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BELTS, CABLES, OR ROPES, PREDOMINANTLY USED FOR DRIVING PURPOSES; CHAINS; FITTINGS PREDOMINANTLY USED THEREFOR
Definition statement
This subclass covers:

Belts, e.g. V-belts, cables, ropes or chains that are specially adapted for transferring power/force from an input point to an output point to move or drive at least one mechanical part.

The belts, cables, ropes or chains being either

formed into a loop that is intended to travel around an endless path and engage two or more pulleys, sprockets or similar rotating elements and transfer power/force while travelling along its path; or

an elongated element that is intended to travel backward or forward along a path to transfer power/force between one point along its length to another point along its length, e.g. from a drum to a load.

Chains, e.g. hauling- or hoisting-chains, that are not specially adapted for transferring power/force.

Fittings and attachments primarily intended to be connected to or used with the above types of belts, cables, ropes or chains. These include:

means for fastening ends of belts together to form closed loops, e.g. fastenings for conveyor belts or V-belts;

means for fastening cables or ropes to one another or to other objects;

caps or sleeves for fixing on cables or ropes;

means for coupling chains;

components of chains, e.g. shackles, swivels, chain joints, chain links or chain bushes;

hooks as integral parts of chains.

Driving-belts (V-belts F16G 5/00; conveyer belt B65G)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Belts adapted for transferring power/force from an input point to an output point to move or drive at least one mechanical part.

Belts being either formed into a loop that is intended to travel around an endless path and engage two or more pulleys, sprockets or similar rotating elements and transfer power/force while travelling along its path; or an elongated element that is intended to travel backward or forward along a path to transfer power/force between one point along its length to another point along its length, e.g. from a drum to a load.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Producing belts of plastics

Endless conveyor belts

Making driving belts of leather

Testing of belts

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Woven fabrics designed to make specified articles

Gearings using endless flexible members

Belts specially adapted for gearings with variable ratio by using endless flexible members

Preventing or carrying off electrostatic charges

made of fibrous material, e.g. textiles, whether rubber-convered or not (F16G 1/28 takes precedence; making thereof D03D{consisting of several parts F16G 1/22})
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US5429555):

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made of rubber (F16G 1/28 takes precedence; making thereof B29D 29/00{ consisting of several parts F16G 1/22})
Glossary of terms
In this subgroup, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Rubber

polymer containing dienes (see main groups C08L 7/00- C08L 21/00 and depending lower groups), e.g. HNBR, CR, acrylonitrile butadiene rubber ("NBR"), styrene-butadiene rubber ("SBR"), alkylated chlorosulfonated polyethylene ("ACSM"), epichlorohydrin, butadiene rubber ("BR"), natural rubber ("NR"), ethylene alpha olefin elastomers, ethylene propylene terpolymer or ethylene propylene diene terpolymer ("EPDM"), ethylene propylene copolymer ("EPM")

with reinforcement bonded by the rubber
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (WO2010047029):

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with textile reinforcement
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

For external use see layer 19 and 20 in WO2011003090:

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or internally see inserts 20 of US3911755:

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with metal reinforcement
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (GB2026940: metal reinforced belt):

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made of plastics (F16G 1/28 takes precedence; making thereof B29D 29/00{consisting of several parts F16G 1/22})
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (WO2007054065: made of thermoplastic):

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Example of common plastics are:

Polyester (PES),Polyethylene terephthalate (PET),Polyethylene (PE),High-density polyethylene (HDPE), Polyvinyl chloride (PVC),Polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC),Low-density polyethylene (LDPE),Polypropylene (PP), Polystyrene (PS),High impact polystyrene (HIPS),Polyamides (PA) (Nylons), Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), Polycarbonate (PC), Polycarbonate/Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (PC/ABS), Polyurethanes (PU).

made of wire (making thereof B21F 43/00{consisting of several parts F16G 1/22})
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (GB551595):

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made of a single metal strip (making thereof B21D 53/14)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (EP0428280):

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making of metallic belts or rings

Manufacturing of metal belts

built-un from superimposed layers, e.g. zig-zag folded
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US2004219850):

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consisting of several parts
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (EP2116487):

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with a contact surface of special shape, e.g. toothed
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US2010120566):

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Belt fastenings, e.g. for conveyer belts (for V-belts F16G 7/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Fittings and attachments primarily intended to be connected to or used with the above types of belts. These include: means for fastening ends of belts together to form closed loops, e.g. fastenings for conveyor belts

{Apparatus or tools for joining belts (stapler B25C 5/00)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Apparatus to insert rivet. Illustrative example (WO2009106013):

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Apparatus to insert staples. Illustrative example (EP2101080):

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Same subject-matter as F16G 3/16

{Traction devices to bring together belts, cables or chains}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group.

GB191127337

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US3999738

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with series of eyes or the like, interposed and linked by a pin to form a hinge (F16G 3/09 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (EP1967758):

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in which the ends of separate U-shaped or like eyes are attached to the belt by parts penetrating into it
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US5048675):

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with outwardly-bent, mutually-connected belt ends
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US2008200295):

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consisting of plates and screw-bolts or rivets (F16G 3/06 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (FR2803836):

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Joining belts by sewing, sticking, vulcanishing, or the like; Constructional adaptations of the belt ends for this purpose
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Sewing. Illustrative example (WO2005095248):

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Gluing. Illustrative example (DE102008019540):

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Vulcanising/interlocking Illustrative example (US2002157786):

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Joining of plastics

Vulcanizing processes and devices

B29H5/00

Joining belts by lacing
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (DE4010795):

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with extensible parts; with resilient parts
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US2010025200):

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Devices or machines for connecting driving-belts or the like
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Apparatus to insert rivet. Illustrative example (WO2009106013):

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Apparatus to insert staples. Illustrative example (EP2101080):

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Same subject-matter as F16G 3/003

V-belts, i.e. belts of tapered cross-section
Definition statement
This group covers:

V-Belts adapted for transferring power/force from an input point to an output point to move or drive at least one mechanical part.

V-Belts being either formed into a loop that is intended to travel around an endless path and engage two or more pulleys, sprockets or similar rotating elements and transfer power/force while travelling along its path; or an elongated element that is intended to travel backward or forward along a path to transfer power/force between one point along its length to another point along its length, e.g. from a drum to a load.

Example (US 4534750):

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References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Testing of belts

made of rubber (F16G 5/02 takes precedence{consisting of several parts F16G 5/16})
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (EP1894693):

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Glossary of terms
In this subgroup, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Elastomer or Rubber

polymer containing dienes (see main groups C08L 7/00- C08L 21/00 and depending lower groups), e.g. HNBR, CR, acrylonitrile butadiene rubber ("NBR"), styrene-butadiene rubber ("SBR"), alkylated chlorosulfonated polyethylene ("ACSM"), epichlorohydrin, butadiene rubber ("BR"), natural rubber ("NR"), ethylene alpha olefin elastomers, ethylene propylene terpolymer or ethylene propylene diene terpolymer ("EPDM"), ethylene propylene copolymer ("EPM").

with reinforcement bonded by the rubber
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

reinforcement both internally and externally. Illustrative example (see respectively 26 and 24 in EP1739124):

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made of plastics (F16G 5/20 takes precedence{consisting of several parts F16G 5/16})
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Example of common plastics are:

Polyester (PES),Polyethylene terephthalate (PET),Polyethylene (PE),High-density polyethylene (HDPE), Polyvinyl chloride (PVC),Polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC),Low-density polyethylene (LDPE),Polypropylene (PP), Polystyrene (PS),High impact polystyrene (HIPS),Polyamides (PA) (Nylons), Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), Polycarbonate (PC), Polycarbonate/Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (PC/ABS), Polyurethanes (PU).

consisting of several parts
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US2010144474):

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and WO2010061564:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shapping by press cutting

Making of metallic belts or rings

Manufacturing of metal belts

Heat treatments for chains or chain links

in the form of links
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (EP1748221):

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Although this belt looks like a chain, it is considered and classified as being a V-Belt because of the interaction of the chain with the pulley. The engagement of the pins with the pulley is made on the extrimity of the pins and is similar with the side contact engagement that a V-Belt has with a pulley.

with a contact surface of special shape, e.g. toothed
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (multiribbed: WO2010047051):

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built-up from superimposed layers
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (JP61171939):

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V-belt fastenings
Definition statement
This group covers:

Fittings and attachments primarily intended to be connected to or used with the above types of V-belts. These include: means for fastening ends of belts together to form closed loops, e.g. fastenings for V-belts

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Producing belts of plastics

locked, e.g. riveted
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US4376668):

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Quickly detachable
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US4861322):

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adjustable, e.g. for tension
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US4781666):

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Ropes or cables specially adapted for driving, or for being driven by, pulleys or other gearing elements (ropes or cables in general D07B)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Ropes or cables adapted for transferring power/force from an input point to an output point to move or drive at least one mechanical part.

Ropes or cables being either formed into a loop that is intended to travel around an endless path and engage two or more pulleys, sprockets or similar rotating elements and transfer power/force while travelling along its path; or an elongated element that is intended to travel backward or forward along a path to transfer power/force between one point along its length to another point along its length, e.g. from a drum to a load.

Example (WO2010094326):

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements of ropes or cables for elevators

Slings comprising chains, wires, ropes, bands

Ropes or cables in general

Transmissions with cables, ropes

Means for fastening cables or ropes to one another or to other objects; Caps or sleeves for fixing on cables or ropes (attaching ropes or cables to lift cars or cages B66B 7/08, to winch drums or barrels B66D 1/34; ground anchors E02D 5/00; anchoring devices for prestressed members E04C 5/00; rope clamps in earth drilling E21B 19/12)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Fittings and attachments primarily intended to be connected to or used with cables or ropes.

Different sorts of assembly not covered by the subgroups.

Example (EP2297419):

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Magnets (US2011108217):

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Thimble (WO2009059445):

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Safety window cleaning

Safety belts or harnesses in general

Rope safety clamp devices

Safety mountainering

Straining wire in general

Securing of loads

Fastening equipment for ropes on ships

Adaptations of ropes or the like on ships

Arrangements for ropes or cables for connection to elevator cars or cages

Attachment of ropes or cables to drums or barrels of winding mechanisms

Harness for animal

Making nets

Ropes or cables in general

Cable clamps for suspension bridge cables

Ground anchors

Anchoring devices for prestressed members

Safety in buildings

Rope clamps in earth drilling

with parts deformable to grip the cable or cables; Fastening means which engage a sleeve or the like fixed on the cable
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US4939831):

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Crimping of sleeves (GB1254277):

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incorporating resiliently-mounted members for attachment of the cable end
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (DE102009015290):

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with wedging action, e.g. friction clamps (F16G 11/02, {F16G 11/10} take precedence; { eyes for grommet-thimble type fastenings F16G 11/146})
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group (EP2297471):

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and (FR2951795):

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by using conical plugs insertable between the strands
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (GB2313852):

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with laterally-arranged screws (F16G 11/02, F16G 11/04 take precedence)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US7624479):

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Fastenings for securing ends of driving-cables to one another, the fastenings having approximately the same diameter as the cables
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US4678360):

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incorporating hinge joints or pivots for the attachment of the cable ends
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (GB191007934):

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Quick-acting fastenings; Clamps holding in one direction only
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group (WO2009112806):

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(US2009064473):

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(WO2006105866):

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Holding devices for laces

Clamps for straps like e.g. for safety belts

Safety window cleaning

Rope safety clamp devices

Safety mountainering

Rope cleat

Safety in buildings

Connections or attachments, e.g. turnbuckles, adapted for straining of cables, ropes, or wire (straining wire in general B21F 9/00)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group (US2010275417):

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and (US7451962):

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Clamps for straps like e.g. for safety belts

Fastening/connecting/tensioning

Securing of loads

Tighteners

Bundling using buckles

Special rules of classification within this group

This group applies only for cables ropes or wires and not for belts

Devices or coupling-pieces designed for easy formation of adjustable loops, e.g. choker hooks; Hooks or eyes with integral parts designed to facilitate quick attachment to cables or ropes at any point, e.g. by forming loops (crane hooks B66C 1/34; hooks or eyes in general F16B 45/00)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group (EP2101080):

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and (US5950284):

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Safety belts or harnesses in general

Safety mountainering

Fastening of Ropes

Chokers

Chains (making thereof B21L)
References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Methods or apparatus for making or permanently assembling chains or chain elements

Gearings using endless flexible members

Chains specially adapted for gearings with variable ratio by using endless flexible members

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making of chains by mechanical metal-working without essentially removing material or by punching metal

Making of chains by casting

Making of chains by shaping or joining of plastics or by shaping of substances in a plastic state, in general

B29C, B29L31/12

Traction chains for conveyors

Heat treatments for chains or chain links

Driving-chains (specially adapted to gearings with variable gear-ratio F16H 9/00)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (EP2258653):

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Toothed chains
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (WO2010030669):

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with links connected by parallel driving-pins with or without rollers {so called open links(if the parallel coupling pins have only a joining function - so called closed links - F16G 13/02)}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (DE102008062935):

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the links being of identical shape, e.g. cranked
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US 4553791):

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with links closely interposed on the joint pins (F16G 13/04 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US2010069188):

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with universal joints
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group (EP1235000):

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and (WO03091599):

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Hauling- or hoisting-chains {so called ornamental chains}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative examples of subject matter classified in this group (WO2007009517):

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with arrangements for holding electric cables, hoses, or the like
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US2008120958):

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Protective arrangements for electric wires in vehicles

Means for guiding or supporting belts

Arrangements of electric cables using an extensible carrier

Protective tubings or conduits for electric cables made of articulated units

Chains having special overall characteristics
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Push pull chains. Illustrative examples (US2010223901):

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and (EP2146033):

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and other special characteristics of chains.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Conveyer with chains or like traction elements

Thrust chain devices

Jacks for lifting loads

Push pull chains for wings

Chain couplings, Shackles; Chain joints; Chain links; Chain bushes (making chain elements B21L)
Definition statement
This group covers:

means for coupling chains; components of chains, e.g. shackles, swivels, chain joints, chain links or chain bushes;

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Fastening equipment for chains on ships

Adaptations of chains or the like on ships

for fastening more or less permanently
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (DE10119307):

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Quickly-detachable chain couplings; Shackles {chain links with rapid junction means are classified according to the corresponding kind of chain}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US2011028255):

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Snaphook

Hooks for sailing purpose

Hooks

Hooks with pivoting closing member

Hooks with sliding closing member

Shackles designed for attachment by joint pins to chain elements, e.g. D-shackles {so called harp links; the D-chain links are classified according to the corresponding kind of chain}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US2004075287):

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Swivels
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US2009208274):

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Swivels for fishing purpose

Chain links
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group (US7032372):

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Hooks as integral parts of chains (hooks for cranes B66C 1/34; hooks in general F16B 45/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Hooks as integral parts of chains. Illustrative example (FR2855580):

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References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Hooks for cranes

Hooks or eyes in general

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013