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MINING OR IN SITU DISINTEGRATION OF HARD MATERIAL

Classification 299/all - subclasses >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

Text searching is done initially. Searches are modified with class/subclass searching as needed to refine results. Backward and forward citation searching has proven to be useful for this class.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

Searched in combination with the U.S. Patents database through EAST or WEST. Text searching is done initially. Searches are modified with class/subclass searching as needed to refine results.
PALM (Patent Application Locating and Monitoring)
USPTO Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Pending patent applications, recent patents, and abandoned files.

Used for inventor name searching.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

Searched in combination with the U. S. Patents database through EAST or WEST. Text searching is done initially. Searches are modified with class/subclass searching as needed to refine results.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

Searched separately from U.S. patent databases in order to broaden the search. Text searching is done initially. Searches are modified with class/subclass searching as needed to refine results.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

Searched separately from U.S. patent databases in order to broaden the search. Text searching is done initially. Searches are modified with class/subclass searching as needed to refine results.
FPAS3
Coverage: - , Full Text: -
USPTO foreign document retrieval system.

Used for document retrieval and to locate English equivalents of foreign documents.
JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

Searched separately from U.S. patent databases in order to broaden the search. Text searching is done initially. Searches are modified with class/subclass searching as needed to refine results.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

CA SEARCH: Chemical Abstracts
Dialog Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Database of the worldwide literature of chemistry and its applications. Abstracts available via STN.

Covers a broad range of subjects.
CAOLD (Pre-1967 Chemical Abstracts File)
STN Coverage: 1907 - 1966, Full Text: - N/A
Chemical Abstracts (CA) references from 1907 through 1966.

Searchable by Registry number, CA reference numbers, authors, patent assignees and title keywords. Structure diagrams are available.
CAplus
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Chemistry bibliographic database.

Covers the same material as file CA but contains early access to bibliographic information and patent family information for the documents in the process of being indexed. Covers a broad range of areas including chemical engineering, electrochemistry, biochemistry, and applied, macromolecular, organic, physical, inorganic, environmental and analytical chemistry.
ChemFinder.com
CambridgeSoft Corporation Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Chemical structures, physical properties, and hyperlinks to web sites about each compound.

GeoArchive
Dialog Coverage: 1974 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Provides international coverage of over 5,000 serials, books from over 2,000 publishers, geological maps, and doctoral dissertations.

Comprehensive database covering all types of information sources in geoscience, hydroscience, and environmental science.
GEOBASETM
Dialog Coverage: 1980 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Worldwide research literature in physical and human geography, earth sciences, and related disciplines.

Unique bibliographic database covering worldwide research literature in physical and human geography, earth sciences, and related disciplines.
GeoRef
Dialog Coverage: 1785 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1785 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Covers worldwide technical literature on geology and geophysics.

Produced by the American Geophysical Institute. Indexes papers from over 13,000 serials and other publications representative of the 29 societies that are members of the AGI.
IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin
EAST/WEST Coverage: 1958 - 1998, Full Text: -
Defensive disclosure database.

Used in combination with U.S. patents search through EAST or WEST. Occasionally relevant art is found through this database.
JICST-EPlus - Japanese Science & Technology
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English citations and abstracts covering the literature published in Japan on all fields of science, technology, and medicine.

Index to Japanese scientific and technical journals, conferences, and reports, with English citations and abstracts.
Knovel
Knovel Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Science and engineering books and databases.

Used as a reference tool, in particular for finding units of measurement.
NTIS: National Technical Information Service
Dialog Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
U.S. government-sponsored research, development, and engineering reports.

Oil & Gas Journal
ProQuest Coverage: 1991 - present, Full Text: 1991 - present
STIC online catalog Coverage: - , Full Text: -
Petroleum industry publication.

Contains the latest international petroleum news, analysis of issues and events, and practical technology for design, operation and maintenance.
PASCAL
Dialog Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1977 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Multidisplinary, multilingual bibliographic database covering the major international literature in science, technology, and medicine.

Produced by the French National Research Council. Index to scientific and technical literature. Each citation includes the original title and usually French- and English-translated titles and indexing terms. Most abstracts are in French.
ScienceDirect®
Elsevier B.V. Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Full text collection and abstracts database.

Contains over 2,000 scientific, technical and medical journals some going back 100 years.
TULSATM (PETROLEUM ABSTRACTS)
Dialog Coverage: 1965 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1965 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1965 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic references to scientific articles, patents, meeting papers and government reports of interest to those in the oil and gas exploration and production industry.

US Army Corps of Engineers
US Army Corps of Engineers Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Civilian and military engineers, scientists, and other specialists provide quality, responsive engineering services to the nation.

Publications provide useful information.

INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

Google TM
Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

Used for text searching.


Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

Mail Stop Patents Search Template Comments
Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.

Submit general comments and suggestions to Search Template Project
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