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Classification 379/all - subclasses >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

All patent documents in a classification are viewed by USPC for relevance to the patent application being searched. Classification searching is often used for applications involving telephone housings and the layout of the telephone circuit components within the telephone. A classification search is combined with key terms using Boolean logic and proximity operators in the billing and system applications.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

All patent documents in a classification are viewed by USPC for relevance to the patent application being searched. Relevant data on connectors and housings can be found here.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

All patent documents in a classification are viewed by USPC for relevance to the patent application being searched. Classification searching is often used for applications involving telephone housings and the layout of the telephone circuit components within the telephone. A classification search is combined with key terms using Boolean logic and proximity operators in the billing and system applications.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

Used for text and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

EPO patent documents in a USPC or an IPC classification are viewed for relevance to the patent application being searched. Used for text and assignee/inventor searching.
EPO esp@cenet
esp@cenet Coverage: 1920 - present, Full Text: 1920 - present
National patent information from all member states of the EPO as well as bibliographic data from patents worldwide.

Source for translations.
FPAS3
Coverage: 1980 - present, Full Text: -
USPTO foreign patent document retrieval system.

Used for document retrieval.
JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

JPO patent documents in a USPC or an IPC classification are viewed for relevance to the patent application being searched. Used for text and assignee/inventor searching.
JPO Industrial Property Digital Library
NCIPI Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
Japanese patent information.

This resource is used as a source for machine translations of Japanese patent documents from 1993 to present.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

ACM Digital Library
ACM Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Citations and full text articles from ACM journals, newsletters, and conference proceedings.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL).
IEEE Xplore
IEEE Coverage: 1952 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Full text access to technical literature in electrical engineering, computer science, and electronics.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL).
Business & IndustryTM (B&I)
Dialog Coverage: 1994 - present, Full Text: 1994 - present
Facts, figures, and key events dealing with public and private companies, industries, markets products for all manufacturing and service industries at an international level.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL).
Business Dateline
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: 1985 - present
Full text of major news and feature stories from regional business publications from throughout the United States and Canada.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL).
Business Wire
Dialog Coverage: 1999 - present, Full Text: 1999 - present
Full text of news releases issued by approximately 10,000 corporations, universities, research institutes, hospitals, and other organizations.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL).
CMP Computer Fulltext
Dialog Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Full text information about the computer, communications, and electronic industries.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL).
Computer News Fulltext
Dialog Coverage: 1989 - present, Full Text: 1989 - present
Full text articles from Computerworld and Network World.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL).
DIALOG Telecommunications Newsletters
Dialog Coverage: 1995 - present, Full Text: 1995 - present
Full text telecommunications newsletters that provide information on companies, products, markets, and technologies.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL).
DTIC STINET
DTIC Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: Dates - vary
DTIC scientific and technical papers, which cover telecommunications, satellites, imaging, and speech recognition.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL).
Ei Compendex
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Comprehensive database of engineering literature.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL).
Gale Group Computer DatabaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Information about the computer, electronics, and telecommunications industries.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL).
Gale Group GlobalbaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1986 - 2002, Full Text: - N/A
Worldwide coverage of companies, products, and industries with a primary focus on Europe.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL), and product data.
Gale Group New Product Announcements/Plus (NPA/Plus)
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: 1985 - present
Full text press releases from all industries covering announcements related to products, with a focus on new products and services.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL), and product data.
Gale Group Newsletter DatabaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Facts, figures, analysis, and current information affecting a broad range of industries and sectors.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL).
Gale Group PROMT
Dialog Coverage: 1990 - present, Full Text: 1990 - present
STN Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: 1978 - present
International coverage of companies, products, markets, and applied technologies for all industries.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL), and product data.
IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin
EAST/WEST Coverage: 1958 - 1998, Full Text: -
Defensive disclosure database.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL), and product data.
Inside Conferences
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Contains details of all papers given at every congress, symposium, conference, exposition, workshop, and meeting received at the British Library Document Supply Centre.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL), and product data.
Inspec (The Database for Physics, Electronics and Computing)
Dialog Coverage: 1898 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Dialog DataStar Coverage: 1898 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Inspec (The Database for Physics, Electronics and Computing) corresponds to the three Science Abstracts print publications: Physics Abstracts, Electrical and Electronics Abstracts, and Computer and Control Abstracts.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL), and product data.
Internet and Personal Computing Abstracts
EBSCO Coverage: 1980's - present, Full Text: - N/A
Literature related to personal computing products and developments in business, the Internet, the home, and all other applied areas.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL), and product data.
JICST-EPlus - Japanese Science & Technology
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English citations and abstracts covering the literature published in Japan on all fields of science, technology, and medicine.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL), and product data.
PASCAL
Dialog Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1977 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Multidisplinary, multilingual bibliographic database covering the major international literature in science, technology, and medicine.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL), and product data.
ProQuest Direct
ProQuest Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: 1986 - present
Current periodicals and newspapers, as well as archives of major newspapers.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL), and product data.
San Jose Mercury News
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: 1985 - present
Full text file provides local, national, and international news coverage with particular emphasis on high technology and industry developments in Silicon Valley.

This resource provides relevant data for telecommunications, wired telephone, network management and control, switching, intelligent networks, telephone call routing or handling, PSTN, telephone calls via Internet, voicemail, text messaging, short messaging, caller ID, intercoms, 911, ISDN, digital subscriber lines (DSL), and product data.

INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

Google TM
Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

This resource provides relevant information for the following: tutorials, inventor papers and/or web sites, assignee or company product data or specifications, manuals, standards such as MPEGs, RFC's (Request for Comments), and ISO/IEC, etc. In addition, provides access to resources that can define the meaning of acronyms, or terms of art.


Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

Mail Stop Patents Search Template Comments
Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.

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