Skip over navigation
TIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE (finger printing A61B 5/103; indicating or recording apparatus for measuring in general, analogous apparatus but in which the input is not a variable to be measured, e.g. a hand operation, G01D; clocks, clock mechanisms G04B, G04C; time-interval measuring G04F; counting mechanisms per se G06M)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Registering, indicating or recording the time of events or elapsed time of events;
  • Registering or indicating the condition or the working of machines or other apparatus, other than vehicles;
  • Registering or indicating the working of vehicles;
  • Details or accessories common to the registering or indicating apparatus of previous groups;
  • Individual entry or exit registers;
  • Arrangements, systems or apparatus for checking;
  • Voting apparatus;
  • Generating random numbers; lottery apparatus.
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:

Arrangements for preventing use of vehicles

Card, board or roulette games

Clocks or watches

Control system for vehicles

Counting mechanisms per se

Data carrier readers

Electric testing or monitoring

Error detection

Finger printing

Gaming machines

Measuring arrangements, per se

Mechanical locks

Random number generator, per se

Reading or recognizing biometric data

Recording devices, per se

Security of computer systems

Structure of data carrier

Testing of engines/vehicles

G01M15/17

Time interval measuring

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

See the list of not covered fields above and in addition:

Arrangements for monitoring the user's behaviour or opinions

Encryption systems

H04L9/29

Special rules of classification within this subclass

All ECLA classes have a corresponding G07C Indexing Code-code, which is to be used for secondary aspects (non-invention information).

Registering, indicating or recording the time of events or elapsed time, e.g. time-recorders for work people (registering or indicating the working of machines or vehicles G07C 3/00, G07C 5/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means for recording the time or elapsed time of events of people, without recording the identity.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Clocks or watches

Time interval measuring

Registering or indicating the working of machines or vehicles

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

See the list of not covered fields above

Special rules of classification within this group
  • Subgroups G07C 1/20 to G07C 1/32 take precedence over subgroups G07C 1/02 to G07C 1/18
  • When the time of events is recorded with the person's identity, e.g. working hours of a person then it is classified in G07C 1/10.
  • Registering or indicating the condition or the working of machines or other apparatus, other than vehicles is classified in G07C 3/00;
  • Registering or indicating the working of vehicles is classified in G07C 5/00;
not involving the registering, indicating or recording of other data
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The registering, indicating or recording of the time of event only.

wherein the time is indicated in figures
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The time is indicated or displayed in figures.

with apparatus adapted for use with individual cards
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Using individual cards and time can be printed directly on the card or recorded on other means.

wherein the time is indicated by marking an element, e.g. a card or tape, in position determined by the time
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The time is represented by printing a mark, which can be pre-printed representation of a clock for example.

Can be printed on a card.

together with the recording, indicating or registering of other data, e.g. of signs of indentity (together with the recording of a continuously-varying variable G01D or the appropriate other subclass of G01, dependent on the variable)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The recording or indication of working hours (or real time) including other information like the identification of the person or the location.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Administration; management

Clocks or watches

Measuring arrangements, per se

Time interval measuring

Special rules of classification within this group

Registering, indicating, or recording the time of events or elapsed time, e.g. time-recorders for work people together with the recording of other data represented by a continuously-varying variable should also be classified in G01D or the appropriate other subclass of class G01, dependent on the variable.

wherein the time is indicated in figures
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The time is indicated or displayed in figures.

with apparatus adapted for use with individual cards
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Using individual cards and time (with additional information) can be printed directly on the card or recorded on other means.

wherein the time is indicated by marking an element, e.g. a card or tape, in a position determined by the time
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The time is represented by printing a mark, which can be pre-printed representation of a clock for example. Additional information are also printed.

Can be printed on the card.

with apparatus adapted for use with individual cards
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Time information printed on pre-printed marks is printed on the card.

Checking timed patrols, e.g. of watchman
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Patrols, e.g. for security, have to "register" at different location to prove their passage; The registration can be done with a card and reader, dedicated mobile device or mobile phones.

Can take place inside a building or on larger scale, in a complete region.

in connection with sports or games
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The time recording/registering of sports events in general, not provided by the subclasses G07C 1/24, G07C 1/26 and G07C 1/28.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Arrangements for race time recording/indicating are classified in

Arrangements for pigeon races are classified in

Arrangements for recording/indicating playing time are classified in

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Clocks or watches

Time interval measuring

Race time-recorders (race-finish cameras G03B 41/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for recording the time of a race, e.g. marathon or ski downhill.

References relevant to classification in this subgroup
This subclass/group does not cover:

Cameras for race-finish

Special rules of classification within this subgroup

Arrangements for race time recording/indicating are classified in G07C 1/24.

Arrangements for pigeon races are classified in G07C 1/26.

Pigeon-timing or like equipment
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements specific to the recording of time of pigeon races.

Special rules of classification within this subgroup

Other types of races timing are classified in G07C 1/24.

Indicating playing time
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for recording/indicating/registering the playing time of a game, like football, tennis. See also groups relating to the specific sports.

Parking meters (registering or indicating waiting time of vehicles by means driven by the vehicle G07C 5/02; coin-freed parking meters G07F 17/24)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Parking meters, without involving payment, installed inside vehicles, like parking discs.

Only individual marking meters, without involving payment, installed inside vehicles are classified in this group

References relevant to classification in this subgroup
This subclass/group does not cover:

Coin-freed parking meters i.e. parking meters per se

Parking systems (several parking meters)

Registering or indicating waiting time of vehicles by means driven by the vehicle

Special rules of classification within this subgroup

Parking systems (comprising several parking meters) are classified in G07B 15/02.

If any payment is involved, the document should be classified in G07B 15/02.

Time-recording locks (locks giving indication of unauthorised unlocking E05B 39/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The lock comprises means for recording the time it has been opened or failed to open. Can comprise counting means or can opened within a time window.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Electronically operated locks

Locks giving indication of authorized or unauthorized unlocking

Mechanical locks

Registering or indicating the condition or the working of machines or other apparatus, other than vehicles (engine indicators G01L; testing apparatus incident to its manufacture G01M; signalling arrangements per se, indicating undesired or abnormal working conditions G08B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for the monitoring of machines or apparatuses other than vehicles in order to record or indicate the condition of working.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Engine indicators

Registering or indicating the working of vehicles

Signalling arrangements per se, e.g. indicating undesired or abnormal working conditions

Testing apparatus or testing of machines incident to its manufacture

Testing or monitoring of control systems

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Centrally controlling a plurality of machines

This group does not cover the analysis of the recorded/registered data, which is classified in G05B 23/00 (analysis in general) or G06F 11/00 (error detection).

The monitoring of vehicles, even when it refers to construction machines (vehicles) have to be classified in G07C 5/00.

{during manufacturing process}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for monitoring machines or apparatuses used in manufacturing processes (e.g.. drilling machines, robots, milling machines).

Registering or indicating working or idle time only
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Only working or idle time is recorded or indicated (monitored).

using counting means or digital clocks
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The arrangement for monitoring machines contains electronic counting means or digital clocks for counting.

{Mechanical counters or clocks}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The arrangement for monitoring machines contains mechanical counting means or digital clocks for counting.

in graphical form
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The indication or registering of working or idle time only is done in graphical form.

Registering or indicating the production of the machine either with or without registering working or idle time
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for monitoring the production of machines or apparatuses (how much they produce). Can be for a electric generator for example.

using counting means (counting mechanisms per se G06M)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The arrangement for monitoring the production of machines contains counting means.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Counting mechanisms, per se

in graphical form
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The indication or registering of production of the machines is done in graphical form.

Quality control systems
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The monitoring of machines other than vehicles is done the purpose of quality control.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Quality surveillance of production

{Finished product quality control}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The final product (after production) is checked.

{during manufacturing process}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The product is monitored (checked) during its manufacture.

Registering or indicating the working of vehicles (for measuring distance travelled or combinations of speed and distance G01C; engine indicators G01L; devices for measuring speed or acceleration G01P)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Arrangements for preventing use of vehicles

Control systems of road vehicles

Details or accessories of vehicle registering devices

Electric testing or monitoring (analysis of data)

Engine indicators

Testing of engines/vehicles

G01M15/17

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Measuring distance travelled or combinations of speed and distance

Devices for measuring speed or acceleration

{Analysing tachograph charts (arrangements for graph-reading in general G06K 11/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Vehicle working data are registered on charts and analysed.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements for graph reading, in general

{Indicating the operating range of the engine (economical drivingB60R 16/0236,F02B 77/084; measuring liquid fuel of an engineG01F 9/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means for indicating the operating range of the vehicle (can be to the driver or remotely).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Economical driving control means

Measuring volume of a liquid (e.g.. fuel)

{Indicating maintenance}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

For indicating (to the driver or remotely) that maintenance has to be done.

Special rules of classification within this subgroup

Analysis of vehicle data as such, not classified in this subgroup (see G05B 23/00).

{communicating information to a remotely located station (transmission systems for measured values G08C) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for the transmission of vehicle monitored data to a remote device (computer, network or scan tool). It includes dedicated networks in a maintenance garage or the use of intermediate means for transmission of the information (like a USB stick).

References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Wireless transmission of toll road information

G07B15/00B6B

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Transmission systems for measured values

Secure communication

$Indication of vehicle position

Special rules of classification within this subgroup

The transmission of information dedicated to parking or toll roads systems is classified in G07B 15/00.

The aspect of protocol of communication should be classified in H04L 29/00.

Registering or indicating driving, working, idle, or waiting time only (apparatus forming part of taximeters G07B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for only registering/indicating driving, working, idle or waiting time of the vehicle.

References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Apparatus forming part of taximeters

Taximeters

using counting means or digital clocks
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangement for monitoring vehicles comprising counting means or digital clocks for counting.

in graphical form
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The registering or indication of working, driving, idle or waiting time are in graphical form.

Registering or indicating performance data other than driving, working, idle, or waiting time, with or without registering driving, working, idle or waiting time
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Additional information are registered or indicated, like engine performance, temperature.

{Diagnosing performance data (testing of vehicles G01M 17/00; testing of electrical installation on vehicles G01R 31/005) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangement devices for diagnosing vehicle performance data, either inside vehicle or remotely (e.g.. scan tools); Registering the performance data.

References relevant to classification in this subgroup
This subclass/group does not cover:

Testing of engines, vehicles

G01M15/17

Testing of vehicles

Testing of vehicle electrical installation

G01R31/00D

Electric testing or monitoring (analysis of data)

Control systems of road vehicles

Special rules of classification within this subgroup

The analysis (process for predicting faults) of the registered data should be classified in G05B 23/02.

{Indicating performance data, e.g. occurrence of a malfunction}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means for indicating (in vehicle or remotely) the vehicle performance (if there is a malfunction) or advising the driver (e.g.. to change gear).

References relevant to classification in this subgroup
This subclass/group does not cover:

Control of vehicles and sub-units

Indication of information inside vehicle, per se

Electric testing or monitoring (analysis of data)

{using optical means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The performance indication is optical (e.g.. display).

{using audio means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The performance indication is audio (e.g.. loudspeakers).

{ Registering performance data (recording measured values G01D; information storage G11B) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means for registering the vehicle performance data.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Recording measured values

Information storage

Special rules of classification within this subclass

The following subgroups take precedence (G07C 5/0841+).

{using electronic data carriers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Electronic storage means, like black-boxes.

Special rules of classification within this subclass

The storage of data from digital video cameras is also classified in this group.

{ wherein the data carrier is removable}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Data carrier can be for example, an IC-card or a USB stick

{ the electronic data carrier being a digital video recorder in combination with video camera}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Storage of video data on an electronic data carrier (digital).

For example, digital storage of video taken from the vehicle during an vehicle accident.

{using magnetic data carriers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The storage means are magnetic data carriers

{ wherein the data carrier is removable}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Data carrier can be for example, a floppy disk.

{ Video recorder in combination with video camera}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Storage of video data on a magnetic data recorder (like a tape).

Special rules of classification within this subgroup

The electronic storage of data from digital video cameras is classified in G07C 5/0866.

using counting means or digital clocks
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangement for registering vehicles operating data comprising counting means or digital clocks for counting.

in graphical form
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The arrangement for registering/indicating vehicles operating data are in graphical form.

Details or accessories common to the registering or indicating apparatus of groups G07C 3/00 and G07C 5/00
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The details or accessories of the registering or indicating device, like connectors, mechanical details of the tachographs, backup battery, mounting means or printing means.

Individual entry or exit registers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Controlling and registering access of persons to restricted areas or devices 

In the head group (G07C 9/00) "human being" counting means are classified, also with a subgroup if specific access control means are disclosed.

This complete group covers access control in general, involving user identification or authentication (verification of identity); subgroup G07C 9/00007 concerns the use of an access pass, subgroup G07C 9/00126 concerns access without a pass (e.g.. PIN) and subgroup G07C 9/00174 concerns the electronic lock and dedicated key.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Systems or arrangements for specific purposes are classified in the following groups:

  • Payment systems with user authentication, see G07F and/or G06Q 20/00
  • Mechanical locks and keys are classified in E05B
  • Security arrangements for protecting computers or computer systems against unauthorised activity, see G06F 21/00
  • Secret or secure communication, see H04L 9/00
  • Protocols of communication, see H04L 29/00
References relevant to classification in this subgroup
This subclass/group does not cover:

Electric permutation locks using mechanical keys

Apparatus actuated by coded identity cards or credit cards, to free or actuate vending, hiring or money-dispensing, covered by

Access to facilities or services by means of coins or tokens

Arrangements actuated by coded cards for dispensing or receiving money and posting such transactions to existing accounts, e.g. automatic teller machines

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Electric switching

Biometric sensors, recognising biometric patterns

Biometric identification used for diagnostic purposes

Access to data processing equipment

Arrangements for sensing or reading record carriers

{Access-control involving the use of a pass (for electromagnetical or electronical keys and locks, see E05B 49/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements where the user possess a data carrier for accessing (carrier can be a card, electronic key, mobile phone, USB stick or equivalent)

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Electromagnetical or electronical keys and locks

Special rules of classification within this group

For the record carrier itself, see G06K 19/00 and G06K 7/00.

Identification carriers per se, (like passports or ID cards) see B42D 25/00

{the pass having a variable code, e.g. varied by the controlling system (G07C 9/00103 takes precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The data carrier used by the person contains an access code, which changes every time used (e.g.. rolling codes or random codes).

References relevant to classification in this subgroup
This subclass/group does not cover:

Access-control involving the use of a pass with central registration and control, e.g. for swimming pools or hotel-rooms, generally in combination with a pass-dispensing system

Special rules of classification within this subgroup

The Indexing Code-codes (G07C 2009/00238 and (G07C 2009/0042) take precedence when

The data carrier activates/deactivates a lock

{the system having a variable access-code, e.g. varied as a function of time}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The code contained into the data carrier is changed based on time (function of time).

Special rules of classification within this subgroup

The Indexing Code-codes (G07C 2009/00238 and (G07C 2009/0042) take precedence when the data carrier activates/deactivates a lock

{in combination with an identity-check of the pass-holder (recognizing patterns, e.g. fingerprints or signatures G06K 9/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Any kind of identity verification of the pass-holder is carried out (PIN, signature, visual or electronically) without specifying any specific method.

References relevant to classification in this subgroup
This subclass/group does not cover:

Recognizing patterns, e.g. fingerprints or signatures 

{by means of a pass-word } (G07F 7/00 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The access needs the use of any kind of password (PIN, spoken password) for accessing.

References relevant to classification in this subgroup
This subclass/group does not cover:

Access-control involving the use of a pass in combination with an identity-check of the pass-holder by means of a pass-word in case of payment

{by means of the handwritten signature of the pass-holder}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Use of pass-holder's signature for identity verification.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Group G06K 9/00 takes precedence if the disclosure is based on the way the signature is verified

{ by means of personal physical data, e.g. characteristic facial curves, hand geometry, voice spectrum, fingerprints (measuring or recording devices for testing the shape, pattern, size or movement of the body or parts thereof per se A61B 5/103) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The use of biometric information of the pass-holder comprising (fingerprints, voice, ADN, face, hand, internal ear...)

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Group G06K 9/00 takes precedence if the disclosure is based on the way the

biometrics are analysed.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

speaker or speech identification per se

42T2B

Measuring or recording devices for testing the shape, pattern, size or movement of the body or parts thereof per se

{visually}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Visual check done by a third party (, security personnel, seller, policeman...).

{electronically}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Electronic check with a reference information.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

For cryptography involving biometric data, see H04L 9/00 and classification symbol H04L 9/00-biometric.

Arrangements for recognizing patterns, see G06K 9/00.

Special rules of classification within this subgroup

Indexing Codes under G07C are used for the following subjects:

Data carriers comprising sensor for capturing personal physical data

Data carrier with sensor

Data carrier with fingerprint sensor

Data carrier with DNA info

{with central registration and control, e.g. for swimming pools or hotel-rooms, generally in combination with a pass-dispensing system}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Access control system with data carrier having a central control or registration, e.g. over a network.

Special rules of classification within this subgroup

Centrally controlled electronically operated locks are classified in G07C 9/00571.

{the pass performing a presence indicating function, e.g. identification tag or transponder (identification by using radar means G01S 13/02, G01S 13/74; detecting presence by using magnetic or electric fields produced or modified by objects in general G01V 3/08, G01V 3/165; means for indicating the location of accidentally buried persons A63B 29/02) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

User with data carrier, e.g. RFID, are tracked inside a facility.

Identification means with home arrest means.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

For home arrest as such, consult also G08B 21/22.

References relevant to classification in this subgroup
This subclass/group does not cover:

Tracking of objects, for inventory purpose

Identification by using radar means

G01S13/02A, G01S 13/74

Means for indicating the location of accidentally buried persons

Detecting presence by using magnetic or electric fields produced or modified by objects in general

{the pass containing active electronic elements (active credit cards G07F 7/08; record carriers characterised by digital working G06K 19/06) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The pass can do several functions, like access and payment purpose.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Active credit cards

Record carriers used within a machine

{Access control not involving the use of a pass (permutation locks E05B 49/00; access to facilities or services by means of coins or tokens G07F 17/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangement for access control without the use of any data carrier by the requester. Use of access code or other means for checking the authorization

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

permutation locks 

access to facilities or services by means of coins or tokens 

{in combination with an identity-check}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Any kind of authorization verification of the person is carried out (PIN, signature, visual or electronically) without specifying any specific method.

{by means of a pass-word}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The access needs the use of any kind of password (PIN, spoken password) for accessing.

{by means of a personal physical data}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The use of biometric information of the pass-holder comprising (fingerprints, voice, ADN, face, hand, internal ear...)

Relationship between large subject matter areas

For cryptography involving biometric data, see H04L 9/00 and classification symbol H04L 9/00-biometric.

Arrangements for recognizing patterns, see G06K 9/00.

{with central registration and control}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Access control system, not using a data carrier and having a central control or registration (e.g.. over a network).

{Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys (mechanical locks with electric permutation E05B 49/00; arrangements for sensing or reading record carriers G06K 7/00, G06K 9/00; electronic switching H03K 17/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Locks electronically controlled (e.g.. for building access or vehicles).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Mechanical locks and keys with electric permutation

Vehicle fittings specially adapted for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles

Mechanical locks with electric permutation 

Electronic switching 

Arrangements for sensing or reading record carriers 

Special rules of classification within this subgroup

If a document mentions the use of access systems in a vehicle and other use

then a class in B60R20/00 and a class in G07C 9/00174 is given.

{ operated with unidirectional data transmission between data carrier and locks}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The data transmission is done from the data carrier to the lock.

{ operated with bidirectional data transmission between data carrier and locks}
Special rules of classification within this subgroup

Specific communication protocols like bluetooth or WIFI are considered as bidirectional data transmission.

{using personal physical data of the operator, e.g. finger prints, retinal images, voicepatterns}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The door knob or handle contains a biometric reader, for example.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Access control system using biometric data for authentication of the user

{ operated by interacting with a central unit}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

At least one electronic lock centrally controlled through a network; one of the locks can be the central controller; the electronic locks can exchange data with the other locks and/or with the central controller; the network can a LAN (or a WLAN) or any kind of network (telecom).

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

Access control systems (not the electronic locks per se) with central registration and control should be classified either in G07C 9/00103 or G07C 9/00166, depending if they involve the use of a pass or not.

{operated by passive electrical keys}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The key does not contain any active mean (processor...).

The key is not necessarily physical (e.g.. PIN).

Special rules of classification within this subclass

In this group (G07C 9/00658 /B/C/D/F/G) the equivalent Indexing Code-code take precedence.

{actuated repeatedly}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sequential pulses, for example.

{actuated in a predetermined sequence}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

For entering a code (PIN) for example.

{actuated in function of displayed informations}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Some instructions are displayed.

{with conductive components, e.g. pins, wires, metallic strips}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Electrical connectors for data transmission between key and lock.

{with magnetic components, e.g. magnets, magnetic strips, metallic inserts (mechanical locks operated by permanent magnets E05B 47/0038) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Mechanical locks operated by permanent magnets

{specially adapted for particular uses}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Lockers arrangements, specific systems for houses
  • Electronically operated locks of key cabinets (or key cupboards or key-boxes)
Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

Key safes (key cabinets, key cupboards or key-boxes) are classified in E05B 19/0005.

{for safes, strong-rooms, vaults or the like}
References relevant to classification in this subgroup
This subclass/group does not cover:

Banking systems with automatic teller machines (ATM)

{Details of construction or manufacture}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specific construction of the electronic key or lock.

Turnstiles with registering means (turnstiles per se E04H; coin-freed aspects G07F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for controlling the access using turnstiles or the like.

References relevant to classification in this subgroup
This subclass/group does not cover:

Arrangements for collecting fares based on distance and with turnstiles

Turnstiles per se

Coin-freed aspects

Arrangements, systems, or apparatus for checking, e.g. the occurrence of a condition, not provided for elsewhere (signalling or alarm arrangements G08B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Queuing systems in a shop, administration or attraction park (determination of waiting time in the queue);
  • Electronic guide tour in museums (mobile device providing audio or visual information to visitors).
References relevant to classification in this subgroup
This subclass/group does not cover:

Signaling or alarm arrangements

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

Electronically operated locks of key cabinets (or key cupboards or key-boxes) are classified in G07C 9/00896.

Key safes (key cabinets, key cupboards or key-boxes) are classified in E05B 19/0005.

Administration, reservation or management, see G06Q 10/00.

Voting apparatus
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

All kind of voting systems (electronic, local, remote, by post mail or through internet).

Relationship between large subject matter areas

For cryptographic aspects, see H04L 9/30 or H04L 9/32.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements for monitoring user's behaviour or opinion

Cryptographic aspects

{operating mechanically}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mechanical arrangements for voting.

Ballot boxes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

All kind of ballot boxes.

Generating random numbers; Lottery apparatus ( {games in general A63F;} digital computer arrangements for generating random or pseudo-random numbers G06F 7/58; generating electric pulses at random intervals H03K 3/84)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for generating random numbers and not covered by the subgroups.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Digital computer arrangements for generating random or pseudo-random numbers

Games in general, e.g. card, board or roulette games

Gaming machines involving electronic lottery games

Generating electric pulses at random intervals

{with balls or the like}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for random generators using balls or equivalent.

{hand-held}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Portable random generators using balls or equivalent.

{with dispensing of lottery tickets}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for dispensing tickets in a random way.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

in case of paper tickets:

Details for cutting-off or separating tickets

Holders for providing access to tickets

{electronically}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for electronically generating random numbers.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

The specific electronic circuits are classified in G06F 7/58

{electronic dies}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Electronic dices;

Means for reading the dices (like cameras or sensors).

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013