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Patents > Guidance, Tools, and Manuals > Search Templates > Search Templates By Class > Search Templates Class 435 > Subclass 92.000 - 171.000
Search Templates Class 435/92.000 - 171.000    

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CHEMISTRY: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY

Classification 435/92.000 - 171.000 >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

EAST or WEST is used for full text and inventor searching.
ABSS (Automated Biotechnology Sequence Search System)
Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Genetic sequence search system.

USPTO internal genetic sequence search system composed of commercially available databases such as Genbank/EMBL, Geneseq, PIR, and UniProt. In-house databases (pending applications, issued patents, and published applications (PGPubs)) are also available for interference and prior art purposes. Useful for routine sequence searching as well as specialized searches, including alignments, length-limited, oligomer, and score/length.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

Includes the ability to formulate queries by classification.
PALM (Patent Application Locating and Monitoring)
USPTO Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Pending patent applications, recent patents, and abandoned files.

The Patent Application Locating and Monitoring (PALM) system is a large database system that maintains records for each patent application. PALM is designed to provide on-line access to information on all pending applications, as well as most recently patented and abandoned files. Useful for searching related applications by inventor name and for double patent discovery.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

Used for full text and inventor searching.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching.
JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching.
JPO Industrial Property Digital Library
NCIPI Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
Japanese patent information.

Has text search capabilities in the title and abstract fields as well as retrieval by FI classifications and F-Terms. This resource is used primarily as a source for machine translations of Japanese patent documents from 1993 to present.
WIPO/PCT Patents Fulltext
Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
STN Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
Full text Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) published applications.


NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

BIOSIS Previews
Dialog Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Comprehensive worldwide coverage of research in the biological and biomedical sciences.

Contains information on life sciences, including biological and biomedical areas. Used for text and inventor searching.
CA SEARCH: Chemical Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Database of the worldwide literature of chemistry and its applications. Abstracts available via STN.

Useful in text, inventor, and registry number searching. Covers a broad range of subject areas.
CAplus
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Chemistry bibliographic database.

Covers the same material as file CA but contains early access to bibliographic information and patent family information for the documents in the process of being indexed. Useful in text, inventor and registry number searching and a broad range of subject areas including chemical engineering and biochemistry.
Dissertation Abstracts Online
Dialog Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Subject, title, and author guide to virtually every American dissertation accepted at an accredited institution.

Used to locate inventor publications.
Dissertations and Theses - Full Text
ProQuest Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: Dates - vary
Doctoral dissertations and Master's theses.

Used to locate inventor publications.
EMBASE
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Index of the world's literature on human medicine and related disciplines.

Comprehensive bibliographic database covering biomedical and pharmaceutical literature worldwide. Used for text and inventor searching.
MEDLINE (Medical Literature, Analysis, and Retrieval System Online)
Dialog Coverage: 1951 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1950 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database containing references to journal articles in life sciences with a concentration on biomedicine.

Text search used to obtain information about diseases and treatment methods.
REGISTRY
STN Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Substance database containing records for substances identified by the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry System.

Used for searching structures and chemical names.
SciSearch: A Cited Reference Science Database
Dialog Coverage: 1990 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Cited reference index.

Used for text and inventor searching, and also for forward citations.
AGRICOLA (AGRICultural OnLine Access)
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database consisting of records for literature citations of journal articles, monographs, theses, patents, translations, microforms, audiovisuals, software, and technical reports.

National Agricultural Library database of books and journal articles covering all aspects of agriculture. Used for text and inventor searching.
BIOTECHNO (BIOTECHNOBASE)
STN Coverage: 1980 - 2003, Full Text: - N/A
Coverage of scientific, technological, and professional biotechnology literature, from fundamental research to industrial applications.

Used for text and inventor searching.
CAB ABSTRACTS
Dialog Coverage: 1972 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database covering worldwide literature from all areas of agriculture and related applied and life sciences.

Used for information on transgenic cows or goats.
CANCERLIT
Dialog Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic records referencing cancer research publications.

Database of biomedical and other aspects of cancer literature. Text search used to locate information on the uses of drugs.
CONFSCI (Conference Papers Index)
STN Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database that provides access to international research papers and findings presented at scientific and technical conferences and meetings throughout the world.

Useful for locating any presentations given by inventors before patent application is filed.
Derwent Biotechnology Resource
Dialog Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Formerly Derwent Biotechnology Abstracts. Covers journal articles, patents, and conference proceedings describing research in the field of biotechnology.

Covers biotechnology from genetic manipulation through biochemical engineering and fermentation to downstream processing. Database contains some patent publications. Used for text and inventor searching.
GenBank (R)
STN Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Nucleic acid database.

GenBank ® (registered trademark of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service) is a nucleic acid database produced by the National Institute of Health. GenBank contains sequences and data such as the GenBank Locus Number, sequence description, source organism, sequence length, and references. Contains all sequences in EMBL and DDBJ (DNA DataBank of Japan).
Genes
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 2004
Lewin, Benjamin ed.

This book provides information on genes, proteins, gene expression, DNA, the nucleus, and cells.
Human Genome Project Information - Gene Therapy
ORNL Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Gene therapy information.

Inside Conferences
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Contains details of all papers given at every congress, symposium, conference, exposition, workshop, and meeting received at the British Library Document Supply Centre.

This resource may provide relevant information.
Jackson Laboratory
Jackson Laboratory Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
World's largest mammalian genetic research facility.

Information on transgenics and mouse strains available through the Jackson Laboratory.
JICST-EPlus - Japanese Science & Technology
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English citations and abstracts covering the literature published in Japan on all fields of science, technology, and medicine.

Used to obtain references in Japanese literature.
LIFESCI (Life Sciences Collection)
STN Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database from Cambridge Scientific Abstracts.

Used for text and inventor searching, and for general background information.
Medicine OneSearch
Dialog Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Subject category guide to databases.

Dialog OneSearch category. Used to search multiple databases containing medical literature references simultaneously.
Merck Index OnlineSM
CambridgeSoft Coverage: - , Full Text: 13th ed. - 2001
Dialog Coverage: 2001 - 2001, Full Text: 2001 - 2001
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: -
STN Coverage: 2001 - 2001, Full Text: 2001 - 2001
13th edition of The Merck Index.

Used to identify structures, registry numbers and patent numbers.
Molecular cloning : a laboratory manual
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 3rd ed. - 2001
Sambrook, Joseph and David W. Russell

This manual provides instructions for techniques that are used in laboratories for isolating, analyzing and cloning DNA molecules, both large and small.
Mouse Genome Informatics
Jackson Laboratory Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Provides integrated access to data on the genetics, genomics, and biology of the laboratory mouse.

Used for identifying genes by phenotype.
NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information)
NLM Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
National resource for molecular biology information.

Used for sequence searching and information retrieval.
NIH Human Embryonic Stem Cell Registry
NIH Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Lists the derivations of stem cells that are eligible for federal funding.

OneLook® Dictionary Search
OneLook® Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Collection of web-based dictionaries that define or translate words and phrases.

Used to obtain definitions from multiple dictionary sites.
Principles of biochemistry
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 3rd ed. - 2000
Lehninger, Albert L., et al.

Retroviruses
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1997
Coffin, John M., et al.

Short protocols in molecular biology : a compendium of methods from Current protocols in molecular biology
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 4th ed. - 1999
Ausubel, Frederick M.

Stem Cells: Scientific Progress and Future Research Directions
NIH Coverage: - , Full Text: 2001 - 2001
Review of the state of the science of stem cell research as of June 17, 2001.

Webster's Dictionary
Merriam-Webster Coverage: - , Full Text: Current - edition
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: Various - editions
Dictionary and thesaurus.


INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

Google TM
Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

Used for broad text searching, references, and definitions.
Yahoo!
Yahoo! Inc. Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

Used for broad text searching, references, and definitions.


Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

Mail Stop Patents Search Template Comments
Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.

Submit general comments and suggestions to Search Template Project
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