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DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for moving wings, such as doors or windows, into open or closed position; checks for wings, such as doors or windows; wing fittings not otherwise provided for, concerned with the functioning of the wing.

Gravity-, spring-, or power-operated devices to provide a force input for opening or closing wings, such as door openers and door closers, self-closing hinges and hinges with wing-counterbalancing function.

Also covered are operating mechanisms for wings constructed to convert the force input from a user, motor, opener or closer into movement of a wing, such as cable-, cord-, chain-, or belt-drives, lifting arms, rack and pinion drives or screw and nut arrangements.

The subclass furthermore covers braking devices, stops and buffers for wings as well as controlling means, such as remote wireless controls means, and safety devices such as obstruction detection devices.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Hinges and other suspension devices for wings in E05D

Locks for doors and windows in E05B and E05C

Construction of doors, windows, gates and frames in buildings in E06B

Construction of doors, windows, and other moveable wings in vehicles in B60J

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Counterbalancing means for sliding or lifting wings
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Springs per se
Electric motors per se
Operating or controlling devices for fire-barriers
Operating mechanisms for safeguarding bank teller windows
Operating mechanisms for interconnected lamellae
Operating mechanisms for blinds or roll-type closures
Special rules of classification within this subclass

Closers, openers, braking devices, stops and buffers for wings: E05F 1/00, E05F 3/00 and E05F 5/00.

Accessories for wings: E05F 7/00.

Operating mechanisms for wings: E05F 9/00, E05F 11/00, E05F 13/00, E05F 15/00 and E05F 17/00.

Controlling means, such as remote wireless controls means, and safety devices such as obstruction detection devices: E05F 15/00.

A number of main groups in this sub-class contain a large number of older documents that were classified administratively. These documents have not yet been reclassified to the sub-groups and are indexed with E05Y 2800/00. This index should not be used for classification.

E05F 2700/00 is an old indexing scheme. It can be used for search but should not be used for classification.

Under E05Y 2900/00 and lower an indexing scheme exists for information on the application or use of the devices. The indexing scheme is shared with the sub-class E05D.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Braking device
Devices constructed to slow down the movement of wings
Closer
Gravity-, spring-, or power-operated device constructed to provide a closing force to wings over a substantial part of their movement; includes devices for assisting users in wing-movement or for wing-counterbalancing; a closer can take the shape of a self-closing hinge
Opener
Gravity-, spring-, or power-operated device constructed to provide an opening force to wings over a substantial part of their movement; includes devices for assisting users in wing-movement or for wing-counterbalancing
Operating mechanism for wings
Mechanism constructed to convert force inputs from a user, motor, opener or closer into movement of wings
Self-closing hinge
Gravity- or spring-operated hinge constructed to provide a closing force to wings over a substantial part of their movement; includes devices for wing-counterbalancing
Wing
Pivotable, slideable, or otherwise moveable part of doors, windows, flaps, covers etc. in building construction and outfitting, fences, domestic appliances, vehicles and furniture; the term also includes other movable structures such as drawers, lids of chests, car boots, or car bonnets
Closers or openers for wings, not otherwise provided for in this subclass
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Gravity-, or spring-operated closers or openers for wings including those in the shape of hinges, i.e. self-closing hinges.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Power-operated door closers or openers in E05F 15/00.

[N: controlled by automatically acting means (for powered-operated mechanisms E05F 15/20 )]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Automatically acting control means for powered-operated mechanisms
[N: by thermostats, rain, wind or noise (E05F 1/006 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Automatically acting control means triggered by emergency conditions such as fire
[N: by emergency conditions, e.g. fire (operating or controlling mechanisms for physical fire-barriers A62C 2/24 )]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Operating or controlling mechanisms for physical fire-barriers
[N: with cams, helical tracks (E05F 1/061 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Gravity-actuated self-closing hinges with cams and helical tracks
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Self-closing hinge
Gravity-operated hinge constructed to provide a closing force to wings over a substantial part of their movement; includes devices for wing-counterbalancing
[N: with complementary, substantially identical and slidingly cooperating cam surfaces (E05F 1/066 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Gravity-actuated self-closing hinges with helical grooves, slots, threads or the like
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Self-closing hinge
Gravity-operated hinge constructed to provide a closing force to wings over a substantial part of their movement; includes devices for wing-counterbalancing
spring-actuated, [N: e.g. for horizontally sliding wings (counterbalancing sliding or lifting wings E05D; springs per se F16F, e.g. gas-springs F16F 9/00 )]
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Springs per se in F16F.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Spring-actuated counterbalancing of sliding or lifting wings
for swinging wings, [N: e.g. counterbalance (spring-assisted actuation of lids or covers of refuse receptacles B65F 1/1623 )]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Spring-assisted actuation of lids or covers of refuse receptacles
[N: with a coil spring parallel with the pivot axis (E05F 1/1207 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Spring-actuated self-closing hinges with a coil spring parallel with the pivot axis
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Self-closing hinge
Spring-operated hinge constructed to provide a closing force to wings over a substantial part of their movement; includes devices for wing-counterbalancing
[N: with a torsion bar (E05F 1/123 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Spring-actuated self-closing hinges with a torsion bar
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Self-closing hinge
Spring-operated hinge constructed to provide a closing force to wings over a substantial part of their movement; includes devices for wing-counterbalancing
[N: with a coil spring perpendicular to the pivot axis (E05F 1/1246 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Spring-actuated self-closing hinges with a coil spring perpendicular to the pivot axis
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Self-closing hinge
Spring-operated hinge constructed to provide a closing force to wings over a substantial part of their movement; includes devices for wing-counterbalancing
[N: with a leaf or similar spring (E05F 1/1284 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Spring-actuated self-closing hinges with a leaf or similar spring
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Self-closing hinge
Spring-operated hinge constructed to provide a closing force to wings over a substantial part of their movement; includes devices for wing-counterbalancing
[N: with a gas spring (E05F 1/1292 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Spring-actuated self-closing hinges with a gas spring
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Self-closing hinge
Spring-operated hinge constructed to provide a closing force to wings over a substantial part of their movement; includes devices for wing-counterbalancing
Mechanisms in the shape of hinges or pivots, operated by springs [N: for hinges with two or more pins E05D 3/06]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hinges with springs applying a holding force, e.g. a hold-closed force to hold the hinge and respective wing in an immobile closed position
Special rules of classification within this group

If the hinges comprises two or more pins, E05D 3/06 applies in addition to E05F 1/12.

Furthermore, it is noted that the group E05F 1/12 contains a number of older documents that were classified administratively. These documents have not yet been reclassified to the sub-groups of E05F 1/12 and are indexed with E05Y 2800/00. The presence of these documents should not be construed as an indicator to classify similar documents in E05F 1/12. Rather, the sub-groups always take precedence.

Closers or openers with braking devices, e.g. checks; Construction of pneumatic or liquid braking devices (construction of non-pneumatic or non-liquid braking devices E05F 5/00; friction devices in hinges E05D 11/08)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Closers and openers, including self-closing hinges, with integrated braking devices such as rotary or piston fluid brakes, friction brakes or counteracting springs.

Also covered are the construction of braking devices for such closers and openers.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Construction of braking devices for wings in E05F 5/00 and lower.

Stops and buffers for wings in E05F 5/00 and lower.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Friction devices in hinges to hold relatively-moveable hinge parts and consequently wings in a user-chosen position
with pneumatic piston brakes (rotary type E05F 3/14)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Pneumatic piston brakes of rotary type
with liquid piston brakes (rotary type E05F 3/14)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Liquid piston brakes of rotary type
Special devices controlling the circulation of the liquid, e.g. valve arrangement ([N: E05F 3/223 takes precedence]; valves per se F16K
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Valves per se in F16K

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Hydraulic power-locks in closers
with friction brakes
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Friction devices in hinges to hold relatively-moveable hinge parts and consequently wings in a user-chosen position
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Brake
device constructed to slow down the movement of a wing
with counteracting springs (double-acting springs E05F 1/14)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Double-acting springs, e.g. for closing and opening or checking and closing
Braking devices, e.g. checks; Stops; Buffers; Dovetails with buffering action; (construction of pneumatic or liquid braking devices E05F 3/00; combined with devices for holding wings open E05C 17/00; devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing E05C 17/04)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Construction of braking devices, stops and buffers for wings.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Construction of braking devices integrated in openers and closers, including self-closing hinges, in E05F 3/00.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Braking devices combined with devices for holding the wing
Devices for limiting opening of wings
Miscellaneous accessories for wings (specially adapted for furniture A47B 95/00; door-lifters B66F, E04F 21/00; knobs or handles E05B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Accessories or devices providing additional control to the wing, e.g. devices for alignment of the wing, rattling control, or devices to take the wing's weight arranged away from a hinge axis.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Accessories for sliding or lifting wings in E05D 13/00

Accessories for hinges in E05D 11/00

Door lifters in B66F

Knobs and handles in E05B

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Counterbalance devices for sliding or lifting wings
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Accessories for wings, adapted for furniture
Door lifters
Knobs or handles
for raising wings before being turned [N: before sliding E05D 15/565 ]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Accessories for raising wings before sliding
Arrangements affording protection against rattling (with buffering action E05F 5/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements with buffering action
Special means for transmitting movements between vertical and horizontal sliding bars, rods, or cables [N: (E05D 15/5208 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Means for transmitting movements between vertical and horizontal sliding bars, rods, or cables in wings opening about a vertical as well as a horizontal axis
Means for transmitting movements between vertical and horizontal sliding bars, rods, or cables, for the fastening of wings
Means for operating wings by hand rods not guided in or on the frame, including those which also operate the fastening (bolts or fastening devices for wings E05C)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Hand-held rods constructed to operate wing bolts or fastenings and to operate by hand the wings per se.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Bolts or fastening devices for wings in E05C

Gravity-, or spring-operated closers or openers for wings in E05F 1/00

Power-operated door closers or openers in E05F 15/00

Man-operated mechanisms for operating wings, including those which also operate the fastening (connecting mechanisms for a plurality of wings E05F 17/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Operating mechanisms in wings, casings or frames constructed to convert the manual force input from a user into movement of a wing, such as belt-, cable-, cord-, or chain-drives, lifting arms, rack and pinion drives or screw and nut arrangements.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Operating mechanisms for wings constructed to convert the force input from a motor into movement of a wing in E05F 15/10

Operating mechanisms for wings constructed to convert the force input from the weight of a person or vehicle into movement of a wing in E05F 13/00

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Connecting mechanisms for a plurality of wings
Special rules of classification within this group

It is noted that the main group E05F 11/00 contains a large number of older documents that were classified administratively. These documents have not yet been reclassified to the sub-groups of E05F 11/00 and are indexed with E05Y 2800/00. The presence of these documents should not be construed as an indicator to classify similar documents in E05F 11/00. Rather, the sub-groups always take precedence.

for wings in general, e.g. fanlights (E05F 11/36 takes precedence; for windows to be lowered vertically E05F 11/38; for doors E05F 11/54)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Mechanisms specially designed for passing through a wall
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Mechanisms for sliding windows, e.g. vehicle windows, to be opened or closed by vertical movement
Mechanisms for doors
with rotary bars guided in the frame (E05F 11/34 takes precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Screw and nut mechanisms
for sliding windows, e.g. vehicle windows, to be opened or closed by vertical movement
Special rules of classification within this group

E05F 15/1669 applies in addition to E05F 11/38 if the operating/transmission mechanism of the vertically sliding window is powered by an electric motor.

for vehicle windows (E05F 11/40 to E05F 11/52 take precedence)
Special rules of classification within this group

E05F 11/40 to E05F 11/52 take precedence.

Mechanisms operated by the movement or weight of a person or vehicle (through power-operated wing-operating mechanisms E05F 15/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Operating mechanisms for wings constructed to convert the force input from the weight of a person or vehicle into movement of a wing.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Operating mechanisms constructed to convert the manual force input from a user into movement of a wing in E05F 11/00

Operating mechanisms for wings constructed to convert the force input from a motor into movement of a wing in E05F 15/10

Power-operated mechanisms for wings [N: (for hatch covers B63B 19/14; for elevator doors B66B 13/00; motor-operated devices for completing closing or initiating opening of a wing E05B 17/0029; limit switches H01H 3/16 )]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Operating mechanisms for wings constructed to convert the force input from a motor into movement of a wing.

The group furthermore covers safety devices for power-operated wings, such as obstruction detection means, and controlling means, such as remote wireless controls means.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Power-operated mechanisms for hatch covers in ships
Power-operated mechanisms for elevator doors
Power-operated mechanisms for completing closing or initiating opening of a wing
Limit switches
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the expression/word "power-operated" is often used with the meaning " motor-operated ".

[N: Safety devices, e.g. safety couplings, detection of obstructions or end position (E05F 15/20 takes precedence); anti-dropping devices E05D 13/003; by current overload H02H 7/0851 ]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Automatically-acting means, e.g. by photocells, by electric waves, by thermostats, by rain, by fire
Anti-dropping devices
Detection of obstructions by current overload
[N: specially adapted for vehicle windows or roofs (E05F 15/0013 to E05F 15/0095 take precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Safety devices for power-operated mechanisms for wings adapted for mass transit vehicles
Safety devices for power-operated mechanisms for wings using detection by means of monitoring transmitted force or torque
Safety devices for power-operated mechanisms for wings using detection by means of safety edges
Safety devices for pressure medium-operated mechanisms for wings
[N: specially adapted for mass transit vehicles (E05F 15/0017 to E05F 15/0095 take precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Safety devices for power-operated mechanisms for wings using detection by means of monitoring transmitted force or torque
Safety devices for power-operated mechanisms for wings using detection by means of safety edges
Safety devices for pressure medium-operated mechanisms for wings
[N: Detection by means of monitoring transmitted force or torque (E05F 15/0082, E05F 15/0095 take precedence); Safety, e.g. slip, couplings]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Detection by means of monitoring transmitted force or torque by transmission of mechanical forces, e.g. using rigid, movable members
Detection by means of monitoring transmitted force or torque in pressure medium-operated mechanisms for wings
[N: specially adapted for pressure medium-operated mechanisms for wings, e.g. detection by means of monitoring transmitted fluid pressure ( E05F 15/0078 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Safety edges for power-operated mechanisms for wings using detection by means of monitoring fluid pressure
with rotary electromotors [N: (detection of end position by striking, safety couplings E05F 15/0017 )]
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Detection of end position by striking, safety couplings
[N: operated by push-pull mechanisms, e.g. friction wheels, flexible or rigid rack-and-pinion arrangements (E05F 15/141, E05F 15/147, E05F 15/148 take precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Horizontally-sliding wings for railway-cars
Horizontally-sliding wings operated by swinging arms
Horizontally-sliding wings operated by screw mechanisms
[N: operated by flexible elongated pulling elements, e.g. belts, chains (E05F 15/141 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Horizontally-sliding wings for railway-cars
[N: operated by swinging arms (E05F 15/141 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Horizontally-sliding wings for railway-cars
[N: operated by screw mechanisms (E05F 15/141 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Horizontally-sliding wings for railway-cars
[N: operated by flexible elongated pulling elements, e.g. belts (E05F 15/1615 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Flexible rack-and-pinion arrangements
[N: by thermostats, rain, wind or noise (E05F 15/2015 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Automatically-acting means responding to emergency conditions, e.g. fire, storm
by emergency conditions, e.g. fire (operating or controlling mechanisms for physical fire-barriers A62C 2/24; locks actuating in response to heat E05B 65/104 )] [
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Operating or controlling mechanisms for physical fire-barriers
Locks actuating in response to heat
[N: reacting to a device carried by a person or object, e.g. a magnet or reflector (E05F 15/2076 takes precedence)]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Remote wireless control devices
Special devices for shifting a plurality of wings operated simultaneously (for simultaneously moving a plurality of interconnected ventilating lamellae E06B 7/086)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Operating mechanisms for wings constructed to convert the force input from a user, motor, opener or closer into simultaneous movement of several wings.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Simultaneously moving a plurality of interconnected ventilating lamellae
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Last Modified: 10/11/2013