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Patents > Guidance, Tools, and Manuals > Search Templates > Search Templates By Class > Search Templates Class 435 > Subclass 40.500 - 40.520
Search Templates Class 435/40.500 - 40.520    

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CHEMISTRY: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY

Classification 435/40.500 - 40.520 >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

EAST or WEST is used for full text and inventor searching.
ABSS (Automated Biotechnology Sequence Search System)
Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Genetic sequence search system.

USPTO internal genetic sequence search system composed of commercially available databases such as Genbank/EMBL, Geneseq, PIR, and UniProt. In-house databases (pending applications, issued patents, and published applications (PGPubs)) are also available for interference and prior art purposes. Useful for routine sequence searching as well as specialized searches, including alignments, length-limited, oligomer, and score/length.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

EAST or WEST is used for full text, apparatus, and inventor searching.
PALM (Patent Application Locating and Monitoring)
USPTO Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Pending patent applications, recent patents, and abandoned files.

The Patent Application Locating and Monitoring (PALM) system is a large database system that maintains records for each patent application. PALM is designed to provide on-line access to information on all pending applications, as well as most recently patented and abandoned files. Useful for searching related applications by inventor name.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

EAST or WEST is used for full text and inventor searching. Useful for identifiying double patenting issues.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching.
EPO esp@cenet
esp@cenet Coverage: 1920 - present, Full Text: 1920 - present
National patent information from all member states of the EPO as well as bibliographic data from patents worldwide.

Has text search capabilities in the title and abstract fields as well as retrieval by IPC and ECLA classification numbers. While it can be used for searching, it is primarily used as a foreign document retrieval system.
FPAS3
Coverage: - , Full Text: -
USPTO foreign document retrieval system.

JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching.
JPO Industrial Property Digital Library
NCIPI Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
Japanese patent information.

Has text search capabilities in the title and abstract fields as well as retrieval by FI classifications and F-Terms. This resource is used primarily as a source for machine translations of Japanese patent documents from 1993 to present.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

BIOSIS Previews
Dialog Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Comprehensive worldwide coverage of research in the biological and biomedical sciences.

Contains information on life sciences, including biological and biomedical areas. Access to nucleotide or protein sequence information. Used for text and inventor searching, registry number searching and searching exact sequence strings, subsequences, and general art for methods.
CA SEARCH: Chemical Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Database of the worldwide literature of chemistry and its applications. Abstracts available via STN.

Useful in text, inventor, compound structures, and registry number searching. Covers a broad range of subject areas.
CAOLD (Pre-1967 Chemical Abstracts File)
STN Coverage: 1907 - 1966, Full Text: - N/A
Chemical Abstracts (CA) references from 1907 through 1966.

Searchable by Registry number, CA reference numbers, authors, patent assignees and title keywords. Structure diagrams are available.
CAplus
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Chemistry bibliographic database.

Covers the same material as file CA but contains early access to bibliographic information and patent family information for the documents in the process of being indexed. Useful in text, inventor, compound structures, and registry number searching.
Dissertation Abstracts Online
Dialog Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Subject, title, and author guide to virtually every American dissertation accepted at an accredited institution.

Contains abstracts of US and selected foreign doctoral works and selected masters theses. Used to obtain general information.
Dissertations and Theses - Full Text
ProQuest Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: Dates - vary
Doctoral dissertations and Master's theses.

Contains abstracts of US and selected foreign doctoral works and selected masters theses. Used to obtain general information.
EMBASE
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Index of the world's literature on human medicine and related disciplines.

Worldwide literature in the pharmacological and biomedical fields. Includes basic biological sciences, human medicine (experimental and clinical), health policy and pharmacoeconomics, and public and environmental health. Useful for text and inventor searching, searching chemical names and CAS registry numbers, and for general information.
MEDLINE (Medical Literature, Analysis, and Retrieval System Online)
Dialog Coverage: 1951 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1950 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database containing references to journal articles in life sciences with a concentration on biomedicine.

Contains information on every area of medicine. Corresponds to Index Medicus. Useful for antisense-base technology, gene expression, methods of use in vitro or in vivo and for therapy. Used for text and inventor searching, and for general information.
REGISTRY
STN Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Substance database containing records for substances identified by the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry System.

Chemical structure and dictionary database that contains unique substance records. Protein and nucleic acid sequences may be retrieved using codes for the amino acids and nucleotides. Useful for searching chemical compounds, peptides, and registry numbers.
SciSearch: A Cited Reference Science Database
Dialog Coverage: 1974 - 1989, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Cited reference index.

International index to literature covering the broad fields of science, technology and biomedicine. Used for text and inventor searching, citation searching, and review articles.
Adis Clinical Trials Insight
Dialog Coverage: 2000 - present, Full Text: 2000 - present
STN Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: 1983 - present
Drugs, drug therapy, adverse drug reactions and pharmacoeconomics.

Used to identify enablement issues.
Analytical Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1980 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1980 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database that covers worldwide literature on analytical chemistry.

Used for treatment processes and coatings.
Beilstein Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1771 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1980 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Abstracts for chemistry-related journal articles.

Used to identify chemical compunds and structures.
BIOTECHNO (BIOTECHNOBASE)
STN Coverage: 1980 - 2003, Full Text: - N/A
Coverage of scientific, technological, and professional biotechnology literature, from fundamental research to industrial applications.

Used for text and inventor searching, and for general information.
CANCERLIT
Dialog Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic records referencing cancer research publications.

Database of biomedical and other aspects of cancer literature. Produced by the National Cancer Institute. Used to locate information on proteins and cancer treatments.
Chem Sources Chemical
STN Coverage: Current - year, Full Text: - N/A
Catalog file containing information about commercially available chemicals.

Used to identify trademarks.
CHEMCATS (Chemical Catalogs Online)
STN Coverage: 1995 - present, Full Text: 1995 - present
Chemical catalogs.

Used to locate commercial product information for items such as test kits and reagents. Print copies of company product catalogs are also used.
CONFSCI (Conference Papers Index)
STN Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database that provides access to international research papers and findings presented at scientific and technical conferences and meetings throughout the world.

This resource may provide relevant information on the latest technology.
Current Biotechnology Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Records contain bibliographic details, an abstract, and subject, chemical, and company indexes.

Used to locate information on new technology.
Current Protocols series
Wiley InterScience Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Annotated, step-by-step laboratory manuals.

Derwent Biotechnology Resource
Dialog Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Formerly Derwent Biotechnology Abstracts. Covers journal articles, patents, and conference proceedings describing research in the field of biotechnology.

Covers biotechnology, from genetic manipulation through biochemical engineering and fermentation to downstream processing. Technical terms are indexed. Used for text and inventor searching, and for general information.
Inside Conferences
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Contains details of all papers given at every congress, symposium, conference, exposition, workshop, and meeting received at the British Library Document Supply Centre.

This resource may provide relevant information.
Merck Index OnlineSM
CambridgeSoft Coverage: - , Full Text: 13th ed. - 2001
Dialog Coverage: 2001 - 2001, Full Text: 2001 - 2001
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: -
STN Coverage: 2001 - 2001, Full Text: 2001 - 2001
13th edition of The Merck Index.

Used to identify compounds.
ScienceDirect®
Elsevier B.V. Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Full text collection and abstracts database.

Collection of scientific journals published by Elsevier.
TOXCENTER (Toxicology Center)
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database that covers effects of drugs and other chemicals.

Used to identify toxins.
ToxFile
Dialog Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Covers pharmacological, biochemical, physiological, and toxicological effects of drugs and other chemicals.

Used to identify toxins.
TRADEMARKSCAN - U.S. FEDERAL
Dialog Coverage: 1884 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Information on registered trademarks, service marks, and applications filed for marks in use on products or services marketed commercially in the U.S.A.

Used to determine trademark status.
TRADEMARKSCAN International Register European Databases and Community Trademarks
Dialog Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary


Used to determine if similar compounds have a different name in different countries.

INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

Google TM
Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

Used to obtain general information.


Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

Mail Stop Patents Search Template Comments
Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.

Submit general comments and suggestions to Search Template Project
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