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BROADCAST COMMUNICATION (multiplex communication H04J; pictorial communication aspects of broadcast systems H04N)
Definition statement
This subclass covers:
  • arrangements for broadcast or for distribution combined with broadcast;
  • arrangements specially adapted for receiving broadcast information;
  • arrangements for broadcast applications with a direct linkage to broadcast information or to broadcast space-time; broadcast-related systems.
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass does not cover:

Multiplex communication

Pictorial communication aspects in broadcast systems

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Transmission in general

Special rules of classification within this subclass

In this subclass, multi-aspect classification is applied, so that subject matter characterised by aspects covered by more than one of its groups in this subclass, which is considered to represent information of interest for search, may also be classified in each of those groups.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Broadcast

simultaneous distribution of identical signals to plural receiving stations. The term “broadcast” does not include distribution to receiving stations which is controlled by requests or responses from the receiving stations

Broadcast information

all kinds of information distributed by broadcast systems, e.g. broadcast programme

Broadcast-related information

information required by services provided via broadcast systems, other than broadcast information

Broadcast time

a time when particular broadcast information exists and is available

Broadcast channel

a channel via which broadcast information is distributed, e.g. carrier waves, time slots, cables or wireless broadcast service areas

Broadcast space

either a set of broadcast channels in which particular broadcast information exists and is available or a geographical area determined by the set of broadcast channels

Broadcast space-time

space-time determined by broadcast space and broadcast time in which particular broadcast information exists and is available

Broadcast system

a system which consists of transmitter, transponder and receiver for broadcast

Broadcast-related system

a system which is directly affected by generation, broadcast, reception or use of broadcast information

Broadcast service

a service provided by a broadcast system, i.e. distribution service of broadcast information

Broadcast-related service

a service directly provided by broadcast-related systems

“A with a direct linkage to B”

“A directly affects B” or “A is directly affected by B”

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

CATV

Community Antenna Television

EPG

Electronic Programme Guide

FPU

Field Pickup Unit

MATV

Master Antenna Television

MP3

MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3

URL

Uniform Resource Locator

Arrangements for broadcast or for distribution combined with broadcast
Definition statement
This group covers:
  • arrangements for broadcast distribution;
  • combinations of broadcast distribution arrangements, or combinations of broadcast and non-broadcast distribution arrangements.
Arrangements for relaying broadcast information
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Arrangements for a relay specially adapted for broadcast distribution or broadcast programme.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Relay systems for radio transmission in general

Repeater circuits for line transmission in general

Arrangements for replacing or switching information during the broadcast or the distribution
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The system which substitutes or switches distributed information in real-time at the time of broadcast distribution or of distribution combined with broadcast.

Arrangements for observation, testing or troubleshooting
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Monitoring of a broadcast-related system

for monitoring programmes
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The system which monitors whether a scheduled broadcast programme has been broadcast or not.

Arrangements for broadcast or distribution of identical information via plural systems
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The arrangements in which the same information is distributed by plural distribution systems.

Arrangements for broadcast of identical information via plural broadcast systems
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The system which broadcasts the same information by the plural broadcast systems.

Arrangements for distribution of identical information via broadcast system and non-broadcast system
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The system which broadcasts the same information by broadcast system and non-broadcast system, e.g. mobile communication network.

Arrangements for switching distribution systems
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Arrangements for selecting a distribution system from two or more broadcast systems and/or distribution systems combined with broadcast.

Arrangements for simultaneous broadcast of plural pieces of information
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Multiplex communication specially adapted for broadcast distribution.

by plural channels
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The system which requires multiple channels to broadcast plural portions of information simultaneously.

Arrangements for resource management
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The arrangement for managing resources, e.g. transmission bandwidth, for a broadcast distribution or for a distribution combined with broadcast distribution.

Arrangements characterised by circuits or components specially adapted for broadcast
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

A transmitting circuit in general

A receiving circuit or a component specially adapted for broadcast

specially adapted for broadcast systems covered by groups H04H 20/53-H04H 20/95
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

A circuit or a component for broadcast distribution specially adapted for broadcast characterised by a use, a transmission system or broadcast information.

Special rules of classification within this group

The technical subject covered by this group could also be classified to one of the groups (H04H 20/53- H04H 20/86) to clarify specialty of a use, a transmission system or broadcast information.

Arrangements specially adapted for specific applications, e.g. for traffic information or for mobile receivers
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The broadcast system specially adapted to a special purpose or broadcast system used in a special situation.

for traffic information
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Arrangements for broadcast adapted for vehicular traffic information.

for local area broadcast, e.g. instore broadcast
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Arrangements for broadcast within specific areas.

Arrangements characterised by transmission systems for broadcast
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The system wherein a technical aspect of a broadcast transmission system strongly affects to its broadcast service.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

The system wherein a technical aspect of a non-broadcast transmission system, i.e. a transmission system other than for broadcast, strongly affects its broadcast service or broadcast-related service

using downlink of the CATV systems, e.g. audio broadcast via CATV network
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Arrangements in which CATV downlink channels are used as a broadcast transmission path.

combined with telephone network over which the broadcast is continuously available
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Telephonic communication in general

combined with power distribution network
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Power line communication in general

Arrangements characterised by the broadcast information itself
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Arrangements for broadcast distribution of explicitly distinguishable and striking information which plays a very important role to specify a technical subject.

Stereophonic broadcast systems {(multiplex system in general H04J)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Arrangements for broadcast characterised by broadcast information which is stereophony.

characterised by a specific format, e.g. MP3 (MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The arrangement for broadcast distribution of information which has a special data format (a format which is not used in an ordinary broadcast specification).

Arrangements specially adapted for receiving broadcast information
Definition statement
This group covers:

Only broadcast-specific receivers.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Receivers in general

Arrangements characterised by circuits or components specially adapted for receiving
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Receiver circuits in general

Circuits or components specially adapted for broadcast distribution

specially adapted for broadcast systems covered by groups H04H 20/53 - H04H 20/95
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The circuit or component for a broadcast receiver specially adapted for broadcast with characteristic use, transmission system or broadcast information.

Special rules of classification within this group

The technical subject covered by this group could also be classified to one of the groups (H04H 20/53- H04H 20/86) to clarify specialty of a use, a transmission system or broadcast information.

specially adapted for stereophonic broadcast receiving
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The circuit or component for communication specially adapted for receiving broadcast information of stereophony.

Arrangements for broadcast applications with a direct linking to broadcast information or broadcast space-time; Broadcast-related systems
Definition statement
This group covers:
  • arrangements for broadcast application which directly affects broadcast information or broadcast space-time;
  • arrangements for broadcast application which is directly affected by broadcast information or broadcast space-time;
  • broadcast-related system, i.e. other system which is directly affected by generation, broadcast, reception or use of broadcast information.
Arrangements for generating broadcast information; Arrangements for generating broadcast-related information with a direct linking to broadcast information or to broadcast space-time; Arrangements for simultaneous generation of broadcast information and broadcast-related information
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:
  • arrangements for generating broadcast information;
  • arrangements for generating broadcast-related information which directly affects broadcast information or broadcast space-time;
  • arrangements for generating broadcast-related information which is directly affected by broadcast information or broadcast space-time;
  • arrangements for simultaneous generation of broadcast information and broadcast-related information.
Studio equipment; Interconnection of studios
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements for producing a reverberation or echo sound

Arrangements for device control with a direct linkage to broadcast information or to broadcast space-time; Arrangements for control of broadcast-related services
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:
  • arrangements for device control which directly affects broadcast information or broadcast space-time;
  • arrangements for device control which is directly affected by broadcast information or broadcast space-time.
Arrangements for recording or accumulating broadcast information or broadcast-related information
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Receivers in general with memory

Arrangements for monitoring broadcast services or broadcast-related services
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Monitoring of the broadcast system itself

Monitoring whether a scheduled broadcast programme has been broadcast or not

Arrangements for identifying or recognising characteristics with a direct linkage to broadcast information or to broadcast space-time, e.g. for identifying broadcast stations or for identifying users
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:
  • arrangements for identifying or recognising characteristics which directly affects broadcast information or broadcast space-time;
  • arrangements for identifying or recognising characteristics which is directly affected by broadcast information or broadcast space-time.
for identifying broadcast time or space
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Arrangements for identifying in which range in space or time a certain portion of broadcast information exists.

for identifying broadcast space-time (use of Electronic Programme Guides H04H 60/72)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Arrangements for identifying both broadcast time and broadcast space.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subgroup does not cover:

Systems characterised by using EPGs

for identifying broadcast space, i.e. broadcast channels, broadcast stations or broadcast areas
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:
  • arrangements for identifying a set of broadcast channels in which particular broadcast information exists and is available or
  • arrangements for identifying a geographical area determined by the set of broadcast channels.
for identifying broadcast areas
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Arrangements for identification of a geographical area as broadcast space.

for identifying broadcast channels
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Arrangements for identification of a channel set as broadcast space.

for identifying broadcast stations
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Arrangements for identifying broadcast stations with the aim of identifying broadcast space.

Arrangements characterised by components specially adapted for monitoring, identification or recognition covered by groups H04H 60/29-H04H 60/54
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Technical subjects covered by H04H 60/29 or H04H 60/35 in which a component for monitoring, identification or recognition especially plays an important role.

Special rules of classification within this group

The technical subject covered by this group could also be classified to one of the groups (H04H 60/29 or H04H 60/35) to clarify the object of monitoring, identification or recognition.

of audio {(determination or detection of speech characteristics in general G10L 25/00; speech recognition in general G10L 15/00)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Determination or detection of speech characteristics in general

G10L11/00

Speech recognition in general

of video {(recognising characters or patterns in general G06K 9/00)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Recognising characters or patterns in general

Arrangements for services using the result of monitoring, identification or recognition covered by groups H04H 60/29-H04H 60/54
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Technical subjects which are covered by H04H 60/29 or H04H 60/35, and are more strongly focused on a use of monitoring, identification or recognition outcome than its process, e.g. an integrated system which consists of (1) a broadcast reception subsystem which receives a broadcast music programme, and monitors broadcast time and a broadcast channel to which a user is tuning in, (2) a broadcast related information retrieving subsystem which firstly identifies numbers a user has listened to by looking up a broadcast database with the broadcast time and the broadcast channel, and secondly identifies compact discs which include the numbers by searching a compact disc information database, and (3) a online compact disc sales subsystem for selling the compact discs which include the numbers to the user over the Internet.

Special rules of classification within this group

The technical subject covered by this group could also be classified to one of the groups (H04H 60/29 or H04H 60/35) to clarify the object of monitoring, identification or recognition.

for services of sales {(data processing systems or methods specially adapted for electronic commerce G06Q 30/00)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Electronic commerce in general

Systems specially adapted for using specific information, e.g. geographical or meteorological information
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Explicitly distinguishable and striking information which plays a very important role to specify a technical subject.

using EPGs [Electronic Programme Guides] (focusing on identifying broadcast space-time H04H 60/39; { menu type display of EPG in television receivers H04N 5/44543})
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subgroup does not cover:

Systems characterised by EPG mainly focusing on identifying broadcast space-time

using programme related information, e.g. title, composer or interpreter
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Special type of meta-information, which is related to broadcast programme, e.g. title, composer or interpreter of broadcast music.

Arrangements characterised by transmission systems other than for broadcast, e.g. the Internet {(for broadcast H04H 20/65)}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Transmission systems for broadcast

characterised by source locations or destination locations
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Technical subjects characterised by an entity of transmission or reception.

characterised by the transmission system itself
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Technical subjects covered by group H04H 60/76 wherein characteristics of transmission system not for broadcast, e.g. structure of transmission path or network composition of non-broadcast distribution system, acutely affect the technical subject.

Mobile communication networks (for accessing the Internet H04H 60/85)
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subgroup does not cover:

Mobile communication networks used for the Internet access

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Selective distribution of broadcast; Services to user groups; One-way selective calling services using wireless communication network.

Telephonic networks (for accessing the Internet H04H 60/84)
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subgroup does not cover:

Telephonic networks used for the Internet access

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Telephonic communication in general

CATV systems (for accessing the Internet H04H 60/86)
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subgroup does not cover:

CATV networks used for the Internet access

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013