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Search Templates Class 435/325.000 - 408.000    

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CHEMISTRY: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY

Classification 435/325.000 - 408.000 >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

EAST or WEST is used for full text, inventor, and class/subclass searching. Key-words-in-context display and ability to toggle between text and image within results is useful.
ABSS (Automated Biotechnology Sequence Search System)
Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Genetic sequence search system.

USPTO internal genetic sequence search system composed of commercially available databases such as Genbank/EMBL, Geneseq, PIR, and UniProt. In-house databases (pending applications, issued patents, and published applications (PGPubs) are also available for interference and prior art purposes. Useful for routine sequence searching as well as specialized searches, including alignments, length-limited, oligomer, and score/length.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

Full text search of U.S. patent grants.
PALM (Patent Application Locating and Monitoring)
USPTO Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Pending patent applications, recent patents, and abandoned files.

The Patent Application Locating and Monitoring (PALM) system is a large database system that maintains records for each patent application. PALM is designed to provide on-line access to information on all pending applications, as well as most recently patented and abandoned files. Useful for searching related applications by inventor name.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

Used for text and inventor searching.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, IPC Classified and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: 1970 - present
WEST Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: 1970 - present
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

EAST or WEST used for text and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classified Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
English abstracts database of published unexamined applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
FPAS3
Coverage: - , Full Text: -
USPTO foreign document retrieval system.

JPO Abstracts, Text and Classified Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
English abstracts database of published unexamined applications.

JPO patent documents in a USPC or an IPC classification are viewed for relevance to the patent application being searched. EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

BIOSIS Previews
Dialog Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Comprehensive worldwide coverage of research in the biological and biomedical sciences.

Contains information on life sciences, including biological and biomedical areas. Used for text and inventor searching, and for general biology information.
CA SEARCH: Chemical Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Database of the worldwide literature of chemistry and its applications. Abstracts available via STN.

Useful in text, inventor, and registry number searching. Covers a broad range of subject areas.
CAplus
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Chemistry bibliographic database.

Covers the same material as file CA but contains early access to bibliographic information and patent family information for the documents in the process of being indexed. Useful in text, inventor and registry number searching and a broad range of subject areas including chemical engineering, biochemistry, and applied, organic, physical, and inorganic chemistry.
Dissertation Abstracts Online
Dialog Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Subject, title, and author guide to virtually every American dissertation accepted at an accredited institution.

Used for text and inventor searching.
Dissertations and Theses - Full Text
ProQuest Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: Dates - vary
Doctoral dissertations and Master's theses.

Used for text and inventor searching.
EMBASE
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Index of the world's literature on human medicine and related disciplines.

Comprehensive bibliographic database covering biomedical and pharmaceutical literature worldwide. Used for text and inventor searching.
MEDLINE (Medical Literature, Analysis, and Retrieval System Online)
Dialog Coverage: 1951 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1950 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database containing references to journal articles in life sciences with a concentration on biomedicine.

Used for text and inventor searching, and to locate references on gene expression. Also used to locate review articles on various genetic therapies and pharmaceutical issues.
REGISTRY
STN Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Substance database containing records for substances identified by the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry System.

Used for searching short sequences.
SciSearch: A Cited Reference Science Database
Dialog Coverage: 1990 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Cited reference index.

Used for text and inventor searching, and to identify publication dates.
Adis Clinical Trials Insight
Dialog Coverage: 2000 - present, Full Text: 2000 - present
STN Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: 1983 - present
Drugs, drug therapy, adverse drug reactions and pharmacoeconomics.

Used for text and inventor searching.
AGRICOLA (AGRICultural OnLine Access)
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database consisting of records for literature citations of journal articles, monographs, theses, patents, translations, microforms, audiovisuals, software, and technical reports.

National Agricultural Library database of books and journal articles covering all aspects of agriculture. Used for text and inventor searching, and any agricultural references.
Biotechnology OneSearch
Dialog Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Subject category guide to databases.

Multiple databases are searched simultaneously to determine which contain references to the technology or process.
CANCERLIT
Dialog Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1963 - 2002, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic records referencing cancer research publications.

Database of biomedical and other aspects of cancer literature. Text search used to locate information on cancer therapies.
CONFSCI (Conference Papers Index)
STN Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database that provides access to international research papers and findings presented at scientific and technical conferences and meetings throughout the world.

This resource may provide relevant information on the latest technology.
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds
STN Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - 1989


Used to identify chemical properties. Print copy of this resource also used.
Current Protocols series
Wiley InterScience Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Annotated, step-by-step laboratory manuals.

Derwent Biotechnology Resource
Dialog Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Formerly Derwent Biotechnology Abstracts. Covers journal articles, patents, and conference proceedings describing research in the field of biotechnology.

Used for recombinant cell culture techniques.
Expert Protein Analysis System
Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A


Used for proteomics including SWISS-PROT, to identify synonyms, and for motif databases.
GenBank (R)
STN Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Nucleic acid database.

GenBank (registered trademark of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service) is a nucleic acid database produced by the National Institute of Health. GenBank contain sequences and data such as the GenBank Locus Number, sequence description, source organism, sequence length, and references. Contains all sequences in EMBL and DDBJ (DNA DataBank of Japan).
Inside Conferences
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Contains details of all papers given at every congress, symposium, conference, exposition, workshop, and meeting received at the British Library Document Supply Centre.

This resource may provide relevant information.
Merck Index OnlineSM
CambridgeSoft Coverage: - , Full Text: 13th ed. - 2001
Dialog Coverage: 2001 - 2001, Full Text: 2001 - 2001
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: -
STN Coverage: 2001 - 2001, Full Text: 2001 - 2001
13th edition of The Merck Index.

Used to identify structures, registry numbers and patent numbers. Older editions of the hard copy of this resource also used.
PubMed
NLM Coverage: 1950 - current, Full Text: - N/A
National Library of Medicine search service.

Used for locating review articles and references that provide overview of relevant art. Ability to link directly to related articles is very useful.
Stedman's medical dictionary
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 27th ed. - 2000
xreferplus Coverage: - , Full Text: Current - edition
Stedman, Thomas Lathrop


INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

Google TM
Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

Used for broad text searching.
Yahoo!
Yahoo! Inc. Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

Used for broad text searching.


Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

Mail Stop Patents Search Template Comments
Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.

Submit general comments and suggestions to Search Template Project
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