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Classification 434/all - subclasses >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

All patent documents in a classification are viewed for relevance to the patent application being searched. Text search queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

Includes the ability to formulate queries by classification.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

USPC classification or full text search capabilities.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

World patent documents in a USPC or an IPC classification are viewed for relevance to the patent application being searched.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

EPO patent documents in a USPC or an IPC classification are viewed for relevance to the patent application being searched.
JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

JPO patent documents in a USPC or an IPC classification are viewed for relevance to the patent application being searched.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

AACE
AACE Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
International, educational and professional not-for profit organization dedicated to the advancement of the knowledge, theory, and quality of learning and teaching at all levels with information technology.

Covers learning and teaching that utilizes information technology.
British Education Index (BEI)
Dialog Coverage: 1950 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database containing journal literature on education and educational technology.

Part of ERIC International, this bibliographic database covers significant journal literature relating to education and the teaching of curricular subjects. This database contains highly relevant information.
Business & Management Practices
Dialog Coverage: 1995 - present, Full Text: 1995 - present
Bibliographic/fulltext database contains information dealing with the processes, methods and strategies of managing a business.

Center for Technology Innovations in Education
Universtiy of Missouri Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Research and development center dedicated to the reform of teaching and learning methods through the innovative application of technology.

CLRN
California Department of Education Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Provides information about electronic learning resources.

Electronic learning resources, California content standards, and web information links.
Dissertations and Theses - Full Text
ProQuest Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: Dates - vary
Doctoral dissertations and Master's theses.

This database is likely to contain highly relevant information.
Education Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database citing significant English-language journal and yearbook articles, covering latest concepts, trends, theories, and methodologies in education.

This database is likely to contain highly relevant information.
Educator's Reference Desk
Information Institute of Syracuse Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A


Internet resources, ERIC resources, and lesson plans.
ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center)
Dialog Coverage: 1966 - present, Full Text: - N/A
US Department of Education Coverage: - , Full Text: -
Bibliographic database that contains education-related documents and journal articles.

This database is likely to contain highly relevant information.
ETS
ETS Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Private educational testing and measurement organization.

Gale Group Business A.R.T.SSM (Applied Research, Theory, and Scholarship)
Dialog Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
Full-text scholarly business database; focuses on social, cultural, political and psychological aspects of business.

ISTE
ISTE Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Nonprofit professional organization dedicated to providing leadership and service to improve teaching and learning by advancing the effective use of technology in K?12 education and teacher education.

Online bookstore, teacher resources, and research projects sections.
NTIS: National Technical Information Service
Dialog Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
U.S. government-sponsored research, development, and engineering reports.

This database may contain relevant information.
PsycINFO Psychological Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1887 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database providing access to international literature in psychology and related behavioral and social sciences.

This database may contain relevant information.
Social SciSearch
Dialog Coverage: 1972 - present, Full Text: - N/A
International index to the literature of social science.

Bibliographic database providing access to international literature in psychology and related behavioral and social sciences. This database may contain relevant information.

INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

No resources identified
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Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

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Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.

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