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Classification 455/1.000 - 3.060 >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

Patents are viewed by the USPC for relevance to the patent applications being searched. Classification search is used for system level applications where flow charts clearly show the steps and order of the processing described in the application and prior art. For most applications, text searching can supplement class/subclass searching by using specific claimed features or terms such as SMS, GSM or UMTS depending on the type of system. Further, text searching can also be used to locate art on the concept of the inventive portion of the system or network.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

All patent documents in a classification are viewed by USPC for relevance to the patent application being searched.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

Patents are viewed by the USPC for relevance to the patent applications being searched. Classification search is used for system level applications where flow charts clearly show the steps and order of the processing described in the application and prior art. For most applications, text searching can supplement class/subclass searching by using specific claimed features or terms such as SMS, GSM or UMTS depending on the type of system. Further, text searching can also be used to locate art on the concept of the inventive portion of the system or network.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

Used for text and key term searching.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

Used for text and key term searching.
JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

Used for text and key term searching.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

ACM Digital Library
ACM Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Citations and full text articles from ACM journals, newsletters, and conference proceedings.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), voicemail, email, short or instant messaging, internet radio, call handling, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), authentication, encryption, security, and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
IEEE Xplore
IEEE Coverage: 1952 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Full text access to technical literature in electrical engineering, computer science, and electronics.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), voicemail, email, short or instant messaging, internet radio, call handling, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), authentication, encryption, security, IEEE standards, and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
ABI/INFORM
Dialog Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1991 - present
STN Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1991 - present
Covers worldwide business and management issues.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), voicemail, email, short or instant messaging, internet radio, call handling, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), authentication, encryption, security, and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
Business Dateline
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: 1985 - present
Full text of major news and feature stories from regional business publications from throughout the United States and Canada.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), voicemail, email, short or instant messaging, internet radio, call handling, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), authentication, encryption, security, and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
Business Wire
Dialog Coverage: 1999 - present, Full Text: 1999 - present
Full text of news releases issued by approximately 10,000 corporations, universities, research institutes, hospitals, and other organizations.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), voicemail, email, short or instant messaging, internet radio, call handling, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), authentication, encryption, security, and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
CMP Computer Fulltext
Dialog Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Full text information about the computer, communications, and electronic industries.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), voicemail, email, short or instant messaging, internet radio, call handling, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), authentication, encryption, security, and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
CSA Aerospace & High Technology Database
Dialog Coverage: 1962 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1962 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Provides references, abstracts, and controlled-vocabulary indexing of key scientific and technical documents.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, voicemail, short messaging, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), internet radio, call forwarding, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
DIALOG Telecommunications Newsletters
Dialog Coverage: 1995 - present, Full Text: 1995 - present
Full text telecommunications newsletters that provide information on companies, products, markets, and technologies.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), voicemail, email, short or instant messaging, internet radio, call handling, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), authentication, encryption, security, and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
DTIC STINET
DTIC Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: Dates - vary
DTIC scientific and technical papers, which cover telecommunications, satellites, imaging, and speech recognition.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, voicemail, short messaging, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), internet radio, call forwarding, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
Ei Compendex
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Comprehensive database of engineering literature.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), voicemail, email, short or instant messaging, internet radio, call handling, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), authentication, encryption, security, and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
EMBASE
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Index of the world's literature on human medicine and related disciplines.

This resource provides relevant data for devices used in the medical area.
ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center)
Dialog Coverage: 1966 - present, Full Text: - N/A
US Department of Education Coverage: - , Full Text: -
Bibliographic database containing education-related documents, technical reports, journal articles, conference papers, dissertations, and state of the art reviews.

This resource provides relevant data for radio or wireless communications or devices used for assistive technology, and mobile or portable telecommunications or computer devices for physically challenged persons.
Gale Group Computer DatabaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Information about the computer, electronics, and telecommunications industries.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), voicemail, email, short or instant messaging, internet radio, call handling, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), authentication, encryption, security, and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
Gale Group GlobalbaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1986 - 2002, Full Text: - N/A
Worldwide coverage of companies, products, and industries with a primary focus on Europe.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), voicemail, email, short or instant messaging, internet radio, call handling, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), authentication, encryption, security, and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
Gale Group New Product Announcements/Plus (NPA/Plus)
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: 1985 - present
Full text press releases from all industries covering announcements related to products, with a focus on new products and services.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), voicemail, email, short or instant messaging, internet radio, call handling, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), authentication, encryption, security, and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
Gale Group Newsletter DatabaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Full text of specialized industry newsletters that provide information on companies, products, markets, and technologies.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), voicemail, email, short or instant messaging, internet radio, call handling, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), authentication, encryption, security, and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
Gale Group PROMT
Dialog Coverage: 1990 - present, Full Text: 1990 - present
STN Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
International coverage of companies, products, markets, and applied technologies for all industries.

This resource provides relevant data for products or devices used in radio or wireless communications.
Health Devices AlertsŪ (HDA)
Dialog Coverage: 1977 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Database of reported medical device problems, hazards, recalls, evaluations, and updates.

This resource provides relevant data for devices used in the medical area.
IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin
EAST/WEST Coverage: 1958 - 1998, Full Text: -
Defensive disclosure database.

Inside Conferences
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Contains details of all papers given at every congress, symposium, conference, exposition, workshop, and meeting received at the British Library Document Supply Centre.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), voicemail, email, short or instant messaging, internet radio, call handling, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), authentication, encryption, security, and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
Inspec (The Database for Physics, Electronics and Computing)
Dialog Coverage: 1898 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Dialog DataStar Coverage: 1898 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Inspec (The Database for Physics, Electronics and Computing) corresponds to the three Science Abstracts print publications: Physics Abstracts, Electrical and Electronics Abstracts, and Computer and Control Abstracts.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), voicemail, email, short or instant messaging, internet radio, call handling, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), authentication, encryption, security, and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
Jane's Defense & Aerospace News/Analysis
Dialog Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: 1982 - present
Summarizes, highlights, and interprets worldwide events in the defense and aerospace industries.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, voicemail, short messaging, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), internet radio, call forwarding, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
JICST-EPlus - Japanese Science & Technology
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English citations and abstracts covering the literature published in Japan on all fields of science, technology, and medicine.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), voicemail, email, short or instant messaging, internet radio, call handling, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), authentication, encryption, security, and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
MEDLINE (Medical Literature, Analysis, and Retrieval System Online)
Dialog Coverage: 1951 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1950 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database containing references to journal articles in life sciences with a concentration on biomedicine.

This resource provides relevant data for devices used in the medical area.
PASCAL
Dialog Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1977 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Multidisplinary, multilingual bibliographic database covering the major international literature in science, technology, and medicine.

This resource provides relevant data for satellite and cellular network systems, wireless devices and techniques, GPS, GSM, (Global System for Mobile Communications), UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System), voicemail, email, short or instant messaging, internet radio, call handling, prepaid wireless communication services (PWCS), authentication, encryption, security, and for products or devices used in radio, mobile or wireless communications.
Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS)
Dialog Coverage: 1968 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Provides international coverage of ongoing research projects, published journal articles, state and federal government reports, conference proceedings, research and technical papers, and monographs.

This resource provides relevant data for devices installed or mounted or used in or on or associated with automobiles, vehicles, or aircraft.

INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

Google TM
Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

This resource provides relevant information for the following: inventor papers and/or web sites, assignee or company product data or specifications, manuals, standards, tutorials, 3GPP, UMTS, GSM, etc. In addition, provides access to resources that can define the meaning of acronyms, or terms of art.


Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

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Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
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