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PROCESSES USING MICRO-ORGANISMS
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Subclass C12R covers micro-organisms which are a new natural isolate or a new mutant where the mutated gene is not known.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Algae other than micro-algae
Plant cells
Medicinal preparations containing materials from microorganisms
Medicinal preparations containing materials from algae
Medicinal preparations containing materials from fungi
Mutant micro-organisms in which the mutation is defined
Micro-organisms expressing a defined gene, according to the defined gene
Micro-organisms expressing a defined gene if an operon is expressed
Viruses
Processes for the preparation of compounds or compositions using a micro-organism
Measuring or testing process involving microorganisms
Measuring or testing process involving nucleic acid hybridization techniques for detection of microorganisms
Measuring or testing process involving immunological detection of microorganisms
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Micro-organisms, compositions thereof
Carrier-bound or immobilised microorganisms
Fermentation and enzyme processes for the preparation of compounds and compositions
Measuring or testing process involving microorganisms
Special rules of classification within this group

The last place rule is applicable, but all information should be given a symbol: for example, if new natural isolates of Clostridium, Streptococcus, Hansenula and Petromyces are part of the invention in the application, then classification in C12R 1/145, C12R 1/46, C12R 1/78 and C12R 1/645 should be given.

Subgroup C12R 1/91 is not any longer used for viruses (C12N 7/00).

Subclass C12R covers micro-organisms which are a new natural isolate or a new mutant where the mutated gene is not known. Thus subject-matter of the type "A novel isolated bacterial strain of Gluconacetobacter oboediens having accession number MTCC 5610, wherein the said strain being deposited at the Microbial Type Culture Collection, MTCC, Chandigarh, India a depository recognized under the Budapest Treaty" is classified under C12R 1/02 only.

However when there is further characterizing information present, e.g. a method for culturing said micro-organism, such subject-matter is classified under C12N 1/00+. Thus subject-matter of the type "The strain as above, wherein it is isolated from mixed fruit residue mixed with sugar and water in the ratio of l to 3 : 0.1 to 0.5 : 2 to 4 respectively followed by incubating at a temperature of 25 to 35 degree C for 10 to 15 days under static culture conditions" is classified under C12N 1/20.

When both types of disclosure are present then both classification symbols are allocated.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Micro-organism
includes bacteria and other generally unicellular organisms with dimensions beneath the limits of vision which can be propagated and manipulated in a laboratory, including fungi (including yeasts), micro-algae and protozoa
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Last Modified: 10/11/2013