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Classification 293/all - subclasses >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

Classified search is most important. Follow classified search with broad text search using generic language adding buzz words as needed. Backward and forward citation searching has proven to be useful for this class.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

Classified search is most important. Follow classified search with broad text search using generic language adding buzz words as needed.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

Classified search is most important. Follow classified search with broad text search using generic language adding buzz words as needed.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

This resource is used for text searching. Old foreign art is useful for this class.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

This resource is used for text searching. Old foreign art is useful for this class.
EPO esp@cenet
esp@cenet Coverage: 1920 - present, Full Text: 1920 - present
National patent information from all member states of the EPO as well as bibliographic data from patents worldwide.

FPAS3
Coverage: - , Full Text: -
USPTO foreign patent document retrieval system.

JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

This resource is used for text searching. Old foreign art is useful for this class.
JPO Industrial Property Digital Library
NCIPI Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: 1976 - present
Japanese patent information.


NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

1MOBILITY (Global Mobility Bibliographic Database)
STN Coverage: 1906 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database from the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) contains information on worldwide literature of technologies for self-propelled vehicles.

2MOBILITY (Global Mobility Standards Database)
STN Coverage: 1936 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database from the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) contains information on worldwide literature of technologies for self-propelled vehicles.

Contains standards and specifications in the area of mobility engineering. Scientific and technical information is available for land, sea, air, and space vehicles.
CSA Technology Research Database (TRD)
Dialog Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Megafile of the technical bibliographic databases provided by Cambridge Scientific Abstracts.

Subjects covered include materials science, engineering, aerospace, and high technology. Includes journal articles, conference papers, technical reports, books and standards.
Ei Compendex
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Comprehensive database of engineering literature.

JICST-EPlus - Japanese Science & Technology
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English citations and abstracts covering the literature published in Japan on all fields of science, technology, and medicine.

Index to Japanese scientific and technical journals, conferences, and reports, with English citations and abstracts.
Knovel
Knovel Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Science and engineering books and databases.

Full text engineering and scientific reference books with interactive tables and graphs. Titles include Mark's Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers.
MIRA: Motor Industry Research
Dialog Coverage: 1980 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database provides extensive coverage of business and technical developments in the global automotive industry.

NTIS: National Technical Information Service
Dialog Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
U.S. government-sponsored research, development, and engineering reports.

Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS)
Dialog Coverage: 1968 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Provides international coverage of ongoing research projects, published journal articles, state and federal government reports, conference proceedings, research and technical papers, and monographs.


INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

No resources identified
Coverage: - , Full Text: -




Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

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Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.

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