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BROADCAST COMMUNICATION (multiplex communication H04J; pictorial communication aspects of broadcast systems H04N)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • arrangements for broadcast or for distribution combined with broadcast;
  • arrangements specially adapted for receiving broadcast information;
  • arrangements for broadcast applications with a direct linkage to broadcast information or to broadcast space-time; broadcast-related systems.
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Multiplex communication
Pictorial communication aspects in broadcast systems
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Transmission in general
Special rules of classification within this subclass

In this subclass, multi-aspect classification is applied, so that subject matter characterised by aspects covered by more than one of its groups in this subclass, which is considered to represent information of interest for search, may also be classified in each of those groups.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Broadcast
simultaneous distribution of identical signals to plural receiving stations. The term “broadcast” does not include distribution to receiving stations which is controlled by requests or responses from the receiving stations
Broadcast information
all kinds of information distributed by broadcast systems, e.g. broadcast programme
Broadcast-related information
information required by services provided via broadcast systems, other than broadcast information
Broadcast time
a time when particular broadcast information exists and is available
Broadcast channel
a channel via which broadcast information is distributed, e.g. carrier waves, time slots, cables or wireless broadcast service areas
Broadcast space
either a set of broadcast channels in which particular broadcast information exists and is available or a geographical area determined by the set of broadcast channels
Broadcast space-time
space-time determined by broadcast space and broadcast time in which particular broadcast information exists and is available
Broadcast system
a system which consists of transmitter, transponder and receiver for broadcast
Broadcast-related system
a system which is directly affected by generation, broadcast, reception or use of broadcast information
Broadcast service
a service provided by a broadcast system, i.e. distribution service of broadcast information
Broadcast-related service
a service directly provided by broadcast-related systems
“A with a direct linkage to B”
“A directly affects B” or “A is directly affected by B”
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

CATV
Community Antenna Television
EPG
Electronic Programme Guide
FPU
Field Pickup Unit
MATV
Master Antenna Television
MP3
MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3
URL
Uniform Resource Locator
Arrangements for broadcast or for distribution combined with broadcast
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • arrangements for broadcast distribution;
  • combinations of broadcast distribution arrangements, or combinations of broadcast and non-broadcast distribution arrangements.
Arrangements for relaying broadcast information
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for a relay specially adapted for broadcast distribution or broadcast programme.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Relay systems for radio transmission in general
Repeater circuits for line transmission in general
Arrangements for replacing or switching information during the broadcast or the distribution
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The system which substitutes or switches distributed information in real-time at the time of broadcast distribution or of distribution combined with broadcast.

Arrangements for observation, testing or troubleshooting
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Monitoring of a broadcast-related system
for monitoring programmes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The system which monitors whether a scheduled broadcast programme has been broadcast or not.

Arrangements for broadcast or distribution of identical information via plural systems
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The arrangements in which the same information is distributed by plural distribution systems.

Arrangements for broadcast of identical information via plural broadcast systems
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The system which broadcasts the same information by the plural broadcast systems.

Arrangements for distribution of identical information via broadcast system and non-broadcast system
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The system which broadcasts the same information by broadcast system and non-broadcast system, e.g. mobile communication network.

Arrangements for switching distribution systems
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for selecting a distribution system from two or more broadcast systems and/or distribution systems combined with broadcast.

Arrangements for simultaneous broadcast of plural pieces of information
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Multiplex communication specially adapted for broadcast distribution.

by plural channels
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The system which requires multiple channels to broadcast plural portions of information simultaneously.

Arrangements for resource management
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The arrangement for managing resources, e.g. transmission bandwidth, for a broadcast distribution or for a distribution combined with broadcast distribution.

Arrangements characterised by circuits or components specially adapted for broadcast
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
A transmitting circuit in general
A receiving circuit or a component specially adapted for broadcast
specially adapted for broadcast systems covered by groups H04H 20/53-H04H 20/95
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

A circuit or a component for broadcast distribution specially adapted for broadcast characterised by a use, a transmission system or broadcast information.

Special rules of classification within this group

The technical subject covered by this group could also be classified to one of the groups (H04H 20/53- H04H 20/86) to clarify specialty of a use, a transmission system or broadcast information.

Arrangements specially adapted for specific applications, e.g. for traffic information or for mobile receivers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The broadcast system specially adapted to a special purpose or broadcast system used in a special situation.

for traffic information
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for broadcast adapted for vehicular traffic information.

for local area broadcast, e.g. instore broadcast
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for broadcast within specific areas.

Arrangements characterised by transmission systems for broadcast
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The system wherein a technical aspect of a broadcast transmission system strongly affects to its broadcast service.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
The system wherein a technical aspect of a non-broadcast transmission system, i.e. a transmission system other than for broadcast, strongly affects its broadcast service or broadcast-related service
using downlink of the CATV systems, e.g. audio broadcast via CATV network
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements in which CATV downlink channels are used as a broadcast transmission path.

combined with telephone network over which the broadcast is continuously available
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Telephonic communication in general
combined with power distribution network
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Power line communication in general
Arrangements characterised by the broadcast information itself
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for broadcast distribution of explicitly distinguishable and striking information which plays a very important role to specify a technical subject.

Stereophonic broadcast systems { (multiplex system in general H04J) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for broadcast characterised by broadcast information which is stereophony.

characterised by a specific format, e.g. MP3 (MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The arrangement for broadcast distribution of information which has a special data format (a format which is not used in an ordinary broadcast specification).

Arrangements specially adapted for receiving broadcast information
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Only broadcast-specific receivers.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Receivers in general
Arrangements characterised by circuits or components specially adapted for receiving
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Receiver circuits in general
Circuits or components specially adapted for broadcast distribution
specially adapted for broadcast systems covered by groups H04H 20/53 - H04H 20/95
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The circuit or component for a broadcast receiver specially adapted for broadcast with characteristic use, transmission system or broadcast information.

Special rules of classification within this group

The technical subject covered by this group could also be classified to one of the groups (H04H 20/53- H04H 20/86) to clarify specialty of a use, a transmission system or broadcast information.

specially adapted for stereophonic broadcast receiving
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The circuit or component for communication specially adapted for receiving broadcast information of stereophony.

Arrangements for broadcast applications with a direct linking to broadcast information or broadcast space-time; Broadcast-related systems
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • arrangements for broadcast application which directly affects broadcast information or broadcast space-time;
  • arrangements for broadcast application which is directly affected by broadcast information or broadcast space-time;
  • broadcast-related system, i.e. other system which is directly affected by generation, broadcast, reception or use of broadcast information.
Arrangements for generating broadcast information; Arrangements for generating broadcast-related information with a direct linking to broadcast information or to broadcast space-time; Arrangements for simultaneous generation of broadcast information and broadcast-related information
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • arrangements for generating broadcast information;
  • arrangements for generating broadcast-related information which directly affects broadcast information or broadcast space-time;
  • arrangements for generating broadcast-related information which is directly affected by broadcast information or broadcast space-time;
  • arrangements for simultaneous generation of broadcast information and broadcast-related information.
Studio equipment; Interconnection of studios
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements for producing a reverberation or echo sound
Arrangements for device control with a direct linkage to broadcast information or to broadcast space-time; Arrangements for control of broadcast-related services
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • arrangements for device control which directly affects broadcast information or broadcast space-time;
  • arrangements for device control which is directly affected by broadcast information or broadcast space-time.
Arrangements for recording or accumulating broadcast information or broadcast-related information
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Receivers in general with memory
Arrangements for monitoring broadcast services or broadcast-related services
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Monitoring of the broadcast system itself
Monitoring whether a scheduled broadcast programme has been broadcast or not
Arrangements for identifying or recognising characteristics with a direct linkage to broadcast information or to broadcast space-time, e.g. for identifying broadcast stations or for identifying users
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • arrangements for identifying or recognising characteristics which directly affects broadcast information or broadcast space-time;
  • arrangements for identifying or recognising characteristics which is directly affected by broadcast information or broadcast space-time.
for identifying broadcast time or space
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for identifying in which range in space or time a certain portion of broadcast information exists.

for identifying broadcast space-time (use of Electronic Programme Guides H04H 60/72)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for identifying both broadcast time and broadcast space.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Systems characterised by using EPGs
for identifying broadcast space, i.e. broadcast channels, broadcast stations or broadcast areas
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • arrangements for identifying a set of broadcast channels in which particular broadcast information exists and is available or
  • arrangements for identifying a geographical area determined by the set of broadcast channels.
for identifying broadcast areas
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for identification of a geographical area as broadcast space.

for identifying broadcast channels
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for identification of a channel set as broadcast space.

for identifying broadcast stations
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for identifying broadcast stations with the aim of identifying broadcast space.

Arrangements characterised by components specially adapted for monitoring, identification or recognition covered by groups H04H 60/29-H04H 60/54
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Technical subjects covered by H04H 60/29 or H04H 60/35 in which a component for monitoring, identification or recognition especially plays an important role.

Special rules of classification within this group

The technical subject covered by this group could also be classified to one of the groups (H04H 60/29 or H04H 60/35) to clarify the object of monitoring, identification or recognition.

of audio { (determination or detection of speech characteristics in general G10L 11/00; speech recognition in general G10L 15/00) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Determination or detection of speech characteristics in general
G10L11/00
Speech recognition in general
of video { (recognising characters or patterns in general G06K 9/00) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Recognising characters or patterns in general
Arrangements for services using the result of monitoring, identification or recognition covered by groups H04H 60/29-H04H 60/54
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Technical subjects which are covered by H04H 60/29 or H04H 60/35, and are more strongly focused on a use of monitoring, identification or recognition outcome than its process, e.g. an integrated system which consists of (1) a broadcast reception subsystem which receives a broadcast music programme, and monitors broadcast time and a broadcast channel to which a user is tuning in, (2) a broadcast related information retrieving subsystem which firstly identifies numbers a user has listened to by looking up a broadcast database with the broadcast time and the broadcast channel, and secondly identifies compact discs which include the numbers by searching a compact disc information database, and (3) a online compact disc sales subsystem for selling the compact discs which include the numbers to the user over the Internet.

Special rules of classification within this group

The technical subject covered by this group could also be classified to one of the groups (H04H 60/29 or H04H 60/35) to clarify the object of monitoring, identification or recognition.

for services of sales { (data processing systems or methods specially adapted for electronic commerce G06Q 30/00) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Electronic commerce in general
Systems specially adapted for using specific information, e.g. geographical or meteorological information
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Explicitly distinguishable and striking information which plays a very important role to specify a technical subject.

using EPGs (Electronic Programme Guides) (focusing on identifying broadcast space-time H04H 60/39; { menu type display of EPG in television receivers H04N5/445M} )
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Systems characterised by EPG mainly focusing on identifying broadcast space-time
using programme related information, e.g. title, composer or interpreter
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Special type of meta-information, which is related to broadcast programme, e.g. title, composer or interpreter of broadcast music.

Arrangements characterised by transmission systems other than for broadcast, e.g. the Internet { (for broadcast H04H 20/65) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Transmission systems for broadcast
characterised by source locations or destination locations
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Technical subjects characterised by an entity of transmission or reception.

characterised by the transmission system itself
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Technical subjects covered by group H04H 60/76 wherein characteristics of transmission system not for broadcast, e.g. structure of transmission path or network composition of non-broadcast distribution system, acutely affect the technical subject.

Mobile communication networks (for accessing the Internet H04H 60/85)
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Mobile communication networks used for the Internet access
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Selective distribution of broadcast; Services to user groups; One-way selective calling services using wireless communication network.
Telephonic networks (for accessing the Internet H04H 60/84)
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Telephonic networks used for the Internet access
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Telephonic communication in general
CATV systems (for accessing the Internet H04H 60/86)
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
CATV networks used for the Internet access
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Last Modified: 10/11/2013