each year. Useful for locating any presentations given by inventors before patent application is filed.
Cosmetic and toiletry formulations
Knovel Coverage: - , Full Text: 2nd ed. -
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 2nd ed. -
Flick, Ernest W.

This book contains cosmetic and toiletry formulations based on information received from numerous industrial companies and other organizations.
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds
STN Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - 1989


Used to identify chemical properties. Print copy of this resource also used.
CROPB
STN Coverage: 1968 - 1984, Full Text: - N/A
Derwent Crop Protection Backfile.

Literature on all aspects of pesticides. Text search useful for locating information on herbicide use and crop protection strategies.
CROPU
STN Coverage: 1985 - 2003, Full Text: - N/A
Derwent Crop Protection File.

Literature on all aspects of pesticides. Text search useful for locating information on herbicide use and crop protection strategies.
Drug facts and comparisons
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 56th ed. - 2002
Cumulates the monthly: Drug facts and comparisons.

Drug Information Fulltext
Dialog Coverage: Current - Year, Full Text: Current - Year
Corresponds to two printed publications: The American Hospital Formulary Service and The Handbook on Injectable Drugs.

Contains descriptions and new uses of investigational and commercially available drugs in use in the United States.
DRUGU
Dialog Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Covers all aspects of drug synthesis, development, evaluation, manufacture, and use.

Monitors all phases of drug development. Useful for pharmacy updates and enablement issues.
Farm chemicals handbook
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1998


This book provides information on agricultural chemicals.
Gale Group PROMT
Dialog Coverage: 1990 - present, Full Text: 1990 - present
STN Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
International coverage of companies, products, markets, and applied technologies for all industries.

Good for obtaining information about products marketed outside the US.
Goodman and Gilman's the pharmacological basis of therapeutics
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 10th ed. - 2001
Goodman, Louis Sanford and Alfred Goodman Gilman

This book provides information on medical pharmacology.
Harrison's principles of internal medicine
STIC online catalog Coverage: - 14th ed., Full Text: - 1998
Harrison, Tinsley R. and Anthony S. Fauci

Inside Conferences
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Contains details of all papers given at every congress, symposium, conference, exposition, workshop, and meeting received at the British Library Document Supply Centre.

This resource may provide relevant information.
International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA)
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Provides information on all phases of the development and use of drugs and on professional pharmaceutical practice.

Used for specific combinations of drugs and to determine compatibility.
KOSMET (Cosmetic & Perfume Science & Technology)
STN Coverage: 1968 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database on cosmetics and perfumes.

Used to obtain articles on cosmetic compositions and to identify specific properties.
MARPAT (CAS Patent Markush)
STN Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Markush search service.

Contains the Markush structures found in the claims and often the disclosure of the patent, the bibliographic information, patent family information, cited references, in-depth substance and subject indexing including CAS Registry Numbers®, and an abstract, all of which are displayable. The structures are structure-searchable.
Merck Index OnlineSM
CambridgeSoft Coverage: - , Full Text: 13th ed. - 2001
Dialog Coverage: 2001 - 2001, Full Text: 2001 - 2001
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: -
STN Coverage: 2001 - 2001, Full Text: 2001 - 2001
13th edition of The Merck Index.

Used to identify structures, registry numbers and patent numbers. Print copy of this resource also used.
MeSH Browser
NLM Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Online vocabulary look-up aid available for use with MeSH® (Medical Subject Headings).

Thesaurus and dictionary.
NAPRALERT (NAtural PRoducts ALERT)
STN Coverage: 1650 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Contains bibliographic and factual data on natural products.

Used to identify herbal extract compositions, therapeutic and cosmetic compositions, and natural product pesticides.
Perfumes, cosmetics and soaps : with especial reference to synthetics
Coverage: - , Full Text: -
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: Various - editions
Poucher, W. A.

Pesticide manual : a world compendium
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 12th ed. - 2000
Tomlin, Clive

ProQuest Direct
ProQuest Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: 1986 - present
Current periodicals and newspapers, as well as archives of major newspapers.

Source for non-US articles on known components used outside the US, i.e. natural ingredients known in third world countries.
Protective groups in organic synthesis
NetLibrary, Inc. Coverage: - , Full Text: Current - edition
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 3rd. Ed - 1999
Greene, Theodora W. and Peter G.M. Wuts

Remington's pharmaceutical sciences
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 18th ed. - 1990
Remington, Joseph Price

Robbins' pathologic basis of disease
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 5th ed. - 1994
Robbins, Stanley L., et al.

SciFinder
CAS Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Access to current scientific information.

Scirus
Elsevier Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Science-specific search engine.

Stedman's medical dictionary
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 27th ed. - 2000
xreferplus Coverage: - , Full Text: Current - edition
Stedman, Thomas Lathrop

TRADEMARKSCAN - U.S. FEDERAL
Dialog Coverage: 1884 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Information on registered trademarks, service marks, and applications filed for marks in use on products or services marketed commercially in the U.S.A.

Used to determine trademark status.
TRADEMARKSCAN International Register European Databases and Community Trademarks
Dialog Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary


Used to determine if similar compounds have a different name in different countries.

INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

Google TM
Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

This resource may provide information on products, companies, individuals, and equipment.
Yahoo!
Yahoo! Inc. Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

This resource may provide information on topics, specific companies, individuals, materials, and properties.


Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

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Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
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