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LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF, BEING PORTABLE OR SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR TRANSPORTATION
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This subclass covers devices or systems designed or specially adapted to be carried, e.g. by hand, or otherwise transported from place to place, e.g. on wheeled supports, in order to provide illumination as and where required, examples: flashlight, pocket lamps,..

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Arrangement or adaptation of portable emergency signal devices on vehicles to be placed on roadways or vehicles
Devices or systems intended for fixed installation, e.g. vehicle lighting, or for use essentially at a permanent location
Non-electric lighting devices intended to be free-standing, e.g. table lamp, floor lamp
Lighting devices intended to be free standing, e.g. table lamp or floor lamp
Candle holders
Burners, combustion apparatus
F23
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Structural combinations of lighting devices with other articles, not otherwise provided for
Details of portable lighting devices
Special rules of classification within this subclass

Non-electric lighting devices are classified in groups F21L 17/00-F21L 26/00 only if a special adaptation related to the use of a non-electric light source is of interest.In this subclass, it is desirable to add the Indexing Codes of subclasses F21W and F21Y.

F21L 7/00, F21L 11/00 are not used for classification, the relevant remaining F21L is to be used instead

F21L 15/00-F21L 15/14 are not used for classification, the subclass F21V is to be used instead

Systems of lighting devices (systems employing both electric and non-electric light sources or exchangeable light sources F21L 27/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Set of plurality of identical portable lighting devices.

Ex.: US2006262525

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply, the lighting devices not being "portable"
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Systems employing both electric and non-electric light sources or exchangeable light sources
Electric lighting devices with self-contained electric batteries or cells
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Electrical portable lighting devices being self-powered

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Lighting devices with a built-in power supply not being "portable"
[N: the device being a pocket lamp (F21L 4/022, F21L 4/045, F21L 4/085 take precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Ex.: US1315457

Flat type self-contained or battery-operated portable electric light

Ex.: US2010315808

Torch

Ex.: US2010220465

squeeze-activated flashlight

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Pocket lamps characterised by the provision of two or more light sources
Pocket lamps characterised by the provision of a light source housing portion adjustably fixed to the remainder of the device
Pocket lamps characterised by means for in situ recharging of the batteries or cells
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following words "flashlight", "pocket lamp" and "torch" are often used as synonyms.

[N: the light sources being of different shape or type]
Special rules of classification within this group

In this subclass, it is desirable to add the Indexing Codes of subclasses F21Y 2113/02

[N: the light sources being a LED]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Pocket lamp, the light emitter of which being one or more LED

Ex.: US2005007777

Ex.: US2007133199

Special rules of classification within this group

In this subclass, it is desirable to add the Indexing Codes F21Y 2101/02

characterised by the provision of a light source housing portion adjustably fixed to the remainder of the device
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Portable lighting device having a head portion mechanically attached to the body part and adjustably attached to it.

Ex.: US2008225518

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Head portion attached to body part by means of flexible connecting sheath comprising electrical wires
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Head portion of a lighting device being adjustable
with the light source coupled to the remainder of the device solely by cable
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

For example, head portion attached to body part by means of flexible connecting sheath comprising electrical wires

Ex.: EP2078894

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Portable lighting device with a light source housing portion adjustably fixed to the remainder of the device
characterised by means for in situ recharging of the batteries or cells
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Portable lighting device provided with connectors to connect the device to external power supply in order to recharge the batteries, e.g. with built-in accumulators

Portable lighting device provided with accumulators (not shaped like conventional batteries) that can be dismounted in order to be recharged on an external recharging base

Portable lighting devices with solar cells integrated to the body of the lamp

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
[N: IPC6] Torches or pocket-lamps with built-in batteries (F21L 4/00 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Card-shaped pocket lamps

Disposable portable lighting devices

Pocket lamps for 3LR12 batteries.

Special rules of classification within this group

F21L 7/00 is not used for classification, the relevant remaining F21L is to be used instead

Portable lighting devices with built-in batteries or accumulators, e.g. miners' hand-lamps
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illuminated wand

Safety illuminated belt

Lantern.

Special rules of classification within this group

F21L 11/00 is not used for classification, the relevant remaining F21L is to be used instead

Electric lighting devices with built-in electric generators (with solar cells F21L 4/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Electric lighting devices with solar cells
with mechanical drive, e.g. spring
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Ex.: GB2408317

Flashlight having manual charging device

by reciprocating pusher actuated by hand
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Ex.: EP1450478

Electric power device for portable device with a piezo-converter

Ex.: WO0247056

Portable signal light with a self-generator

Electric lighting devices without a self-contained power source, e.g. for mains connection
capable of hand-held use, e.g. inspection lamps
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Ex.: US2010061111

Ex.: US2002097583

[N: having two or more, or different light sources]
Special rules of classification within this group

In this subclass, it is desirable to add the appropriate Indexing Codes of subclasses F21Y 2113/00

having a linear light source
Special rules of classification within this group

In this subclass, it is desirable to add the appropriate Indexing Codes of subclasses F21Y 2103/00

carried on wheeled supports
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Ex.: US2009225536

Ex.: WO2006047836

Ex.: US5418701

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Projector or searchlight on land vehicles
[N: IPC6] Details of kinds solely applicable to the devices covered by groups F21L 2/00 to F21L 14/00
concerned with light emission or distribution
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Refractors for light sources applied to portable lighting devices
Reflectors for light sources for portable lighting devices
Combination of reflectors and refractors for portable lighting devices
Changing the characteristics or the distribution of the light emitted by adjustment of light sources in portable lighting devices
Changing the characteristics or the distribution of the light emitted by adjustment of light sources in portable lighting devices
Changing the characteristics or the distribution of the light emitted by adjustment of reflectors in portable lighting devices
Changing the characteristics or the distribution of the light emitted by adjustment of refractors in portable lighting devices
Special rules of classification within this group

F21L 15/02 is not used for classification, the subclass F21V is used instead

[N: IPC6] Arrangements of coloured filters or screens
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Light filters; selection of luminescent materials for light screens for producing coloured light for portable lighting devices
Changing the characteristics or the distribution of the light emitted by adjustment of screens in portable lighting devices
Special rules of classification within this group

F21L 15/04 is not used for classification, the subclass F21V is used instead

[N: IPC6] concerned with the fitting
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements of switches in or on portable lighting devices
Battery containers for portable lighting devices
Special rules of classification within this group

F21L 15/06 is not used for classification, the subclass F21V is used instead

[N: IPC6] Supporting and suspending elements
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Supporting, suspending, or attaching arrangements lighting devices; hand grips
Special rules of classification within this group

F21L 15/08 is not used for classification, the subclass F21V is used instead

[N: IPC6] without arrangements for adjustment
Special rules of classification within this group

F21L 15/10 is not used for classification, the subclass F21V is used instead

[N: IPC6] Clips; Clamps; Head fittings (for medical purposes A61B 1/06 )
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Head fittings for medical purposes
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Supporting, suspending, or attaching arrangements for portable lighting devices: Clips, clamps
Supporting, suspending, or attaching arrangements for portable lighting devices: Head fittings
Special rules of classification within this group

F21L 15/14 is not used for classification, the subclass F21V is used instead

Lanterns, e.g. hurricane lamps or candle lamps (candle holders F21V 35/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Candle holders
Fastening or lifting of the lamp glass (fastening of component parts of lighting devices F21V 17/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Fastening of component parts of the lighting devices
Special adaptation for protection against draughts (in lighting devices employing combustion other than lanterns F21V 37/02)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
In lighting devices employing combustion other than lanterns
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Last Modified: 10/11/2013