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Search Templates Class 135/all - subclasses    

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TENT, CANOPY, UMBRELLA, OR CANE

Classification 135/all - subclasses >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

Text search is followed by classification search. Language is unique (tent, canopy, sunshade etc.) but finding the correct linkage can be challenging. Forward and backward citation searching is useful for this class.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

Text search is followed by classification search. Language is unique (tent, canopy, sunshade etc.) but finding the correct linkage can be challenging.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

Text search is followed by classification search. Language is unique (tent, canopy, sunshade etc.) but finding the correct linkage can be challenging.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

IPC codes are very useful for this class.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

IPC codes are very useful for this class.
JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

IPC codes are very useful for this class.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

CSA Technology Research Database (TRD)
Dialog Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Megafile of the technical bibliographic databases provided by Cambridge Scientific Abstracts.

Indexes and abstracts the literature of materials science, including metals contains journal articles, conference papers, technical reports, books, monographs, standards, and news briefs. This resource may be useful in cases where a material is claimed.
Dialog NewsRoom
Dialog Coverage: Current - year, Full Text: Current - year
Global news source that covers newspapers, business magazines, and newswires from all regions of the world, including emerging markets.

This resource may be of use in some cases.
Gale Group Magazine DatabaseTM
Dialog Coverage: 1959 - present, Full Text: 1983 - present
Full text articles on automobiles, finance, sports/recreation, food, and health.

This resource may be of use in some cases.
Gale Group New Product Announcements/Plus (NPA/Plus)
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: 1985 - present
Full text press releases from all industries covering announcements related to products, with a focus on new products and services.

This resource may be of use in some cases.
JICST-EPlus - Japanese Science & Technology
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English citations and abstracts covering the literature published in Japan on all fields of science, technology, and medicine.

Index to Japanese scientific and technical journals, conferences, and reports, with English citations and abstracts. This resource may be useful in cases where a material is claimed.
Knovel
Knovel Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: Dates - vary
Science and engineering books and databases.

Full text engineering and scientific reference books with interactive tables and graphs. Titles include Mark's Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers. This resource may be useful in cases where a material is claimed.
NTIS: National Technical Information Service
Dialog Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1964 - present, Full Text: - N/A
U.S. government-sponsored research, development, and engineering reports.

PASCAL
Dialog Coverage: 1973 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1967 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1977 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Multidisplinary, multilingual bibliographic database covering the major international literature in science, technology, and medicine.

Produced by the French National Research Council. Index to scientific and technical literature. Each citation includes the original title and usually French- and English-translated titles and indexing terms. Most abstracts are in French.
ProQuest Direct
ProQuest Coverage: Dates - vary, Full Text: 1986 - present
Current periodicals and newspapers, as well as archives of major newspapers.

World TextilesTM
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Comprehensive coverage of the world's textile-related literature from technical, scientific, economic and commercial journals, and statistical publications.


INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

No resources identified
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Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

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Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.

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