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Search Templates Class 530/331.000 - 332.000    

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CHEMISTRY: NATURAL RESINS OR DERIVATIVES; PEPTIDES OR PROTEINS; LIGNINS OR REACTION PRODUCTS THEREOF

Classification 530/331.000 - 332.000 >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

EAST or WEST is used for full text and inventor searching using appropriate proximity operators. Text searching is used due to presence of this technology in multiple class/subclass combinations.
ABSS (Automated Biotechnology Sequence Search System)
Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Genetic sequence search system.

USPTO internal genetic sequence search system composed of commercially available databases such as Genbank/EMBL, Geneseq, PIR, and UniProt. In-house databases (pending applications, issued patents, and published applications (PGPubs)) are also available for interference and prior art purposes. Useful for routine sequence searching as well as specialized searches, including alignments, length-limited, oligomer, and score/length.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

EAST or WEST is used for text and inventor searching.
PALM (Patent Application Locating and Monitoring)
USPTO Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Pending patent applications, recent patents, and abandoned files.

The Patent Application Locating and Monitoring (PALM) system is a large database system that maintains records for each patent application. PALM is designed to provide on-line access to information on all pending applications, as well as most recently patented and abandoned files. Useful for searching related applications by inventor name.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

Used for full text searching with appropriate proximity operators. Text searching is used due to presence of this technology in multiple class/subclass combinations.
USPATFULL
STN Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
U.S. Patents Original Publications.

This database is used when searching by chemical Registry number. Complete Chemical Abstracts indexing for one equivalent US patent may be available, which facilitates cross-file searching with CAplus, REGISTRY, and USPATFULL. Very useful for short and variant nucleic acid and peptide sequences not readily searchable by ABSS. Useful for searching by registry number.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching.
EPO esp@cenet
esp@cenet Coverage: 1920 - present, Full Text: 1920 - present
National patent information from all member states of the EPO as well as bibliographic data from patents worldwide.

Used for foreign document retrieval.
FPAS3
Coverage: 1980 - present, Full Text: -
USPTO foreign document retrieval system.

JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching.
JPO Industrial Property Digital Library
NCIPI Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
Japanese patent information.

Used as a source for machine translations of Japanese patent documents.
WIPO/PCT Patents Fulltext
Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
STN Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
Full text Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) published applications.


NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

BIOSIS Previews
Dialog Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Comprehensive worldwide coverage of research in the biological and biomedical sciences.

Contains information on life sciences, including biological and biomedical areas. Access to nucleotide or protein sequence information. Used for text, inventor searching, registry number searching and searching exact sequence strings, subsequences, and functionally similar sequences using motif and pattern search capabilities.
CA SEARCH: Chemical Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Database of the worldwide literature of chemistry and its applications. Abstracts available via STN.

Useful in text, inventor and registry number searching and a broad range of areas including chemical engineering, electrochemistry, biochemistry, and applied, macromolecular, organic, physical, inorganic, environmental and analytical chemistry.
CAOLD (Pre-1967 Chemical Abstracts File)
STN Coverage: 1907 - 1966, Full Text: - N/A
Chemical Abstracts (CA) references from 1907 through 1966.

Searchable by Registry number, CA reference numbers, authors, patent assignees and title keywords. Structure diagrams are available.
CAplus
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Chemistry bibliographic database.

Covers the same material as file CA but also contains early access to bibliographic information and patent family information for the documents in the process of being indexed. Useful in text, inventor and registry number searching and in a broad range of areas including chemical engineering, electrochemistry, biochemistry, and applied, macromolecular, organic, physical, inorganic, environmental and analytical chemistry.
DIALINDEX
Dialog Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Master index to DIALOG databases.

Used to identify databases that contain references to the technology. Recommended as a preliminary tool in all searches. Search topics can be tested in a group of files of the user's choosing or in one or more database categories provided by DIALOG (OneSearch). It can then be determined which databases should be selected for a more detailed search.
Dissertation Abstracts Online
Dialog Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Subject, title, and author guide to virtually every American dissertation accepted at an accredited institution.

Useful for resolving inventorship issues, and also for prior art and enablement issues.
Dissertations and Theses - Full Text
ProQuest Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: Dates - vary
Doctoral dissertations and Master's theses.

Useful for resolving inventorship issues, and also for prior art and enablement issues.
EMBASE
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Index of the world's literature on human medicine and related disciplines.

MEDLINE (Medical Literature, Analysis, and Retrieval System Online)
Dialog Coverage: 1951 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1950 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database containing references to journal articles in life sciences with a concentration on biomedicine.

Contains information on every area of medicine. Corresponds to Index Medicus. Useful for vaccine technology, gene expression, methods of use in vitro or in vivo and for therapy. Used for text and inventor searching, and review articles.
REGISTRY
STN Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Substance database containing records for substances identified by the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry System.

Chemical structure and dictionary database that contains unique substance records. Protein and nucleic acid sequences may be retrieved using codes for the amino acids and nucleotides. Useful for searching sequences, peptides, registry numbers and chemical compounds/structures.
SciSearch: A Cited Reference Science Database
Dialog Coverage: 1974 - 1989, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Cited reference index.

International index to literature covering the broad fields of science, technology and biomedicine. Used for text and inventor searching, enablement issues, citation searching, and review articles.
STNindex
STN Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Master index to STN databases.

Used to identify databases that contain references to the technology. Recommended as a preliminary tool in all searches. Search topics can be tested in a group of files of the user's choosing or in one or more database categories provided by STN (cluster). It can then be determined which databases should be selected for a more detailed search.
Adis Clinical Trials Insight
Dialog Coverage: 2000 - present, Full Text: 2000 - present
STN Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: 1983 - present
Drugs, drug therapy, adverse drug reactions and pharmacoeconomics.

Evaluations of key papers published in more than 1,600 international medical and biomedical journals on drugs, drug therapy, adverse drug reactions and pharmacoeconomics.
Adis R&D Insight
Dialog Coverage: 1986 - present, Full Text: 1986 - present
STN Coverage: 1986 - present, Full Text: 1986 - present
Full text reports on drugs in active research and development by the international pharmaceutical industry.

AGRICOLA (AGRICultural OnLine Access)
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database consisting of records for literature citations of journal articles, monographs, theses, patents, translations, microforms, audiovisuals, software, and technical reports.

Used to identify veterinary compositions, and for information on livestock vaccines and non-human vaccines.
AGRIS International
Dialog Coverage: 1975 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Worldwide agricultural literature prepared by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.

Comprehensive inventory of worldwide agricultural literature which reflects research results, food production, and rural development to help users identify problems involved in all aspects of world food supply. Used for text and inventor searching.
Analytical Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1980 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1980 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database that covers worldwide literature on analytical chemistry.

Used for enablement issues and prior art.
AQUASCI (Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts, ASFA)
STN Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database covering topics relating to the science, technology, and management of marine and freshwater environments, and related socioeconomic aspects.

Used to locate information on fish vaccines and other related mammalian vaccines.
ATCC
ATCC Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Global nonprofit bioresource center.

Current holdings of bacteria, parasites, and fungi.
BIOTECHNO (BIOTECHNOBASE)
STN Coverage: 1980 - 2003, Full Text: - N/A
Coverage of scientific, technological, and professional biotechnology literature, from fundamental research to industrial applications.

Used for text and inventor searching.
CAB ABSTRACTS
Dialog Coverage: 1972 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Covers literature from all areas of agriculture and related sciences.

Used to obtain agricultural information.
CANCERLIT
Dialog Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic records referencing cancer research publications.

Used as a source of information on bacterial compositions for treating cancer.
Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology Abstracts (CEABA)
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1966 - present, Full Text: - N/A
International scientific and technical literature on chemical engineering and biotechnology.

CONFSCI (Conference Papers Index)
STN Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database that provides access to international research papers and findings presented at scientific and technical conferences and meetings throughout the world.

Useful for searching the latest technology.
Current Biotechnology Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Records contain bibliographic details, an abstract, and subject, chemical, and company indexes.

Documents indexed cover technocommercial news, scientific and technical items (including patents), and general information (forthcoming events, book announcements etc.).
Derwent Biotechnology Resource
Dialog Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Formerly Derwent Biotechnology Abstracts. Covers journal articles, patents, and conference proceedings describing research in the field of biotechnology.

Covers biotechnology from genetic manipulation through biochemical engineering and fermentation to downstream processing. Has some patent publications.
DGENE (The Derwent GENESEQ database)
STN Coverage: 1981 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Nucleic acid and protein sequences from the Derwent World Patents Index (WPINDEX/WPIDS/WPIX).

Used for sequence searching, and to identify homologues and orthologues. The content of this database is included in ABSS, the USPTO internal genetic sequence search system.
Drug Information Fulltext
Dialog Coverage: Current - year, Full Text: Current - year
Corresponds to two printed publications: The American Hospital Formulary Service and The Handbook on Injectable Drugs.

Evaluative descriptions of investigational and commercially available drugs in use in the United States. Used for combinations, and for identifying new improvements on old vaccines.
DRUGU
Dialog Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Covers all aspects of drug synthesis, development, evaluation, manufacture, and use.

Useful when new use for old composition is claimed.
Elsevier BIOBASE
Dialog Coverage: 1994 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1994 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic current awareness database providing comprehensive coverage of the entire spectrum of biological research worldwide.

Used to obtain background information, and for keeping up-to-date on technology.
Food Science and Technology Abstracts (FSTA)
Dialog Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Collection of food science, food technology and food-related human nutrition abstracts.

Literature on all scientific and technological aspects of the processing and manufacture of human food products. Used for text and inventor searching.
GenBank (R)
STN Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Nucleic acid database.

GenBank ® (registered trademark of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service) is a nucleic acid database produced by the National Institute of Health. GenBank contains sequences and data such as the GenBank Locus Number, sequence description, source organism, sequence length, and references. Contains all sequences in EMBL and DDBJ (DNA DataBank of Japan).
GeneCards®
Weizmann Institute of Science. Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Database of human genes, their products and their involvement in diseases.

Used to obtain the structure and function of genes.
Inside Conferences
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Contains details of all papers given at every congress, symposium, conference, exposition, workshop, and meeting received at the British Library Document Supply Centre.

This resource may provide relevant information.
JICST-EPlus - Japanese Science & Technology
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English citations and abstracts covering the literature published in Japan on all fields of science, technology, and medicine.

Japanese literature on chemistry and the chemistry industry, engineering, pharmacology, life sciences and medical science. Used for text and assignee/inventor searching.
LIFESCI (Life Sciences Collection)
STN Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database from Cambridge Scientific Abstracts.

International scientific research in life sciences, including biochemistry, biotechnology, genetics, and immunology. Used for text and inventor searching, and for review articles.
Merck manual
Merck & Co., Inc. Coverage: - , Full Text: Current - edition
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 17th ed. - 1999
Beers, Mark H. and Andrew J. Fletcher

Descriptions of important chemicals, drugs, biologicals, and agricultural and natural products. Used to obtain definitions of diseases, conventional courses of treatment, and for citations to relevant literature.
Merck veterinary manual
Merck & Co., Inc. Coverage: - , Full Text: Current - edition
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 8th ed. - 1998
Aiello, Susan, and Asa Mays, Merck & Co.

Used to obtain definitions of diseases and information on conventional treatments.
NAPRALERT (NAtural PRoducts ALERT)
STN Coverage: 1650 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Contains bibliographic and factual data on natural products.

Covers natural products, including plant, microbial, and animal (including marine) extracts.
NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information)
NLM Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
National resource for molecular biology information.

Public databases and associated functional annotations, related genome information, structural analysis, software for screening for homologues and functional relatedness.
OneLook® Dictionary Search
OneLook® Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Collection of web-based dictionaries that define or translate words and phrases.

One search view of many dictionaries' definitions, including medical and biotechnology material.
PASCAL
Dialog Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1977 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Multidisplinary, multilingual bibliographic database covering the major international literature in science, technology, and medicine.

Used for searching assignee/inventor names.
RCSB Protein Data Bank
RCSB Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Worldwide repository for the processing and distribution of 3-D biological macromolecular structure data.

Used for protein crystallography data.
TOXCENTER (Toxicology Center)
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database that covers effects of drugs and other chemicals.

Covers the pharmacological, biochemical, physiological and toxicological effects of drugs and other chemicals. Used for scope enablement, and for obtaining information on negative findings on drugs on the market.
ToxFile
Dialog Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Covers pharmacological, biochemical, physiological, and toxicological effects of drugs and other chemicals.

Used for scope enablement, and for obtaining information on negative findings on drugs on the market.
Trademark Electronic Search System
USPTO Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Contains more than 3 million pending, registered and dead federal trademarks.

Trademark search for current trademark assignments, which is important for claim interpretations.
USP Dictionary of USAN and International Drug Names
Dialog Coverage: 1996 - 1996, Full Text: 1996 - 1996
Drug dictionary.

Dictionary of official, nonproprietary and trade drug names. Since 1961 for U.S. Adopted Names and 1953 for international non-proprietary names.
VETB (Derwent Veterinary Drug File backfile)
STN Coverage: 1968 - 1982, Full Text: - N/A
References from the world's journals on developments and applications of veterinary drugs, including hormones, vaccines and growth promotants, etc., for use in farm, domestic, and other animals.

Used for inventor/assignee searching, and to obtain information on animal vaccines.
VETU (Derwent Veterinary Drug File)
STN Coverage: 1983 - 2001, Full Text: - N/A
References from the world's journals on developments and applications of veterinary drugs, including hormones, vaccines and growth promotants, etc., for use in farm, domestic and other animals.

Used for inventor/assignee searching, and to obtain information on animal vaccines.

INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.



Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

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