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Search Templates Class 435/8.000 - 40.000    

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CHEMISTRY: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY

Classification 435/8.000 - 40.000 >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

EAST or WEST is used for full text and inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
ABSS (Automated Biotechnology Sequence Search System)
Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Genetic sequence search system.

USPTO internal genetic sequence search system composed of commercially available databases such as Genbank/EMBL, Geneseq, PIR, and UniProt. In-house databases (pending applications, issued patents, and published applications (PGPubs)) are also available for interference and prior art purposes. Useful for routine sequence searching as well as specialized searches, including alignments, length-limited, oligomer, and score/length.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

Useful for locating information on old herbal compositions.
PALM (Patent Application Locating and Monitoring)
USPTO Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Pending patent applications, recent patents, and abandoned files.

The Patent Application Locating and Monitoring (PALM) system is a large database system that maintains records for each patent application. PALM is designed to provide on-line access to information on all pending applications, as well as most recently patented and abandoned files. Useful for searching related applications by inventor name.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

EAST or WEST is used for full text and inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
EPO esp@cenet
esp@cenet Coverage: 1920 - present, Full Text: 1920 - present
National patent information from all member states of the EPO as well as bibliographic data from patents worldwide.

Provides PDF images for the full text of patents from a number of countries. Has text search capabilities in the title and abstract fields as well as retrieval by IPC and ECLA classification numbers. While it can be used for searching, it is primarily used as a foreign document retrieval system.
FPAS3
Coverage: 1980 - present, Full Text: -
USPTO foreign document retrieval system.

JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
JPO Industrial Property Digital Library
NCIPI Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
Japanese patent information.

Used for machine translations and document retrieval.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

BIOSIS Previews
Dialog Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Comprehensive worldwide coverage of research in the biological and biomedical sciences.

Contains information on life sciences, including biological and biomedical areas. Used for text and inventor searching.
CA SEARCH: Chemical Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Database of the worldwide literature of chemistry and its applications. Abstracts available via STN.

Useful in text, inventor, and registry number searching. Covers a broad range of subject areas.
CAOLD (Pre-1967 Chemical Abstracts File)
STN Coverage: 1907 - 1966, Full Text: - N/A
Chemical Abstracts (CA) references from 1907 through 1966.

Searchable by Registry number, CA reference numbers, authors, patent assignees and title keywords. Structure diagrams are available.
CAplus
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Chemistry bibliographic database.

Covers the same material as file CA but contains early access to bibliographic information and patent family information for the documents in the process of being indexed. Useful in text, inventor, structure, and registry number searching.
Dissertation Abstracts Online
Dialog Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Subject, title, and author guide to virtually every American dissertation accepted at an accredited institution.

Dissertations and Theses - Full Text
ProQuest Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: Dates - vary
Doctoral dissertations and Master's theses.

EMBASE
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Index of the world's literature on human medicine and related disciplines.

Worldwide literature in the pharmacological and biomedical fields. Includes basic biological sciences, human medicine (experimental and clinical), health policy and pharmacoeconomics, and public and environmental health. Useful for text and inventor searching and searching chemical names, CAS registry numbers, drug and device manufacture and trade names.
MEDLINE (Medical Literature, Analysis, and Retrieval System Online)
Dialog Coverage: 1951 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1950 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database containing references to journal articles in life sciences with a concentration on biomedicine.

Contains information on every area of medicine. Corresponds to Index Medicus. Useful for antisense-base technology, gene expression, methods of use in vitro or in vivo and for therapy. Used for text and inventor searching.
REGISTRY
STN Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Substance database containing records for substances identified by the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry System.

Chemical structure and dictionary database that contains unique substance records. Protein and nucleic acid sequences may be retrieved using codes for the amino acids and nucleotides. Useful for searching short sequences, peptides, and registry numbers. Smart Select feature useful.
SciSearch: A Cited Reference Science Database
Dialog Coverage: 1974 - 1989, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Cited reference index.

International index to literature covering the broad fields of science, technology and biomedicine. Used for text and inventor searching. May provide relevant information on non-recombinant microbiology and non-recombinant enzymology.
AGRICOLA (AGRICultural OnLine Access)
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database consisting of records for literature citations of journal articles, monographs, theses, patents, translations, microforms, audiovisuals, software, and technical reports.

National Agricultural Library database of books and journal articles. Used to locate information on herbals.
BIOTECHNO (BIOTECHNOBASE)
STN Coverage: 1980 - 2003, Full Text: - N/A
Coverage of scientific, technological, and professional biotechnology literature, from fundamental research to industrial applications.

Covers biotechnology from genetic manipulation through biochemical engineering and fermentation to downstream processing. Some patent publications. Used for text and inventor searching. May provide relevant information on non-recombinant microbiology and non-recombinant enzymology.
CANCERLIT
Dialog Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic records referencing cancer research publications.

Database of biomedical and other aspects of cancer literature. Produced by the National Cancer Institute. Used to locate information on cancer treatments.
CONFSCI (Conference Papers Index)
STN Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database that provides access to international research papers and findings presented at scientific and technical conferences and meetings throughout the world.

This resource may provide relevant information on the latest technology.
CRC ethnobotany desk reference
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1999
Johnson, Timothy

This book contains ethnobotanical monographs of plant species characteristics and an inventory of claimed attributes and historical uses by cultures throughout the world.
CRC handbook of medicinal herbs
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1985
Duke, James A.

This book provides information on medicinal herbs and their uses.
CROPB
STN Coverage: 1968 - 1984, Full Text: - N/A
Derwent Crop Protection Backfile.

Backfile to the current CROPU covers literature on all aspects of pesticides. May provide relevant information on non-recombinant plant and animal extracts.
CROPR
STN Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Derwent Crop Protection Registry File.

Companion to CROPU, lists the biological activity and chemical substructure characteristics of individual compounds. May provide relevant information on non-recombinant plant and animal extracts.
CROPU
STN Coverage: 1985 - 2003, Full Text: - N/A
Derwent Crop Protection File.

Literature on all aspects of pesticides includes crop protection and pest control. May provide relevant information on non-recombinant plant and animal extracts.
Derwent Biotechnology Resource
Dialog Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Formerly Derwent Biotechnology Abstracts. Covers journal articles, patents, and conference proceedings describing research in the field of biotechnology.

Covers biotechnology from genetic manipulation through biochemical engineering and fermentation to downstream processing. Used for text and inventor searching, and for locating scientific meeting abstracts. Some patent publications.
DGENE (The Derwent GENESEQ database)
STN Coverage: 1981 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Nucleic acid and protein sequences from the Derwent World Patents Index (WPINDEX/WPIDS/WPIX).

Database of nucleic and protein sequences extracted from the original patent (basic) documents published by 40 patent offices worldwide. Used in all nucleotide sequences longer than ten bases, all protein sequences longer than four amino acids, and probes and primers of any length. The content of this database is included in ABSS, the USPTO internal genetic sequence search system.
DIALINDEX
Dialog Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Master index to DIALOG databases.

Used to identify databases that contain references to the technology. Search topics can be tested in a group of files of the user's choosing or in one or more database categories provided by DIALOG (OneSearch). It can then be determined which databases should be selected for a more detailed search.
Dictionary of gardening
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1992
Huxley, Anthony Julian, et al.

Food Science and Technology Abstracts (FSTA)
Dialog Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Collection of food science, food technology and food-related human nutrition abstracts.

Literature on all scientific and technological aspects of the processing and manufacture of human food products.
Foodline: MARKET Sight
Dialog Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Detailed analyses of international food and drink markets.

Bibliographic current awareness database.
Foodline: SCIENCE Sight
Dialog Coverage: 1972 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1972 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Information in the basic food science, including ingredients and process technology, microbiology, packaging, food chemistry, biotechnology, food safety and nutrition.

Contains citations to the worldwide literature on food science and technology.
Foods AdlibraTM
Dialog Coverage: 1974 - 2002, Full Text: - N/A
Corresponds to the printed publication Foods Adlibra.

Information on food industry developments.
Gale Group New Product Announcements/Plus (NPA/Plus)
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: 1985 - present
Full text press releases from all industries covering announcements related to products, with a focus on new products and services.

Used to locate new product announcements.
Gale Group PROMT
Dialog Coverage: 1990 - present, Full Text: 1990 - present
STN Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
International coverage of companies, products, markets, and applied technologies for all industries.

International coverage of public and private companies for all industries. Abstracts and full text records from trade and business journals, newsletters and releases, analyst reports, annual reports, and some local newspapers.
GenBank (R)
STN Coverage: 1982 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Nucleic acid database.

GenBank (registered trademark of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service) is a nucleic acid database produced by the National Institute of Health. GenBank contains sequences and data such as the GenBank Locus Number, sequence description, source organism, sequence length, and references. Contains all sequences in EMBL and DDBJ (DNA DataBank of Japan).
Herbs of choice : the therapeutic use of phytomedicinals
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: - 1994
Tyler, V.

This book contains information about the current usage of therapeutic herbs.
Inside Conferences
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Contains details of all papers given at every congress, symposium, conference, exposition, workshop, and meeting received at the British Library Document Supply Centre.

This resource may provide relevant information.
JICST-EPlus - Japanese Science & Technology
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English citations and abstracts covering the literature published in Japan on all fields of science, technology, and medicine.

Index to Japanese scientific and technical journals, conferences, and reports, with English citations and abstracts.
KOSMET (Cosmetic & Perfume Science & Technology)
STN Coverage: 1968 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database on cosmetics and perfumes.

Used to locate information on therapeutics contained in cosmetics.
LIFESCI (Life Sciences Collection)
STN Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database from Cambridge Scientific Abstracts.

International scientific research in life sciences, including biochemistry, biotechnology, genetics, and immunology. Used for text and inventor searching.
MARPAT (CAS Patent Markush)
STN Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Markush search service.

Contains the Markush structure records for patents found in the CA file with patent publication year 1988 to the present. Russian patents published after January 10, 2000 are included.
Merck manual
Merck & Co., Inc. Coverage: - , Full Text: Current - edition
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 17th ed. - 1999
Beers, Mark H. and Andrew J. Fletcher

Used to identify structures, registry numbers and patent numbers.
NAPRALERT (NAtural PRoducts ALERT)
STN Coverage: 1650 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Contains bibliographic and factual data on natural products.

Covers natural products, including plant, microbial, and animal (including marine) extracts. May provide relevant information on non-recombinant plant and animal extracts and therapeutic uses thereof.
NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information)
NLM Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
National resource for molecular biology information.

Used to identify sequence associated accession numbers, sequence alignments, and searching short oligonucleotides.
PDR for herbal medicines
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 1st ed. -
Medical Economics Co.

STNindex
STN Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Master index to STN databases.

Used to identify databases that contain references to the technology. Search topics can be tested in a cluster of files of the user's choosing or in one or more database categories provided by STN. It can then be determined which databases should be selected for a more detailed search.
The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 1st ed. - 1999
Peirce, Andrea, American Pharmaceutical Association

Used to obtain information on natural medicine.
Therapeutic guide to herbal medicines
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: 1st ed. - 1998
Blumenthal, M., et al.

TOXCENTER (Toxicology Center)
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database that covers effects of drugs and other chemicals.

Covers the pharmacological, biochemical, physiological and toxicological effects of drugs and other chemicals. Occasionally used for scope enablement.
ToxFile
Dialog Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Covers pharmacological, biochemical, physiological, and toxicological effects of drugs and other chemicals.


INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

Google TM
Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

Used for obtaining background information, synonyms, and correct spelling of plant names.


Public Comments on the Search Templates

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Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
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