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CYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
Definition statement
This subclass covers:

Cycle frames, steering, controls, suspension arrangements vehicles with more than three wheels and cycle side cars, forecars and trailers.

Special rules of classification within this subclass

Multiple classification should be given if appropriate.

Where applicable, additional classification should also be givenusing the following Indexing Codes:

B62K 2201/00 Springs used in cycle frames or parts thereof;

B62K 2202/00 Motorized scooters (e.g. 'Vespa');

B62K 2204/00 Adaptations for driving cycles by electric motor (for driving electrically assisted bicycles B62M 6/00).

Unicycles
Definition statement
This group covers:

Cycles with a single road engaging wheel.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hoop exercising apparatus including wheels in which people can sit

Bicycles
Definition statement
This group covers:

This is the head group where classification is given if none of the sub groups are relevant and as such contains particularly unusual bicycle arrangements

{without a seat, i.e. the rider operating the vehicle in a standing position, e.g. non-motorized scooters; non-motorized scooters with skis or runners}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Push scooter type vehicles (kickboards) equiped with a handlebar for steering, including motor arrangements for these scooters

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Skate-boards

{Recumbent-type bicycles}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Bicycles in which the rider adopts a reclined riding position, either on his front, or on his back.

{Automatic balancing machines supporting a rider, e.g. "Segways"}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Personal transport motorised vehicles with wheel(s) supported on a single axis and vehicle balance motor control means

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Methods, circuits, or devices for controlling the traction-motor speed of electrically-propelled vehicles

Frames (tandem frames B62K 3/14)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Bicycle frames as a complete unit e.g. details of the bicycle frame shape. Constructional details of the frame are in B62K 19/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Tandem frames

Cycles with handlebar having more than two main road wheels

Frames for tricycles

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Constructional details of the frame

Tandems
Special rules of classification within this group

Additional classification has to be given in the indented codes

specially adapted for disabled riders (invalid multi-track cycles A61G 5/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Invalid multi-track vehicles e.g. wheelchairs

Cycles with three or more wheels, specially adapted for disabled riders

Cycles with handlebars, equipped with three or more main road wheels (cycle supports or stands equipped with additional wheels for ride stabilisation B62H 1/12)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Sub groups include tricycles

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Cycle supports or stands equipped with additional wheels for ride stabilisation

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Motor vehicles or trailers, characterised by the arrangement or number of wheels, not otherwise provided for, e.g. four wheels in diamond pattern (sub-groups include tricycles)

Special rules of classification within this group

Additional classification has to be given in the indented codes

Cycles with four or more wheels, specially adapted for disabled riders, e.g. personal mobility type vehicles with four wheels (wheelchairs A61G 5/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Invalid multi-track vehicles e.g. wheelchairs

Motorcycles with four or more wheels (specially adapted for disabled riders B62K 5/003)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Specially adapted for disabled riders

Tricycles (children's tricycles B62K 9/02)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Children's tricycles

specially adapted for disabled riders, e.g. personal mobility type vehicles with three wheels (wheelchairs A61G 5/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Wheelchairs

Motorcycles with three wheels (specially adapted for disabled riders B62K 5/023)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Specially adapted for disabled riders

Frames for tricycles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cycle frames e.g. adaptations or constructional details of the frame

with steering devices acting on two or more wheels
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Only for documents in which the steering arrangement is specifically described. Includes power steering arrangements acting on two or more wheels for cycles with handlebars with more than two main road wheels.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Power steering for vehicles

with means for inwardly inclining the vehicle body on bends
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle steering systems in general, combined with means for inwardly inclining vehicle body on bends

Freight- or passenger-carrying cycles
Definition statement
This group covers:

Cycles especially adapted to carry bulky packages/freight items or adapted for carrying one or more passengers in addition to the rider,

having a carrying platform (article-carrying accessories B62J 7/00 to B62J 11/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Article-carrying accessories

Children's cycles (toy vehicles A63H 17/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Childrens bicycles, tricycles and pedal cars and similar childrens vehicles which may be motorised and which comprise special adaptations for their use by children.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Toy vehicles

Apparatus for helping babies to walk; Baby walkers or strollers

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle understructures, specially adapted for sports vehicles, e.g. go-karts

Motorcycles, engine-assisted cycles or motor scooters with one or two wheels (fairings or streamlining parts not forming part of the frame B62J; transmission of drive from engines to wheels B62M)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Frames (chassis) or frame adaptations of single wheeled or single track two-wheeled vehicles (i.e. with a front wheel and a rear wheel) equipped with an engine or motor, not intended to be propelled using human power.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Rider propulsion of wheeled vehicles with additional source of power, e.g. combustion engine or electric motor

Transmissions for motorcycles characterised by position of motor or engine

Cycles with handlebars with more than two main road wheels

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Characterised by the use of two or more dissimilar sources of power, e.g. transmissions for hybrid motorcycles

Luggage carriers forming part of frame e.g. under seat storage areas

Arrangement of engine supports in general

Fairings or streamlining parts, not forming part of frame

Special rules of classification within this subclass/group

In B62K 11/00 cycle should be interpreted like a moped, with more emphasis on the motorcycle, rather than a bicycle with motor/engine assist which should be in B62M 6/00. All unicycles should be in B62K 1/00. Any specific frame modification specifically for mounting an engine or motor which are relevant to non-pedalled cycles (with less than 3 wheels) should be classified here.

Handle-bar constructions, or arrangements of controls thereon, specially adapted thereto (hand controls per se B62K 23/02)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hand controls per se

Cycles convertible to, or transformable into, other type of cycle or land vehicle (cycle supports or stands equipped with additional wheels for ride stabilisation B62H 1/12)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Cycles or accessories for cycles which facilitate the adaptation/conversion or transformation of a cycle into a different type of cycle or land vehicle.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Cycle supports or stands equipped with additional wheels for ride stabilisation

Special rules of classification within this group

Examples of accessories to be classified here may be a pair of rear wheels, not training wheels, mounted to a common bicycle to convert it to a tricycle or skis attachable to the wheels of the conventional cycle to adapt it for snow.

Frames
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cycle frames e.g. adaptations or constructional details of the frame

Collapsible or foldable cycles
Special rules of classification within this group

Additional classification has to be given in the indented codes

Cycles not otherwise provided for
Definition statement
This group covers:

Unusual cycles or cycles with unusual characterizing features or appearance which do not readily fall into the other groups.

Cycle frames (cycle frames specially adapted for one particular kin of cycle specified in groups B62K 1/00 to B62K 17/00, see the relevant group)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Details of frame construction e.g. adaptations or constructional details of the frame.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Unicycles

Bicycles

Frames e.g. details of bicycle frame shape

Tandem frames

Frames for cycles with handlebar equipped with three or more main road wheels

Frames for tricycles

Freight- or passenger-carrying cycles

Children's cycles

Motorcycles, engine-assisted cycles or motor scooters with one or two wheels

Cycles convertible to, or transformable into, other type of cycle or land vehicle

Collapsible or foldable cycles

Cycles not otherwise provided for

Frame parts shaped to receive other cycle parts or accessories (axle suspensions B62K 25/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Axle suspensions

Steering heads (bearings therefor B62K 21/06)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bearings specially adapted for steering heads

Bottom brackets
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Combination of crank axles and bearings housed in the bottom bracket

for tyre pumps (attachment devices not forming part of frame B62J 11/02)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Attachment devices for pumps not forming part of frame

Chain-guards forming part of frame (chain-guards per se B62J 13/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Chain-guards per se

Luggage carriers forming part of frame (luggage carriers per se B62J 7/00)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Includes storage areas on motorcycles, e.g. under seat

Fairings forming part of frame
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Weather guards for riders; Fairings or stream-lining parts not otherwise provided for

Steering devices (steering devices specially adapted for one particular kind of cycle specified in groups B62K 1/00 to B62K 17/00, see the relevant group)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Specific arrangements for steering a wheel of a two-wheeled cycle.

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Steering devices specially adapted for one particular kind of cycle

B62K 1/00 to B62K 17/00, see the relevant group

Fork crowns
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Includes motorcycle "triple trees".

Bearings specially adapted for steering heads (bearings in general F16C)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bearings in general

Steering dampers (dampers in general F16F)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Dampers in general

resilient
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Includes springs in the steering head

Handle-bar grips (twist grips B62K 23/04)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Twist grips

Rider-operated controls specially adapted for cycles, i.e. means for initiating control operations, e.g. levers, grips (specially adapted to cycle brake mechanisms B62L 3/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Human operated cycle control devices for e.g. brake or gear change or throttle (gas) or clutch mechanisms

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Brake actuating mechanisms

Special rules of classification within this group

Where the control relates to a gear activation mechanism, this should additionally be classified in the relevant group under B62M 25/00.

hand actuated (arrangements of controls on handle-bars of engine-driven cycles B62K 11/14)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Controlling members for hand actuation by pivoting movement, e.g. levers

Arrangements of controls on handle-bars of engine-driven cycles

foot actuated
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Motorcycle type sequential gear change mechanisms

Axle suspensions (for vehicles in general B60G)
Definition statement
This group covers:

The connection between the wheel axle or its equivalent and the cycle frame.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Axle suspensions for vehicles in general

Hubs for bicycles

for mounting axles rigidly on cycle frame or fork, e.g. adjustably
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

includes all quickly detachable axles i.e. drop-outs

Special rules of classification within this group

Additional classification has to be given in the indented codes

for mounting axles resiliently on cycle frame or fork (for sidecars, forecars or the like B62K 27/06)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Includes sprung hubs and sprung frames (flexible frames).

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Resilient axle suspension, for sidecars, forecars or the like

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Shock absorber internal details

Special rules of classification within this group

Additional classification has to be given in the indented codes

with telescopic fork, e.g. including auxiliary rocking arms
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

This group does not include telescopic shock absorbers unless they incorporate the fork legs also

for front wheel
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

A lever arm connecting the front wheel axle to the frame, see the example figure with arm (28) pivoted on fork leg (14).

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with more than one arm on each fork leg
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Wheel suspension comprising more than one lever arm connecting the wheel axle to the frame i.e. with extra linkages, the details being applicable equally to both the front and rear wheel.

for front wheel
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Wheel suspension comprising more than one lever arm connecting the wheel axle to the frame i.e. with extra linkages, the details being specifically applicable to just the front wheel.

for rear wheel
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Wheel suspension comprising more than one lever arm connecting the wheel axle to the frame i.e. with extra linkages, the details being specifically applicable to just the rear wheel.

the chain-stay forming a chain-guard
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Guards for the chain or belt

Sidecars; Forecars; { Trailers or the like specially adapted to be attached to cycles}(trailers B60P; B62D; characterised by carrying propulsion engine {B62M 7/14})
Definition statement
This group covers:

Additional wheeled units that can be attached to the side of the cycle (sidecars) or the rear of the cycle (trailers) or the front of the cycle (forecars).

Trailers for carrying other vehicles

Trailers in general

Characterised by trailer carrying propulsion engine

Hand carts

Special rules of classification within this group

All trailers for bicycles are classified in group B62K 27/003 and circulated to B62D 63/06 for trailers in general.

Wheeled units are not always trailers or cars. The wheeled unit, i.e. the platform or frame with a wheel on it, is attached to the side, front or rear. So-called trailers are attached to the rear and are classified in subgroup B62K 27/003 and should also be considered for trailers in general (B62D).

Frames
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cycle frames e.g. adaptations or constructional details of the frame

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013