PATENTS   
Patents > Guidance, Tools, and Manuals > Search Templates > Search Templates By Class > Search Templates Class 428 > Subclass 452.000 - 454.000
Search Templates Class 428/452.000 - 454.000    

Search Templates:


Search Templates Home
Search Templates by Class
Commissioner for Patents

STOCK MATERIAL OR MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES

Classification 428/452.000 - 454.000 >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

EAST or WEST is used for full text and class/subclass searching. All patent documents in a classification are viewed for relevance to the patent application being searched. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

Includes the ability to formulate queries by classification. Used for basic textiles.
PALM (Patent Application Locating and Monitoring)
USPTO Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Pending patent applications, recent patents, and abandoned files.

The Patent Application Locating and Monitoring (PALM) system is a large database system that maintains records for each patent application. PALM is designed to provide on-line access to information on all pending applications, as well as most recently patented and abandoned files. Useful for inventor name searches, for finding related and copending applications, and for looking up continuation data.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

Used for full text and classification searching.
PLUS
Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
USPTO search system for U.S. patents.

PLUS (Patent Linguistics Utility System) is a USPTO search system for US patents that produces a list of the most closely related patents to the application searched. The system provides a list of classes/subclasses where the suggested patents are classified.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
EPO esp@cenet
esp@cenet Coverage: 1920 - present, Full Text: 1920 - present
National patent information from all member states of the EPO as well as bibliographic data from patents worldwide.

Used for translations and document retrieval.
FPAS3
Coverage: 1980 - present, Full Text: -
USPTO foreign patent document retrieval system.

JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

EAST or WEST is used for text and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
JPO Industrial Property Digital Library
NCIPI Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
Japanese patent information.

Used for machine translations and document retrieval.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

CA SEARCH: Chemical Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Database of the worldwide literature of chemistry and its applications. Abstracts available via STN.

Useful in structure searching, and text, inventor and registry number searching. Covers a broad range of areas including chemical engineering, electrochemistry, biochemistry, and applied, macromolecular, organic, physical, inorganic, environmental and analytical chemistry.
CAplus
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Chemistry bibliographic database.

Covers the same material as file CA but contains early access to bibliographic information and patent family information for the documents in the process of being indexed. Covers a broad range of areas including chemical engineering, electrochemistry, biochemistry, and applied, macromolecular, organic, physical, inorganic, environmental and analytical chemistry.
REGISTRY
STN Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Substance database containing records for substances identified by the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry System.

Chemical structure and dictionary database with over 21 million substances identified by unique CAS registry numbers. Includes polymers and protein and nucleic acid sequences. Searchable with structures and chemical names. Citations to substances are retrievable in CA and CAplus.
Dissertations and Theses - Full Text
ProQuest Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: Dates - vary
Doctoral dissertations and Master's theses.

Information about doctoral dissertations and master's theses. More than 600,000 are available in native or image PDF formats.
Ei Compendex
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Abstracted information from 4,500 journals plus conference proceedings in engineering and technology.

JICST-EPlus - Japanese Science & Technology
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English citations and abstracts covering the literature published in Japan on all fields of science, technology, and medicine.

Index to Japanese scientific and technical journals, conferences, and reports, with English citations and abstracts.
Knovel
Knovel Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Science and engineering books and databases.

E-books on applied science and engineering. Titles include Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook and Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary.
NTIS: National Technical Information Service
Dialog Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
U.S. government-sponsored research, development, and engineering reports.

ScienceDirect®
Elsevier B.V. Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Full text collection and abstracts database.

Elsevier journals and an electronic collection of science, technology, and medicine full text articles and bibliographic information.

INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

Google TM
Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

Used to obtain general information.


Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

Mail Stop Patents Search Template Comments
Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.

Submit general comments and suggestions to Search Template Project
KEY: e Biz=online business system fees=fees forms=formshelp=help laws and regs=laws/regulations definition=definition (glossary)

The Inventors Assistance Center is available to help you on patent matters. Send questions about USPTO programs and services to the USPTO Contact Center (UCC). You can suggest USPTO webpages or material you would like featured on this section by E-mail to the webmaster@uspto.gov. While we cannot promise to accommodate all requests, your suggestions will be considered and may lead to other improvements on the website.


|.HOME | SITE INDEX| SEARCH | eBUSINESS | HELP | PRIVACY POLICY