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Patents > Guidance, Tools, and Manuals > Search Templates > Search Templates By Class > Search Templates Class 341 > Subclass 173.000 - 192.000
Search Templates Class 341/173.000 - 192.000    

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CODED DATA GENERATION OR CONVERSION

Classification 341/173.000 - 192.000 >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

Patents are viewed by USPC for relevance to the patent applications being searched. Classification search is used for all code transmitters where the signal is being transmitted generally in a short range. The figures of the prior art are useful to determine what type of signal or code is generated. For almost all applications text searching can supplement class/subclass searching by using specific claimed features to limit very large collections of art involving the generated signal and it's spacing, frequency, shape etc. Further, text searching can be very useful for locating art outside the class.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

All patent documents in a classification are viewed by USPC for relevance to the patent application being searched.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

Patents are viewed by USPC for relevance to the patent applications being searched. Classification search is used for all code transmitters where the signal is being transmitted generally in a short range. The figures of the prior art are useful to determine what type of signal or code is generated. For almost all applications text searching can supplement class/subclass searching by using specific claimed features to limit very large collections of art involving the generated signal and it's spacing, frequency, shape etc. Further, text searching can be very useful for locating art outside the class.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

Used for text and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters when combined with other terms to be searched in the technical content of the application.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

EPO patent documents in a USPC or an IPC classification are viewed for relevance to the patent application being searched. Used for text and assignee/inventor searching.
JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

JPO patent documents in a USPC or an IPC classification are viewed for relevance to the patent application being searched. Used for text and assignee/inventor searching.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

ACM Digital Library
ACM Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Citations and full text articles from ACM journals, newsletters, and conference proceedings.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, and remote control devices.
IEEE Xplore
IEEE Coverage: 1952 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Full text access to technical literature in electrical engineering, computer science, and electronics.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, and remote control devices.
CMP Computer Fulltext
Dialog Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Full text information about the computer, communications, and electronic industries.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, and remote control devices.
DIALOG Telecommunications Newsletters
Dialog Coverage: 1995 - present, Full Text: 1995 - present
Full text telecommunications newsletters that provide information on companies, products, markets, and technologies.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, and remote control devices.
Dissertation Abstracts Online
Dialog Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Subject, title, and author guide to virtually every American dissertation accepted at an accredited institution.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, and remote control devices.
Dissertations and Theses - Full Text
ProQuest Coverage: 1861 - present, Full Text: Dates - vary
Doctoral dissertations and Master's theses.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, and remote control devices.
Ei Compendex
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Comprehensive database of engineering literature.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, and remote control devices.
EMBASE
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Index of the world's literature on human medicine and related disciplines.

ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center)
Dialog Coverage: 1966 - present, Full Text: - N/A
US Department of Education Coverage: - , Full Text: -
Bibliographic database containing education-related documents, technical reports, journal articles, conference papers, dissertations, and state of the art reviews.

Gale Group Computer DatabaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1983 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Information about the computer, electronics, and telecommunications industries.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, and remote control devices.
Gale Group GlobalbaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1986 - 2002, Full Text: - N/A
Worldwide coverage of companies, products, and industries with a primary focus on Europe.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, and remote control devices.
Gale Group Magazine DatabaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1959 - present, Full Text: 1983 - present
Current and retrospective news from more than 400 popular magazines on such subjects as consumer behavior, media trends, popular culture, political opinion, leisure activities, and contemporary lifestyles.

Gale Group Newsletter DatabaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1988 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Facts, figures, analysis, and current information affecting a broad range of industries and sectors.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, remote control devices, and products.
Health Devices AlertsŪ (HDA)
Dialog Coverage: 1977 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Database of reported medical device problems, hazards, recalls, evaluations, and updates.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, and remote control devices.
Inside Conferences
Dialog Coverage: 1993 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Contains details of all papers given at every congress, symposium, conference, exposition, workshop, and meeting received at the British Library Document Supply Centre.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, and remote control devices.
Inspec (The Database for Physics, Electronics and Computing)
Dialog Coverage: 1898 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Dialog DataStar Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1969 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Inspec (The Database for Physics, Electronics and Computing) corresponds to the three Science Abstracts print publications: Physics Abstracts, Electrical and Electronics Abstracts, and Computer and Control Abstracts.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, and remote control devices.
Internet and Personal Computing Abstracts
EBSCO Coverage: 1980's - present, Full Text: - N/A
Literature related to personal computing products and developments in business, the Internet, the home, and all other applied areas.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, and remote control devices.
JICST-EPlus - Japanese Science & Technology
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English citations and abstracts covering the literature published in Japan on all fields of science, technology, and medicine.

MEDLINE (Medical Literature, Analysis, and Retrieval System Online)
Dialog Coverage: 1951 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1950 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database containing references to journal articles in life sciences with a concentration on biomedicine.

New Scientist
Dialog Coverage: 1994 - present, Full Text: 1994 - present
EBSCO Coverage: 1990 - present, Full Text: 2002 - present
ProQuest Coverage: 1989 - present, Full Text: 2002 - present
Science and technology news.

NTIS: National Technical Information Service
Dialog Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
U.S. government-sponsored research, development, and engineering reports.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, and remote control devices.
Periodical Abstracts PlusText
Dialog Coverage: 1986 - present, Full Text: 1992 - present
Provides indexing and abstracting of articles in more than 1,800 general-reference publications.

ProQuest Direct
ProQuest Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: 1986 - present
Current periodicals and newspapers, as well as archives of major newspapers.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, and remote control devices.
Science
AAAS Coverage: 1995 - present, Full Text: 1995 - present
Dialog Coverage: 1996 - present, Full Text: 1996 - present
EBSCO Coverage: 1984 - present, Full Text: 1997 - present
JSTOR Coverage: 1880 - 1999, Full Text: 1880 - 1999
ProQuest Coverage: 1986 - present, Full Text: 1988 - present
Weekly journal published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

SciSearch: A Cited Reference Science Database
Dialog Coverage: 1974 - 1989, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Cited reference index.

This resource provides relevant data for code generation and transmitters, and remote control devices.
TecInfoSource (formerly SoftBase: Reviews, Companies, and Products)
Dialog Coverage: 1994 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Covers emerging technologies, established technology products and their track record in the marketplace across multiple industries.


INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

Google TM
Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

This resource provides relevant information for the following: inventor papers and/or web sites, assignee or company product data or specifications, manuals, standards, provides access to resources that can define the meaning of acronyms, or terms of art.


Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

Mail Stop Patents Search Template Comments
Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.

Submit general comments and suggestions to Search Template Project
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