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Patents > Guidance, Tools, and Manuals > Search Templates > Search Templates By Class > Search Templates Class 101 > Subclass 469.000 - 472.000
Search Templates Class 101/469.000 - 472.000    

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Classification 101/469.000 - 472.000 >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

This resource can be used for class/subclass, text, inventor, and assignee searching. Queries may include classification parameters combined with other terms. This resource frequently provides highly relevant information from US patents.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

This resource can be used for class/subclass, text, inventor, and assignee searching. Queries may include classification parameters combined with other terms. This resource may provide relevant information from older US patents when it is appropriate to search pre-1971 art using search terms other than classification.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

This resource can be used for class/subclass, text, inventor, and assignee searching. Queries may include classification parameters combined with other terms. This resource frequently provides highly relevant information from published US applications.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

DWPI can be used for text, IPC, Derwent Manual Code, and assignee/inventor searching, and to identify chemical substances. This resource may provide information on US and foreign patents and published applications.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

This database can be used for text, IPC, ECLA, USPC, and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters combined with other terms to be searched. This resource may provide information on foreign patents and published applications.
JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

This database can be used for text, IPC, USPC, and assignee/inventor searching. Queries may include classification parameters combined with other terms to be searched. This resource may provide information on JP published unexamined applications.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

CAplus
STN Coverage: 1907 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Chemistry bibliographic database.

This resource can be used for text, inventor/assignee, IPC, USPC, JPO FTERM, CAS Registry Number searching, and, in conjunction with the CAS Registry file, for chemical structure searching. This resource may provide information on literature involving this art.
DIALINDEX
Dialog Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Master index to DIALOG databases.

This database can be text-searched to determine which databases contain references to technology being searched. Databases with the most references are selected for a more detailed search. This resource may provide information on relevant Dialog databases to search.
Ei Compendex
Dialog Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Questel Orbit Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1970 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Comprehensive database of engineering literature.

This resource may provide information on literature involving this art.
PIRA (Packaging, Paper, Printing and Publishing, Imaging and Nonwovens Abstracts)
Dialog Coverage: 1975 - present, Full Text: - N/A
STN Coverage: 1975 - present, Full Text: - N/A
Bibliographic database containing information on business and technological developments in packaging, printing, publishing, pulp, paper, imaging, and nonwovens.

This resource may provide information on literature involving this art.
STNindex
STN Coverage: - Current, Full Text: - Current
Master index to STN databases.

This database can be text-searched to determine which databases contain references to technology being searched. Databases with the most references are selected for a more detailed search. This resource may provide information on relevant STN databases to search.

INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

Google TM
Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

This resource may provide information on broad topics, specific companies, devices, individuals, products, materials, and properties.
Scirus
Elsevier Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Science-specific search engine.

This resource may provide information on broad topics, specific companies, devices, individuals, products, materials, and properties.
Yahoo!
Yahoo! Inc. Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

This resource may provide information on broad topics, specific companies, devices, individuals, products, materials, and properties.


Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

Mail Stop Patents Search Template Comments
Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.

Submit general comments and suggestions to Search Template Project
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