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EXPLOSIVES OR THERMIC COMPOSITIONS (blasting F42D) ; MANUFACTURE THEREOF; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS EXPLOSIVES (compounds in general C01, C07 or C08; {demolition agents based on cementitious or like materials C04B 41/0009} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Explosive compositions: compositions included are those containing both a fuel and sufficient oxidiser so that, upon initiation, they are capable of undergoing a chemical reaction of a relatively high rate of speed, resulting in the production of usable force for blasting, firearms, propelling missiles, or the like.

Thermic compositions; compositions included have

  • a consumable fuel component which consists of any element which is a metal, B, Si, Se or Te, or mixtures, compounds, or hydrides thereof; and
  • in combination an oxidant component which is either a metal oxide or a salt (organic or inorganic) capable of yielding a metal oxide on decomposition.

Compositions which are fuels for rocket engines and intended for reaction with an oxidant, excluding air, in order to provide thrust for motive power purposes.

Compositions used for affecting the explosion environment, e.g. for neutralising the poisonous gases of explosives or for cooling the explosion gases.

Methods or apparatus for preparing or treating, e.g. working-up, the compositions mentioned above, not otherwise provided for in the IPC.

Methods of using single substances as explosives.

Compositions mentioned above, defined by structure or arrangement of the components or products.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

This subclass does not cover chemical compounds or their preparation as such, which subject matter is covered by classes C01 (inorganic chemistry), C07 (organic chemistry) and C08 (organic macromolecular compounds).

The use of explosive or thermic compositions for welding operations is classified in subclass B23K, the compositions as such used therefor are additionally classified in subclass C06B.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Demolition agents based on cementious or like materials
C04B412/00B
Detonating or priming devices, fuses, chemical lighters or pyrophoric compositions
Blasting
Mechanical aspects of coated explosive charges
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Making harmful chemical substances harmless or less harmful, by effecting a chemical change in the substances
Inflatable occupant restraints characterized by the inflation fluid source
Compounds in general
Rocket-engine plants, i.e. plants carrying both fuel and oxidant therefor
Explosive charges
Production or use of heat not otherwise provided for
Special rules of classification within this subclass

In this subclass, methods or apparatus for preparing or treating compositions are classified according to the particular components of the compositions.

In this subclass, with the exception of group C06B 21/00, in the absence of an indication to the contrary, a composition is classified in the last place that provides for an ingredient.

In this subclass, the words "based on", with reference to explosive compositions, refer to the explosive ingredient present in the largest proportion by weight

Methods or apparatus for preparing or treating compositions are classified accoding to the particular compositions.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Nitrated
Compounds having a nitro group or a nitrate ester group.
Apparatus or methods for working-up explosives, e.g. forming, cutting, drying
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Installations, transport means and apparatus in general

Safety measures.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Manufacture of fuzes
Manufacture of blasting caps and primers
Manufacture of gas generators
Special rules of classification within this group

In the absence of an indication to the contrary a process is classified in the last appropriate place, e.g. granulation by extrusion and chopping C06B 21/0075.

{Compounding the ingredient}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mixers, mobile mixing installations and mixing processes.

{the ingredient being nitrocellulose or oranitro cellulose based propellant; Working up; gelatinising; stabilising (stabilising of explosives in general C06B 21/0091) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Stabilising of explosives in general
Stabilization of for example nitrocellulose-based propellants
Preparation of nitrocellulose
Preparation of a nitrocellulose granulate
{the ingredient being a polymer bonded explosive or thermic component}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Compositions
Casting curable compositions
{Shaping the mixture}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Grinding of powders and shaping of bodies in general.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Grinding of powders to defined particle sizes
Granulation of nitrocellulose into beads
{by compression}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Compression by oppositely-rotating roller bodies.

{By a process involving melting at least part of the ingredients}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sintering processes and melting point depressing agents in as far as it concerns the process.

{by casting a curable composition, e.g. of the plastisol type}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Polymer bounded propellants
Crosslinking or curing agents
{by granulation, e.g. flaking}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Grinding powders to defined particle sizes

Sifting of powders for obtaining defined particle size distributions

Crystallization of materials into crystals

Cutting up strings in pieces

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Granulation in general
Recrystallization of crystals
Making of porous particles
Porous material
{by extrusion}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Screw extruders.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cutting strings in pieces
{ Treatment of solid structures, e.g. for coating or impregnating with a modifier (compositions therefor C06B 23/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Inhitor modifiers for making inhibitor layers.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Compositions of modifiers
Compositions of coatings for propellants
Compositions of coatings of granules
{Elimination of undesirable or temporary components of an intermediate or finished product, e.g. making porous or low density products, purifying, stabilising, drying; Deactivating; Reclaiming; (porous inert particles or chemicals compounded for these purposes C06B 23/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Drying processes such as freeze-drying and flash-drying.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Porous inert particles or chemicals compounded for these purposes
Working up of nitrocellulose
Compositions of stabilizers
Compositions of hydrophobing, dehydrating or other agents for working up
Compositions characterised by non-explosive or non-thermic constituents { (in combination with specific explosives C06B 25/20, C06B 25/26, C06B 29/04, C06B 29/08, C06B 31/06, C06B 31/40, C06B 33/02) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Exercise munition containing small amounts of explosives.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
{Fillers, gelling and thickening agents (e.g. fibres) , absorbents for nitroglycerine (binders, plasticisers for propellants C06B 45/10; crosslinking or curing agents C06B 45/10) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Binders and plasticisers for propellants
{Porous or hollow inert particles (preparation C06B 21/0091) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Preparation
{Desensitisers, phlegmatisers (coolants for mining explosives C06B 23/04; deactivating C06B 21/0091) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Coolants for mining explosives
Deactivating
{Stabilisers (e.g. thermal stabilisers) (processes C06B 21/0091; foam stabilisers C06B 23/002) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Processes
Foam stabilisers
for neutralising poisonous gases from explosives produced during blasting
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Mining explosives
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Explosives based upon chlorate comprising an alkaline nitrate
for cooling the explosion gases {including antifouling and flash suppressing agents}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Reducing visibility of combustion products of rockets on radar

Mining explosives.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Generation of gas for vehicle safety bags
Compositions containing a nitrated organic compound
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Nitrated organic compounds not covered by subgroups
  • Nitrated organic single substances used as explosive
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Nitrated aromatic compounds
Nitrated organic amines
Nitrated paraffins
Not nitrated single substances
Polyvinyl nitrate
the nitrated compound being an aromatic
Special rules of classification within this group

Examples of nitrated aromatic compounds are:

Trinitrophenol; picric acid

Dinitroaminophenol; picramic acid

Trinitroaniline; picramide

Trinitrotoluene; TNT

Trinitrophenoxy-ethyl nitrate

Glycerol-trinitrophenylether-dinitrate

Trinitrodihydroxybenzene; styphnic acid;trinitroresorcinol

Aromatic nitramines such as;

  • Pentryl (2,4,6-trinitrophenylnitramino-ethylnitrate
  • Trinitrophenylethanol; Nitramine nitrate
  • Trinitrophenylmethylnitramine; Tetryl
  • Hexanitrodiphenylamine

2,4,6-Trinitrophenetol; Ethylpicrate

2,4,6-Trinitrophenylmethylether; Trinitroanisol

Trinitrobenzoic acid

1,3,5-Trinitrobenzene; Trinitrobenzol

Trinitrochorbenzol; Pycrilchloride

Trinitrokresol

Trinitroxylene; TNX; 2,4,6-Trinitro-m-Xylol

Trinitronaphtaline

Dinitrotoluene

the compound being nitroglycerine
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Nitroglycerine and other glycerine or glycerine derivatives being fluid nitric acid esters.

the compound being nitrocellulose present as 10% or more by weight of the total composition
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Monobase or Single-Base Nitrocellulose propellants

Nitrocellulose in combination with an explosive plaasticizer or gelatinizer not covered by subgroups.

with nitroglycerine
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Blasting gelatin
  • Double-base propellants
with an organic non-explosive or an organic non-thermic component
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Compositions characterised by non-explosive or non-thermic constituents
the compound being nitrated pentaerythritol
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Composition containing nitrated pentarythritol, e.g. mixture of PETN (pentaerythritol tetranitrate) and TNT (trinitrotoluene) called Pentolite

the compound being a nitrated acyclic, alicyclic or heterocyclic amine
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Composition containing compound being a nitrated acyclic, alicyclic or heterocyclic amine , e. g. RDX, (T4 or cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine), HMX, (octogen or octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine),Nitroguanidine, HNIW (hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane or Cl-20), TEX, (4,10-dinitro-2,6,8,12-tetraoxa-4,10-diazatetracyclo dodecane, TNAZ (1,3,3,-trinitroazetidine), mixture of RDX and TNT called Cyclotol or Composition B

Relationship between large subject matter areas
Aromatic nitrated amines such asNitroaniline, Hexanitrodiphenylamine, Napthaline
the compound being a nitroparaffin
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Sprengel Explosives
Compositions containing a metal, boron, silicon, selenium or tellurium or mixtures, intercompounds or hydrides thereof, and hydrocarbons or halogenated hydrocarbons
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Compositions containing metals, the elements boron, silicon, selenium or tellurium, blends thereof, combination or binary compound formed with hydrogen of the elements; hydrogen-carbon (hydrocarbons) or non-metal group 17 hydrogen-carbon (halogenated hydrocarbons)

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Metals in combination with oxides
Incendiary masses
Compositions containing an inorganic oxygen-halogen salt, e.g. chlorate, perchlorate
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Compositions containing carbonless oxygen-non metal Group 17 elements, such as salts derived from perchloric acid (ClO4-), chlorate (ClO3-)

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Organic perchlorates
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Compositions containing an inorganic nitrogen-oxygen salt with a metal oxygen-halogen salt
Compositions containing particulate metal, alloy, boron, silicon, selenium or tellurium with at least one oxygen supplying material the material being an inorganic oxygen-halogen salt
Compositions containing a metal fulminate with an inorganic oxygen-halogen salt
with an organic non-explosive or an organic non-thermic component
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Compositions or products which are defined by structure or arrangement of component of product the organic component containing a resin
the salt being ammonium perchlorate
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Ammonium perchlorate in combination with components ,which correspond to the classes C06B 29/04 to C06B 29/20

Compositions containing an inorganic nitrogen-oxygen salt
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Compositions containing carbonless nitrogen-oxygen salt such as (ammoniumdinitramide) (ADN)

with carbon or sulfur
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Compositions containing alkali metal or alkaline earth metal nitrate with carbon or sulfur, e.g. black powder

with an organic non-explosive or an organic non-thermic component
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Compositions characterised by non-explosive or non-thermic constituents
with a metal oxygen-halogen salt, e.g. inorganic chlorate, inorganic perchlorate
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Compositions containing an inorganic oxygen-halogen salt
with carbon or sulfur
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Wood dust etc. as carbon source

Sulphides as sulphur source

the salt being ammonium nitrate
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Ammonium nitrate in combination with organic components

Hydroxylammonium nitrate

{with fuel oil, e.g. ANFO-compositions}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Slurries made from ANFO and water
Mixtures of AN and a liquid other than an oil
with vegetable matter; with resin; with rubber
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Compositions containing ammonium nitrate with other organic non-explosive substances, e.g vegetable matter, resin, rubber

References relevant to classification in this subgroup
This subclass/group does not cover:
Compositions containing particulate metal, alloy, boron, silicon, selenium or tellurium with at least one oxygen supplying material which is either a metal oxide or a salt, organic or inorganic, capable of yielding a metal oxide
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Compositions containing metals, alloys, silicon, selenium or tellurium with at least one oxygen yielding-compound, e,g. metal oxide

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Illuminant compositions
with an organic non-explosive or an organic non-thermic component
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Composition containing metal, alloy, silicon, selenium or tellurim with at least one oxygen yielding component and an organic compound lacking a detonation part (non explosive or non-thermic), e.g. a metal and a polymer

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Polymers
the material being an inorganic nitrogen-oxygen salt
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Compositions containing metals, alloys, silicon, selenium or tellurium with carbonless nitrogen-oxygen salt

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Compositions containing an inorganic nitrogen-oxygen salt
the material being an inorganic oxygen-halogen salt
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Compositions containing metals, alloys, silicon, selenium or tellurium with carbonless oxygen- non-metal Group 17 salt

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Compositions characterised by non-explosive or non-thermic constituents
the material being two or more oxygen-yielding compounds
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Eutectic mixtures

Two different oxidizers mean that they are physically separately present in the composition.

Particles of mixed oxidizer (one oxidizer containing a mixture of oxides) is not considered as a mixture.

Compositions containing a metal azide
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Ammonium azide
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Compositions containing a nitrated metallo-organic compound with a metal azide
with free metal, alloy, boron, silicon, selenium or tellurium
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Compositions containing a metal, boron, silicon, selenium or tellurium or mixtures, intercompounds or hydrides thereof, and hydrocarbons or halogenated hydrocarbons
Compositions containing particulate metal, alloy, boron, silicon, selenium or tellurium with at least one oxygen supplying material which is either a metal oxide or a salt, organic or inorganic, capable of yielding a metal oxide
with a metal azide or a metal fulminate
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Compositions containing a metal azide
Compositions containing a metal fulminate
compositions characterised by explosive or thermic constituents not provided for in groups C06B 25/00 to C06B 41/00
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Fuel - air mixtures, explosive gas mixtures, organic perchlorate salts, tetrazoles etc.

Compositions or products which are defined by structure or arrangement of component of product (explosive charges of particular form or shape F42B 1/00, F42B 3/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Aspects related to structure like particle size, shapes, porosity etc.

Melt-in-oil emulsions.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Manufacture,
Liquids and gels
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Metal fibres
Explosive charges of particular form or shape
Shape or structure of solid propellant charges for rocket-engine plants
comprising solid particles dispersed in solid solution or matrix {not used for explosives where the matrix consists essentially of nitrated carbohydrates or a low molecular organic explosive}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Explosives where the matrix consists essentially of nitrated carbohydrates or a low molecular organic explosive]
the organic component containing a resin
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Compositions comprising solid particles dispersed in solid solution or matrix comprising organic component containing a resin, e.g. plasticizers, crosslinkers, polymer catalysts, polymers being present as a matrix forming component and not as particles.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Polymers per se are classified in C08

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Compositions containing an inorganic oxygen-halogen salt with an organic non-explosive or an organic non-thermic component
Compositions containing ammonium nitrate with resin; with rubber
having contiguous layers or zones
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This group covers compositions or products defined by having contiguous layers or zones, e.g.:

  • Layer structure in a product
  • Layers on propellant charges, which are non-explosive
  • Adhesive compositions
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Blasting cartridges, i.e. case and explosive
Surface treatment of cartridges or cartridge cases
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Charging rocket engines with solid propellants; Methods or apparatus specially adapted for working solid propellant charges
Rocket- engine plants
Casings; Combustion chambers; Liners thereof
comprising a coated component (particles dispersed in a matrix C06B 45/04; coated explosive charges F42B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Compositions including a covering, i.e. coated component base containing organic explosive or organic thermic component, coated component base containing inorganic explosive or inorganic thermic component or coated component base containing both organic explosive or thermic component and inorganic explosive or thermic component

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Particles dispersed in a matrix
Coated explosive charges
the component base containing an inorganic explosive or an inorganic thermic component
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Coated metal particles.

Compositions in which the components are separately stored until the moment of burning or explosion, e.g. "Sprengel"-type explosives; Suspensions of solid component in a normally non-explosive liquid phase, including a thickened aqueous phase {This group also covers emulsion type explosives in which a solid component is not compulsory}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Compositions that have two or more parts isolated by structure prior to detonation

Emulsion type explosives in which a solid component is not compulsory

Water-ol-oil emulsions mixed with granules

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Melt-in-oil emulsions
Water-in-oil emulsins
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
ANFO
Nitromethane
Generation of pressure gas by reaction of two or more liquids
C06D5/09
Generation of pressure gas by reaction of solids with liquids
a component being a liquefied normally gaseous material supplying oxygen (C06B 47/04 takes precedence)
Special rules of classification within this group

C06B 47/04 takes precedence

a component containing free boron, an organic borane or a binary compound of boron, except with oxygen
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Binary compounds of boron with oxygen
{Water in oil emulsion type explosives in which a carbonaceous fuel forms the continuous phase}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Water-in-oil emulsions mixed with granules

Melt-in-oil emulsions

Use of single substances as explosives
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Compositions characterised by explosive or thermos constituents not provided for in groups C06B 25/00 to C06B 41/00
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Last Modified: 10/11/2013