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ADHESIVES; NON-MECHANICAL ASPECTS OF ADHESIVE PROCESSES IN GENERAL; ADHESIVE PROCESSES NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; USE OF MATERIALS AS ADHESIVES (surgical adhesives A61L 24/00 ; processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces in general B05D; adhesives on the basis of non specified organic macromolecular compounds used as bonding agents in layered products B32B; organic labelling fabrics or comparable materials or articles with deformable surface using adhesives and thermo-activatable adhesives respectively B65C 5/02 , B65C 5/04 ; organic macromolecular compounds C08; production of multi-layer textile fabrics D06M 17/00 ; preparation of glue or gelatine C09H ; adhesive labels, tag tickets or similar identification of indication means G09F 3/10)
Definition statement
This subclass covers:

Adhesives and adhesive processes (but see below for adhesive processes), including adhesives characterized by their physical nature or by the effects produced;

Adhesives based on polysaccharides or their derivatives, based on rubbers or their derivatives, based on natural or unspecified macromolecular compounds or their derivatives, or based on organic macromolecular compounds, obtained by (or obtained otherwise than by) reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds;

Adhesives based on inorganic substances or on organic non-macromolecular compounds having at least one polymerisable carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bond;

Adhesives in the form of films or foils, including releasable films;

Heat seal adhesives and hot melts;

Use of materials as adhesives, e.g. the use of known or new polymers or products;

Other features of adhesives, e.g. additives for adhesives.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

This subclass is residual in respect of adhesive processes. Attention is drawn to the "References relevant to classification in this subclass (places in relation to which this subclass is residual)" section, below, for details of other places for classifying some adhesive processes.

In cases where an adhesive contains an organic non-macromolecular compound but is not based on that compound, and such a compound is of interest, classification could be made in C08K or as an additive in C08J 3/00 or C09J 11/02. This may be in addition to classification in C09J 123/00-C09J 149/00.

Processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces in general are classified in B05D.

Organic dyes or closely-related compounds for producing dyes, mordants or lakes per se, are classified in C09B.

Treatment of inorganic materials other than fibrous fillers used as pigments or fillers are classified in C09C.

Natural resins, French polish, drying-oils, driers, turpentine, per se, are classified in C09F.

Relationship between C08F, C08G, C08L, C09D and C09J

Polymers as such are classified in C08F or C08G. Polymers compositions are classified in C08L. Coating compositions or adhesive compositions are classified in C09D and C09J respectively.

C09D and C09J are seen as "related fields" of C08L - this structure has implications on search and classification.

For classification:

if the claims only pertain to an "adhesive composition...", only the C09J class is given

if the claims pertain to a composition as such and to an adhesive (For example, "composition for use as an adhesive..."), both the C09J class and the corresponding C08L class are given.

For searching both classes are to be searched, regardless of the wording of the claims, since in many documents of C08L, a passage relating to the use of the composition for an adhesive can be found.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass does not cover:

Electrically conductive adhesives specially adapted for use in therapy or testing in vivo

A61K50/00

Adhesive bandages, dressings or absorbent pads

Surgical adhesives

Adhesives on the basis of non specified organic macromolecular compounds used as bonding agents in layered products

Labelling fabrics or comparable materials or articles with deformable surface using adhesives and thermo-activatable adhesives respectively

Preparation of glue or gelatine

Adhesive labels, tag tickets or similar identification or indication means

Examples of places where the subject matter of this subclass is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Joining of preformed parts; Apparatus therefor using adhesives

Layered products characterised by the relation between layers, i.e. products essentially comprising layers having different physical properties or products characterised by the interconnection of layers where one or both layers has adhesive or inter-reactive properties

Layered products characterised by the relation between layers, i.e. products essentially comprising layers having different physical properties or products characterised by the interconnection of layers using adhesives

Cling foils

Bonding of a preformed macromolecular material to the same or other solid material such as metal, glass, leather, e.g. using adhesives

Using adhesives in the production of multi-layer textile fabrics

Places in relation to which this subclass is residual:

Devices for applying liquids, e.g. adhesives, to surfaces, including wood surfaces, to be joined

Processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials, e.g. adhesives, to surfaces in general

Bonding of non-plastics to plastics or bonding substances in a plastic state in general

Joining glass to glass or to other materials

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Containers, packaging elements or packages for web or tape-like material, For example, dispenser for dispensing tape

Polishing compositions, ski waxes

Soaps, detergent compositions

Connecting constructional elements or machine parts by sticking or pressing them together, e.g. cold pressure welding

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

An adhesive composition with a polymer and organic or inorganic additives should be classified in C09J and C08K for the non-macromolecular component.

Example: An adhesive composition containing polyethylene and amino-propyltrimethoxysilane is classified in groups C09J 123/06 and C08K 5/544.

Use of C-Sets:

When two or more polymers are present in an adhesive composition, classification is given in the form of C-sets: the polymer in majority is given a C09J class (see below), and the minor components are characterised by Indexing Codes. The Indexing Codes are chosen from C08L or C08K and they may be linked or unlinked. The polymer in majority is always first in the C-set.

Therefore at least one Indexing Code must always be present when more than one polymer is mentioned.

Remark: [N: Notes 2 and 4-6 relates to the combination classes which were in use before 2003 or from 09-2003 until 04-2012. In most places, the documents have not been reclassified.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Aliphatic radical

"Aliphatic radical" means an acyclic or a non-aromatic carbocyclic carbon skeleton which is considered to be terminated by every bond to: an element other than carbon; a carbon atom having a double bond to one atom other than carbon;an aromatic carbocyclic ring or a heterocyclic ring.

Rubber

Includes: natural or conjugated diene rubbers; orrubber in general (for a specific rubber, other than a natural rubber or a conjugated diene rubber, see the group provided for adhesives based on such macromolecular compounds).

Adhesives based on inorganic constituents
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives based on inorganic constituents unless they are based on compositions of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or hydraulic cement.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Hydraulic cement

Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone

Adhesives based on organic non-macromolecular compounds having at least one polymerisable carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bond;{ adhesives, based on monomers of macromolecular compounds of groups C09J 183/00 to C09J 183/16}
Definition statement
This group covers:

Any composition for adhesives able to be polymerized by means of the known methods and comprising at least one polymerisable ethylenically unsaturated monomer or oligomer.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Adhesives based on monomers of macromolecular compounds comprising a sulphur, oxygen, nitrogen or silicon in the main chain

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adhesives based on blends from polymers

{Organic non-macromolecular compounds having at least one polymerisable carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bond} in combination with a macromolecular compound other than an unsaturated polymer of groups C09J 159/00 to C09J 187/00
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Polymerisable compositions for adhesives comprising at least one polymerisable monomer or oligomer comprising at least one carbon-carbon unsaturated bond and at least one macromolecular compound (a polymer) other than a polymer of groups C09D 159/00 to C09D 187/00.

Adhesive processes in general; Adhesive processes not provided for elsewhere, e.g. relating to primers (devices for applying glue to surfaces to be joined B05, B27G 11/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive processes characterised by process features, e.g. heating; Pre-treatment of the surface to be joined, e.g. by use of a primer; Separate application of adhesive ingredients to the different surfaces to be joined.

Processes of joining materials by welding overlapping edges with an insertion of plastic material

Processes of debonding substrates which were glued together beforehand.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Processes for applying adhesives to surfaces

Applying adhesives or glue to surfaces of wood to be joined

Hand-held desk devices for applying adhesives by contact to surfaces

Glue sticks

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Removing scrap from containers, e.g. removing lables

Welding with interposition of material for facilitating bonding

Labelling machines and processes

Bonding of preformed macromolecular material to the same or other solid material

Special rules of classification within this group

Relationship between C09J 5/00 and C08J 5/12: Subgroups of C08J 5/12 are generally substrate-oriented subgroups, whereas subgroups of C09J 5/00 are generally process related subgroups.

Use of Indexing Codes:

In this group Indexing Codes are used.

  • To indicate the nature of the adhesive an Indexing Code of the type C09J 2400/00-C09J 2499/00 (only head-groups) is given. For example, for an (meth) acrylic adhesive the Indexing Code C09J 2433/00 should be given.
  • To indicate the nature of the barrier layer an Indexing Code of the type M09J400/00B-C09J 2499/001 is given (B stands for barrier). For example, a barrier coating composition comprising a polyvinyl alcohol the Indexing Code C09J 2429/001 should be given.
  • To indicate the nature of the primer coating composition an Indexing Code of the type M09J400/00P- C09J 2499/003 (P stands for primer) is given. For example, for a primer coating comprising an epoxy resin the Indexing Code C09J 2463/003 should be given.
  • To indicate the nature of the substrate to be bonded an Indexing Code of the type M09J400/00S (S stands for substrate) is given. For example, for a substrate made of a polyolefin the Indexing Code C09J 2423/006 should be given.
  • To indicate the nature of the pre-treated substrate to be bonded, irrelevant to what the pre-treatment might be, e.g. plasma or corona, an Indexing Code of the type M09J400/00T (T stands for pretreated) is given. For example, for a pre-treated polyolefin substrate the Indexing Code C09J 2423/008 should be given.

To indicate a process of debonding the Indexing Code C09J 2205/302 is given.

Applications and properties are indicated by the corresponding Indexing Codes of C09J 2203/00-C09J 2203/342 and C09J 201/00-C09J 2201/626.

Use of C-Sets:

To indicate the nature of a second component in a system a combination of Indexing Codes of the above mentioned type is used.

NB There is no order of the constituents according to their proportions. The codes are given in increasing numerical order.

In order to indicate that the combination relates to a copolymer the corresponding Indexing Code C09J 2205/114 is given. In case of a blend composition the Indexing Code for a copolymer is not given.

For example, for a substrate layer based on a blend of a polyolefin and a polyvinyl acetate the combination of Indexing Codes C09J 2423/006:C09J 2431/006 should be given.

Additionally, for a substrate layer based on a copolymer of a polyolefin and a polyvinyl acetate the Indexing Code for the copolymer C09J 2205/114 should be given.

involving pretreatment of the surfaces to be joined
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Preparing the surfaces to promote bonding such as using a solvent.

Special rules of classification within this group

To indicate the nature of the pre-treated substrate to be bonded, irrelevant to what the pre-treatment might be, e.g. plasma or corona , an Indexing Code of the type M09J400/00T-C09J 2499/008 (T stands for pretreated) is given. For example, for a pre-treated polyolefin substrate the Indexing Code C09J 2423/008 should be given.

Adhesives in the form of films or foils
Definition statement
This group covers:

In general, adhesive tapes, films or sheets are characterised by having an outer adhesive layer to be applied to a substrate. Said outer adhesive layer might only be covered by a release liner or release sheet (cf. Fig.1).

The following layers are considered to form part of the carrier or substrate layer: barrier layer, primer coating layer and release coating layer (cf. Fig. 1).

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Adhesives in the form of films or foils characterised by specific properties like surface structure.

Adhesives in the form of films or foils on carriers.

Adhesives in the form of films or foils on carriers other than paper or textile fabric.

Adhesives in the form of films or foils on carriers of paper or textile fabrics

Release liners

Adhesives in the form of films or foils characterised by release features in general.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Relationship between C09J 7/00 and H01L 21/00

Subgroups of C09J 7/00 are generally chemistry-oriented subgroups, whereas subgroups of H01L 21/00 are generally process related subgroups.

Relationship between C09J 7/00 and other groups of the subclass: Adhesives in the form of film or foils without a carrier layer and being specified by the macromolecular constituent are classified in C09J 101/00-C09J 201/00.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Velcro tapes or fasteners

Bandages or dressings

Auxiliary appliances for wound dressings

Adhesive bandages, dressings or adsorbent pads, e.g. plasters

A61L15/06

Surgical adhesives or cements; Adhesives for colostomy devices

Laminates comprising at least two layers which are bonded permanently by means of an adhesive layer

Adhesives in the form of films or foils without a carrier layer and being specified by the macromolecular constituent

Labels

Examples of places where the subject matter of this group is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Wafer tapes

Adhesive tapes used in dicing/grinding processes of wafers

Adhesive tapes used for connecting semiconductor devices

Backsheet foils for solar cell panels

Sealing materials for batteries

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Masking elements

Attaching together paper or cardboard sheets, strips, or webs by adhesive tape

Gluing the labels or articles

Flexible elongated elements, Adhesive tapes

Changing the web roll, flying splice

Micro-structured surfaces having tips, pillars, i.e. raised structures

Coated paper

Release paper

Signs or badges with adhesive

Special rules of classification within this group

Adhesives in the form of film or foils without a carrier layer and being specified by the macromolecular constituent are only additionally classified in C09J 7/00 in case that

they show certain properties, e.g. having a textured adhesive surface, having an alternate adhesive layer or being constituted by different adhesive compositions

they relate to an application, e.g. stretch releasable tape.

Properties and applications are indicated by the corresponding Indexing Codes of C09J 2203/00-C09J 2203/342 and C09J 201/00-C09J 2201/626.

Classification of additional information:

In many cases the classification of additional information, e.g. the type of adhesive is very useful for retrieving the document, and therefore very desirable.

For example, if a document discloses an adhesive tape having a carrier and being characterised by an acrylic adhesive layer (covered by C09J 7/0217), this document should also be classified in one of the subgroups of C09J 133/00.

Use of Indexing Codes:

In this group Indexing Codes are used.

To indicate the nature of the adhesive an Indexing Code of the type M09J400/00B-C09J 2499/00 (only head-groups) is given. For example for an (meth)acrylic adhesive the Indexing Code C09J 2433/00 is given.

To indicate the nature of the barrier layer an Indexing Code of the type M09J400/00B-C09J 2499/001 is given (B stands for barrier). For example for a barrier coating composition comprising a polyvinyl alcohol the Indexing Code C09J 2429/001 should be given.

To indicate the nature of the primer coating composition an Indexing Code of the type M09J400/00P-C09J 2499/003 (P stands for primer) is given. For example for a primer coating comprising an epoxy resin the Indexing Code C09J 2463/003 should be given.

To indicate the nature of the substrate of the adhesive tape an Indexing Code of the type M09J400/00S-C09J499/00S (S stands for substrate) is given. For example for a substrate made of a polyolefin the Indexing Code C09J 2423/006 should be given.

Applications and properties are indicated by the corresponding Indexing Codes of C09J 2203/00-C09J 2203/342 and C09J 201/00-C09J 2201/626. For example the use of an adhesive tape for bundling cables should be indicated by the Indexing Code C09J 2203/302. The presence of an adhesive layer being formed by alternating adhesive areas being chemically different is indicated by the Indexing Code C09J 2201/40 (Fig. 2).

media1.png

In contrast, the presence of different adhesive layers opposing each other is indicated by the Indexing Code C09J 2201/134 (Fig. 3).

media2.png

In case the adhesive layer is interrupted by non-adhesive protrusions extending from the surface of the carrier layer, the Indexing Code C09J 2201/32 is given (Fig. 4).

media3.png

In case the adhesive coating being discontinuous, the Indexing Code C09J 2201/28 is given (Fig. 5).

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To indicate the presence of an additive in the adhesive or substrate layer the corresponding Indexing Codes C09J 2205/102 and C09J 2205/106 are given. To indicate the nature of the non-macromolecular additive an Indexing Code of the type C08K 3/00-C08K 13/08 is given. For example for an adhesive layer of the adhesive tape comprising an inorganic flame proofing agent the Indexing Code C08K 3/0058 may be given as well as the Indexing Code indicating the presence of an additive in the adhesive layer.

Use of C-Sets:

To indicate the nature of a second component in a system a combination of Indexing Codes of the above mentioned type is used.

NB There is no order of the constituents according to their proportions. The codes are given in increasing numerical order.

In order to indicate that the second component relates to a copolymer, the corresponding Indexing Code C09J 2205/114 for should be given. In case of a blend composition the Indexing Code for a copolymer is not given.

For example: For a substrate layer based on a blend of a polyolefin and a polyvinyl acetate the combination of Indexing Codes (C09J 2423/006, C09J 2431/006) should be given.

Additionally, for a substrate layer based on a copolymer of a polyolefin and a polyvinyl acetate the Indexing Code for the copolymer C09J 2205/114 is given.

Further details of subgroups

The subgroups of C09J 7/0225 cover release liners used to cover the adhesive surface of an adhesive tape as illustrated in Fig. 1. Release coating layers being part of the adhesive tape (cf. Fig. 1) itself are classified in C09J 7/0253 and C09J 7/047.

This subgroup is given where the release coating composition is applied to the carrier layer (cf. Fig. 1).

This subgroup is given for adhesive tapes having a carrier constituted by a laminate. The presence of a foam, metal, paper, textile or other material layer in the laminate is indicated by the corresponding Indexing Code of C09J 2400/00. The presence of only resin layers in the laminate is indicated by the Indexing Code C09J 2201/162.

In general, the nature of the resin in the laminate support layer is indicated by the corresponding Indexing Code of M09J400/00S-C09J 2499/006. For example for a laminate carrier comprising a layer made of a polyolefin the Indexing Code C09J 2423/006 should be given.

Adhesive tape with a laminate carrier having a textile fabrics or paper layer are NOT classified in the subgroups of C09J 7/04.

The presence of a barrier layer, a release coating layer or of a primer layer does not constitute a laminate carrier layer. These layers are considered forming part of the carrier layer (cf. Fig. 1) . In contrast, a carrier layer being coated with an ink receptive layer is considered as a laminate support layer.

Subgroups of C09J 7/04 are given to adhesive tapes having a carrier made of paper or textile fabrics. In order to indicate whether a paper or a textile fabrics carrier layer is present the corresponding Indexing Code of C09J is given.

Laminate carrier layers comprising a layer made of paper of textile fabrics are NOT classified in the subgroups of C09J 7/04, instead laminated carriers are classified in the subgroup of C09J 7/0296.

This subgroup is given where the release coating composition is applied to the paper or textile fabrics carrier layer. (cf. Fig. 1).

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

AA

Acrylic acid

MAA

Methacrylic acid

PSA

Pressure-sensitive adhesive

In patent documents the following expressions/words "carrier", "support", "substrate", "facestock" or "backing" are often used as synonyms.

In patent documents the following expressions/words "adhesive", "glue", "fixative", "bonding agent" or "sealant" are often used as synonyms.

Adhesives based on cellulose, modified cellulose, or cellulose derivatives
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives based on cellulose, modified cellulose or cellulose derivatives corresponding to the following groups:

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Covalently or ionically crosslinked gels are classified in C08B as they are considered as polysaccharide derivatives per se.

A composition based on cellulose, modified cellulose or cellulose derivatives is classified in C08L.

Coating compositions based on cellulose, modified cellulose or cellulose derivatives are classified in C09D following the same rules as mentioned in the note for C08L.

Multiple classification

Please refer to the comments provided for C08B, as well as for the corresponding C08B main group.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Cellulose or derivatives thereof per se

Composition comprising cellulose or cellulose derivative

Composition based on lignin-containing materials, e.g. lignin, cork, lignocellulose or wood

Composition of natural macromolecular compounds or of derivatives thereof not provided for in groups C08L 89/00 to C08L 97/00, e.g. flours

Coating composition comprising cellulose or cellulose derivative

Compositions of cellulose or cellulose derivatives in minority

Special rules of classification within this group
  • Adhesive compositions of cellulose or derivatives thereof in solution, together with other macromolecular compounds, or together with an inorganic or non-macromolecular organic additive are considered as an adhesive composition and are thus classified according to the rules of C09J. They are classified according to the mutual proportions by weight of only the macromolecular constituents, in particular according to the macromolecular constituent present in the highest proportion. If all the constituents are present in equal proportions, the composition is classified according to each of these constituents.
  • Adhesive compositions containing a cellulose and an inorganic or non-macromolecular organic additive as compounding agent are not classified in C08K , but in the C09J subclass together with the corresponding Indexing Code(s) in C08K.

Example 1: Adhesive composition of cellulose acetate in solution is classified in C09J 101/12.

Example 2: An adhesive composition consisting of 60 wt% of microcrystalline cellulose and 40 wt.% of maltodextrin is classified in (C09J 101/04, C08L 3/02).

Example 3: An adhesive composition consisting of carboxymethyl cellulose and glycerol (plasticiser) is classified in C09J 101/286 , C08K 5/053 and C08K 5/0016

  • Last place priority rule: Within each group of this subclass, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, classification is made in the last appropriate place.
  • The subject-matter disclosed in both the claims and the examples of a patent document is to be classified.
Adhesives based on starch, amylose or amylopectin or on their derivatives or degradation products
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives compositions of starch, amylose or amylopectin or of their derivatives or degradation products corresponding to the following groups:

Relationship between large subject matter areas

A composition based on starch or derivatives thereof is classified in C08L.

Covalently or ionically crosslinked gels are classified in C08B as they are considered as polysaccharide derivatives per se.

Coating compositions based on such starches are classified in C09D following the same rules as mentioned in the note for C08L.

Multiple classification

Please refer to the comments provided for C08B, as well as for the corresponding C08B main group.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Starch and derivatives thereof per se

Composition comprising cellulose or cellulose derivative starch, amylose, amylopectin or their derivatives or degradation products

Composition of natural macromolecular compounds or of derivatives thereof not provided for in groups C08L 89/00 to C08L 97/00 , e.g. flours

Coating composition comprising starch, amylose, amylopectin or their derivatives or degradation products

Compositions of starch, amylose, amylopectin or their derivatives or degradation products in minority

Special rules of classification within this group
  • Adhesive composition of starch or derivatives thereof in solution, together with other macromolecular compounds, or together with an inorganic or non-macromolecular organic additive are considered as an adhesive composition and are thus classified according to the rules of C09J. They are classified according to the mutual proportions by weight of only the macromolecular constituents, in particular according to the macromolecular constituent present in the highest proportion. If all the constituents are present in equal proportions, the composition is classified according to each of these constituents.
  • Adhesive compositions containing a starch and an inorganic or non-macromolecular organic additive as compounding agent are not classified in C08K, but in the C09J subclass together with the corresponding Indexing Code(s) in C08K.

Example 1: Adhesive composition of starch acetate in solution is classified in C09J 103/06

Example 2: An adhesive composition consisting of 60 wt% of crosslinked starch and 40 wt.% of maltodextrin is classified in (C09J 103/04, C08L 3/02) and C08L 2205/02

Example 3: An adhesive composition consisting of carboxymethyl starch and glycerol (plasticiser) is classified in C09J 103/08, C08K 5/053 and C08K 5/0016

  • Last place priority rule: Within each group of this subclass, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, classification is made in the last appropriate place.
  • The subject-matter disclosed in both the claims and the examples of a patent document is to be classified.
Adhesives based on polysaccharides or on their derivatives, not provided for in groups C09J 101/00 or C09J 103/00
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives based on polysaccharides, other than cellulose and starch, or on derivatives thereof corresponding to the following groups:

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Covalently or ionically crosslinked gels are classified in C08B as they are considered as polysaccharide derivatives per se

A composition based on such polysaccharides or derivatives thereof is classified in C08L.

Coating compositions based on such polysaccharides are classified in C09D following the same rules as mentioned in the note for C08L.

Multiple classification

Please refer to the comments provided for C08B, as well as for the corresponding C08B main group.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Polysaccharides per se

Composition comprising polysaccharide or polysaccharide derivative

Coating composition comprising polysaccharide or polysaccharide derivative

Compositions of polysaccharide or polysaccharide derivatives in minority

Special rules of classification within this group
  • Adhesive compositions of polysaccharides or derivatives thereof in solution, or together with other macromolecular compounds, or together with an inorganic or non-macromolecular organic additive are considered as a composition and are thus classified according to the rules of C09J. They are classified according to the mutual proportions by weight of only the macromolecular constituents, in particular according to the macromolecular constituent present in the highest proportion. If all the constituents are present in equal proportions, the composition is classified according to each of these constituents.
  • Compositions containing a polysaccharide and an inorganic or non-macromolecular organic additive as compounding agent are not classified in C08K, but in the C09J subclass together with the corresponding Indexing Code(s) in C08K.

Example 1: Adhesive composition of ethers of cyclodextrin in solution is classified in C09J 105/16.

Example 2: An adhesive composition consisting of 60 wt% of hyaluronic acid and 40 wt.% of maltodextrin is classified in (C09J 105/08, C08L 3/02).

Example 3: An adhesive composition consisting of carboxymethyl dextran and glycerol (plasticiser) is classified in C09J 105/02, C08K 5/053 and C08K 5/0016

  • Last place priority rule: Within each group of this subclass, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, classification is made in the last appropriate place.
  • The subject-matter disclosed in both the claims and the examples of a patent document is to be classified.
Adhesives based on natural rubber
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions of natural rubbers or latex.

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of conjugated diene hydrocarbons
Definition statement
This group covers:
  • Adhesive compositions of copolymers with acrylonitrile or latex
  • Adhesive compositions of copolymers with styrene or latex
Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of chloroprene
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of chloroprene or latex.

Adhesives based on rubbers containing carboxyl groups
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions of rubbers containing carboxyl groups containing monomers in minority, e.g. acrylic acid or acrylic acid esters.

Adhesives based on rubber derivatives (C09J 111/00 , C09J 113/00 take precedence)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Rubber derivate means a rubber treated according to C08C.

Special rules of classification within this group

An Indexing Code C08C may be given for the treatment.

Groups C09J 111/00 and C09J 113/00 take precedence over C09J 115/00.

Adhesives based on reclaimed rubber
Definition statement
This group covers:

Reclaimed rubber means reuse of unvulcanised or devulcanised rubber.

Adhesives based on rubbers, not provided for in groups C09J 107/00 to C09J 117/00
Definition statement
This group covers:
  • Adhesive compositions comprising vulcanised or crosslinked rubber which are classified in C09J 119/003
  • Adhesive compositions containing rubbers with functional groups, e.g. telechelic diene rubbers which are classified in C09J 119/006.
Relationship between large subject matter areas
References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This group does not cover:

Adhesive compositions of copolymers of ethene-propene or ethene-propene-diene, e.g. EPM or EPDM rubber

Adhesive compositions of copolymers of isobutene with minor part of conjugated dienes monomers, e.g. butyl rubber

Adhesive compositions of polyacrylates

Adhesive compositions of unconjugated dienes

Adhesive compositions of graft copolymers

Adhesive compositions of block copolymers

Adhesive compositions of ABS

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Compositions of diene rubbers or their derivatives in minority

Inorganic or non-macromolecular organic materials as compounding agents

Chemical compositions of tyres

Preparation of rubber compounds

Recycling of polymers

Special rules of classification within this group
  • Adhesive compositions of diene rubbers or their derivatives in minority are given an Indexing Code-code C08L 7/00 - C08L 21/00
  • In the absence of an indication to the contrary, classification is made in the last appropriate place.
  • Adhesive compositions are classified according to the mutual proportions by weight of only the macromolecular constituents;
  • Adhesive compositions are classified according to the macromolecular constituent or constituents present in the highest proportion: if all these constituents are present in equal proportions the composition is classified according to each of these constituents.

Use of C-Sets:

After the notation of C09J 107/00 - C09J 121/02, classification is given in the form of C-sets: the polymer in majority is given a C09J class, and the minor components are characterised by Indexing Codes. The Indexing Codes are chosen from C08L or C08K and they may be linked or unlinked. The polymer in majority is always first in the C-set.

Therefore at least one Indexing Code must always be present when more than one polymer is mentioned.

Inorganic or non-macromolecular organic materials as compounding agents are classified in C08K; Adhesive compositions classified in C08K according to note 3 of C08K, are not classified in C09J. However, if an adhesive composition contains two polymers and an additive following C08K, classification is made in C09J and an Indexing Code from C08K will be given.

Examples:

a: An adhesive composition comprising a blend of 60 parts polybutadiene (C09J 109/00) and 40 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C09J 109/00, C08L 77/00).

b: An adhesive composition comprising a blend of 50 parts polybutadiene (C09J 109/00) and 50 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C09J 109/00, C08L 77/00) and (C09J 177/00, C08L 9/00).

c: An adhesive composition comprising a blend of 60 parts polybutadiene (C09J 109/00), 40 parts natural rubber (C09J 107/00) and 40 parts of silica is classified in (C09J 109/00, C08L 7/00 , C08K 3/36).

Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Rubber

a. natural or conjugated diene rubbers b. rubber in general (for a specific rubber, other than a natural rubber or a conjugated diene rubber, see the group provided for compositions of such macromolecular compounds)

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

ABS

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene

BR

Butadiene rubber

CR

Chloroprene rubber

EPDM

Ethene propene diene rubber

EPM

Ethene propene rubber

IIR

Butyl rubber

IR

Isoprene rubber

NBR

Acrylonitrile butadiene rubber

NR

Natural rubber

SAN

Styrene acrylonitrile copolymer

SBR

Styrene butadiene rubber

Adhesives based on unspecified rubbers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions of rubbers not provided for in groups C09J 107/00-C09J 119/02.

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers. These are based on modified polymers, see C08F 8/00 and subgroups

References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This group does not cover:

Organic labelling fabrics or comparable materials or articles with deformable production of multi-layer textile fabrics

Organic labelling fabrics, comparable materials or articles with deformable surface using adhesives

Applications or uses of polymer compositions in films, e.g. a film of polyolefin

Organic labelling fabrics or comparable materials or articles with deformable surface using thermo-activatable adhesives

Use of Inorganic of non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients

Materials for sealing or packing joints or covers

Adhesive labels, tag tickets or similar identification of indication means

Working-up, compounding, after-treatment of macromolecular compounds

Materials for stopping leaks

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Encapsulation of solar cells

H01L31/48

Special rules of classification within this group

The main Group C09J 123/00 should not be used.

Majority rule:

For compositions:

If C09J 123/00 relates to a compositions and two or more polymers are present, classification is given as follows: the polymer in majority is given a C09J class (see above), and the minor components are characterised by C-Sets and Indexing Codes. In the case that several polymers can be in majority, several C09J classes for the polymers which are possibly in majority and the Indexing Codes for all polymers in minority and additives are given

For Copolymers:

Copolymers get the class of the major component, except if there is a lower class which specifies the comonomer in minority (see also last place rule), e.g. ethylene butene copolymers (ethylene comonomer in majority) would be classified in C09J 123/0815, and not in C09J 123/20, but ethylene butene copolymers (butene in majority) would be classified in C09J 123/20, not in C09J 123/0815.

Last place rule:

If there are several possibilities to classify, the lowest alternative classification (last place) is used.

Use of C-Sets:

To indicate the nature of the second component in a system, classification is given in the form of C-sets as mentioned above.

Remark: Note 2 after the title is not relevant for C09J 123/00. All documents from before 2003 are reclassified.

Examples:

a. An adhesive of a blend of 60 parts polyethylene (C09J 123/06) and 40 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C09J 123/06, C08L 77/00).

b. An adhesive of a blend of 50 parts polyethylene (C09J 123/06) and 50 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C09J 123/06, C08L 77/00) and (C09J 177/00, C08L 23/06).

c. An adhesive based on a composition of polyethylene and containing CaCO3 is classified in C09J 123/06 and C08K 3/26. If this composition contains also a polyamide, then the classification will be (C09J 123/06, C08L 77/00, C08K 3/26).

d. An adhesive based on a composition based on a first polyethylene (C09J 123/06) and containing a second polyethylene, a phenol and silica is classified in (C09J 123/06, C08L 23/06, C08K 5/13, C08K 3/36) and C08L 2205/02.

e. An adhesive based on a composition containing a polyamide in majority, a polyester and a polyethylene is classified in (C09J 177/00, C08L 67/00, C08L 23/06) and C08L 2205/03.

f. Adhesives of compositions containing two polymers of the same subgroup, for example compositions of two ethylene vinylacetate copolymers, are characterised by the Indexing Code C08L 2205/025. The complete classification for such a compositions therefore would be (C09J 123/0853, C08L 23/0853) and C08L 2205/025. The same applies for compositions of two polymers only distinguished by physical properties, e.g. molecular weight or density.

Indexing Codes:

All Indexing Codes of C08L (for secondary or polymers in minority, properties, uses, applications) and C08K (for inorganic or organic non-macromolecular additives) are used.

Classification guidance

Documents are preferably classified according to the examples in the documents, not according to general claims, e.g. if the examples only describe adhesives based on polyethylene, but subject matter of the claim is a adhesive of polyolefin, the document is classified under adhesives of polyethylene (C09J 123/06, C08L--/--).

In C09J, adhesives are classified which have only one polymeric component are also classified, e.g. C09J 123/0815 represents an adhesive of only one ethylene vinylacetate polymer.

Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Addition polymers

Polymers in which unsaturated monomer molecules join together to form a polymer in which the molecular formula of the repeat unit is identical (except for the double bond) with that of the monomer.

Aliphatic cyclic olefins

A carbocyclic monomer with an endocyclic double bond

Block polymers

Polymers formed by polymerization of monomers on to a macromolecule having groups capable of inducing the formation of new polymer chains bound at one or both ends of the starting macromolecule, or by polymerization using successively different catalyst types or successively different monomer systems without deactivating the intermediate polymer.

Condensation polymers

Polymers in which water or some other simple molecule is eliminated from 2 or more monomer molecules as they combine to form the polymer or crosslinks between polymer chains.

Copolymer

Usually denotes a polymer of 2 chemically distinct monomers, and sometimes denotes a terpolymer containing more than 2 types of monomer unit.

EPR or EPDM, elastomeric ethylene propylene (diene) copolymers

Elastomeric copolymer rubbers defined by similar amounts of ethylene and propene, e.g. 30-70wt% ethylene and 70-30wt% propene

Graft polymers

Macromolecular compounds obtained by polymerizing monomers on to preformed polymers or on to inorganic materials. Such preformed polymers could be rubbers, polysaccharides, condensation polymers, homopolymers or copolymers of the addition polymer type.

Homopolymers

Polymers resulting from the polymerisation of a single monomer or polymer with a single type of repeating unit.

Ionomer

Polymers containing monomers carrying ionic groups, usually salts of carboxylic acids

Iso-olefin

Non-linear olefinic monomers, e.g. isobutylene, isopentene

Modified by chemical after treatment

Modification of the polymer after polymerisation; Exception: neutralisation of carboxylic acid containing polymers (C08L 23/0884) and saponification of vinylacetate in EVA ( C08L 23/0861) are not regarded as after treatments in the sense of C08L 23/00

Repeat(ing) unit

The unit in an addition polymer which is repeated throughout the molecule; for example in polyethylene the repeat unit is:–CH2-CH2-

Rubber

a. Natural or conjugated diene rubbers ;b. Rubber in general.c. Rubbers of C08L 23/16 are not classified according to notation B2B, but to B2A

Saponified vinylacetate

Ethylene copolymers with vinyl alcohol

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

Attention is drawn to the table at the beginning of C09J.

not modified by chemical after-treatment
Special rules of classification within this group

This group should only be used in cases without examples.

{Copolymer of an unspecified olefine with a monomer other than an olefine}
Special rules of classification within this group

This group should only be used in cases without examples.

Homopolymers or copolymers of ethene
Special rules of classification within this group

This group should only be used if there are examples both of polymers of C09J 123/06 or C09J 123/0807 and C09J 123/0846.

Polyethene
Special rules of classification within this group

This group can be further characterised by the Indexing Codes C08L 2207/062, C08L 2207/066, C08L 2207/068, C08L 2207/07 or C08L 2314/02-C08L 2314/08.

Copolymers of ethene (C09J 123/16 takes precedence)
Special rules of classification within this group

This group should only be used if there are examples both of polymers of C09J 123/0807 and C09J 123/0846.

C09J 123/16 takes precedence over this group.

{Copolymers of ethene with unsaturated hydrocarbons only containing more than three carbon atoms}
Special rules of classification within this group

This group can be further characterised by Indexing Codes C08L 2207/062-C08L 2207/07 or C08L 2314/02-C08L 2314/08.

It is preferable to classify in C09J 123/0815.

{Copolymers of ethene with aliphatic 1-olefins}
Special rules of classification within this group

The polymers in this group can be further characterised by Indexing Codes C08L 2207/062-C08L 2207/07 or C08L 2314/02-C08L 2314/08.

When ethylene is in majority, ethylene-propene copolymers are only classified when propene is clearly the minor component, e.g. LLDPE with the comonomer propene is classified in C09J 123/0815, whereas EPR is classified in C09J 123/16.

{Copolymers of ethene with aliphatic cyclic olefins}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions of copolymers of ethene with aliphatic cyclic olefins, e.g. ethylene, propene and norbornene.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Adhesive compositions of copolymers with a majority of norbornene

Special rules of classification within this group

This group takes precedence over C09J 123/0815, e.g. a copolymer of ethylene, propene and norbornene.

Copolymers with majority of norbornene see C09J 145/00.

{Copolymers of ethene with aliphatic polyenes, i.e. containing more than one unsaturated bond}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions of copolymers of ethene with aliphatic polyenes, i.e. containing more than one unsaturated bond, e.g. a copolymer of ethylene, butene (small amount) and norbornene (smaller amount).

Special rules of classification within this group

This group takes precedence over C09J 123/0815.

{Copolymers of ethene with aromatic monomers}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions of copolymers of ethene with aromatic monomers, e.g. copolymer of ethylene, butene (small amount) and styrene (smaller amount).

Special rules of classification within this group

This group takes precedence over C09J 123/0815.

{Copolymers of ethene with unsaturated hydrocarbons containing other atoms than carbon or hydrogen atoms}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions of copolymers of ethene with unsaturated hydrocarbons containing other atoms than carbon or hydrogen atoms, e.g. copolymer of ethylene, butene (small amount) and acrylate (smaller amount).

Special rules of classification within this group

This group takes precedence over C09J 123/0815.

{Saponified vinylacetate}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions of saponified vinylacetate (EVA), e.g. copolymer of ethylene, vinylacetate (small amount) and vinylalcohol (smaller amount).

Special rules of classification within this group

This group takes precedence over C09J 123/0861.

{Acids or derivatives thereof}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions of ethene with acids or derivatives thereof, e.g. ethylene copolymers with vinyl sulfonic acids.

Special rules of classification within this group

C09J 123/0892 takes precedence over this group.

{Neutralised polymers, i.e. ionomers}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Ethylene carboxylic acid copolymers where H+ is replaced by M+.

Special rules of classification within this group

This group takes precedence over C09J 123/0892.

In this group, M+ is not regarded as "other atom".

{Epoxide containing esters}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions of ethene with epoxide containing esters, e.g. ethylene copolymers with glycidyl methacrylate.

{containing monomers with other atoms than carbon, hydrogen or oxygen atoms}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adhesive compositions with copolymers of ethane with copolymers of ethene with monomers with other atoms than carbon, hydrogen or oxygen atoms when the olefin is in minority

Special rules of classification within this group

This group takes precedence over C09J 123/0869.

Homopolymers or copolymers of propene
Special rules of classification within this group

This group can be further characterised by Indexing Codes C08L 2207/10-C08L 2207/14 or C08L 2314/02-C08L 2314/08.

Polypropene
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions of homopolymers.

Special rules of classification within this group

This group can be further characterised by Indexing Codes C08L 2207/10-C08L 2207/14 or C08L 2314/02-C08L 2314/08.

Copolymers of propene (C09J 123/16 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions of copolymers of propene, when the propene is in majority, e.g. ethylene-propene copolymers when ethylene is clearly the minor component.

Rubbery polymers, e.g. high a-olefin content or atactic, but no propene.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:
Special rules of classification within this group

This group can be further characterised by Indexing Codes C08L 2207/10-C08L 2207/14 or C08L 2314/02-C08L 2314/08.

{Copolymers of propene with monomers having more than one C=C double bond}
Special rules of classification within this group

This group takes precedence over C09J 123/14 or C09J 123/142 in the case of terpolymers even if the polyene unit is the monomer in the lowest concentration.

{Copolymers of propene with monomers containing other atoms than carbon or hydrogen atoms}
Special rules of classification within this group

This group takes preference over C09J 123/14 or C09J 123/142 in the case of terpolymers even if the heteroatom carrying unit is the monomer in the lowest concentration.

{Elastomeric}ethene-propene or ethene-propene-diene copolymers,{e.g. EPR and EPDM rubbers}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesives based on elastomeric ethene-propene or ethene-propene-diene copolymers, e.g. EPR and EPDM rubbers or polymers comprising both ethylene and propylene on about the same amount.

Special rules of classification within this group

This group takes precedence over C09J 123/0815 and C09J 123/14.

Although these polymers are rubbers or elastomers, C08L 23/00 or subgroups are used if they not in majority.

modified by chemical after-treatment
Special rules of classification within this group

C09J 123/0861 takes precedence in the case of saponified EVA.

C09J 123/0876 takes precedence in the case of neutralised ethylene carboxylic acid copolymers (iononers).

by reaction with halogens or compounds containing halogen (C09J 123/32 takes precedence)
Special rules of classification within this group

For chlorosulfonation, C09J 123/32 takes precedence over this group.

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by an aromatic carbocyclic ring; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:
  • Homo- and copolymers of styrene,
  • General purpose polystyrene (GPS),
  • High impact polystyrene (HIPS).
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This group does not cover:

SBR rubber

Grafted (co)polymers

Block (co)polymers

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)

Special rules of classification within this subclass

Use of general classes should be avoided by classifying the specific examples, whenever practicable.

For example, a document claiming adhesive compositions of a polymer of an aromatic vinyl monomer, wherein the examples are limited to e.g. polystyrene, should receive the class C09J 125/06 and not C09J 125/04, C09J 125/02 or C09J 125/00.

General purpose PS, GPS is classified in C09J 125/06.

High impact polystyrene HIPS is classified in C09J 125/06, unless the rubber or rubber content is of relevance, where it should be classified in C09J 151/04.

Synonyms and Keywords

GPS

General purpose polystyrene

HIPS

High impact polystyrene

PS

Polystyrene

SAN

Styrene acrylonitrile copolymer

SPS

Syndiotactic polystyrene

Copolymers of styrene (C09J 129/08 , C09J 135/06 , C09J 155/02 take precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Copolymers with allyl alcohol, even when allyl alcohol monomer is in minority

Copolymers with monomers according to C09D 135/06, even in minority

Copolymers with monomers according to C09D 141/00, even in minority

Copolymers with monomers according to C09D 143/00, even in minority

with conjugated dienes
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Styrene butadiene rubber SBR

Grafted copolymers comprising styrene and dienes

Block copolymers comprising styrene and dienes

with unsaturated nitriles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Copolymers of unsaturated nitriles

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene copolymers ABS

with unsaturated esters
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Copolymers with unsaturated carboxylic acids and esters thereof

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by a halogen; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:
  • Homo- and copolymers of vinyl mono-, di-, tri- or tetra- halogenide(s)

eg vinyl(idene) chloride, vinyl(idene) fluoride, chlorotrifluoroethylene, tetrafluoroethylene, hexafluoropropene ...

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Chemically modified, (post)halogenated polymers

(per)Halogenated esters of unsaturated carboxylic acids

(per)Halogenated polyethers

Special rules of classification within this group

Use of general classes should be avoided by classifying the specific examples, whenever practicable.

For example, a document claiming adhesive compositions of a fluorinated polymer, wherein the examples are limited to e.g. poly(tetrafluoroethylene), should be classified in C09J 127/18 and not in C09J 127/12.

Synonyms and Keywords

CTFE

Chlorotrifluoroethene, chlorotrifluoroethylene

HFP

Hexafluoropropene, hexafluoropropylene

PTFE

Poly (tetrafluoroethene), poly (tetrafluoroethylene)

PVC

Poly (vinyl chloride)

PVDC

Poly (vinylidene chloride)

PVDF

Poly (vinylidene fluoride)

PVF

Poly (vinyl fluoride)

containing fluorine atoms
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:
  • Adhesives based on (co)polymers of fluorine containing unsaturated monomers other than those covered by C09J 127/14-C09J 127/20.
  • Adhesives based on (co)polymers of fluorine containing unsaturated monomers having additional halogen atom(s) other than fluorine, e.g. (co)polymers of chlorotrifluoroethylene
Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by an alcohol, ether, aldehydo, ketonic, acetal, or ketal radical; Adhesives based on hydrolysed polymers of esters of unsaturated alcohols with saturated carboxylic acids; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers

  • of unsaturated alcohols, e.g. polyvinyl alcohol
  • of unsaturated ketones
  • of acetals or ketals obtained by polymerisation of unsaturated acetals or ketals or by after-treatment of polymers of unsaturated alcohols

Adhesives based on partially hydrolysed homopolymers or copolymers of esters of unsaturated alcohols with saturated carboxylic acids, e.g. copolymers of allyl alcohol.

Special rules of classification within this group

Use of general classes should be avoided by classifying the specific examples, whenever practicable.

For example, a document claiming adhesive compositions of a polymer of an unsaturated alcohol monomer, wherein the examples are limited to e.g. polyvinyl alcohol, should be classified in C09J 129/04 and not in C09J 129/02 or C09J 129/00.

Synonyms and Keywords

EVA or E-VA

Ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer or ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer

PVA

Poly(vinyl alcohol) or poly(vinyl acetate)

PVB

Poly (vinyl butyral)

PVOH

Poly (vinyl alcohol)

Polyvinyl alcohol; Partially hydrolysed homopolymers or copolymers of esters of unsaturated alcohols with saturated carboxylic acids
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Homo- and co-polymers of vinyl alcohol

Saponified or hydrolysed (co)polymers of vinyl esters of saturated acids, e.g. saponified or hydrolysed (co)polymers of vinyl acetate.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Ethylene/vinyl alcohol copolymers in which ethylene is in majority

with vinyl aromatic monomers
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Copolymers with styrene, even when styrene is in majority.

Homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated ethers (C09J 135/08 takes precedence)
Special rules of classification within this group

C09J 135/08 takes precedence over this group, i.e. copolymers with monomers according to C09J 135/08, e.g. unsaturated dicarboxylic acids, anhydrides or esters, are classified in C09J 135/08 only, even when these monomers are in minority.

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by an acyloxy radical of a saturated carboxylic acid, of carbonic acid, or of a haloformic acid (based on hydrolysed polymers C09J 129/00); Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions based on homopolymers or copolymers of

  • esters of monocarboxylic acids, e.g. of vinyl acetate
  • esters of polycarboxylic acids, e.g. of phthalic acid.
References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Hydrolised or saponified polymers thereof

Special rules of classification within this group

The use of general classes should be avoided by classifying the specific examples, whenever practicable.

For example, a document claiming Adhesive compositions of a (co)polymer of an unsaturated ester of a saturated carboxylic acid monomer, wherein the examples are limited to e.g. polyvinyl acetate, should receive the class C09J 131/04 and not C09J 131/02 or C09J 131/00.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

EVA or E-VA

Ethylene Vinyl Acetate copolymer or Ethylene Vinyl Alcohol copolymer

PVA

Poly(Vinyl Acetate) or Poly(Vinyl Alcohol)

PVAC or PVAc

Poly (Vinyl Acetate)

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by only one carboxyl radical, or of salts, anhydrides, esters, amides, imides, or nitriles thereof; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions of homopolymers or copolymers having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by only one carboxyl radical, or of salts, anhydrides, esters, amides, imides, or nitriles thereof, e.g. acrylamide, methacrylamide or acrylic acid esters.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Polymer compositions

Applications or uses of polymer compositions in films, e.g. a film of poly methyl methacrylate

Coatings

Adhesives from diene rubbers containing carboxylic groups

Adhesive compositions having a major polymer part containing monomers in minority from C09J 137/00- C09J 143/00

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adhesives for nail coating

Diapers

Encapsulation of solar cells

H01L31/48

Electrical cables and wires

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

The main groups of C09J 133/00 should not be used for classification.

Majority rule:

For compositions:

If C09J 133/00 relates to composition of two or more polymers, classification is given as follows: the polymer in majority is given a C09J class (see above), and the minor components are characterised by C-Sets and Indexing Codes. In the case that several polymers can be in majority, several C09J classes for the polymers which are possibly in majority and the Indexing Codes of C08L for all polymers in minority and additives are given.

For Copolymers:

Copolymers get the class of the major monomer component, except if there is a lower class which specifies the comonomer in minority. An adhesive composition based on a copolymer of ethylene and acrylic acid therefore is to be classified in C09J 123/0869 (ethylene in majority), but in C09J 133/02 if acrylic acid is in majority. However, a adhesive based on a copolymer of acrylic ester and acrylonitrile (acrylic ester in majority) would be classified in C09J 133/18. The monomer composition of the main polymer component can be characterised by Indexing Codes of C08F

The classification of the main component polymer of the adhesive should be according to the most specific, or reactive monomer (i.e. glycidyl methacrylate and not methyl methacrylate in a copolymer of glycidyl methacrylate and methyl methacrylate). All comonomers of the main polymeric component should be characterised by their Indexing Codes in C08F (C08F 2220/325 and C08F 220/14.

Use of C-Sets:

To indicate the nature of the second component in a system, classification is given in the form of C-sets as mentioned above.

Remark: Note 2 is relevant for C09J 133/00. Documents from before 2003 are not reclassified.

Common adhesive ingredients like tackifying resins or waxes do only get a C-Sets in C09J 133/00 if they have characterising features for the composition

Examples:

a. An adhesive composition of 60 parts polymethyl methacrylate (C09J 133/12) and 40 parts polyamide (C08L 77/00) is classified in (C09J 133/12, C08L 77/00).

b. An adhesive composition of 50 parts polymethyl methacrylate (C09J 133/12) and 50 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C09J 133/12, C08L 77/00) and (C09J 177/00, C08L 33/12).

c. An adhesive composition based on polymethyl methacrylate and containing CaCO3 is classified in C09J 133/12 and C08K 3/26. If this composition contains also a polyamide, then the classification will be (C09J 133/12, C08L 77/00, C08K 3/26).

d. An adhesive composition based on a first polymethyl methacrylate (C09J 133/12) and containing as a second polymer a copolymer of acrylic acid, a phenol and silica is classified in (C09J 133/12, C08L 33/02, C08K 5/13, C08K 3/36) and C08L 2205/02.

e. A composition containing a polyamide in majority, a polyester and a polymethyl methacrylate is classified in (C09J 177/00, C08L 67/00, C08L 33/12) and , C08L 2205/03.

f. Adhesive compositions containing two polymers of the same .dot group, for example compositions of two polymers am hydroxyl containing acrylic ester, are characterised by the Indexing Code C08L 2205/025. The complete classification for such a compositions therefore would be (C09J 133/066, C08L 33/066 ) and C08L 2205/025. The same applies for compositions of two polymers only distinguished by physical properties, e.g. molecular weight or density.

Indexing Codes:

All Indexing Codes of C08L (for secondary or polymers in minority, properties, uses, applications), C08K (for inorganic or organic non-macromolecular additives) and C08F are used.

An adhesive composition containing next to another addition polymer a main component of a copolymer of acrylic ester, acrylamide and hydroxymethylmethacrylate therefore would be classified in C09J 133/26, C08F 220/10 and C08F 220/26, even if less acrylamide monomer is present than acrylic ester and hydroxymethylmethacrylate. If this main component would be in a blend with methylmethacrylate copolymer, an Indexing Code (C09J 133/26, C08L 33/12) would additionally be given.

Last place rule:

If there are several possibilities to classify, the lowest alternative classification (last place) is used. For example, terpolymers of styrene, vinyl acetate and methyl methacrylate in similar proportions would be classified in C09J 133/12 instead of C09J 125/00 or C09J 131/00. However, Indexing Codes of C08F should be given (C08F 212/08 for styrene, C08F 218/08 for vinyl acetate)

Classification guidance

Documents are preferably classified according to the examples in the documents, not according to general claims, e.g. if the examples only describe adhesives of acrylic copolymers, but subject matter of the claim is a composition of acrylamide copolymer, the document is classified as adhesive of acrylamide copolymers (C09J 133/26, C08L 23/00).

In C09J, adhesives which have only one polymeric component are classified, e.g. C09J 133/08 represents an adhesive of only one acrylic ester polymer.

Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Attention is drawn to the glossary of C09J 123/00.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

Attention is drawn to the table after the title of C09J.

Homopolymers or copolymers of acids; Metal or ammonium salts thereof
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Copolymers containing bicarboxylic acids in majority

Homopolymers or copolymers of esters {(C09J 143/04 takes precedence)}
Special rules of classification within this group

All of C09J 137/00-C09J 143/04, C09J 133/064-C09J 133/068 and C09J 133/14-C09J 133/26 take precedence over this group, even if the corresponding monomers are in minority.

This group should be used if the nature of the acrylic ester polymer is not specified.

of esters containing only carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, the oxygen atom being present only as part of the carboxyl radical
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions based on all alkyl alkylacrylate monomers.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Adhesive compositions based on acrylic acid esters or methacrylic acid esters with alkanols or phenols, without having additional functional groups, e.g. methyl ethylacrylate

{Copolymers with monomers not covered by C09J 133/06}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Adhesive compositions based on monomers which have OH, glycidyl, anhydride or additional acid groups

Adhesive compositions based on monomers which have halogen, nitrogen, sulfur, or oxygen

{containing anhydride, COOH or COOM groups, with M being metal or onium-cation}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Acrylic adhesive compositions based on maleic acid or derivative containing polymers having maleic acid in minority.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Acrylic adhesive compositions based on maleic acid or derivative containing polymers having an olefin acid in majority

Acrylic adhesive compositions based on maleic acid or derivative containing polymers having maleic acid in majority

{containing -OH groups}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions based on polymers containing hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA).

{containing glycidyl groups}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions based on polymers containing glycidyl methacrylate.

Homopolymers or copolymers of acrylic acid esters
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive composition based on homopolymers or copolymers which are esters of acrylic acid or methacrylic acid.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Adhesive composition based on copolymers of other alkylacrylates

Special rules of classification within this group

All of C09J 137/00-C09J 143/00, C09J 133/062-C09J 133/068 and C09J 133/14-C09J 133/26 take precedence over this group even if the corresponding monomers are in minority.

Homopolymers or copolymers of methacrylic acid esters
Special rules of classification within this group

In copolymers, all of C09J 137/00-C09J 143/04, C09J 133/062-C09J 133/068 and C09J 133/14-C09J 133/26 take precedence over this group even if the corresponding monomers are in minority.

of esters containing halogen, nitrogen, sulfur or oxygen atoms in addition to the carboxy oxygen
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions based on acrylic esters of polyethylene ethers, methoxymethacrylate or amino substituted acrylate esters.

Special rules of classification within this group

All of C09J 133/064-C09J 133/068, C09J 137/00-C09J 143/00 and C09J 133/18-C09J 133/26 take precedence over this group.

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by a carboxyl radical, and containing at least another carboxyl radical in the molecule, or of salts, anhydrides, esters, amides, imides or nitriles thereof; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by a carboxyl radical, and containing at least another carboxyl radical in the molecule, or of salts, anhydrides, esters, amides, imides or nitriles thereof; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers. Bonding using organic-inorganic elastomer and elastomeric substances obtained by co-polymerisation of maleic anhydride, vinyl stearate and a vinyl alkoxy silane with or without vinyl formate.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Applications or uses of polymer compositions in films, e.g. a film of maleic anhydride copolymer

Applications or uses of polymer compositions in laminates

Polymer compositions

Coatings

Examples of places where the subject matter of this main group is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Use of Inorganic of non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients

Working-up, compounding, after-treatment of macromolecular compounds

C08J 3/00- C08K11/28

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adhesives for nail coatings

A45B20/00

Adhesives for diapers

Adhesives based on compositions of polymerisable monomers

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

Majority rule:

For compositions:

If C09J 135/00 relates to a composition and two or more polymers are present, classification is given as follows: the polymer in majority is given a C09J class (see above), and the minor components are characterised by C-Sets and Indexing Codes. In the case that several polymers can be in majority, several C09J classes for the polymers which are possibly in majority and the Indexing Codes for all polymers in minority and additives are given

For Copolymers

Copolymers get the class of the major component, except if there is a lower class which specifies the comonomer in minority (see also last place rule), i.e. ethylene maleic anhydride copolymers (ethylene in majority) would be classified in C09J 123/0869, and not in C09J 135/06, but ethylene maleic anhydride copolymers (maleic anhydride in majority) would be classified in C09J 135/06, not in C09J 123/0869

Last place rule:

If there are several possibilities to classify, the lowest alternative classification (last place) is used.

Use of C-Sets:

To indicate the nature of the second component in a system, classification is given in the form of C-sets as mentioned above.

Remark: Note 2 is relevant for C09J 135/00. Documents from before 2003 are not reclassified.

Common adhesive ingredients like tackifying resins or waxes do only get a C-Sets in C09J 135/00 if they have characterising features for the composition

Examples:

a. An adhesive of a blend of 60 parts styrene-maleic anhydride copolymer (C09J 135/06) and 40 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C09J 135/06, C08L 77/00).

b. An adhesive of a blend of 50 parts styrene-maleic anhydride copolymer (C09J 135/06) and 50 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C09J 135/06, C08L 77/00 ) and (C09J 177/00, C08L 35/06).

c. An adhesive of a composition based on styrene-maleic anhydride copolymer and containing CaCO3 is classified in C09J 135/06 and gets an Indexing Code of C08K, e.g. in C08K 3/26. If this composition contains also a polyamide, then the classification will be (C09J 135/06, C08L 77/00, C08K 3/26).

d. An adhesive of a composition based on a first styrene-maleic anhydride copolymer (C09J 135/06) and containing a second styrene-maleic anhydride copolymer, a phenol and silica is classified in (C09J 135/06, C08L 35/06, C08K 5/13, C08K 3/36) and C08L 2205/025.

e. An adhesive of a composition containing a polyamide in majority, a polyester and a styrene-maleic anhydride copolymer is classified in (C09J 177/00, C08L 67/00, C08L 35/06) and C08L 2205/03.

f. An adhesive of compositions containing two polymers of the same .dot group, for example compositions of two styrene-maleic anhydride copolymer polymers, are characterised by the Indexing Code C08L 2205/025. The complete classification for such compositions therefore would be (C09J 135/06, C08L 35/06) and C08L 2205/025. The same applies for adhesive compositions of two polymers only distinguished by physical properties, i.e. molecular weight or density.

Indexing Codes:

All Indexing Codes of C08L (for secondary or polymers in minority, properties, uses, applications), C08K (for inorganic or organic non-macromolecular additives) and C08F (for specific monomers) are used.

Indexing Codes of C08F are used for specific monomers, which are part of the copolymer classified in C09J 135/00.

Therefore a terpolymer of styrene, maleic anhydride and acrylic amide should additionally be characterised by an Indexing Code C08F 220/56.

Classification guidance

Documents are preferably classified according to the examples in the documents, not according to general claims, e.g. if the examples only describe adhesives of compositions of styrene-maleic anhydride, but subject matter of the claim is an adhesive of a composition of a vinyl aromatic copolymer, the document is classified as adhesive composition of styrene maleic anhydride copolymer (C09J 135/06, C08L 23/00).

In C09J,adhesives which have only one polymeric component is also classified, e.g. C09J 135/06 for an adhesive of only one maleic anhydride copolymer.

Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Attention is drawn to the glossary of C09J 123/00.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

Attention is drawn to the table after the title of C09J.

Homopolymers or copolymers of esters (C09J 135/06 , C09J 135/08 take precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Adhesives based on copolymers of unsaturated esters, e.g. acrylic ester with a monomer of C09J 135/00, e.g. maleic anhydride which have the ester in majority

Special rules of classification within this group

Maleic anhydride should be characterised by an Indexing Code of C08F, e.g. C08F 222/04.

Groups C09J 135/06 and C09J 135/08 take precedence over this group.

Homopolymers or copolymers of nitriles (C09J 135/06 , C09J 135/08 take precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Adhesives of copolymers of unsaturated nitriles, e.g. acrylonitrile with a monomer of C09J 135/00, e.g. maleic anhydride which have the nitrile in majority

Special rules of classification within this group

Maleic anhydride should be characterised by an Indexing Code of C08F , e.g. C08F 222/04.

Groups C09J 135/06 and C09J 135/08 take precedence over this group.

Copolymers with vinyl aromatic monomers
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Adhesives based on copolymers of vinyl aromatic compounds, e.g. styrene with a monomer of C09J 135/00, e.g. maleic anhydride which have the vinyl aromatic compound in majority

Special rules of classification within this group

Maleic anhydride should be characterised by an Indexing Code of C08F, e.g. C08F 222/04.

Groups C09J 135/06 and C09J 135/08 take precedence over this group.

Copolymers with vinyl ethers
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Adhesives based on copolymers of vinylethers with a monomer of C09J 135/00, e.g. maleic anhydride which have the vinylether in majority

Special rules of classification within this group

Maleic anhydride should be characterised by an Indexing Code of C08F, e.g. C08F 222/04.

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by a heterocyclic ring containing oxygen (based on polymers of cyclic esters of polyfunctional acids C09J 131/00 ; based on polymers of cyclic anhydrides of unsaturated acids C09J 135/00); Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by a heterocyclic ring containing oxygen; adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers, bonding using a non-volatile organic binder having 2-vinyl-1,3cyclic acetal radicals

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

ß Applications or uses of polymer compositions in films, e.g. a film of a vinyl furan

Polymer compositions

Coatings

Adhesives based on polymers of cyclic esters of polyfunctional acids; based on polymers of cyclic anhydrides of unsaturated acids

Adhesives based on polymers of cyclic anhydrides of unsaturated acids

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adhesives for nail coatings

Adhesives in diapers

Adhesives based on compositions of polymerisable monomers

Encapsulation of solar cells

H01L31/48

Special rules of classification within this group

Majority rule:

For compositions:

If C09J 137/00 relates to a composition and two or more polymers are present, classification is given as follows: the polymer in majority is given a C09J class (see above), and the minor components are characterised by C-Sets and Indexing Codes. In the case that several polymers can be in majority, several C09J classes for the polymers which are possibly in majority and the Indexing Codes for all polymers in minority and additives are given

For Copolymers:

In C09J 137/00, adhesives do not get the class of the major component of the monomer of the copolymers. An adhesive based on a copolymer of diene and vinylfuran, which has only a low content of vinyl furan, would be classified in C09J 137/00. Additional classification in C09J 109/00 should be considered. The comonomer in majority should get an Indexing Code in C08F (C08F 236/00 for dienes)

Last place rule:

If there are several possibilities to classify, the lowest alternative classification (last place) is used.

Use of C-Sets:

To indicate the nature of the second component in a system, classification is given in the form of C-sets as mentioned above.

Remark: Note 2 is relevant for C09J 137/00. Documents from before 2003 are not reclassified.

Common adhesive ingredients like tackifying resins or waxes do only get a C-Set classification in C09J 137/00 if they have characterising features for the composition.

Examples:

a. An adhesive of a blend of 60 parts diene vinylfuran copolymer (C09J 137/00) and 40 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C09J 137/00, C08L 77/00).

b. An adhesive of a blend of 50 parts diene vinylfuran copolymer (C09J 137/00) and 50 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C09J 137/00, C08L 77/00) and (C09J 177/00, C08L 37/00).

c. An adhesive of a composition based on diene vinylfuran copolymer and containing CaCO3 is classified in C09J 137/00 and gets an Indexing Code of C08K, e.g. in C08K 3/26. If this composition contains also a polyamide, then the classification will be (C09J 137/00, C08L 77/00, C08K 3/26).

d. An adhesive of a composition based on a first diene vinylfuran copolymer (C09J 137/00) and containing a second diene vinylfuran copolymer, a phenol and silica is classified in (C09J 137/00, C08L 37/00, C08K 5/13, C08K 3/36) and C08L 2205/025.

e. An adhesive of a composition containing a polyamide in majority, a polyester and a diene vinylfuran copolymer is classified in (C09J 177/00, C08L 67/00, C08L 37/00) and C08L 2205/03.

f. An adhesive of compositions containing two polymers of the same .dot group, for example compositions of two diene vinylfuran copolymer polymers, are characterised by the Indexing Code C08L 2205/025. The complete classification for such compositions therefore would be (C09J 137/00, C08L 37/00) and C08L 2205/025. The same applies for adhesive compositions of two polymers only distinguished by physical properties, e.g. molecular weight or density.

Indexing Codes:

All Indexing Codes of C08L (for secondary or polymers in minority, properties, uses, applications), C08K (for inorganic or organic non-macromolecular additives) and C08F (for specific monomers) are used.

Indexing Codes of C08F are used for specific monomers, which are part of the copolymer classified in C09J 137/00.

Therefore a terpolymer of diene, maleic anhydride and vinyl furan should additionally be characterised by an Indexing Codes C08F 222/00 and C08F 236/06.

Classification guidance

Documents are preferably classified according to the examples in the documents, not according to general claims, e.g. if the examples only describe adhesives of compositions of diene vinylfuran copolymers, but subject matter of the claim is an adhesive of a composition of a diene copolymer, the document is classified as adhesive composition of a vinyl furan copolymer (C09J 137/00, C08L--/--).

In C09J 1/00, also adhesives are classified which have only one polymeric component, e.g. C09J 137/00, an adhesive of only one vinyl furan copolymer

Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Attention is drawn to the the glossary of C09J 123/00.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

Attention is drawn to the table after the title of C09J

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by a single or double bond to nitrogen or by a heterocyclic ring containing nitrogen; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by a single or double bond to nitrogen or by a heterocyclic ring containing nitrogen; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Applications or uses of polymer compositions in films, e.g. a film of vinyl pyridine

Polymer compositions

Applications or uses of polymer compositions in coatings

Acrylic copolymers of amides and imides

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adhesives for nail coatings

Adhesives in diapers

Encapsulation of solar cells

H01L31/48

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

Majority rule:

For compositions:

If C09J 139/00 relates to a composition and two or more polymers are present, classification is given as follows: the polymer in majority is given a C09J class (see above), and the minor components are characterised by C-Sets and Indexing Codes. In the case that several polymers can be in majority, several C09J classes for the polymers which are possibly in majority and the Indexing Codes for all polymers in minority and additives are given

For Copolymers:

In C09J 139/00, adhesives do not get the class of the major component of the monomer of the copolymers. An adhesive based on a copolymer of acrylic ester and vinyl pyridine, which has a lower content of vinyl pyridine than acrylic ester, would also be classified in C09J 139/08. Additional classification in C09J 133/08 should be considered. The comonomer in majority should get an Indexing Code in C08F (C08F 220/10 for acrylic esters).

Last place rule:

If there are several possibilities to classify, the lowest alternative classification (last place) is used.

Use of C-Sets:

To indicate the nature of the second component in a system, classification is given in the form of C-sets as mentioned above.

Remark: Note 2 is not relevant for C09J 139/00. All documents from before 2003 are reclassified.

Common adhesive ingredients like tackifying resins or waxes do only get a C-Set notation in C09J 139/00 if they have characterising features for the composition

Examples:

a. An adhesive of a blend of 60 parts vinyl pyridine copolymer (C09J 139/08) and 40 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C09J 139/00, C08L 77/00).

b. An adhesive of a blend of 50 parts vinyl pyridine copolymer (C09J 139/08) and 50 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in C09J 139/08, C08L 77/00) and (C09J 177/00, C08L 39/08).

c. An adhesive based on a composition of vinyl pyridine copolymer and containing CaCO3 is classified in C09J 139/08 and C08K 3/26. If this composition contains also a polyamide, then the classification will be (C09J 139/08, C08L 77/00, C08K 3/26).

d. An adhesive based on a composition based on a first vinyl pyridine copolymer (C09J 139/08) and containing a second vinyl pyridine copolymer, a phenol and silica is classified in (C09J 139/08, C08L 39/08, C08K 5/13, C08K 3/36) and C08L 2205/025.

e. An adhesive based on a composition containing a polyamide in majority, a polyester and a vinyl pyridine copolymer is classified in (C09J 177/00, C08L 67/00, C08L 39/08) and C08L 2205/03.

f. Adhesives of compositions containing two polymers of the same subgroup, for example compositions of two vinyl pyridine copolymers, are characterised by the Indexing Code C08L 2205/025. The complete classification for such a compositions therefore would be (C09J 139/08, C08L 39/08) and C08L 2205/025. The same applies for compositions of two polymers only distinguished by physical properties (e.g.. molecular weight, density etc.)

Indexing Codes:

All Indexing Codes of C08L (for secondary or polymers in minority, properties, uses, applications) and C08K (for inorganic or organic non-macromolecular additives) are used.

Indexing Codes of C08F are used for specific monomers, which are part of the copolymer classified in C09J 139/00

A copolymer of acrylic ester, maleic anhydride and vinyl pyrrolidone used in an adhesive therefore would be classified in C09J 139/06, C08F 220/10 and C08F 222/06.

Classification guidance

Documents are preferably classified according to the examples in the documents, not according to general claims, e.g. if the examples only describe adhesives based on an acrylic polymer containing vinyl pyrrolidone, but subject matter of the claim is an acrylic adhesive, the document is classified under adhesives of vinyl pyrrolidone copolymer (C09J 139/06, C08L--/--).

In C09J, adhesives which have only one polymeric component are classified, e.g. C09J 139/06 represents an adhesive of only one vinyl pyrrolidone copolymer.

Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Attention is drawn to the glossary of C09J 123/00.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

Attention is drawn to the table after the title of C09J.

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and containing boron, silicon, phosphorus, selenium, tellurium, or a metal; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds corresponding to groups C08F 30/00, C08F 130/00 or C08F 230/00.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Applications or uses of polymer compositions in films, e.g. a film of vinyl silane

Polymer compositions

Applications or uses of polymer compositions in coatings

Adhesives of ethylene copolymers of silane or phosphorous containing compounds

Adhesives of propene copolymers of silane or phosphorous containing compounds

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adhesives for nail coatings

Adhesives for diapers

Acrylic adhesive compositions

Adhesive tapes, glue sticks, other features of adhesives

Encapsulation of solar cells

H01L31/48

Special rules of classification within this group

Majority rule:

For compositions:

If C09J 143/00 relates to a composition and two or more polymers are present, classification is given as follows: the polymer in majority is given a C09J class (see above), and the minor components are characterised by C-Sets and Indexing Codes. In the case that several polymers can be in majority, several C09J classes for the polymers which are possibly in majority and the Indexing Codes for all polymers in minority and additives are given

For Copolymers:

In C09J 143/00, adhesives do not get the class of the major component of the monomer of the copolymers. An adhesive based on a copolymer of acrylic ester and vinyl silane, which has a lower content of vinyl silane than acrylic ester, would also be classified in C09J 143/04. Additional classification in C09J 133/08 should be considered. The comonomer in majority should get an Indexing Code in C08F (C08F 220/10 for acrylic esters).

However, if the major comonomer is ethylene or propene, the corresponding copolymer compositions are classified in C09J 123/0892 or C09J 123/147

Last place rule:

If there are several possibilities to classify, the lowest alternative classification (last place) is used.

Use of C-Sets:

To indicate the nature of the second component in a system, classification is given in the form of C-sets as mentioned above.

Remark: Note 2 is not relevant for C09J 143/00. All documents from before 2003 are reclassified.

Common adhesive ingredients like tackifying resins or waxes do only get a C-Set notation in C09D 143/00 if they have characterising features for the composition

Examples:

a. An adhesive of a blend of 60 parts vinyl silane copolymer (C09J 143/04) and 40 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C09J 143/04, C08L 77/00).

b. An adhesive of a blend of 50 parts vinyl silane copolymer (C09J 143/04) and 50 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C09J 143/04, C08L 43/04) and (C09J 177/00, C08L 43/04).

c. An adhesive based on a composition of vinyl silane copolymer and containing CaCO3 is classified in C09J 143/04 and C08K 3/26. If this composition contains also a polyamide, then the classification will be (C09J 143/04, C08L 77/00, C08K 3/26).

d. An adhesive based on a composition based on a first vinyl silane copolymer (C09J 143/04) and containing a second vinyl silane copolymer, a phenol and silica is classified in (C09J 143/04, C08L 43/04, C08K 5/13, C08K 3/36) and C08L 2205/025.

e. An adhesive based on a composition containing a polyamide in majority, a polyester and a vinyl silane copolymer is classified in (C09J 177/00, C08L 67/00, C08L 43/04) and C08L 2205/03.

f. Adhesives of compositions containing two polymers of the same .dot group, for example compositions of two vinyl silane copolymers, are characterised by the Indexing Code C08L 2205/025. The complete classification for such a composition therefore would be (C09J 143/04, C08L 43/04) and C08L 2205/025. The same applies for compositions of two polymers only distinguished by physical properties (e.g.. molecular weight, density etc.)

Indexing Codes:

All Indexing Codes of C08L (for secondary or polymers in minority, properties, uses, applications) and C08K (for inorganic or organic non-macromolecular additives) are used.

Indexing Codes of C08F are used for specific monomers, which are part of the copolymer classified in C09J 143/00

A copolymer of acrylic ester, maleic anhydride and vinyl silane used in an adhesive therefore would be classified in C09J 143/04, C08F 220/10 and C08F 222/06

Classification guidance

Documents are preferably classified according to the examples in the documents, not according to general claims, e.g. if the examples only describe adhesives based on an acrylic polymer containing vinyl silane, but subject matter of the claim is an acrylic adhesive, the document is classified under adhesives of vinyl silane copolymer (C09J 143/04)

In C09J 1/00, also adhesives are classified which have only one polymeric component, e.g. C09J 143/04, an adhesive of only one vinyl silane polymer

Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Attention is drawn to the glossary of C09J 123/00.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

Attention is drawn to the table after the title of C09J.

Further subdivisions:

Adhesive compositions based on copolymers of ethylene or propene are not classified in this group.

Adhesive compositions based on copolymers of ethylene or propene are not classified in this group.

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having no unsaturated aliphatic radicals in a side chain, and having one or more carbon-to-carbon double bonds in a carbocyclic or in a heterocyclic system; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers (based on polymers of cyclic esters of polyfunctional acids C09J 131/00 ; based on polymers of cyclic anhydrides or imides C09J 135/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds corresponding to groups C08F 32/00, C08F 132/00, C08F 232/00 or C08F 244/00.

Adhesive compositions based on (co)polymers of cyclic olefins, e.g. norbornene or bicyclopentadiene, where the cyclic monomer is the major component in the copolymer.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Applications or uses of polymer compositions in films, e.g. a film of polynorbornene

Polymer compositions

Coatings

Adhesives based on polymers of cyclic esters of polyfunctional acids

Adhesives based on polymers of cyclic anhydrides or imides

Adhesives based on copolymers of monomers terminated by a heterocyclic ring containing Oxygen

Adhesives based on copolymers of monomers terminated by a heterocyclic ring containing Nitrogen

Special rules of classification within this group

Majority rule:

For compositions:

If C09J 145/00 relates to a compositions and two or more polymers are present, classification is given as follows: the polymer in majority is given a C09J class (see above), and the minor components are characterised by C-Sets and Indexing Codes. In the case that several polymers can be in majority, several C09J classes for the polymers which are possibly in majority and the Indexing Codes for all polymers in minority and additives are given

For Copolymers:

Copolymers get the class of the major component, except if there is a lower class which specifies the comonomer in minority (see also last place rule), i.e. ethylene copolymers (ethylene comonomer in majority) would be classified in C09J 123/0807, and not in C09J 145/00, but ethylene norbornene copolymers (norbornene in majority) would be classifed in C09J 145/00, not in C09J 123/08.

Last place rule

If there are several possibilities to classify, the lowest alternative classification (last place) is used.

Use of C-Sets:

To indicate the nature of the second component in a system, classification is given in the form of C-sets as mentioned above.

Remark: Note 2 is not relevant for C09J 145/00. All documents from before 2003 are reclassified.

Examples:

a. An adhesive of a blend of 60 parts poly-norbornene (C09J 145/00) and 40 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C09J 145/00, C08L 77/00).

b. An adhesive of a blend of 50 parts poly norbornene (C09J 145/00) and 50 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C09J 145/00, C08L 77/00) and (C09J 177/00, C08L 45/00).

c. An adhesive based on a composition of polynorbornene and containing CaCO3 is classified in C09J 145/00 and C08K 3/26. If this composition contains also a polyamide, then the classification will be (C09J 145/00, C08L 77/00, C08K 3/26).

d. An adhesive based on a composition based on a first polynorbornene (C09J 145/00) and containing a second polynorbornene, a phenol and silica is classified in (C09J 145/00, C08L 45/00, C08K 5/13, C08K 3/36) and C08L 2205/02.

e. An adhesive based on a composition containing a polyamide in majority, a polyester and a polynorbornene is classified in (C09J 177/00, C08L 67/00, C08L 45/00) and C08L 2205/03.

f. Adhesives of compositions containing two polymers of the same .dot group, for example compositions of two polynorbornenes, are characterised by the Indexing Code C08L 2205/025. The complete classification for such a compositions therefore would be (C09J 145/00, C08L 45/00) and C08L 2205/025. The same applies for compositions of two polymers only distinguished by physical properties, e.g. molecular weight or density.

Indexing Codes:

All Indexing Codes of C08L (for secondary or polymers in minority, properties, uses, applications) and C08K (for inorganic or organic non-macromolecular additives) are used.

Classification guidance

Documents are preferably classified according to the examples in the documents, not according to general claims, e.g. if the examples only describe adhesives based on polynorbornene, but subject matter of the claim is a adhesive of polyolefin, the document is classified under adhesives of polynorbornene (C09J 145/00, C08L--/--).

Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Attention is drawn to the table of the glossary of C09J 123/00.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

Attention is drawn to the table after the title of C09J.

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, at least one having two or more carbon-to-carbon double bonds; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers (C09J 145/00 takes precedence; based on conjugated diene rubbers C09J 109/00 to C09J 121/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, at least one having two or more carbon-to-carbon double bonds, i.e. unconjugated dienes.

Adhesive compositions of derivatives of such polymers.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Adhesive compositions of conjugated diene polymers

Adhesive compositions of coumarone-indene polymers

Adhesive compositions of copolymers of ethene-propene or ethene-propene-diene, e.g. adhesive compositions of EPM or EPDM rubber

Adhesive compositions of copolymers of isobutene with minor part of conjugated dienes monomers (butyl rubber)

Special rules of classification within this group

C09J 145/00 takes precedence over C09J 147/00.

Use of C-Sets:

After the notation of C09J 147/00, classification is given in the form of C-sets: the polymer in majority is given a C09J class (see below), and the minor components are characterised by Indexing Codes. The Indexing Codes are chosen from C08L or C08K and they may be linked or unlinked. The polymer in majority is always first in the C-set.

Therefore at least one Indexing Code must always be present when more than one polymer is mentioned.

Inorganic or non-macromolecular organic materials as compounding agents are classified in C08K; Adhesive compositions classified in C08K according to note 3 of C08K, are not classified in C09J. However, if an adhesive composition contains two polymers and an additive following C08K, classification is made in C09J and an Indexing Code from C08K will be given.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

ABS

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene

BR

Butadiene rubber

CR

Chloroprene rubber

EPDM

Ethene propene diene rubber

EPM

Ethene propene rubber

IIR

Butyl rubber

IR

Isoprene rubber

NBR

Acrylonitrile butadiene rubber

NR

Natural rubber

SAN

Styrene acrylonitrile copolymer

SBR

Styrene butadiene rubber

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more carbon-to-carbon triple bonds; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds corresponding to groups C08F 38/00, C08F 138/00 and C08F 238/00.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Applications or uses of polymer compositions in films, e.g. a film of polyacetylene

C08J, e.g. ( C09J5/18, C08L 49/00)

Polymer compositions

Applications or uses of polymer compositions in adhesives

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Artificial filaments or fibres

Textile treating compositions

D06

Encapsulation of solar cells

H01L31/48

Coatings of electrical wires

Special rules of classification within this group

Majority rule:

For compositions:

If C09J 149/00 relates to a compositions and two or more polymers are present, classification is given as follows: the polymer in majority is given a C09D class (see above), and the minor components are characterised by C-Sets and Indexing Codes. In the case that several polymers can be in majority, several C09D classes for the polymers which are possibly in majority and the Indexing Codes for all polymers in minority and additives are given

For Copolymers:

Copolymers get the class of the major component, except if there is a lower class which specifies the comonomer in minority (see also last place rule), e.g. ethylene copolymers (ethylene comonomer in majority) would be classified in C09D 123/0807, and not in C09D 149/00, but ethylene acetylene (acetylene in majority) would be classified in C09D 149/00, not in C09D 123/08

Last place rule

If there are several possibilities to classify, the lowest alternative classification (last place) is used.

Use of C-Sets

After the notation of C09J 149/00, classification is given in the form of C-sets: the polymer in majority is given a C09J class (see below), and the minor components are characterised by Indexing Codes. The Indexing Codes are chosen from C08L or C08K and they may be linked or unlinked. The polymer in majority is always first in the C-set.

Therefore at least one Indexing Code must always be present when more than one polymer is mentioned.

Remark: Note 2 is not relevant for C09J 149/00. All documents from before 2003 are reclassified.

Examples:

a. An adhesive composition of a blend of 60 parts polyacetylene (C09J 149/00) and 40 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C09J 149/00, C08L 77/00).

b. An adhesive composition of a blend of 50 parts poly acetylene (C09J 149/00) and 50 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C09J 149/00, C08L 77/00) and (C09J 177/00, C08L 49/00).

c. An adhesive composition based on a composition of polyacetylene and containing CaCO3 is classified in C09J 149/00 and C08K 3/26. If this composition contains also a polyamide, then the classification will be (C09J 149/00, C08L 77/00, C08K 3/26).

d. An adhesive composition based on a composition based on a first polyacetylene (C09J 149/00) and containing a second polyacetylene, a phenol and silica is classified in (C09J 149/00, C08L 49/00, C08K 5/13, C08K 3/36) and C08L 2205/02.

e. An adhesive composition on a composition containing a polyamide in majority, a polyester and a polyacetylene is classified in (C09J 177/00, C08L 67/00, C08L 49/00) and C08L 2205/03.

f. An adhesive composition containing two polymers of the same .dot group, for example compositions of two polyacetylenes, are characterised by the Indexing Code C08L 2205/025. The complete classification for such a compositions therefore would be (C09J 149/00, C08L 49/00) and C08L 2205/025. The same applies for compositions of two polymers only distinguished by physical properties (e.g.. molecular weight, density etc.)

Indexing Codes:

All Indexing Codes of C08L (for secondary or polymers in minority, properties, uses, applications) and C08K (for inorganic or organic non-macromolecular additives) are used.

Classification guidance

Documents are preferably classified according to the examples in the documents, not according to general claims, e.g. if the examples only describe adhesive compositions based on polyacetylene, but subject matter of the claim is an adhesive composition of polyolefin, the document is classified under adhesive compositions of polyacetylene (C09J 149/00, C08L--/--).

Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Attention is drawn to the glossary of C09J 123/00.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

Attention is drawn to the table after the title of C09J.

Adhesives based on graft polymers in which the grafted component is obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds (based on ABS polymers C09J 155/02); Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions comprising graft polymers of C08F 251/00-C08F 292/00.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Graft copolymers in which the grafted component is obtained by reactions involving C=C per se are classified in C08F 251/00-C08F 292/00.

Compositions (other than coating or adhesive) comprising a grafted polymer in majority and other polymer(s) are classified in C08L 51/00-C08L 51/10.

Adhesive compositions comprising graft polymers in which the graft polymer is in minority are classified in C08L 51/00-C08L 51/10.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Adhesive compositions comprising an unsaturated monomer and a polymer, e.g. grafting in situ

Adhesives in the form of films or foils

Adhesive compositions comprising ABS polymers

Adhesive compositions comprising an unsaturated monomer and a polymer of C08L 59/00- C08L 87/00

Adhesive compositions comprising block or graft copolymers containing polysiloxane sequences (not obtained by reaction of C=C monomer(s) onto polysiloxane)

Adhesive compositions comprising graft polymers obtained by interreacting polymers in the absence of monomers, i.e. graft polymer of C08G 81/00- C08G 81/028

Presence of graft polymer

Special rules of classification within this group

C-sets and C08L classes are used as specified in the Special rules of classification of class C09J

For adhesive compositions comprising grafted rubbers, several classes are given if the rubber is specific.

Examples:

if the rubber is EPR: C09J 151/04 and C09J 151/06

if the rubber is EPDM, SBR or acrylate rubber: C09J 151/04 and C09J 151/003

Adhesives based on block copolymers containing at least one sequence of a polymer obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions of block polymers of classes C08F 293/00-C08F 297/08.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Block polymers obtained by reactions only involving C=C per se are classified in C08F 293/00-C08F 297/08.

Compositions (other than coating or adhesive) comprising block polymer in majority and other polymer(s), are classified in C08L 53/00-C08L 53/025.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Adhesives in the form of films or foils

Adhesive compositions comprising block or graft copolymers containing polysiloxane sequences (not obtained by reaction of C=C monomer(s) onto polysiloxane)

Adhesive compositions comprising block polymers obtained by interreacting polymers in the absence of monomers (Block polymer of C08G 81/00- C08G 81/028)

Presence of block polymer

Special rules of classification within this group

C-sets and C08L classes are used as specified in the Special rules of classification of class C09J.

Adhesive compositions comprising block polymers in which the block polymer is in minority corresponding to classes C08L 53/00-C08L 53/025 .

Further subdivisions:

C09J 153/005 and C09J 153/025 cover adhesive compositions comprising modified block polymers. In particular, adhesive compositions comprising hydrogenated styrene-diene block copolymers are classified in C09J 153/025.

Adhesives based on homopolymers or copolymers, obtained by polymerisation reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, not provided for in groups C09J 123/00 to C09J 153/00
References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Polymerisation by the diene synthesis

ABS polymers per se

Macromolecular compounds obtained by polymerising monomers on to polymers modified by introduction of aliphatic unsaturated end or side groups

Corresponding polymeric compositions

Compositions (general, coating or adhesive) comprising a minor amount of homopolymers or copolymers, obtained by polymerisation reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, not provided for in groups C08L 23/00 to C08L 53/00

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adhesives in the form of films or foil

Presence of ABS polymer

Special rules of classification within this group

C-sets and C08L classes are used as specified in the Special rules of classification of subclass C09J

Adhesives based on unspecified polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives based on polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds which are not limited to a particular polymer type as defined in groups C09J 107/00-C09J 155/00.

Adhesive compositions of polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds which are not specific enough as to fit in the preceding groups C09J 107/00-C09J 155/00.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Use of C09J 157/00-C09J 157/12 classes should be avoided by classifying the specific examples, whenever practicable, in the corresponding classes of C09J 107/00-C09J 155/00.

Special rules of classification within this group

The use of general classes should be avoided by classifying the specific examples, whenever practicable.

containing halogen atoms
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adhesives based on (co)polymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by a halogen

containing oxygen atoms
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Polysaccharides

Unsaturated alcohols, ethers, ketones, acetals or ketals

Saturated carboxylic acid, carbonic acid or haloformic acid esters of unsaturated alcohols

Unsaturated carboxylic acids, esters

Unsaturated dicarboxylic acids, esters, anhydrides

Unsaturated aliphatic radicals, terminated by a heterocyclic ring containing oxygen

containing nitrogen atoms
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Polymers of unsaturated nitriles amides or imides

Unsaturated dicarboxylic amides, imides, nitriles

Unsaturated aliphatic radicals, terminated by a heterocyclic ring containing nitrogen

Adhesives based on polyacetals; Adhesives based on derivatives of polyacetals
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives based on polyacetals, which are addition polymers of aldehydes or cyclic oligomers thereof or of ketones and correspond to groups C08G 2/00 to C08G 16/00 and their subgroups.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Adhesives based on polyvinyl acetals

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

Attention is drawn to the rules of classification with C-sets which are explained after the C09J title.

When a document specifies and adhesive based on polyacetal in general, or both homopolyacetals and copolyacetals, then main group C09J 159/00 is used; only when the document specifically mentions homopolyacetals or copolyacetals, then C09J 159/02 and C09J 159/04 respectively are used.

Adhesives based on condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones (with polyalcohols C09J 159/00 ; with polynitriles C09J 177/00); Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:
  • Adhesives based on condensation polymers of
  • aldehydes or ketones with polyalcohols which correspond to subgroups C08G 4/00,
  • aldehydes or ketones only which correspond to subgroups C08G 6/00,
  • aldehydes or ketones with phenols only which correspond to subgroups C08G 8/00,
  • aldehydes or ketones with aromatic hydrocarbons or halogenated
  • aromatic hydrocarbons only which correspond to subgroups C08G 10/00,
  • aldehydes or ketones with only compounds containing hydrogen attached to nitrogen which correspond to subgroups C08G 12/00.
References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Adhesives based on condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones with polyalcohols

Adhesives based on condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones with polynitriles

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Peptides

Compounding ingredients

Special rules of classification within this group

IPC groups C09J161/08 and C09J161/10 are not used and covered by C09J 161/06.

Attention is drawn to the rules of classifying with C-Sets which are explained after the C09J title.

Adhesives based on epoxy resins; Adhesives based on derivatives of epoxy resins
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions based on polycondensates having more than one epoxy group per molecules, with or without other components.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

C08L 63/00 relates to compositions based on epoxy resins.

C09D 163/00 relates to coating compositions based on epoxy resins.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adhesives in the form of films or foils

Adhesives in the form of films or foils, characterised by the carrier

Adhesives in the form of films or foils, characterised by the carrier, based on macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions involving only carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds

Special rules of classification within this group

Use of C-Sets:

After the notation of C09J 149/00, classification is given in the form of C-sets: the polymer in majority is given a C09J class (see below), and the minor components are characterised by Indexing Codes. The Indexing Codes are chosen from C08L or C08K and they may be linked or unlinked. The polymer in majority is always first in the C-set.

Therefore at least one Indexing Code must always be present when more than one polymer is mentioned (see [N: Notes 2 and 3] after C09J title).

Examples:

a. An adhesive composition comprising a blend of 60 parts non-specified epoxy resin (C08J163/00) and 40 parts polyamide (C09J 177/00) is classified in (C08J163/00, C08L 77/00).

a’: An adhesive composition comprising a blend of 50 parts non-specified epoxy resin (C08J163/00) and 50 parts Novolak epoxy resin (C09J 163/04) is classified in (C08J163/00, C08L 63/04), (C08J163/04, C08L 63/00) and C08L 2205/02.

b. An adhesive composition based of a polyepoxide and containing CaCO3 is classified in C08J163/00, C08K 3/26. If this composition

contains also a polyamide, then the classification will be (C08J163/00, C08L 77/00, C08K 3/26).

Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Adhesive compositions

Bonding compositions

Synonyms and Keywords

Bisphenol A

4,4'-(Propane-2,2-diyl)diphenol

Bisphenol F

2-[(2-Hydroxyphenyl)methyl]phenol

Bisphenol S

4-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)sulfonylphenol

DGEBA

Diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A

Epoxynovolacs
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions comprising aromatic epoxy resins, which are multifunctional (three functions or more per molecule), from the condensation of phenol-formaldehyde resins and epichlorhydrin.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Epoxy resins containing three or more epoxy groups per molecule

Synonyms and Keywords

Novolak

Novolac

Triglycidylisocyanurates
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions comprising cyclic heteroaromatic resin with three glycidyl groups: from the reaction of cyanuric acid with excess epichlorhydrin.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Epoxy compounds containing three or more epoxy groups, heterocyclic compounds

Compositions of triglycidylisocyanurates

Synonyms and Keywords

Teroxirone Tris(2,3-epoxypropyl) isocyanurate: TGICTEPIC

media5.png

Epoxidised polymerised polyenes
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions comprising macromolecular unsaturated compounds, which are epoxidised in a further step (e.g. oxidation by H2O2), such as fatty acid-based polymers or epoxidised rubbers

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Epoxy resins obtained by epoxydation of unsaturated precursor

Compositions of epoxidised polymersied polyenes

Epoxy resins modified by unsaturated compounds
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Adhesive compositions comprising epoxy resins chemically modified by the reaction of unsaturated compounds

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Epoxy-functional Polycondensates modified by chemical after treatment

Epoxy-functional Polycondensates modified by chemical after treatment, with unsaturated monoacids

Epoxy-functional Polycondensates modified by chemical after-treatment, with acrylic or methacrylic acids

Epoxy-functional Polycondensates modified by chemical after treatment, with fatty acids

Adhesives based on macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions forming a carbon-to-carbon link in the main chain (C09J 107/00 to C09J 157/00 , C09J 161/00 take precedence); Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives and adhesive processes (but see below for adhesive processes) based on macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions forming a carbon-carbon bond in the main chain other than polymers obtained by reactions only involving the polyaddition of carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds. Said macromolecular compounds are themselves classified in C08G 61/00-C08G 61/128.

The use of such materials as adhesives.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Relationship with other subclasses of classes C08 and C09:

Macromolecular compounds per se obtained by polyaddition reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds are in C08F. Compositions based on monomers of such polymers are also classified in C08F.

Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions forming a carbon-carbon bond in the main chain other than polymers obtained by reactions only involving the polyaddition of carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds are classified in C08G 61/00. Compositions based on monomers of such polymers are also placed in C08G 61/00.

Coating compositions and other polymer compositions for similar uses, e.g. paints, inks, woodstains and printing pastes, are classified in C09D.

Relationship with other main groups of the same subclass C09J:

Adhesives based on polymers prepared by condensation reactions of aldehydes or ketones with phenols only are classified in groups C09J 161/04 - C09J 161/16, since C09J 161/00-C09J 161/34 take prededence.

For the same reasons, adhesives based on condensation polymers of aldehydes or ketones only are classified in C09J 161/02. Adhesives of polymers, which may otherwise be formed by carbon-carbon bond formation, but which are prepared by condensation reactions other than those involving the formation of carbon-carbon bonds in the main chain are classified in the appropriate groups, e.g. C09J 179/04 for adhesives based on polypyrrole formed from amines and polyketones. Polyketone-based adhesives are classified in C09J 173/00.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adhesive bandages, dressings or absorbent pads

Surgical adhesives

Catalysts in general

Layered products essentially comprising synthetic resin

Layered products characterised by the connection of layers, using an adhesive

Containers, packaging elements or packages for web or tape-like material, e.g. dispenser for dispensing tape

Condensation polymers of aldehydes with aromatic hydrocarbons or halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons only; (adhesive) compositions comprising such polycondensates

Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions forming a carbon-to-carbon link in the main chain of the macromolecule

Poly(ether ketones) obtained by reactions forming an ether link in the main chain of the macromolecule; (adhesive) compositions comprising such polycondensates

Polycondensates having nitrogen-containing heterocyclic rings in the main chain of the macromolecules obtained by reactions forming a linkage containing nitrogen, including polypyrroles; compositions comprising such polycondensates

Condensation polymers of aldehydes with phenols only; compositions comprising such polycondensates

Bonding of a preformed macromolecular material to the same or other solid material such as metal, glass, leather, e.g. using adhesives

Connecting constructional elements or machine parts by sticking or pressing them together, e.g. cold pressure weldingCompositions and coating compositions based on polymers according to main group C08G 61/00 are classified in main groups

Connecting constructional elements or machine parts by sticking or pressing them together, e.g. cold pressure welding

Complementary aspects concerning C08G 61/00

Special rules of classification within this group

See pertinent explanations provided at the subclass level, relating to classification rules applying to C09J in general. These principles also apply here.

Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Addition polymers

An addition polymer is a polymer which is formed by an addition reaction (polyaddition), where monomers bond together via rearrangement of bonds without the loss of any atom or molecule. This is in contrast to a condensation polymer which is formed by a condensation reaction where a molecule, such as water, is lost during the formation.

Condensation polymers

Condensation polymers are macromolecules formed my means of reactions in which water or some other simple molecule is eliminated from 2 or more monomer molecules as they combine to form the polymer (polycondensation).

Synonyms and Keywords

ADMET

Acyclic diene metathesis

ROMP

Ring-opening metathesis polymerisation

Adhesives based on polyesters obtained by reactions forming a carboxylic ester link in the main chain (based on polyester-amides C09J 177/12 ; based on polyester-imides C09J 179/08); Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions wherein the major component is a polymer of C08G 63/00.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Layered products comprising polyesters

Polymer compositions of polyesters

Coating compositions of polyesters

Adhesives based on polyester-amides

Adhesives based on polyester-imides

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chemical aspects of and materials for bandages, dressings, absorbent pads or surgical articles

Bonding of preformed macromolecular material

Adhesive processes in general

Adhesives in the form of films or foils

Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

PBT

Polybutylene terephthalate

PCL

Polycaprolactone

PEA

Polyethylene adipate

PEN

Polyethylene naphthalate

PET

Polyethylene terephthalate

PGA

Polyglycolic acid

PHA

Polyhydroxyalkanoate

PLA

Polylactic acid

PTT

Polytrimethylene terephthalate

Adhesives based on polycarbonates; Adhesives based on derivatives of polycarbonates
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions wherein the major component is a polymer of C08G 64/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Layered products comprising polycarbonates

Polymer compositions of polycarbonates

Coating compositions of polycarbonates

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bonding of preformed macromolecular material

Adhesive processes in general

Adhesives in the form of films or foils

Polycarbonate record carriers

Adhesives based on polyethers obtained by reactions forming an ether link in the main chain (based on polyacetals C09J 159/00 ; based on epoxy resins C09J 163/00 ; based on polythioether-ethers C09J 181/02 ; based on polyethersulfones C09J 181/06); Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Adhesives based on polyacetals

Adhesives based on epoxy resins

Adhesives based on polythioether-ethers

Adhesives based on polyethersulfones

Special rules of classification within this group

Same rules apply as for C08L 71/00 - C08L 71/14.

Adhesives based on macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions forming a linkage containing oxygen or oxygen and carbon in the main chain, not provided for in groups C09J 159/00 to C09J 171/00; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Special rules of classification within this group

The same rules as for C08L 73/00 - C08L 73/02 apply.

Adhesives based on polyureas or polyurethanes; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions of polymers of C08G 18/00 or C08G 71/00.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Layered products comprising polyurethanes

Polymer compositions wherein the major component is a polymer of C08G 18/00 or C08G 71/00

Coating compositions of polyurethanes or polyureas

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Preparations for medical, dental or toilet purposes

Shaping or joining plastics

Mould release agents

Use of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients

Processes for applying liquid materials to surfaces

Coating compositions characterized by their physical nature or their effects produced

Adhesives processes

Working up of polyurethanes to porous or cellular articles

Materials for sealing

Special rules of classification within this group

The presence and nature of further polymers in the adhesive composition is indicated by using a C-Set, see the Special Rules after the title of C09J. The polymer components present in minority are indicated using additional Indexing Code-codes C08L for each minority polymer.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following abbreviations are often used:

CPP

Copolymer polyol

DABCO

1,4-Diazabicyclo(2.2.2)octane

DMPA

Dimethylol propionic acid

EDA

Ethylene diamine

EO

Ethylen oxide

HDI

Hexane diisocyanate

H12MDI

Dicyclohexylmethane diisocyanate

IEM

Isocyanato ethyl methacrylate

IPDI

Isophorone diisocyanate

Jeffamine

Amine capped polyether

MDI

4,4-Methylenebis(phenyl)isocyanate

PEG

Polyethyleneglycol

PIR

Polyisocyanurate

PMDI

Polymethylene poly(phenylisocyanate)

PO

Propylene oxide

PPG

Polypropylene glycol

PTMO

Polytetramethylene oxide

TDI

Toluene diisocyanate

TMP

Trimethylol propane

TMXDI

Trimethylol propane

TPU

Tetramethylxylylene diisocyanate

XDI

Xylylene diisocyanate

Adhesives based on polyamides obtained by reactions forming a carboxylic amide link in the main chain (based on polyhydrazides C09J 179/06 ; based oC09Jn polyamide-imides C09J 179/08); Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives based on compositions of polyamides derived from

  • omega-amino carboxylic acids or from lactams which correspond to subgroup C08G 69/02, e.g. nylon 6
  • alpha-amino carboxylic which correspond to subgroups C08G 69/10

polyamines and polycarboxylic acids which correspond to subgroup C08G 69/26, e.g. nylon 66.

  • aromatically bound amino and carboxyl groups of amino-carboxylic acids or of polyamines and polycarboxylic acids which correspond to subgroup C08G 69/32
  • adhesives based on compositions of polyester-amides which correspond to subgroup C08G 69/44
References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Adhesives based on polyhydrazides

Adhesives based on polyamideimides or polyamide acids

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hollow fibres membranes

Treatment of rubber

Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions involving carbon to carbon bonds

Processes of polymerisation

Post‑polymerisation treatments

Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon to carbon bonds

Processes of treating or compounding macromolecular substances

Processes of crosslinking

Manufacture of articles or shaped materials containing macromolecular substances, e.g. films

Coating of shaped articles made of macromolecular substances

Working‑up of macromolecular substances to porous or cellular materials

Compounding ingredients

Tubes

Optical articles, optical parts, e.g. contact lenses

Photosensitive films

Printed circuits

Special rules of classification within this group

Attention is drawn to the rules of C-sets which are explained after the C09J title.

Group C09J 177/10 takes precedence over C09J 177/02, C09J 177/04 and C09J 177/06.

Adhesives based on macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions forming in the main chain of the macromolecule a linkage containing nitrogen, with or without oxygen, or carbon only, not provided for in groups C09J 161/00 to C09J 177/00
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives compositions of:

  • Polyamines or polyethyleneimines.
  • Polycondensates having nitrogen-containing heterocyclic rings in the main chain, e.g. polyhydrazides, polyhydrazides, polytriazoles, polyamino-triazoles, polybenzimidazoles or polyoxadiazoles.
  • Polyimides, polyester-imides, polyamide-imides, polyamide acids, (unsaturated) polyimide precursors.
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hollow fibres membranes

Treatment of rubber

Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions involving carbon to carbon bonds

Processes of polymerisation

Post‑polymerisation treatments

Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon to carbon bonds

Processes of treating or compounding macromolecular substances

Processes of crosslinking

Manufacture of articles or shaped materials containing macromolecular substances, e.g. films

Coating of shaped articles made of macromolecular substances

Working‑up of macromolecular substances to porous or cellular materials

Compounding ingredients

Tubes

Optical articles, optical parts, e.g. contact lenses

Photosensitive films

Printed circuits

Special rules of classification within this group

Attention is drawn to the rules of classification with C-Sets which are explained after the C09J title.

Adhesives based on macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions forming in the main chain of the macromolecule a linkage containing sulfur, with or without nitrogen, oxygen, or carbon only; Adhesives based on polysulfones; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Special rules of classification within this group

Same rules as for C08L 81/00-C08L 81/10 apply.

Adhesives based on macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions forming in the main chain of the macromolecule a linkage containing silicon, with or without sulfur, nitrogen, oxygen, or carbon only; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions of macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions forming in the main chain of the macromolecule a linkage containing silicon with or without sulfur, nitrogen, oxygen or carbon only, e.g.

polysilicates (corresponding to group C08G 77/02 ),

polysiloxanes (corresponding to group C08G 77/04 ),

block- or graft-copolymers containing polysiloxane sequences (corresponding to group C08G 77/42) or

polymers in which at least two but not all the silicon atoms are connected by linkages other than oxygen atoms (corresponding to group C08G 77/48);

Adhesive compositions of derivatives of such polymers .

These polymers are referred to with the MDTQ nomenclature.

Adhesive compositions made form mixtures of different reactive silanes (sol-gel compositions) are classified in the respective subclass of C09J 183/00. It is assumed that in such mixtures there has always been formed a siloxane polymer via hydrolysis/condensation.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

The classes for adhesive compositions are structured in analogy to the coating compositions C09D 183/00. All notes in C09D 183/00 apply for C09J 183/00.

Polysiloxanes
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Application of siloxanes as pressure sensitive adhesives (PSAs)

Release adhesive composition on which the PSA is applied

Special rules of classification within this group

From 01.09.2010 onwards, an adhesive composition containing two or more siloxanes is searched and classified in (C09J 183/04, C08L 83/04), and then given additional Indexing Codes for the respective siloxanes, e.g. C08G 77/12 for Si-H siloxane and C08G 77/20 for vinyl-siloxane.

Block or graft copolymers containing polysiloxane sequences (obtained by polymerising a compound having a carbon-to-carbon double bond on to a polysiloxane C09J 151/08 , C09J 153/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Adhesive compositions obtained by polymerising a compound having a carbon-to-carbon double bond on to a polysiloxane

Special rules of classification within this group

Attention is drawn to the CPC Definitions of C08G 77/42.

containing polyether sequences
Special rules of classification within this group

Attention is drawn to the CPC Definitions of the respective C08G 77/00 classes.

in which at least two but not all the silicon atoms are connected by linkages other than oxygen atoms (C09J 183/10 takes precedence)
Special rules of classification within this group

Attention is drawn to the CPC Definitions of the respective C08G 77/00 classes.

C09J 183/10 takes precedence over this group.

Adhesives based on macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions forming in the main chain of the macromolecule a linkage containing atoms other than silicon, sulfur, nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions based on macromolecular compounds corresponding to groups C08G 79/00, e.g. containing Al or Sn.

Special rules of classification within this group

The same rules as for C08L 85/00-C08L 85/04 apply.

Adhesives based on unspecified macromolecular compounds, obtained otherwise than by polymerisation reactions only involving unsaturated carbon-to-carbon bonds
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions of unspecific macromolecular compounds, obtained by step polymerisation reactions or addition polymerization reactions.

Adhesives based on proteins; Adhesives based on derivatives thereof (foodstuff preparations A23J 3/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives based on proteins or derivatives thereof corresponding to the following groups: C08H 1/00-C08H 1/06.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Covalently or ionically crosslinked gels are classified in C08H as they are considered as protein derivatives per se.

A composition based on proteins or derivatives thereof is classified in C08L.

Coating compositions based on proteins or derivatives thereof are classified in C09D following the same rules as mentioned in the note for C08L.

Multiple classification

Please refer to the corresponding part in C08H.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Composition comprising proteins or protein derivatives

Coating composition comprising proteins or protein derivatives

Compositions of proteins or protein derivatives in minority

Special rules of classification within this group

Adhesive compositions of proteins or derivatives thereof in solution, together with other macromolecular compounds, or together with an inorganic or non-macromolecular organic additive are considered as an adhesive composition and are thus classified according to the rules of C09J. They are classified according to the mutual proportions by weight of only the macromolecular constituents, in particular according to the macromolecular constituent present in the highest proportion. If all the constituents are present in equal proportions, the composition is classified according to each of these constituents.

Compositions containing an adhesive composition of proteins or derivatives thereof and an inorganic or non-macromolecular organic additive as compounding agent are not classified in C08K , but in the C09J subclass together with the corresponding Indexing Code(s) in C08K.

Example: An adhesive composition consisting of gelatine and glass fibres (filler) is classified in C09J 189/06 and C08K 7/14.

  • Last place priority rule: Within each sub group of this group, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, classification is made in the last appropriate place.
  • The subject-matter disclosed in both the claims and the examples of a patent document is to be classified.
Adhesives based on oils, fats or waxes; Adhesives based on derivatives thereof (polishing compositions, ski waxes C09G ; soaps, detergent compositions C11D)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions based on drying oils, vulcanised oils, e.g. factice, linoxyn or (mineral) waxes.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Covalently or ionically crosslinked gels are classified in C08H as they are considered as protein derivatives per se.

A composition based on oils, fats, waxes or derivatives thereof is classified in C08L.

Coating compositions based on oils, fats, waxes or derivatives thereof are classified in C09D following the same rules as mentioned in the note for C08L.

Multiple classification

Please refer to the corresponding part in C08H.

The use of oils, fats and waxes in cosmetics and other toilet preparations is further classified in one of A61Q together with A61K 8/92.

Galenical compositions comprising natural resins are classified in A61K 9/00.

The use of oils, fats and waxes as carriers in medicinal preparations is classified in A61K 47/44.

The use of oils, fats and waxes in lubricants is classified in C10M.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Vulcanised oils, e.g. factice

Composition comprising oils, fats or waxes

Coating composition comprising oils, fats or waxes

Compositions of oils, fats or waxes in minority

Special rules of classification within this group

Oils, fats and waxes in solution, or together with other macromolecular compounds, or together with an inorganic or non-macromolecular organic additive are considered as a composition and are thus classified according to the rules of C09J. They are classified according to the mutual proportions by weight of only the macromolecular constituents, in particular according to the macromolecular constituent present in the highest proportion. If all the constituents are present in equal proportions, the composition is classified according to each of these constituents.

Compositions containing oils, fats and waxes and an inorganic or non-macromolecular organic additive as compounding agent are not classified in C08K, but in the C09J subclass together with the corresponding Indexing Code(s) in C08K.

Example: Adhesive composition consisting of mineral wax and glass fibres (filler) is classified in C09J 191/08 and C08K 7/14

  • Last place priority rule: Within each sub group of this group, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, classification is made in the last appropriate place.
  • The subject-matter disclosed in both the claims and the examples of a patent document is to be classified.
Adhesives based on natural resins; Adhesives based on derivatives thereof (polishing compositions C09G)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives or binders based on natural resins or their derivatives corresponding to the following groups: C09F 1/00

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Covalently or ionically crosslinked gels are classified in C08H as they are considered as protein derivatives per se.

A composition based on natural resins or their derivatives is classified in C08L.

Coating compositions based on natural resins or their derivatives are classified in C09D following the same rules as mentioned in the note for C08L.

Multiple classification

Grafted natural resins obtained by reaction of an unsaturated monomer onto a natural resin are classified in C08F 253/00.

Galenical compositions comprising natural resins are classified in A61K 9/00.

Please refer also to the corresponding part in C09F 1/00.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Composition comprising natural resins

Coating composition comprising natural resins

Purification or chemical modification of natural resins

Compositions of natural resins in minority

Special rules of classification within this group
  • Adhesive compositions based on natural resins in solution, or together with other macromolecular compounds, or together with an inorganic or non-macromolecular organic additive are considered as a composition and are thus classified according to the rules of C09J. They are classified according to the mutual proportions by weight of only the macromolecular constituents, in particular according to the macromolecular constituent present in the highest proportion. If all the constituents are present in equal proportions, the composition is classified according to each of these constituents.
  • Adhesive compositions containing a natural resin and an inorganic or non-macromolecular organic additive as compounding agent are not classified in C08K , but in the C09J subclass together with the corresponding Indexing Code(s) in C08K.

Example: Adhesive composition consisting of shellac and glass fibres (filler) is classified in C09J 193/02 and C08K 7/14

  • Last place priority rule: Within each sub group of this group, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, classification is made in the last appropriate place.
  • The subject-matter disclosed in both the claims and the examples of a patent document is to be classified.
Adhesives based on bituminous materials, e.g. asphalt, tar, pitch
Definition statement
This group covers:
  • Compositions of bitumen or asphalt used for adhesive applications other than adhering aggregate.
  • Aqueous compositions of bitumen or asphalt, e.g. emulsions, used for adhesive applications other than adhering aggregate.
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Relationship with other subclasses of C08 and C09

Attention is drawn to the general rules of classification which are explained after the C08L and the C09J titles. These rules should be followed for reasons of general consistency, nevertheless, additional multiple classification might be mandatory

Relationship with the main group C08L 95/00

Since the main group C09J 195/00 is seen as a "related field" of C08L 95/00, explicit reference is made to all references, definitions, terms and rules explained in said main group C08L 95/00.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Coating or adhering of aggregate

Coating applications

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sealing materials

Special rules of classification within this group

The subgroup C09J 195/00 or C09J 195/005 should be used only if the claims of the application explicitly encompass a bituminous adhesive as such.

In addition a C08L 95/00 code in combination with the relevant Indexing Code(s) (C08L 2555/00 - C08L 2555/86) characterising essential features should also be given if the adhesive composition is mainly characterised by the bituminous composition, either by its constituents and/or by its parameters.

Examples:

  • An adhesive composition for adhering 2 metal substrates to each other comprising bitumen is classified in C09J 195/00
  • An adhesive composition for adhering aggregate comprising bitumen is classified in C08L 95/00
  • An adhesive composition comprising bitumen for mere coating a substrate is classified in C09D 195/00
  • An adhesive composition comprising a mixture of bitumen and bees wax is classified in C09J 195/00 and C08L 95/00 and C08L 2555/64
Glossary of terms
In this group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

In this group, several terms (or expressions) are used having the meaning as indicated in the group C08L 95/00

Synonyms and Keywords

In this group, several synonyms and keywords are used as indicated in the group C08L 95/00

Adhesives based on lignin-containing materials
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives based on lignin-containing materials corresponding to the following groups: C08H 6/00 and C08H 8/00

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Covalently or ionically crosslinked gels are classified in C08H as they are considered as protein derivatives per se .

Multiple classification

Please refer to the corresponding part in C08H.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Macromolecular compounds derived from lignin

Macromolecular compounds derived from lignocellulosic materials

Composition comprising lignin-containing materials

Coating composition comprising lignin-containing materials

Compositions of lignin-containing materials in minority

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adhesive or binder based on natural macromolecular compounds or of derivatives thereof not provided for in groups C08L 89/00 to C08L 97/00, e.g. flours

Special rules of classification within this group
  • Lignin-containing adhesive compositions in solution, together with other macromolecular compounds, or together with an inorganic or non-macromolecular organic additive are considered as a composition and are thus classified according to the rules of C09J. They are classified according to the mutual proportions by weight of only the macromolecular constituents, in particular according to the macromolecular constituent present in the highest proportion. If all the constituents are present in equal proportions, the composition is classified according to each of these constituents.
  • Adhesive compositions containing a lignin-containing material and an inorganic or non-macromolecular organic additive as compounding agent are not classified in C08K, but in the C09J subclass together with the corresponding Indexing Code(s) in C08K.

Example: Adhesive composition consisting of lignocellulose and glass fibres (filler) is classified in C09J 197/02 and C08K 7/14

  • Last place priority rule: Within each sub group of this group, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, classification is made in the last appropriate place.
  • The subject-matter disclosed in both the claims and the examples of a patent document is to be classified.
Adhesives based on natural macromolecular compounds or on derivatives thereof, not provided for in groups C09J 189/00 to C09J 197/00
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesives based on natural macromolecular compounds or derivatives thereof, corresponding to the following groups: C08H 99/00

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Covalently or ionically crosslinked gels are classified in C08H as they are considered as protein derivatives per se

Multiple classification

Please refer to the corresponding part in C08H.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Natural macromolecular compounds or derivatives thereof

Composition comprising natural macromolecular compounds

Composition comprising natural macromolecular compounds

Adhesive/binder based on starch or derivatives thereof

Adhesive/binder based on lignin-containing materials, e.g. lignin, cork, lignocellulose or wood

Compositions of natural macromolecular compounds in minority

Special rules of classification within this group
  • Adhesive composition of natural macromolecular materials in solution, or together with other macromolecular compounds, or together with an inorganic or non-macromolecular organic additive are considered as a composition and are thus classified according to the rules of C09J. They are classified according to the mutual proportions by weight of only the macromolecular constituents, in particular according to the macromolecular constituent present in the highest proportion. If all the constituents are present in equal proportions, the composition is classified according to each of these constituents.
  • Adhesive compositions containing a natural macromolecular material and an inorganic or non-macromolecular organic additive as compounding agent are not classified in C08K, but in the C09J subclass together with the corresponding Indexing Code(s) in C08K.

Example: Adhesive composition consisting of flour and glass fibres (filler) is classified in C09J 199/00 and C08K 7/14

  • Last place priority rule: Within each sub group of this group, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, classification is made in the last appropriate place.
  • The subject-matter disclosed in both the claims and the examples of a patent document is to be classified.
Adhesives based on unspecified macromolecular compounds
Definition statement
This group covers:

Adhesive compositions based on unspecified polymers.

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Last Modified: 10/11/2013