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HAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS, PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
Definition statement
This subclass covers:

"Hand carts" also embraces hand-propelled wheeled devices in so far as the features thereof are generic to hand carts and also embraces pedestrian controlled power-driven vehicles in so far as the features thereof are generic to hand carts.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass does not cover:

Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for disabled persons

Carriages for welding

Vehicles drawn by animals

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicles with the driver not being seated

Devices for moving or tilting heavy loads

Special rules of classification within this subclass

Although wheels or skis can be mounted to almost every mechanical item, not every such item should be classified in B62B; e.g. items characterised by their functions for special applications are classified in the appropriate subclasses, e.g. office furniture on wheels in A47B, lawn-mowers in A01D 34/00, wheeled vacuum cleaners in A47L, etc.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expressions/words "rollers" and "wheels" are often used as synonyms.

Hand carts having only one axis carrying one or more transport wheels; Equipment therefor
Definition statement
This group covers:

Hand carts with only a single wheel axis and hand carts with a single wheel axis that can be converted to a two-axis hand cart

involving parts being adjustable, collapsible, attachable, detachable, or convertible
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adjustable or convertible hand-propelled vehicles or sledges

in which the load is intended to be transferred totally to the wheels
Special rules of classification within this group

Sack barrows should normally be classified here, irrespective of their loading condition that may influence the weight distribution

involving parts being adjustable, collapsible, attachable, detachable, or convertible
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adjustable or convertible hand-propelled vehicles or sledges

involving parts being collapsible, attachable, detachable or convertible
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Adjustable or convertible hand-propelled vehicles or sledges

Hand carts having more than one axis carrying transport wheels; Steering devices therefor; Equipment therefor{(convertible from one-axled to two-axled vehicle B62B 1/002)}
Definition statement
This group covers:

Hand carts with at least two wheel axes, one behind the other

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Hand carts having more than one wheel axis that can be converted into single-axis hand carts

Hand carts having essentially one wheel axis and a load being disposed between this wheel axis and the handles and comprising an additional wheel, e.g. wheel mounted on a strut

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicles with the driver not being seated

{characterised by a rectangular shape, involving sidewalls or racks}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Wheeled stands or shelves

Wheeled pallets

Collapsible large containers

{Coaster wagons}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Hand carts with side walls and drawbar, commonly used for transporting children, beer crates, etc.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expressions/words "wagon", "kid's wagon" and "Bollerwagen" are often used as synonyms.

involving parts being adjustable, collapsible, attachable, detachable or convertible
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Hand-propelled vehicles or sledges being foldable or dismountable when not in use

Adjustable or convertible hand-propelled vehicles or sledges

{Foldable roll containers}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

"roll containers" which can be folded in some way to achieve a smaller storage volume, for example by folding down their side walls, by folding up the bottom, etc. The term "roll container" means that the container is being provided with wheels, casters or the like to enable the container to be rolled along a surface. The term "foldable" refers to the "container" as a whole, and not only to the rolls.

Collapsible or detachable roll containers are also covered by this group.

{collapsible shopping trolleys}
Special rules of classification within this group

Used also for foldable or detachable shopping trolleys

for simply clearing the load from the ground (masted lift trucks B66F)
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Low-lift hand trucks for transporting goods

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Pallets on wheels

Supporting frames or bases for conveyers

Hoisting, lifting, hauling or pushing

Fork-lift trucks

{the objects being bags}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Bags or containers specially adapted to a basket, e.g. a basket of a shopping cart

characterised by provisions for nesting or stacking, e.g. shopping trolleys{(collapsible shopping trolleys B62B 3/027)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Collapsible shopping trolleys

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Commerce, e.g. marketing, shopping, billing

Coin locks

Displaying, advertising

{Means for facilitating stowing or transporting of the trolleys; Antitheft arrangements (B62B 5/0423 takes precedence)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Braking or blocking when leaving a particular area

Coin-freed or like apparatus

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Storing or handling self-service hand-carts or baskets

{Display devices mounted on it, e.g. advertisement displays}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Displaying, advertising

Mobile visual advertising by land vehicles

Advertising on or in articles for restaurants, shops or offices

{Mounting of toys}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Toys

{Supports for specific articles (B62B 3/1468 takes precedence)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Display devices

Adaptations for calculators, memory aids, reading aids

Lockers, hooks

Bags or containers specially adapted to a basket, e.g. a basket of a shopping cart

Additional trays

{Adaptations facilitating the transport to the counter}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Handling at checkout counters

Checkout procedure

{Wheel arrangements}
Special rules of classification within this group

Details of wheel arrangements should additionally be classified in B62B 2301/00

nestable by means of pivoted supports or support parts, e.g. baskets{(B62B 3/1476 takes precedence)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Nestable hand carts having a platform as main support

Accessories or details specially adapted for hand carts ({B62B 3/1404} , B62B 9/00 take precedence; wheels, axles, or axle bearing for vehicles B60B; castors for vehicles, castors in general B60B 33/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Accessories or details for all hand carts irrespective of their number of wheel axes

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Wheels, castors, axles

Runners for carrying hand carts to facilitate travel on ice or snow

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of wheel arrangements

{Bumpers; Safety devices}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Safety devices in general

{Protection covers, e.g. against rain}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Protection covers against rain, sun or germs; attachment of umbrellas or parasols

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Details of umbrellas

Covers for nestable or stackable hand carts

Removable sleeves on handle bars

Covers or hoods for perambulators

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Non-fixed roofs; roofs with movable panels for vehicles

{Propulsion aids}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Accessories comprising propulsion means which aid the walking operator to push or pull such a hand cart.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Propulsion aids for prams and strollers

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Propulsion of electrically propelled vehicles

Motor vehicles characterized by the driver walking

Special rules of classification within this group

Details of propulsion aids for prams and strollers are classified in B62B 5/0026.

{Wheeled supports connected to the transported object}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Wheeled supports not forming a complete hand cart on their own, but only in combination with the load to be transported

References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Equipment attachable to vessels for facilitating transport over land

Wheeled pallets

Wheeled devices for moving or tilting heavy loads

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Pallets, platforms

{Identification of the cart or merchandise, e.g. by barcodes or radio frequency identification (RFID)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Commerce, shopping, billing, invoicing

Checkout procedures

providing for travelling up or down a flight of stairs (chairs or multi-track cycles specially adapted for invalids A61G 5/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Wheelchairs with obstacle mounting facilities, e.g. for climbing stairs

Perambulators providing for travelling up or down a flight of stairs

Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Brakes for wheelchairs

Brakes for wheeled walking aids

Brakes for perambulators

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle braking elements

Brakes

Hand moving equipment, e.g. handle bars (for cycles B62K 11/14 , B62K 21/12)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Handles for perambulators

Handles of rigid or semi-rigid containers

{Platforms to stand upon}
Special rules of classification within this group

B62B 5/087 is used in addition to B62B 9/28 for classifying platforms for children's carriages to stand upon

Carriages for children; Perambulators, e.g. dolls` perambulators
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Furniture specially adapted for children

Special rules of classification within this group

Generic features of any type of carriage for children, perambulator or dolls perambulator

{Carriages supporting a hammock-style seat}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Details of the seat itself

{Carriages supporting a rigid seat (when detachable or rotatable B62B 7/145)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Baby-carriers; carry-cots

Detachable or rotatably-mounted seats

Details of the seat itself

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

The body usable as a child's seat in a vehicle

{three wheeled}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Carriages for children having three wheels only, whereby a double wheel is considered as one wheel

{Coupling unit between front wheels, rear wheels and handle}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

In side view, the frame part holding the front wheels, the frame part holding the rear wheels and the handles meeting at a common coupling unit

{becoming smaller in all three dimensions}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

The wheel axes are moved towards each other, the right and left wheels or sides are moved towards each other, and the handle is retracted or folded

convertible, e.g. into children`s furniture or toy (children`s chairs convertible to pushchairs A47D 1/06)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Children's chairs convertibe to a push chair

Special rules of classification within this group

Perambulators convertible into children's chairs should be classified in B62B 7/12 as well as in A47D 1/06

{from seat to bed (B62B 7/147 , B62B 9/104 take precedence)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

The seat being rotatable as a whole to transform from seating to lying

Seats with adjustable or reclining backrests

{into a trailer, e.g. bicycle trailer}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bicycle trailers

with detachable or rotatably-mounted body {(the body usable as a child's seat in a vehicle B60N 2/2848)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Baby-carriers; carry-cots

Details of the seat itself

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

The body usable as a child's seat in a vehicle

Accessories or details specially adapted for children`s carriages or perambulators (providing for travelling on snow B62B 19/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Accessories or constructional details specially adapted for children's carriages or perambulators and not otherwise provided for in B62B 7/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Runners for carrying children's carriages or perambulators to facilitate travel on ice or snow

Special rules of classification within this group

For propulsion aids use B62B 9/00; details of propulsion aids for prams and strollers should be classified in B62B 5/0026

providing for travelling up or down a flight of stairs
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Wheelchairs with obstacle mounting facilities, e.g. for climbing stairs

Hand carts provided for travelling up or down a flight of stairs

Braking mechanisms; Locking devices against movement
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Brakes for hand carts

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle braking elements

Brakes

Special rules of classification within this group

Details of brakes for prams and strollers should additionally also be classified in B62B 5/04

{by locking in a braking position}
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Brakes being locked in the braking position, e.g. parking brakes

Perambulator bodies; Equipment therefor (collapsible or foldable B62B 7/06 ; convertible B62B 7/12)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Sleeping rugs

{with adjustable or reclining backrests}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Convertible from seat to bed

{with head guards}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle seats for children with head-rests

involving parts that are adjustable, attachable or detachable{(B62B 9/102 , B62B 9/14 take precedence)}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Details of seats

Equipment protecting from environmental influences

{Equipment protecting from environmental influences, e.g.}Hoods; Weather screens; Cat nets
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Details of umbrellas

Covers for nestable or stackable hand carts

Protection covers for hand carts

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Non-fixed roofs; roofs with movable panels for vehicles

Mud-guards or protecting devices for wheels
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Protection against mud for all types of hand-propelled vehicles

Resilient suspensions of bodies
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Resilient wheel suspension using springs

Handle bars; Handles
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Handle bars for hand carts

Handles of rigid or semi-rigid containers

Devices for rocking or oscillating
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Beds with rocking mechanism

Rocking chairs

Securing devices for bags or toys;{Arrangements of racks, bins, trays or other devices for transporting articles}
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Handbags

Travelling equipment

Toys

Auxiliary dismountable seats;{Additional platforms for children in standing-up position}
Special rules of classification within this group

B62B 5/087 is used to additionally classify standing platforms of childrens carriages

Hand-propelled vehicles not otherwise provided for (rider propulsion of vehicles B62M 1/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Hand-propelled vehicles not otherwise provided for, such as comprising walking legs, etc.

Sledges with runners (ice boats or sailing sledges B62B 15/00)
Definition statement
This group covers:

Sledges with runners or ski-like gliding elements

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Ice boats or sailing sledges

with swivelling portions of the runners; with a swivelling middle runner
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Swivelling runners: pivoting about a vertically oriented axis

with tilting or bending runners
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Tilting runners: pivoting about a horizontal-longitudinal oriented axis

bending runners: the runners themselves are deformed by bending around vertical axes

Other sledges; Ice boats or sailing sledges
Definition statement
This group covers:

Sledges not already provided for in B62B 13/00, such as sledges without runners, ice boats or sailing sledges

{propelled by sails}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ships or other waterborne vessels

Sails and rigging of sails

Special rules of classification within this group

Also used for landsailers on wheels and amphibious landsailers

{Towed sledges}
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicles drawn by animals

Accessories or details of sledges{(propulsion devices for sledges B62M 27/00 , B62M 29/00)}
Definition statement
This group covers:

Accessories or details of sledges not otherwise provided for in B62B 13/00, in B62B 15/00 or in B62B 19/00

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Propulsion devices for sledges or the like

Runners (attachable to or replacing vehicle wheels B62B 19/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Skates

Skis

Braking devices
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Sledges with runners combined with braking devices

Runners for carrying wheeled vehicles to facilitate travel on ice or snow
Definition statement
This group covers:

Runners for carrying wheeled hand-propelled vehicles to facilitate travel on ice or snow, thus being more versatile

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Skates

Skis

Indexing codes relating to type or characteristics of transported articles
Definition statement
This group covers:

Hand-propelled vehicles or sledges being adapted to transport special articles

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

For surgery or diagnosis

For medicaments

For percussive power tools

Gas bottles
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Wheeled vessels

Beverage holders, e.g. for a cup, tin or bottle
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Glass or bottle holders

Holders for bottles

Bales of hay or grass
Special rules of classification within this group

Used also for non-cylindrically bales of hay or grass

Wheels, tires
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Dolly with means for (dis)mounting wheels

Dustbins, refuse containers
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Refuse receptacles

Vehicles adapted for collecting refuse

Flexible bags, e.g. for rubbish
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Flexible refuse receptables

Refuse receptacle with wheels or rolls

Suit-cases, other luggage
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Details of luggage

Handbags, e.g. shopping bags
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Details of handbags

Shopping bags, shopping nets

Skis
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wheeled carrying-devices for skis

for fishing
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Accessories for angling

Golf articles, e.g. golfbags
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wheeled carriers for golf bags

Persons or animals, dead or alive
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Stretchers

Wheelchairs

Invalid beds

Adaptations for transporting children on shopping carts, etc

Carriages for children

Tools
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Workshop equipment

Cleaning or gardening articles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Domestic washing or cleaning

Computers; Screens
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Computer tables

Tiles, bricks, paving slabs or the like
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Laying paving slabs

Service trolleys, e.g. in aircraft
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Service tables adapted to the use in vehicles

Grasping, holding, supporting the objects
Definition statement
This group covers:

Details of how to grasp, hold or support the transported objects

comprising a crane
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Jib cranes for workshops

comprising a self levelling surface
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Self levelling storage devices

Guiding the forks into the pallets
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Guiding means for fork-lift

comprising weighing means
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Details of weighing means

Comprising means for facilitating loading or unloading
References relevant to classification in this group
This subgroup does not cover:

Rocking means for tilting carts

Comprising a moving platform

Ventilation; Heating; Cooling; Insulation
Definition statement
This group covers:

Hand-propelled vehicles or sledges comprising means for ventilation (with or without air-filters), heating, cooling or insulation

References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Kitchen equipment

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Cooling or freezing apparatus

Catches; Locking or releasing an articulation
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangements for locking pivotal connections

Joining hand-propelled vehicles or sledges together
References relevant to classification in this group
This group does not cover:

Perambulators for two or more children

Wheel arrangements; Steering; Stability; Wheel suspension
Definition statement
This group covers:

Details of wheel arrangements, steering, stability, wheel suspension should be classified here when being specially adapted to hand carts.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle wheels, castors, axles

Vehicle suspension arrangements

Special rules of classification within this group

Special features of wheels, castors, axles or suspension arrangements should also be classified in B60B or in B60G.

comprising wheels for longitudinal travelling and wheels for lateral travelling
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Comprising wheels for longitudinal travelling and wheels for lateral travelling, or comprising wheels that can be oriented in different directions for this purpose

combined with means for braking the wheel
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Steering or braking for castor wheels

comprising additional wheels to increase stability
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Comprising additional wheels, runners or skis to increase stability

Resilient wheel suspension using springs
Definition statement
This subgroup covers:

Resilient suspensions of the wheel units using any type of spring

characterised by the ground engaging elements, e.g. wheel type
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle wheels

by using ball-shaped wheels
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Ball-type wheels

by using roller-shaped wheels
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Roller-type wheels

Manufacturing; Constructional features
Definition statement
This group covers:

Manufacturing and constructional details of hand-propelled vehicles or sledges not otherwise provided for

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Making wire network

Devices for fastening or securing elements together

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013