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MECHANICAL TREATMENT OR PROCESSING OF SKINS, HIDES OR LEATHER IN GENERAL; PELT-SHEARING MACHINES; INTESTINE-SPLITTING MACHINES (making leather substitutes B29, D06N; making articles from leather B68F; mechanical cleaning of hides or the like D06G; artificial leather D06N)
Definition statement
This subclass covers:

methods and apparatuses for the mechanical treatment or processing of skins, hides or leather in general and furs

pelt-shearing machines

intestine-splitting machine

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass does not cover:

Mechanical or pressure cleaning of hides or other skin

Working leather specifically for footwear

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making leather substitutes by plastic moulding processes B29, e.g.

Making articles from leather

Artificial leather

Glossary of terms
In this subclass, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Pelt

the skin of an animal with the fur, wool or hair still on it.

Manufacture of leather; Machines or devices therefor {(machines specially adapted for forming upper shoe blanks or shoe leggings by stretching A43D 8/003)}
Definition statement
This group covers:

Methods and machines for manufacturing leather. The machines can be in combination with other machines such as machines used for punching holes in belts, however such specific machines should be also classified for example in C14B 5/04

Special rules of classification within this group

If the machine is clearly a machine for working leather, though leather per se may not be specifically mentioned, it should also be classified here. However, no machines should be classified here which are merely suitable to work leather, but not specially adapted to do so.

Mechanical treatment of leather surfaces
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Special processes of dyeing leather

Surface finishing of leather by chemical treatment

Fluffing, buffing, or sanding
Glossary of terms
In this subgroup, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Buffing, fluffing and sanding

are all abrasive treatments.

Ornamenting, producing designs, embossing (pressing or rolling in general C14B 1/30; producing design on furs C14B 15/12)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ornamentation shoe part blanks

Working leather by laser beam

Inking and printing with a printer's forme on leather

Process for producing decorative surface effects in general

Dyeing leather

Chemical surface finishing of leather

Removing surface-material, e.g. by engraving, by etching, by laser radiation in general

Milling leather
Definition statement
This group covers:

methods and apparatuses for milling leather.

Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Milling

is a process wherein the leather is rotated in a machine, comparable to a large clothes dryer just with the absence of air and heat. Through the soft falling action the natural fine lines in the leather are intensified.

Clicking, perforating, or cutting leather (for shoe parts, e.g. soles, A43D; apparatus not specially adapted for leather B26D)
Definition statement
This group covers:

methods and apparatuses for clicking, perforating or cutting leather.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Working leather by laser beam

Removing surface-material, e.g. by engraving, by etching, by laser radiation for producing decorative surface effects in general

Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Clicking

die cutting of leather.

Stamps or dies for leather articles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Perforating, punching, cutting-out, stamping-out in general

Cutters or dies therefore

Special leathers and their manufacture
Definition statement
This group covers:

special leathers, methods and apparatuses for manufacturing special leathers, e.g. leather composites, fish skin leather, snake leather, powdered leather.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Layered products comprising leather

Making driving belts or other leather belts or strips
Definition statement
This group covers:

methods and apparatuses for making driving belts or other leather belts or strips.

Finishing the edges of leather pieces, e.g. by folding, by burning (milling C14B 3/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

methods and apparatuses for finishing the edges of leather pieces, e.g. by folding, by burning.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Folding the edges of covers in manufacturing bookbinding cases or covers of loose-leaf binders

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ornamenting the sole bottoms in footwear, e.g. finishing the edges of soles

Machines for burnishing the edges of soles

Shredding hides or leather (shredding in general B02C)
Definition statement
This group covers:

methods and apparatuses for shredding hides or leather.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shredding in general

Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Shredding

cutting or tearing in small pieces. In case of leather the shredded particles are usually used to make leather composites with a binder.

Mechanical treatment of furs
Definition statement
This group covers:

methods and apparatuses for mechanical treatment of furs.

Finishing, e.g. pointing furs; Producing designs or patterns
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Ornamenting, producing designs, embossing in leather

Glossary of terms
In this subgroup, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Pointing furs

relates to a method whereby the furs are made by setting light coloured hairs in the fur skin.

Details of apparatus or machines for manufacturing or treating skins, hides, leather, or furs
Definition statement
This group covers:

details of apparatus or machines for manufacturing or treating skins, hides, leather, or furs.

Hand tools specially adapted for the treatment of hides, skins, or leather in the manufacture of leather and furs (equipment and tools for saddlery B68C)
Definition statement
This group covers:

hand tools specially adapted for the treatment of hides, skins, or leather in the manufacture of leather and furs.

Splitting intestines; Cutting intestines longitudinally (cleaning or cutting intestines during processing of meat A22C 17/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

methods and apparatuses for splitting intestines or cutting intestines longitudinally.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Cleaning or cutting intestines during processing meat

Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
Definition statement
This group covers:

subject matter not provided for in the preceding groups of this subclass.

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Last Modified: 10/11/2013