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Patents > Guidance, Tools, and Manuals > Search Templates > Search Templates By Class > Search Templates Class 435 > Subclass 91.100 - 91.320
Search Templates Class 435/91.100 - 91.320    

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CHEMISTRY: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY

Classification 435/91.100 - 91.320 >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

EAST or WEST is used for full text and inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
ABSS (Automated Biotechnology Sequence Search System)
Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Genetic sequence search system.

USPTO internal genetic sequence search system composed of commercially available databases such as Genbank/EMBL, Geneseq, PIR, and UniProt. In-house databases (pending applications, issued patents, and published applications (PGPubs)) are also available for interference and prior art purposes. Useful for routine sequence searching as well as specialized searches, including alignments, length-limited, oligomer, and score/length.
PALM (Patent Application Locating and Monitoring)
USPTO Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Pending patent applications, recent patents, and abandoned files.

The Patent Application Locating and Monitoring (PALM) system is a large database system that maintains records for each patent application. PALM is designed to provide on-line access to information on all pending applications, as well as most recently patented and abandoned files. Useful for searching related applications by inventor name.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

Used for full text and inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
USPATFULL
STN Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
U.S. Patents Original Publications.

This database is used when searching by chemical Registry number. Complete Chemical Abstracts indexing for one equivalent US patent may be available, which facilitates cross-file searching with CAplus, REGISTRY, and USPATFULL. Used for searching short sequences, text, inventors and registry numbers.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
EPO esp@cenet
esp@cenet Coverage: 1920 - present, Full Text: 1920 - present
National patent information from all member states of the EPO as well as bibliographic data from patents worldwide.

Provides PDF images for the full text of patents from a number of countries. Has text search capabilities in the title and abstract fields as well as retrieval by IPC and ECLA classification numbers. While it can be used for searching, it is primarily used as a foreign document retrieval system.
JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
JPO Industrial Property Digital Library
NCIPI Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
Japanese patent information.

Has text search capabilities in the title and abstract fields as well as retrieval by FI classifications and F-Terms. This resource is used primarily as a source for machine translations of Japanese patent documents from 1993 to present.
WIPO/PCT Patents Fulltext
Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
STN Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
Full text Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) published applications.

Used for text and assignee/inventor searching.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

BIOSIS Previews
Dialog Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Comprehensive worldwide coverage of research in the biological and biomedical sciences.

Contains information on life sciences, including biological and biomedical areas. Used to search for abstracts of meetings and dissertation information. Excellent breadth of subject coverage. This database is a good source of background prior art.
CA SEARCH: Chemical Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Database of the worldwide literature of chemistry and its applications. Abstracts available via STN.

Used to search for abstracts of meetings and dissertation information. Excellent breadth of subject coverage. This database is a good source of background prior art and enablement information.
CAplus
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Chemistry bibliographic database.

Covers the same material as file CA but contains early access to bibliographic information and patent family information for the documents in the process of being indexed. Excellent breadth of subject coverage. This database is a good source of background prior art and enablement information.
Dissertation Abstracts Online
Dialog Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Subject, title, and author guide to virtually every American dissertation accepted at an accredited institution.

Dissertations and Theses - Full Text
ProQuest Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: Dates - vary
Doctoral dissertations and Master's theses.

EMBASE
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Index of the world's literature on human medicine and related disciplines.

Comprehensive bibliographic database covering biomedical and pharmaceutical literature worldwide. Used to search for abstracts of meetings and dissertation information. Excellent breadth of subject coverage. This database is a good source of background prior art.
MEDLINE (Medical Literature, Analysis, and Retrieval System Online)
Dialog Coverage: 1951 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1950 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database containing references to journal articles in life sciences with a concentration on biomedicine.

Contains information on every area of medicine. Corresponds to Index Medicus. Used to search for abstracts of meetings and dissertation information. Excellent breadth of subject coverage. This database is a good source of background prior art.
REGISTRY
STN Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Substance database containing records for substances identified by the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry System.

Chemical structure and dictionary database that contains unique substance records. Protein and nucleic acid sequences may be retrieved using codes for the amino acids and nucleotides. Used for off sequence searching.
SciSearch: A Cited Reference Science Database
Dialog Coverage: 1974 - 1989, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Cited reference index.

Used to search for abstracts of meetings and dissertation information. Excellent breadth of subject coverage. This database is a good source of background prior art.
BIOTECHNO (BIOTECHNOBASE)
STN Coverage: 1980 - 2003, Full Text: - N/A
Coverage of scientific, technological, and professional biotechnology literature, from fundamental research to industrial applications.

Covers biotechnology from genetic manipulation through biochemical engineering and fermentation to downstream processing. Excellent breadth of subject coverage. This database is a good source of background prior art.
CancerWEB
CancerWEB Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Cancer resource site has information available on many different aspects of cancer, investigation and treatment.

Used for defining terms.
CONFSCI (Conference Papers Index)
STN Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database that provides access to international research papers and findings presented at scientific and technical conferences and meetings throughout the world.

This resource may provide relevant information on the latest technology.
DGENE (The Derwent GENESEQ database)
STN Coverage: 1981 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Nucleic acid and protein sequences from the Derwent World Patents Index (WPINDEX/WPIDS/WPIX).

Database of nucleic and protein sequences extracted from original patent documents. Used for searching claims that are off sequence. The content of this database is included in ABSS, the USPTO internal genetic sequence search system.
DIALINDEX
Dialog Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Master index to DIALOG databases.

Used to identify databases that contain references to the technology. Search topics can be tested in a group of files of the user's choosing or in one or more database categories provided by DIALOG (OneSearch). It can then be determined which databases should be selected for a more detailed search.
Dictionary.com
Lexico Publishing Group, LLC Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Multi-source dictionary search service.

Used for defining biotechnology terms.
GenBank (R)
STN Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Nucleic acid database.

GenBank (registered trademark of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service) is a nucleic acid database produced by the National Institute of Health. GenBank contains sequences and data such as the GenBank Locus Number, sequence description, source organism, sequence length, and references. Contains all sequences in EMBL and DDBJ (DNA DataBank of Japan). This database is a good source of prior art.
Glossary of Biotechnology Terms
Technomic Publishing Co., Inc. Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Online version of Glossary of Biotechnology Terms by Kimball R. Nill.

Used for defining biotechnology terms.
Inside Conferences
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Contains details of all papers given at every congress, symposium, conference, exposition, workshop, and meeting received at the British Library Document Supply Centre.

This resource may provide relevant information.
JICST-EPlus - Japanese Science & Technology
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English citations and abstracts covering the literature published in Japan on all fields of science, technology, and medicine.

Index to Japanese literature on chemistry and the chemical industry, engineering, pharmacology, life sciences and medical science. Used for text and assignee/inventor searching.
LIFESCI (Life Sciences Collection)
STN Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database from Cambridge Scientific Abstracts.

International scientific research in life sciences, including biochemistry, biotechnology, genetics, and immunology. Used for text and inventor searching, and for review articles.
Molecular biology of the cell
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 4th ed. - 2002
Alberts, Bruce.

Molecular biology of the gene
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 4th ed. - 1987
Watson, James D.

NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information)
NLM Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
National resource for molecular biology information.

Public databases and associated functional annotations, related genome information, structural analysis, software for screening for homologues and functional relatedness.
PubMed
NLM Coverage: 1950 - current, Full Text: - N/A
National Library of Medicine search service.

Used for enablement or generic prior art searching.
STNindex
STN Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Master index to STN databases.

Used to identify databases that contain references to the technology. Search topics can be tested in a group (cluster) of files of the user's choosing or in one or more database categories provided by STN. It can then be determined which databases should be selected for a more detailed search.

INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

Google TM
Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

Used for generic prior art searching and basic reference material.


Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

Mail Stop Patents Search Template Comments
Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.

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