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Search Templates Class 27/1.000 - 20.000    

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Classification 27/1.000 - 20.000 >> view this class definition


U. S. PATENT RESOURCES

As general guidance, a complete search of U. S. patents in this art area will include the following:

  1. A classified search of the original classification class and subclass for the subject matter and the other highly relevant art areas in the US patent documents
  2. A text search of the US patent documents; patents, PG PUB, and OCR databases:
    • Broad text search for the general inventive concept(s), not limited by classification
    • Narrow text search for the specific claimed invention
    • Boolean text search employing the relevant inventive terms

The resources listed below are internal USPTO search tools. However, the information that they cover is available either commercially, on the USPTO web site, or in the Public Search Facility on the USPTO Headquarters campus and the Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries.

EAST/WEST
EAST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
WEST Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
Full text patent and inventor searching.

Classified search is done first, followed by a text search. Because the text terms are so specific text search usually yields relevant art. Class 52 and Design Class 99 are sometimes searched. Backward and forward citation searching has proven to be useful for this class.
BRS Search/USOCR Database
EAST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
WEST Coverage: 1920 - 1970, Full Text: 1920 - 1970
Full text of U.S. patent grants.

Searched in combination with the U.S. Patents database through EAST or WEST. Classified search is done first, followed by a text search. Sometimes search class 52 and Design Class 99.
PGPUBS
EAST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
WEST Coverage: 2001 - present, Full Text: 2001 - present
U.S. published applications.

Searched in combination with the U. S. Patents database through EAST or WEST. Classified search is done first, followed by a text search.
PLUS
Coverage: 1971 - present, Full Text: 1971 - present
USPTO search system for U.S. patents.

PLUS (Patent Linguistics Utility System) is a USPTO search system for US patents that produces a list of the most closely related patents to the application searched. The system provides a list of classes/subclasses where the suggested patents are classified. Used when the case is very broad.

FOREIGN PATENT RESOURCES

Searched separately from the U.S. Patent Search. These databases consist of abstract documents. Text searching abstracts requires the use of different search logic e.g. the use of broad Boolean and/or operators instead of narrow proximity operators.

Derwent World Patents Index and the contents of the EPO Abstracts and JPO Abstracts are available commercially.

Derwent World Patents Index, Classification and Text Search
EAST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1963 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patent documents from more than 40 patent-issuing authorities.

Sometimes searched separately from U.S. patent databases in order to broaden the search. Text searching is done initially. Searches are modified with class/subclass searching as needed to refine results.
EPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1978 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of patents and published applications from EPO, WO/PCT, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Switzerland. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

Sometimes searched separately from U.S. patent databases in order to broaden the search. Text searching is done initially. Searches are modified with class/subclass searching as needed to refine results.
FPAS3
Coverage: 1980 - present, Full Text: -
USPTO foreign document retrieval system.

Used for document retrieval and to locate English equivalents of foreign documents.
JPO Abstracts, Text and Classification Search
EAST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
WEST Coverage: 1976 - present, Full Text: - N/A
English abstracts database of Japanese published unexamined applications. USPC searching is limited to documents added to the database from 1978 to September 30, 1995.

Sometimes searched separately from U.S. patent databases in order to broaden the search. Text searching is done initially. Searches are modified with class/subclass searching as needed to refine results.

NON-PATENT LITERATURE RESOURCES

The resources listed are those that USPTO staff have found consistently yield the most relevant search results. Commercial databases available through a single vendor can generally be searched simultaneously, although it is preferable to search full text and bibliographic databases in separate groupings. In addition to the use of subscription databases and public Internet sites, it is recommended that books, manuals, standards and specifications be considered in the search for prior art.

A Team Master's Casket Store & More
A Team Master's Casket Store & More Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A


Company that manufactures and/or sells caskets, urns etc.
Batesville Casket Company
Batesville Casket Company Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A


Company that manufactures and/or sells caskets, urns etc.
Dialog Global Reporter
Dialog Coverage: 1997 - present, Full Text: 1997 - present
Global news source.

Covers newspapers, business magazines, and newswires from all regions of the world, including emerging markets. Possible source for cases were the invention is likely to be popular outside of the U.S.
Dialog NewsRoom
Dialog Coverage: Current - year, Full Text: Current - year
Global news source that covers newspapers, business magazines, and newswires from all regions of the world, including emerging markets.

General news sources can be useful when the case involves novelty urns such as those for pets.
Gale Group New Product Announcements/Plus (NPA/Plus)
Dialog Coverage: 1985 - present, Full Text: 1985 - present
Full text press releases from all industries covering announcements related to products, with a focus on new products and services.

Possible source for cases were the invention is similar to something likely to be covered by the popular press.
IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin
EAST/WEST Coverage: 1958 - 1998, Full Text: -
Defensive disclosure database.

Searched simultaneously with the patent databases. Relevant art is sometimes found here.
National Casket Gallery
National Casket Gallery Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A


Company that manufactures and/or sells caskets, urns etc.

INTERNET SEARCH TOOLS

An Internet search should be considered when a search of the resources listed above fails to locate relevant prior art. A preliminary Internet search may be performed to obtain an overview of the technology, and to identify additional search terms and related product information.

Google TM
Google Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Internet search engine.

Used for general text searching.
Internet Archive
Internet Archive Coverage: - N/A, Full Text: - N/A
Provides permanent access to historical collections that exist in digital format.

Used to find the date a product was offered on a website.


Public Comments on the Search Templates

Public comments on the search templates are invited. Comments should address the points enumerated in the Criteria for Evaluating Recommended Search Resources. Comments can be submitted via the Search Template Project e-mail link on each template page or by mail addressed to:

Mail Stop Patents Search Template Comments
Commissioner for Patents
P.O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Electronic submission is preferred. The Office will respond to comments in writing.

Submit general comments and suggestions to Search Template Project
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