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HAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS, PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

"Hand carts" also embraces hand-propelled wheeled devices in so far as the features thereof are generic to hand carts and also embraces pedestrian controlled power-driven vehicles in so far as the features thereof are generic to hand carts.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for disabled persons
Carriages for welding
Vehicles drawn by animals
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vehicles with the driver not being seated
Devices for moving or tilting heavy loads
Special rules of classification within this subclass

Although wheels or skis can be mounted to almost every mechanical item, not every such item should be classified in B62B; e.g. items characterised by their functions for special applications are classified in the appropriate subclasses, e.g. office furniture on wheels in A47B, lawn-mowers in A01D 34/00, wheeled vacuum cleaners in A47L, etc.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expressions/words "rollers" and "wheels" are often used as synonyms.

Hand carts having only one axis carrying one or more transport wheels; Equipment therefor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Hand carts with only a single wheel axis and hand carts with a single wheel axis that can be converted to a two-axis hand cart

involving parts being adjustable, collapsible, attachable, detachable, or convertible
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Adjustable or convertible hand-propelled vehicles or sledges
in which the load is intended to be transferred totally to the wheels
Special rules of classification within this group

Sack barrows should normally be classified here, irrespective of their loading condition that may influence the weight distribution

involving parts being adjustable, collapsible, attachable, detachable, or convertible
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Adjustable or convertible hand-propelled vehicles or sledges
involving parts being collapsible, attachable, detachable or convertible
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Adjustable or convertible hand-propelled vehicles or sledges
Hand carts having more than one axis carrying transport wheels; Steering devices therefor; Equipment therefor { ( convertible from one-axled to two-axled vehicle B62B 1/002) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Hand carts with at least two wheel axes, one behind the other

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Hand carts having more than one wheel axis that can be converted into single-axis hand carts
Hand carts having essentially one wheel axis and a load being disposed between this wheel axis and the handles and comprising an additional wheel, e.g. wheel mounted on a strut
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vehicles with the driver not being seated
{characterised by a rectangular shape, involving sidewalls or racks}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Wheeled stands or shelves
Wheeled pallets
Collapsible large containers
{Coaster wagons}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Hand carts with side walls and drawbar, commonly used for transporting children, beer crates, etc.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expressions/words "wagon", "kid's wagon" and "Bollerwagen" are often used as synonyms.

involving parts being adjustable, collapsible, attachable, detachable or convertible
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hand-propelled vehicles or sledges being foldable or dismountable when not in use
Adjustable or convertible hand-propelled vehicles or sledges
{Foldable roll containers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

"roll containers" which can be folded in some way to achieve a smaller storage volume, for example by folding down their side walls, by folding up the bottom, etc. The term "roll container" means that the container is being provided with wheels, casters or the like to enable the container to be rolled along a surface. The term "foldable" refers to the "container" as a whole, and not only to the rolls.

Collapsible or detachable roll containers are also covered by this group.

{collapsible shopping trolleys}
Special rules of classification within this group

Used also for foldable or detachable shopping trolleys

for simply clearing the load from the ground ( masted lift trucks B66F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Low-lift hand trucks for transporting goods

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Pallets on wheels
Supporting frames or bases for conveyers
Hoisting, lifting, hauling or pushing
Fork-lift trucks
{the objects being bags}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Bags or containers specially adapted to a basket, e.g. a basket of a shopping cart
characterised by provisions for nesting or stacking, e.g. shopping trolleys { ( collapsible shopping trolleys B62B 3/027) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Collapsible shopping trolleys
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Commerce, e.g. marketing, shopping, billing
Coin locks
Displaying, advertising
{Means for facilitating stowing or transporting of the trolleys; Antitheft arrangements (B62B 5/0423 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Braking or blocking when leaving a particular area
B62B5/04S
Coin-freed or like apparatus
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Storing or handling self-service hand-carts or baskets
{Display devices mounted on it, e.g. advertisement displays}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Displaying, advertising
Mobile visual advertising by land vehicles
Advertising on or in articles for restaurants, shops or offices
{Mounting of toys}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Toys
{Supports for specific articles (B62B 3/1468 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Display devices
Adaptations for calculators, memory aids, reading aids
Lockers, hooks
Bags or containers specially adapted to a basket, e.g. a basket of a shopping cart
Additional trays
{Adaptations facilitating the transport to the counter}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Handling at checkout counters
Checkout procedure
{Wheel arrangements}
Special rules of classification within this group

Details of wheel arrangements should additionally be classified in B62B 2301/00

nestable by means of pivoted supports or support parts, e.g. baskets { (B62B 3/1476 takes precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Nestable hand carts having a platform as main support
Accessories or details specially adapted for hand carts ( {B62B 3/1404} , B62B 9/00 take precedence; wheels, axles, or axle bearing for vehicles B60B; castors for vehicles, castors in general B60B 33/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Accessories or details for all hand carts irrespective of their number of wheel axes

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Wheels, castors, axles
Runners for carrying hand carts to facilitate travel on ice or snow
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Details of wheel arrangements
{Bumpers; Safety devices}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Safety devices in general
{Protection covers, e.g. against rain}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Protection covers against rain, sun or germs; attachment of umbrellas or parasols

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Details of umbrellas
Covers for nestable or stackable hand carts
Removable sleeves on handle bars
Covers or hoods for perambulators
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Non-fixed roofs; roofs with movable panels for vehicles
{Propulsion aids}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Accessories comprising propulsion means which aid the walking operator to push or pull such a hand cart.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Propulsion aids for prams and strollers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Propulsion of electrically propelled vehicles
Motor vehicles characterized by the driver walking
Special rules of classification within this group

Details of propulsion aids for prams and strollers are classified in B62B 5/0026.

{Wheeled supports connected to the transported object}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Wheeled supports not forming a complete hand cart on their own, but only in combination with the load to be transported

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Equipment attachable to vessels for facilitating transport over land
Wheeled pallets
Wheeled devices for moving or tilting heavy loads
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Pallets, platforms
{Identification of the cart or merchandise, e.g. by barcodes or radio frequency identification (RFID)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Commerce, shopping, billing, invoicing
Checkout procedures
providing for travelling up or down a flight of stairs ( chairs or multi-track cycles specially adapted for invalids A61G 5/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Wheelchairs with obstacle mounting facilities, e.g. for climbing stairs
Perambulators providing for travelling up or down a flight of stairs
Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Brakes for wheelchairs
Brakes for wheeled walking aids
Brakes for perambulators
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vehicle braking elements
Brakes
Hand moving equipment, e.g. handle bars ( for cycles B62K 11/14 , B62K 21/12)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Handles for perambulators
Handles of rigid or semi-rigid containers
{Platforms to stand upon}
Special rules of classification within this group

B62B 5/087 is used in addition to B62B 9/28 for classifying platforms for children's carriages to stand upon

Carriages for children; Perambulators, e.g. dolls` perambulators
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Furniture specially adapted for children
Special rules of classification within this group

Generic features of any type of carriage for children, perambulator or dolls perambulator

{Carriages supporting a hammock-style seat}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Details of the seat itself
{Carriages supporting a rigid seat ( when detachable or rotatable B62B 7/145) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Baby-carriers; carry-cots
Detachable or rotatably-mounted seats
Details of the seat itself
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
The body usable as a child's seat in a vehicle
{three wheeled}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Carriages for children having three wheels only, whereby a double wheel is considered as one wheel

{Coupling unit between front wheels, rear wheels and handle}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

In side view, the frame part holding the front wheels, the frame part holding the rear wheels and the handles meeting at a common coupling unit

{becoming smaller in all three dimensions}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The wheel axes are moved towards each other, the right and left wheels or sides are moved towards each other, and the handle is retracted or folded

convertible, e.g. into children`s furniture or toy ( children`s chairs convertible to pushchairs A47D 1/06)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Children's chairs convertibe to a push chair
Special rules of classification within this group

Perambulators convertible into children's chairs should be classified in B62B 7/12 as well as in A47D 1/06

{from seat to bed (B62B 7/147 , B62B 9/104 take precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
The seat being rotatable as a whole to transform from seating to lying
Seats with adjustable or reclining backrests
{into a trailer, e.g. bicycle trailer}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bicycle trailers
with detachable or rotatably-mounted body ( the body usable as a child's seat in a vehicle B60N 2/2848) ]
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Baby-carriers; carry-cots
Details of the seat itself
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
The body usable as a child's seat in a vehicle
Accessories or details specially adapted for children`s carriages or perambulators ( providing for travelling on snow B62B 19/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Accessories or constructional details specially adapted for children's carriages or perambulators and not otherwise provided for in B62B 7/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Runners for carrying children's carriages or perambulators to facilitate travel on ice or snow
Special rules of classification within this group

For propulsion aids use B62B 9/00; details of propulsion aids for prams and strollers should be classified in B62B 5/0026

providing for travelling up or down a flight of stairs
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Wheelchairs with obstacle mounting facilities, e.g. for climbing stairs
Hand carts provided for travelling up or down a flight of stairs
Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Brakes for hand carts
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vehicle braking elements
Brakes
Special rules of classification within this group

Details of brakes for prams and strollers should additionally also be classified in B62B 5/04

{by locking in a braking position}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Brakes being locked in the braking position, e.g. parking brakes

Perambulator bodies; Equipment therefor ( collapsible or foldable B62B 7/06 ; convertible B62B 7/12)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Sleeping rugs
{with adjustable or reclining backrests}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Convertible from seat to bed
{with head guards}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vehicle seats for children with head-rests
involving parts that are adjustable, attachable or detachable { (B62B 9/102 , B62B 9/14 take precedence ) }
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Details of seats
Equipment protecting from environmental influences
{Equipment protecting from environmental influences, e.g.} Hoods; Weather screens; Cat nets
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Details of umbrellas
Covers for nestable or stackable hand carts
Protection covers for hand carts
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Non-fixed roofs; roofs with movable panels for vehicles
Mud-guards or protecting devices for wheels
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Protection against mud for all types of hand-propelled vehicles
Resilient suspensions of bodies
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Resilient wheel suspension using springs
Handle bars; Handles
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Handle bars for hand carts
Handles of rigid or semi-rigid containers
Devices for rocking or oscillating
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Beds with rocking mechanism
Rocking chairs
Securing devices for bags or toys; {Arrangements of racks, bins, trays or other devices for transporting articles}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Handbags
Travelling equipment
Toys
Auxiliary dismountable seats; {Additional platforms for children in standing-up position}
Special rules of classification within this group

B62B 5/087 is used to additionally classify standing platforms of childrens carriages

Hand-propelled vehicles not otherwise provided for ( rider propulsion of vehicles B62M 1/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Hand-propelled vehicles not otherwise provided for, such as comprising walking legs, etc.

Sledges with runners ( ice boats or sailing sledges B62B 15/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sledges with runners or ski-like gliding elements

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Ice boats or sailing sledges
with swivelling portions of the runners; with a swivelling middle runner
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Swivelling runners: pivoting about a vertically oriented axis

with tilting or bending runners
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Tilting runners: pivoting about a horizontal-longitudinal oriented axis

bending runners: the runners themselves are deformed by bending around vertical axes

Other sledges; Ice boats or sailing sledges
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sledges not already provided for in B62B 13/00, such as sledges without runners, ice boats or sailing sledges

{propelled by sails}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Ships or other waterborne vessels
Sails and rigging of sails
Special rules of classification within this group

Also used for landsailers on wheels and amphibious landsailers

{Towed sledges}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vehicles drawn by animals
Accessories or details of sledges { ( propulsion devices for sledges B62M 27/00 , B62M 29/00) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Accessories or details of sledges not otherwise provided for in B62B 13/00, in B62B 15/00 or in B62B 19/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Propulsion devices for sledges or the like
Runners ( attachable to or replacing vehicle wheels B62B 19/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Braking devices
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Sledges with runners combined with braking devices
Runners for carrying wheeled vehicles to facilitate travel on ice or snow
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Runners for carrying wheeled hand-propelled vehicles to facilitate travel on ice or snow, thus being more versatile

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Indexing codes relating to type or characteristics of transported articles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Hand-propelled vehicles or sledges being adapted to transport special articles

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
For surgery or diagnosis
For medicaments
For percussive power tools
Gas bottles
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Wheeled vessels
Beverage holders, e.g. for a cup, tin or bottle
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Glass or bottle holders
Holders for bottles
Bales of hay or grass
Special rules of classification within this group

Used also for non-cylindrically bales of hay or grass

Wheels, tires
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Dolly with means for (dis)mounting wheels
Dustbins, refuse containers
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Refuse receptacles
Vehicles adapted for collecting refuse
Flexible bags, e.g. for rubbish
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Flexible refuse receptables
Refuse receptacle with wheels or rolls
Suit-cases, other luggage
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Details of luggage
Handbags, e.g. shopping bags
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Details of handbags
Shopping bags, shopping nets
Skis
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Wheeled carrying-devices for skis
for fishing
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Accessories for angling
Golf articles, e.g. golfbags
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Wheeled carriers for golf bags
Persons or animals, dead or alive
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Stretchers
Wheelchairs
Invalid beds
Adaptations for transporting children on shopping carts, etc
Carriages for children
Tools
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Workshop equipment
Cleaning or gardening articles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Domestic washing or cleaning
Computers; Screens
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Computer tables
Tiles, bricks, paving slabs or the like
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Laying paving slabs
Service trolleys, e.g. in aircraft
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Service tables adapted to the use in vehicles
Grasping, holding, supporting the objects
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of how to grasp, hold or support the transported objects

comprising a crane
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Jib cranes for workshops
comprising a self levelling surface
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Self levelling storage devices
Guiding the forks into the pallets
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Guiding means for fork-lift
L65D19/00Y90B
comprising weighing means
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Details of weighing means
Comprising means for facilitating loading or unloading
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Rocking means for tilting carts
Comprising a moving platform
Ventilation; Heating; Cooling; Insulation
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Hand-propelled vehicles or sledges comprising means for ventilation (with or without air-filters), heating, cooling or insulation

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Kitchen equipment
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Cooling or freezing apparatus
Catches; Locking or releasing an articulation
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements for locking pivotal connections
Joining hand-propelled vehicles or sledges together
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Perambulators for two or more children
Wheel arrangements; Steering; Stability; Wheel suspension
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of wheel arrangements, steering, stability, wheel suspension should be classified here when being specially adapted to hand carts.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vehicle wheels, castors, axles
Vehicle suspension arrangements
Special rules of classification within this group

Special features of wheels, castors, axles or suspension arrangements should also be classified in B60B or in B60G.

comprising wheels for longitudinal travelling and wheels for lateral travelling
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Comprising wheels for longitudinal travelling and wheels for lateral travelling, or comprising wheels that can be oriented in different directions for this purpose

combined with means for braking the wheel
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Steering or braking for castor wheels
comprising additional wheels to increase stability
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Comprising additional wheels, runners or skis to increase stability

Resilient wheel suspension using springs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Resilient suspensions of the wheel units using any type of spring

characterised by the ground engaging elements, e.g. wheel type
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vehicle wheels
by using ball-shaped wheels
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Ball-type wheels
by using roller-shaped wheels
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Roller-type wheels
Manufacturing; Constructional features
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Manufacturing and constructional details of hand-propelled vehicles or sledges not otherwise provided for

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Making wire network
Devices for fastening or securing elements together
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Last Modified: 10/11/2013