Skip over navigation
LABELLING OR TAGGING MACHINES, APPARATUS, OR PROCESSES (nailing or stapling in general B25C, B27F; applying labels for packaging purposes B65B; labels, name-plates G09F) { (series-printing machines B41L; containers for the storage or transport of packages B65D) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Labelling flat essentially rigid surfaces.

Labelling other than flat surfaces, such as bottles, cables or wire.

Labelling fabrics or comparable materials or articles with deformable surfaces, e.g. paper, fabric rolls, stockings, shoes.

Affixing tags.

Details of labelling machines or apparatus.

Manually-controlled or manually-operable label dispensers, e.g. modified for the application of labels to articles.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Franking apparatus
Franking apparatus attaching a label on a mailpiece:
Apparatus or processes specially adapted for marking conductors or cables
Making of (adhesive) labels provided on carrier webs
Labels or tags as such
Handling thin or filamentary material, e.g. webs
Adding cards, coupons or other inserts to package contents
Apparatus for applying lining or sheathing using tubular layers or sheathings
B29C 63/42 and subgroups.
Enclosing successive articles in tubular webs/Devices for distending tubes supplied in the flatened state
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Label
slip of paper, card, linen, metal, etc., for attaching to object and indicating its nature, owner, name, destination, etc.
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following terms are used with the meaning indicated:

Liner labels (label backing/carrier)
web/liner/strip/sheet
Labelling flat essentially-rigid surfaces (labelling of fabrics B65C 5/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Affixing labels to one flat surface of articles.

Affixing labels, e.g. wrap-around labels, to two or more flat surfaces of a polyhedral article, e.g. cigarette package.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Franking apparatus
Franking apparatus attaching a label on a mailpiece
Affixing labels to one flat surface of articles, e.g. of packages, of flat bands
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Applying a (one) label to one flat surface of an article.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media0.jpg

Affixing labels, e.g. wrap-around labels, to two or more flat surfaces of a polyhedral article
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Applying a (one) label to two or more flat surfaces of a polyhedral article.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media1.jpg

Labelling other than flat surfaces (of fabrics B65C 5/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Affixing labels to elongated objects, e.g. wires, cables.

Affixing labels to short rigid containers., e.g. bottles.

Affixing labels to non-rigid containers, e.g. bottles made of polyethylene, boxes to be inflated by internal air pressure prior to labelling.

Affixing labels to elongated objects, e.g. wires, cables, bars, tubes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media2.jpg

Affixing labels to short rigid containers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Applying a (one) label to a rigid container.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media3.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus or processes specially adapted for marking conductors or cables
{by placing tubular labels around the container (applying preformed tubular sheathings of plastics in general B29C 63/18; applying protective covers to closures B67B 5/03) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for applying lining or sheathing using tubular layers or sheathings:
Enclosing successive articles in tubular webs/Devices for distending tubes supplied in the flatened state
Affixing labels to non-rigid containers, e.g. bottles made of polyethylene, boxes to be inflated by internal air pressure prior to labelling
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Applying a label to a non-rigid container or box to be inflated by internal pressure prior, and optionally during, the labelling.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media4.jpg

media5.jpg

Labelling fabrics or comparable materials or articles with deformable surface, e.g. paper, fabric rolls, stockings, shoes (affixing labels to non-rigid containers B65C 3/26; by sewing D05B) { (applying marks during shoe manufacture A43D 95/14; marking textile materials by attaching tags D06H 1/04) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Using adhesives.

Using staples.

media6.jpg

media7.jpg

using adhesives
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media8.jpg

using staples { (man-operated portable stapling tools B25C 5/00; permanently attaching together sheets B42B 4/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media9.jpg

Affixing tags (in combination with filling of tea bags B65B 29/04) { (multi-step processes for making labels or tags B31D 1/02) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Using pins having at least one sharp pointed end.

Using paddle-shaped plastic pins.

media10.jpg

media11.jpg

{using pins having at least one sharp pointed end}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media12.jpg
media13.jpg

media14.jpg

{using paddle-shaped plastic pins (using plastic pins for affixing buttons to garments A41H 37/008) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Using paddle-shaped pins, "plastic" is not an essential limiting feature.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media15.jpg

media16.jpg

Details of labelling machines or apparatus { (attaching articles to carriers B65B 15/00; cards of samples G09F 5/04) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Removing backing sheets.

Preparing the labels or articles, e.g. smoothing, removing air bubbles.

Interchangeable modules of a labelling machine, e.g. different label type or

size dispenser modules. Cutting tubular labels from a web.

Devices for moving articles, e.g. containers, past a labelling station.

Devices for presenting articles in predetermined attitude or position at a labelling station.

Label feeding Gluing the labels or articles.

Devices for applying labels.

Label cooling or drying.

Controls; Safety devices.

Applying date marks, code marks, or the like, to the label during labelling.

{Removing backing sheets}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media17.jpg

{Preparing the labels or articles,e.g. smoothing, removing air bubbles}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Preparing the labels or the articles before or during the application of the label to the article, e.g. drying articles, preheating, electrostatic (de-)charging, stretching of labels, etc.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group:

media18.jpg

media19.jpg

{Interchangeable modules, e.g. applicator heads with label magazines and glue rollers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media20.jpg

{Cutting tubular labels from a web}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media21.jpg

Devices for moving articles, e.g. containers, past labelling station
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media22.jpg

having means for rotating the articles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Having means for rotating the articles themselves, i.e. spinning, independently from their conveying direction, i.e. being on a linear conveyor or on a rotating carousel, during the label application.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media23.jpg

Devices for presenting articles in predetermined attitude or position at labelling station
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices for positioning articles prior to label application, for example rotating the articles around their own axis prior to label application, or height adjustment of article support means according to article size.

{for orienting bottles having swing stoppers, i.e. by means responsive to the position of the swing stoppers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media24.jpg

{for orienting articles having irregularities in their shape, the irregularities being detected by mechanical means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media25.jpg

{for orienting articles having irregularities, e.g. holes, spots or markings, e.g. labels or imprints, the irregularities or markings being detected}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media26.jpg

Label feeding
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This group comprises the following subgroups:

Label magazines

Removing separate labels from stacks

Label feeding from strips

Label magazines
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media27.jpg

Removing separate labels from stacks (for printing B41F; separating articles from piles in general B65H) ( { multi-step processes for making labels or tags B31D 1/02} ; for printing B41F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media28.jpg

Label feeding from strips, e.g. from rolls
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The labels being cut from a strip.

The labels adhering on a backing strip.

Spools or cassettes for strips.

The labels being torn or burst from a strip.

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media29.jpg

Gluing the labels or articles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

By wetting, e.g. by applying liquid glue or a liquid to a dry glue coating

  • using spraying means
  • using manipulator arms
  • Applying the liquid on the label
  • using liquid rollers or bands
  • using wipers, pallets, or segments

By heat

  • by thermo-activating the glue

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media30.jpg

Devices for applying labels
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specific devices for applying labels to articles in general, not necessarily restricted to a specific surfaces, and for which is normally no other entry.

This group comprises the following subgroups:

  • Manually operable
  • Air blast devices
  • Rollers
  • Flexible bands
  • Wipers, Pressers

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media31.jpg

{manually operable}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media32.jpg

Air-blast devices
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media33.jpg

Rollers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media34.jpg

Flexible bands
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

media35.jpg

Wipers; Pressers
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media36.jpg

Manually-controlled or manually-operable label dispensers, e.g. modified for the application of labels to articles (special furniture, fittings, or accessories for shops, storehouses, bars, or the like A47F; for paper napkins, for toilet paper A47K; for playing cards A63F; movable-strip writing or reading apparatus B42D 19/00; adhesive tape dispensers B65H 35/07; dispensers for tickets G07B; coin-operated dispensers for stamps G07F) { (dispensing devices for pamphlets from vehicles G09F 21/22) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Modified for the application of labels to articles.

Using electrical or electro-mechanical means.

Using pneumatic means.

Having printing equipment.

Having means for moistening the labels.

Having means for heating thermo-activatable labels.

media37.jpg

Special rules of classification within this group

This group is directed to manually operated devices, whereas B65C 9/08 is directed to machine operated devices.

{modified for the application of labels to articles}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media38.jpg

{using electrical or electro-mechanical means (B65C 11/0289 and B65C 11/066 take precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media39.jpg

{using pneumatic means (B65C 11/0294 and B65C 11/068 take precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media40.jpg

having printing equipment
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media41.jpg

{electrically driven}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media42.jpg

{by actuating a hanbdle manually}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media43.jpg

{electrically driven}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media44.jpg

{by actuating a handle manually}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media45.jpg

{by actuating a handle manually}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media46.jpg

{electrically driven}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media47.jpg

{by actuating a handle manually}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media48.jpg

{Linerless labels}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media49.jpg

{using electrical or electro-mechanical means (B65C 11/0205 takes precedence) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media50.jpg

{using pneumatic means}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media51.jpg

having means for moistening the labels
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media52.jpg

having means for heating thermo-activatable labels
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Illustrative example of subject matter classified in this group.

media53.jpg

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013