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CYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cycle frames, steering, controls, suspension arrangements vehicles with more than three wheels and cycle side cars, forecars and trailers.

Special rules of classification within this subclass

Multiple classification should be given if appropriate.

Where applicable, additional classification should also be given in the following codes:

B62K 2201/00 Springs used in cycle frames or parts thereof

B62K 2202/00 Motorized scooters (e.g. 'Vespa')

B62K 2204/00 Adaptations for driving cycles by electric motor (for driving electrically assisted bicycles B62M 6/00)

Unicycles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cycles with a single road engaging wheel

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hoop exercising apparatus including wheels in which people can sit
Bicycles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This is the head group where classification is given if none of the sub groups are relevant and as such contains particularly unusual bicycle arrangements

[N: without a seat, i.e. the rider operating the vehicle in a standing position, e.g. non-motorized scooters; non-motorized scooters with skis or runners]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Push scooter type vehicles (kickboards) equiped with a handlebar for steering, including motor arrangements for these scooters

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Skate-boards
[N: Recumbent-type bicycles]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Bicycles in which the rider adopts a reclined riding position, either on his front, or on his back.

[N: Automatic balancing machines supporting a rider, e.g. "Segways"]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Personal transport motorised vehicles with wheel(s) supported on a single axis and vehicle balance motor control means

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Methods, circuits, or devices for controlling the traction-motor speed of electrically-propelled vehicles
Frames
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Bicycle frames as a complete unit e.g. details of the bicycle frame shape. Constructional details of the frame are in B62K 19/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Tandem frames
Cycles with handlebar having more than two main road wheels
Frames for tricycles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Constructional details of the frame
tandems
Special rules of classification within this group

Additional classification has to be given in the indented codes

specially adapted for disabled riders (invalid multi-track cycles A61G 5/00 )
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Invalid multi-track vehicles e.g. wheelchairs
Cycles with three or more wheels, specially adapted for disabled riders
Cycles with handlebars, equipped with three or more main road wheels (cycle supports or stands equipped with additional wheels for ride stabilisation B62H 1/12 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sub groups include tricycles

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Cycle supports or stands equipped with additional wheels for ride stabilisation
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Motor vehicles or trailers, characterised by the arrangement or number of wheels, not otherwise provided for, e.g. four wheels in diamond pattern (sub-groups include tricycles)
Special rules of classification within this group

Additional classification has to be given in the indented codes

Cycles with four or more wheels, specially adapted for disabled riders, e.g. personal mobility type vehicles with four wheels (wheelchairs A61G 5/00 )
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Invalid multi-track vehicles e.g. wheelchairs
Motorcycles with four or more wheels (specially adapted for disabled riders B62K 5/003 )
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Specially adapted for disabled riders
Tricycles
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Children's tricycles
specially adapted for disabled riders, e.g. personal mobility type vehicles with three wheels (wheelchairs A61G 5/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Wheelchairs
Motorcycles with three wheels (specially adapted for disabled riders B62K 5/023)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Specially adapted for disabled riders
Frames for tricycles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cycle frames e.g. adaptations or constructional details of the frame
with steering devices acting on two or more wheels
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Only for documents in which the steering arrangement is specifically described. Includes power steering arrangements acting on two or more wheels for cycles with handlebars with more than two main road wheels.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Power steering for vehicles
with means for inwardly inclining the vehicle body on bends
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vehicle steering systems in general, combined with means for inwardly inclining vehicle body on bends
Freight- or passenger-carrying cycles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cycles frames especially adapted to carry bulky packages/freight items or adapted for carrying one or more passengers in addition to the rider

having a carrying platform (article-carrying accessories B62J 7/00 to B62J 11/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Article-carrying accessories
Children`s cycles (toy vehicles A63H 17/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Childrens bicycles, tricycles and pedal cars and similar childrens vehicles which may be motorised and which comprise special adaptations for their use by children

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Toy vehicles
Apparatus for helping babies to walk; Baby walkers or strollers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vehicle understructures, specially adapted for sports vehicles, e.g. go-karts
Motorcycles, engine-assisted cycles or motor scooters with one or two wheels (fairings or streamlining parts not forming part of the frame B62J ; transmission of drive from engines to wheels B62M)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Frames (chassis) or frame adaptations of single track two wheeled vehicles (ie with a front wheel and a rear wheel) equipped with an engine or motor, not intended to be propelled using human power

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Rider propulsion of wheeled vehicles with additional source of power, e.g. combustion engine or electric motor
Transmissions for motorcycles characterised by position of motor or engine
Cycles with handlebars with more than two main road wheels
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Characterised by the use of two or more dissimilar sources of power, e.g. transmissions for hybrid motorcycles
Luggage carriers forming part of frame e.g. under seat storage areas
Arrangement of engine supports in general
Fairings or streamlining parts, not forming part of frame
Handle-bar constructions, or arrangements of controls thereon, specially adapted thereto (hand controls per se B62K 23/02)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hand controls per se
Cycles convertible to, or transformable into, other type of cycle or land vehicle (cycle supports or stands equipped with additional wheels for ride stabilisation B62H 1/12 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Cycles or accessories for cycles which facilitate the adaptation/conversion or transformation of a cycle into a different type of cycle or land vehicle

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cycle supports or stands equipped with additional wheels for ride stabilisation
Frames
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cycle frames e.g. adaptations or constructional details of the frame
Collapsible or foldable cycles
Special rules of classification within this group

Additional classification has to be given in the indented codes

Cycles not otherwise provided for
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Unusual cycles or cycles with unusual characterizing features or appearance which do not readily fall into the other groups

Cycle frames (cycle frames specially adapted for one particular kind of cycle specified in groups B62K 1/00 to B62K 17/00, see the relevant group)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of frame construction e.g. adaptations or constructional details of the frame.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Unicycles
Bicycles
Frames e.g. details of bicycle frame shape
Tandem frames
Frames for cycles with handlebar equipped with three or more main road wheels
Frames for tricycles
Freight- or passenger-carrying cycles
Children's cycles
Motorcycles, engine-assisted cycles or motor scooters with one or two wheels
Cycles convertible to, or transformable into, other type of cycle or land vehicle
Collapsible or foldable cycles
Cycles not otherwise provided for
Frame parts shaped to receive other cycle parts or accessories (axle suspensions B62K 25/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Axle suspensions
Steering heads (bearings therefor B62K 21/06)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bearings specially adapted for steering heads
Bottom brackets
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Combination of crank axles and bearings housed in the bottom bracket
for tyre pumps (attachment devices not forming part of frame B62J 11/02)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Attachment devices for pumps not forming part of frame
Chain-guards forming part of frame (chain-guards per se B62J 13/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Chain-guards per se
Luggage carriers forming part of frame (luggage carriers per se B62J 7/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Includes storage areas on motorcycles, e.g. under seat

Fairings forming part of frame
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Weather guards for riders; Fairings or stream-lining parts not otherwise provided for
Steering devices (steering devices specially adapted for one particular kind of cycle specified in groups B62K 1/00 to B62K 17/00, see the relevant group)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Specific arrangements for steering a single steered wheel

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Steering devices specially adapted for one particular kind of cycle
B62K 1/00 to B62K 17/00, see the relevant group
Fork crowns
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Includes motorcycle "triple trees".

Bearings specially adapted for steering heads (bearings in general F16C)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bearings in general
Steering dampers (dampers in general F16F)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Dampers in general
resilient
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Includes springs in the steering head

Handle-bar grips (twist grips B62K 23/04)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Twist grips
Rider-operated controls specially adapted for cycles, i.e. means for initiating control operations, e.g. levers, grips (specially adapted to cycle brake mechanisms B62L 3/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Human operated cycle control devices for e.g. brake or gear change or throttle (gas) or clutch mechanisms

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Brake actuating mechanisms
Special rules of classification within this group

Where the control relates to a gear activation mechanism, this should additionally be classified in the relevant group under B62M 25/00.

hand actuated (arrangements of controls on handle-bars of engine-driven cycles B62K 11/14)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Controlling members for hand actuation by pivoting movement, e.g. levers
Arrangements of controls on handle-bars of engine-driven cycles
foot actuated
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Motorcycle type sequential gear change mechanisms
Axle suspensions (for vehicles in general B60G)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The connection between the wheel axle or its equivelent and the cycle frame

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Axle suspensions for vehicles in general
Hubs for bicycles
for mounting axles rigidly on cycle frame or fork, e.g. adjustably
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

includes all quickly detachable axles i.e. drop-outs

Special rules of classification within this group

Additional classification has to be given in the indented codes

for mounting axles resiliently on cycle frame or fork (for sidecars, forecars or the like B62K 27/06 )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Includes sprung hubs and sprung frames (flexible frames).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Resilient axle suspension, for sidecars, forecars or the like
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Shock absorber internal details
Special rules of classification within this group

Additional classification has to be given in the indented codes

with telescopic fork, e.g. including auxiliary rocking arms
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This group does not include telescopic shock absorbers unless they incorporate the fork legs also

for front wheel
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

A lever arm connecting the front wheel axle to the frame, see the example figure

with more than one arm on each fork leg
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Wheel suspension comprising more than one lever arm connecting the wheel axle to the frame i.e. with extra linkages

the chain-stay forming a chain-guard
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Guards for the chain or belt
Sidecars; Forecars; [N: Trailers or the like specially adapted to be attached to cycles] (trailers B60P; B62D; characterised by carrying propulsion engine [N: B62M 7/14 ])
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Additional wheeled units that can be attached to the side of the cycle (sidecars) or the rear of the cycle (trailers) or the front of the cycle (forecars)

Trailers for carrying other vehicles
Trailers in general
Characterised by trailer carrying propulsion engine
Hand carts
Special rules of classification within this group

All trailers for bicycles are classified in both places B62K 27/003 and B62D 63/00

Frames
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cycle frames e.g. adaptations or constructional details of the frame
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013