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Permanent way; Permanent way tools; Machines for making railways of all kinds (derailing or rerailing blocks on track, track brakes or retarders B61K) .
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Structure of stationary tracks on which propelled vehicles run for the transportation of passengers or freights;

Tools and machines specially designed for making, maintaining, renewing or taking-up the track.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Model railways
Wetting or lubricating rails
Track brakes fixed to permanent way
Devices along the track for guiding or ensuring the safety of railway traffic
Foundation for paving
Bridges in general
Removing undesirable matter from the permanent way (cleaning)
Foundations in general
Making tunnels
Cable through
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Railway systems including the vehicle
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the expression "Permanent way" is often used with meaning " Railway, railroad"

Ballastway; Other means for supporting the sleepers or the track; Drainage of the ballastway (draining by trenches, culverts, or conduits E01F 5/00 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Continuous load bearing bedding for supporting the sleepers or the track, e.g. ballast or concrete slab;

Drainage of the ballastway or the ballastless bedding

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Draining of tramway rails
Placing, working or taking-up the ballast
Making of concrete parts of the track in situ
Means for temporarily supporting the sleeper or the track
Slabs as such for supporting the rails
Fastening railway sleepers to bridges
Draining the sub-base of railways by trenches, culverts or conduits
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Drainage of soils in general
Draining of sport grounds
Draining arrangements for bridges
Draining of streets
General structure of permanent way (railway networks B61B 1/00; foundations for pavings E01C 3/00 ; foundations in general E02D)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

General structure of the track, e.g. on bridges or in tunnels, foundations for the track.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
General arrangements of stations, e.g. platforms
Track superstructure adapted for tramways in paved streets
Tracks for special kinds of railways
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Foundation for pavings
Foundations in general
Transverse or longitudinal sleepers (for switches or crossings E01B 7/22 ); Other means resting directly on the ballastway for supporting rails
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sleepers and other means for supporting rails, e.g. concrete slabs, regardless of the substructure, the sleepers being parallel or orthogonal to the rails.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Manufacturing of concrete sleepers
Sleeper shoes for ballastless track
E01B/00C2
Sleepers for switches or crossings
Sleepers for shiftable tracks for heavy loads
Synonyms and Keywords
Sleeper
Tie, crosstie
Rails; Guard rails(manufacture of rails B21B); Distance-keeping means for them
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Rails for carrying vehicles with their centre of gravity above or suspended from the rail; guard rails, guide rails to prevent derailing; distance keeping means.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Manufacture of rails
Laying, re-building or taking-up the rails
Tie-rods for sleepers
Working rails in or on the line
Rail parts for switches or crossings
Rail anchors preventing shifting of the track
Tie-rods for tramway rails
Synonyms and Keywords
Guard rail
Check rail
Switches; Crossings (operating mechanisms B61L)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mechanical installation enabling trains to be guided from one track to another at a railway junction; crossing of tracks.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Operating mechanisms
Guard rails
Lubricating of rails
Turntables
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Switches for easy dismountable tracks
Switches for special kinds of railways
Fastening rails on sleepers, or the like (fastening rails to bridges E01D 19/12 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fastening means and other track components, e.g. tie-plates, sole-plates, pads or the like, used for attaching rails on their support.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Fastening rails to bridges
Apparatus for fixing or removing fastening means or track components
Rail anchors
Fastening switches or crossings on special sleepers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Fastening means in general
Fastening rails, tie-plates or chairs directly on sleepers or foundations; Means therefor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Means for fastening rails directly on sleepers or foundations, even if the rails rest on sole-plates or pads;

Means for fastening tie plates or chairs directly on sleepers or foundations.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Tie plates per se
Rail chairs per se
Fastening the rail on the tie-plate
Fastening the rail in the chair
Special rail fastenings
Rail joints (electrical connection of the rail B60M 5/00 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Dismountable or non-dismountable rail joints, e.g. by using fishplates or made by welding.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Electrical connections of the rail
Undetachably joining in or on the track, e.g. welding
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Locking means in general
Welding in general
Arrangements preventing shifting of the track
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements, e.g. rail anchors, preventing shifting such as longitudinal rail movement, which typically occurs during acceleration or deceleration of vehicles, or during expansion and contraction due to temperature change.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Machines or devices for shifting tracks
Guards for preventing a person`s foot being trapped in grooved rails
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements to avoid a person's foot, cane or wheelchair to get stuck in the gap formed along a rail by grooved rails, or between a rail and a check rail or between the rail and the pathway surface material, thereby allowing a person to securely cross a railway.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
safety means (in general) for rail/road crossing traffic
Cattle guards connected to the permanent way(grids in general for preventing cattle from straying A01K 3/00 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements connected to the installations of the railroad preventing cattle from staying on or walking along railways, or preventing intrusion in tunnels.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Grids in general for preventing for preventing cattle from straying
Guards or obstacles for preventing access to the route
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Means for fixing fences or the like to rails
Snow fences
Protection of permanent way against development of dust or against the effect of wind, sun, frost, or corrosion; Means to reduce development of noise(snow fences E01F 7/02, snow-ploughs E01H 8/02, watering E01H 11/00 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Protective means of the permanent way against weather influences incorporated in the track;

Means for protecting the underground against spillage;

Means to reduce noise incorporated in the track

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Snow fences
Snow ploughs
Control of undesirable vegetation on permanent ways of railways
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Noise absorbing or reflecting arrangements for railways
Protection against snow, sand wind or falling rocks in general
Removing snow or ice from roads
Spillage retaining means for large containers
Track superstructure adapted for tramways in paved streets (paving E01C 9/04E01C 9/06 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Embedded rail systems, where the traffic area of rail vehicles needs to be shared with road users of private transport, such as cars, trucks or bikes and pedestrians.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Paving for railroad level crossings
Paving adjacent tramway rails
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bedding e.g. ballast or concrete
Drainage of the track
Easily dismountable or movable tracks, e.g. temporary railways; Details specially adapted therefor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Light railways such as field, colliery or mine use, as well as shiftable tracks for heavy loads.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Model or toy railways
Runway or tracks for trolleys or cranes
Rails of supporting structures for mobile scaffolds provided on roofs
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Propelled stands or trestles, e.g. on tracks, as supports for apparatus placed thereon
Tracks for special kinds of railways (systems B61B; wheel tracks on roads E01C 9/02 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Special kinds such as rack railways, mono rails, cable-drawn, stationary aerial rope, supporting rails for suspended vehicles, tracks for guiding vehicles, magnetic suspension.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Suspended load carriers movable by hand or gravity
Slaughterhouse conveying track
Overhead rail system for handicapped persons
Wheel tracks
Electric propulsion
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Rope railway systems using cables as traction means
Funicular systems
Other railway systems
Not vehicle mounted steering control for guiding road vehicles, e.g. in urban networks.
Tracks or track components not covered by any one of the preceding groups
Placing, renewing, working, cleaning, or taking-up the ballast, with or without concurrent work on the track; Devices therefor; Packing sleepers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Placing, redistributing, levelling, loosening the ballast; removing or taking-up ballast; renewing or cleaning the ballast in situ, with or without taking-up or lifting the track; compacting the ballast with or without introducing additional fresh material under the sleepers.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
General body details of railway vehicles, e.g. working platform
Removing undesirable matter from the permanent way
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Packing sleepers
Locally compacting the ballast in the vicinity of the sleepers
Laying, rebuilding, or taking-up tracks; Tools or machines therefor (E01B 27/00E01B 31/00 take precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Transporting, laying, removing or renewing rails, sleepers or lengths of assembled track;

Lifting or levelling of tracks; installing or removing fastening means or other track components, e.g. rail clips, sole-plates;

Undetachably joining or fastening track components in or on the track, e.g. by welding; Sealing rail joints.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hand held nailing or stapling tools
Fastening tools in general
Welding in general
Cranes mounted on railway vehicles
Devices for moving or tilting heavy loads
Lifting devices in general
Glueing metal parts in general
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Ribbon rails
Rails assembled into strings
Working rails, sleepers, baseplates, or the like, in or on the line; Machines, tools, or auxiliary devices specially designed therefor (characterised by features independent of use on assembled track B21, B23 to B25, B27)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Working such as reconditioning, repairing or treating track components in or on the line and machines specially designed therefor.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Undetachably joining or fastening track components
Working the ballast
Laying, rebuilding or taking up tracks or track components
Machines or devices for shifting tracks, with or without lifting, e.g. for aligning track, for shifting excavator track(combined with sleeper packing machinesE01B 27/17)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Machines combined with sleeper packing machines
Applications of measuring apparatus or devices for track-building purposes(apparatus on locomotives or cars to indicate or record bad track sections B61K 9/00 ; measuring angles, linear dimensions, or irregularities in general G01B, G01C)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Measuring for track building, maintaining or renewing purposes.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Apparatus on locomotives or cars to indicate or record bad track sections
Devices along the track for guiding or ensuring the safety of railway traffic
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Measuring angles, linear dimensions, or irregularities in general
Making, maintaining, renewing, or taking-up the ballastway or the track, not provided for in a single one of groups E01B 27/00 to E01B 35/00
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Last Modified: 10/11/2013