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BODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES (vehicles in general B60; adaptation of vehicles to special systems B61B; underframes B61F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Constructional features of the body of railway vehicles and the different types of railroad freight cars. It covers also details and arrangement of interior equipment, e.g. chairs, tables.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Adaptation of vehicles to special systems
Underframes
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vehicles in general
Carriages for ordinary railway passenger traffic (mine cars B61D 11/00; tramcars B61D 13/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangement details for sleeping and seating facilities in the carriages of railway vehicles to increase comfort and loading capacity. This main-group covers also arrangement in multiple deck, e.g. double deck, carriages.

Following drawing shows one example:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Mine cars
Tramcars
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Superstructure for passenger vehicles with more than one deck
Omnibus
General arrangements in sleeping or couchette carriages (B61D 1/08 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangement details of sleeping or couchette accomodation inside the railway vehicles. See example drawing:

media32.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Sleeping arrangement for multiple deck carriages
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Details of sleeping facilities
General arrangements of seats (B61D 1/06 takes precedence; seats per se B61D 33/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Seat arrangement for multiple deck carriages
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Details of seats and accessories therefore
Wagons or vans (tank wagons B61D 5/00; hopper wagons B61D 7/00; tipping wagons B61D 9/00; mine cars B61D 11/00; vehicles specially adapted for animal transportation B60P 3/04; {container traffic B65G} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details and arrangements of railway cars for transporting goods.

Typical examples are:

  • Railway wagons for carrying road vehicles.
  • Low level freight wagons.
  • Swivel platform for rail vehicles.
  • Convertible freight cars.

Following drawing shows one example:

media1.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Tank wagons
Hopper wagons
Tipping wagons
Mine cars
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Train with lorries
Omnibus
Transferring at storage areas
Auxiliary measures taken in connection with loading/unloading
Vehicles specially adapted for animal transportation
Container traffic
with movable floors, e.g. rotatable or floors which can be raised or lowered
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The vehicle is able to raise, lower or rotate at least part of the floor, e.g. a container could be rotated by the floor from a first position in which the container is parallel to the roadway to a second position in which the container is parallel to the railway vehicle. The drawing shows an example:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Wagons or vans; loading platforms
{specially adapted for heavy vehicles e.g. public work vehicles, trucks, trailers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example:

A rail transport vehicle for carrying a hydraulic crawler crane.

media3.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Articulated vehicles comprising running gear interconnected by loads
Tank wagons for carrying fluent materials
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Railroad rolling stock designed for transporting liquid and gaseous commodities. This main-group further covers design and improvements of the container as also devices and methods for filling and emptying the railroad tank car.

Following drawing shows one example:

media4.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For cleaning container
Closure members for pressure vessels
Hopper cars (flat bottomed cars convertible into hoppers B61D 3/06)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Railroad freight cars used to transport loose bulk commodities such as coal, ore, grain, track ballast, and the like. This main-group comprises also devices and methods, e.g. closure elements, for discharging the freight from the hopper cars.

Following drawing shows one example:

media5.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Flat bottoned cars convertible into hoppers
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vehicle for transporting loads
Tipping wagons
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Goods wagons designed primarily for the transportation of bulk goods and can usually be tipped, dumped or shovelled.

Following drawing shows one example:

media6.jpg

Mine cars (B61D 5/00 to B61D 9/00 take precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Railroad wagons specially adapted to be used as mining cars.

Following drawing shows one example:

media7.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Tank wagons
Tipping wagons
Tramway vehicles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Tramways for public transport, used principally in the city.

Following drawing shows one example:

media8.png

Other railway vehicles, e.g. scaffold cars; Adaptations of vehicles for use on railways (conveyer frames mounted for movement on rail tracks B65G 41/02; wheeled machines used in permanent way construction or maintenance E01B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Peculiar railway vehicles that are not in B61D 1/00 to B61D 13/00.

Following drawings show two examples:

media9.jpg

media10.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Electric devices for preventing crash collisions
Repairing trolley lines
Cranes
B66C25/50
Track building vehicles
Dredgers
Shock testing of vehicles
Anti-collision systems
Conveyer frames mounted for movement on rail tracks
Wheeled machines used in permanent way construction or maintenance
Buffer cars; Arrangements or construction of railway vehicles for protecting them in case of collisions (buffers B61G 11/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example:

Rail vehicle having a driver's cab provided with an energy-absorbing structure adapted to cope with a collision above the frame of the vehicle.

media11.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
For end walls
Obstruction removers
Construction details of vehicle bodies (for tank wagons B61D 5/00; for hopper cars B61D 7/00; body details specially adapted for tipping wagons B61D 9/06; for mine cars B61D 11/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of designing the structure of the vehicle body. This main-group also comprises details of interior walls, end walls, sides, floors, roofs and internal lining of the vehicle body.

Typical examples are:

  • Modular double-decker passenger carriage for railway car.
  • Lightweight profiles of a railway vehicle body.
  • Aerodynamic drag reducing devices.
  • Communication passage, e.g. of the bellow type.
  • Improved vehicle insulation and method for making using same.
  • Height adjustable floor of a railway vehicle.

Following drawings show two examples:

media12.jpg

media13.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
For tank wagons
For hopper cars
Body details specially adapted for tipping wagons
For mine cars
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bellows for gangways
Internal lining
Underframes of railway vehicle
Vehicles in general
Superstructure for vehicles
Streamlining
Joining sheets or plates;
Sound damping
reducing air resistance by modifying contour; {Constructional features for fast vehicles sustaining sudden variations of atmospheric pressure, e.g. when crossing in tunnels}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Examples:

Rail vehicle has rail vehicle ends that are aerodynamically arranged such that rail vehicle is provided with low driving resistance.

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Covering for a bogie of a rail vehicle for reducing the aerodynamic drag

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Streamlined rail vehicle front end for better aerodynamics.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Active systems
Braking by creating air resistance
End walls
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

End wall construction of railway vehicle bodies or details thereof

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Protection in case of collision
Sides
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Side wall construction of railway vehicle bodies or details thereof

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Door arrangements
Hatches in roofs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example:

A railroad car with a hatch cover for releasably closing a hatch opening in a roof of a railroad hopper car.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Roofs cover
Door arrangements specially adapted for rail vehicles (locks for vehicles E05B 77/00 - E05B 85/00; door-operating mechanisms E05F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of doors arrangements for railway vehicles. It concerns also methods and devices for operation of the vehicle doors.

Following drawing shows one example:

media18.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Emergency escape
Vehicle locks in general
Locking means for railway freight cars
E05B65/14, E05B65/20
Locking by electric means
E05B65/36B, E05B65/36R, E05B65/38R
Door mechanism especially for railways
Door-operating mechanisms in general
Door motorisation
Power-operated mechanism for wings for mass transport
Vehicle door arrangements in general
Door leaves
Construction of steps for railway vehicles (ladders in general E06C)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The title of this group is self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media19.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangement of steps in general
Ladders in general
Window arrangements peculiar to rail vehicles (vehicle window arrangements in general B60J; cleaning vehicle windows B60S; heating arrangements specially adapted for transparent or reflecting areas H05B 3/84)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The title of this group is self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media20.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Windows for vehicles in general
Aircraft window
Cleaning vehicle windows in general
Heating arrangements specially adapted for transparent or reflecting areas
Heating, cooling, ventilating, or air-conditioning { (heating, cooling or ventilating devices for vehicles in general B60H 1/00; devices for moistening air in vehicles B60H 3/02; devices for filtering air in vehicles B60H 3/06) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices and methods for heating, cooling, ventilating passenger carriages as also for refrigerating railroad freight cars.

Following drawing show one example:

media21.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Refrigerated goods vehicles
Internal lining design
Superstructures for load-carrying vehicles
Heating, cooling or ventilating devices for vehicles in general
Devices for moistening air in vehicles
Devices for filtering air in vehicles
Lighting
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The title of this group is self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Typical examples are:

  • Arrangement for emergency illumination of emergency exit in rail vehicles.
  • Passenger compartment lighting device for rail vehicles.
  • Headlamp and signaling lights for railway vehicles.

Following drawing shows one example:

media22.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Lighting for vehicle interior
Sleeping accomodation
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The title of this group is self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media23.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Lighting for vehicles in general
Head or tail indicators
Lighting in general
Seats
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details and accessories of seats for railway vehicle, seating arrangement and attachment of seats in the vehicle compartment, as also safety seats.

Following drawing shows one example:

media24.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Details of seats
Seats for dissabled persons
Vehicle seats in general
Sanitation
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The titles of this group are self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media25.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sanitary equipment
Toilets for vehicles in general
Toilets for ships
Toilets for air plane
Purification of waste
Water-closets or urinals with flushing devices
Sewers
Other furniture or furnishings
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of furniture that are not covered in B61D 29/00 and B61D 35/00.

Typical examples are:

  • Foldable tables
  • Universal computer support
  • Drink holder

Following drawing shows one example:

media26.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Stowage devices for air-planes
Wagon or like covers; Tarpaulins; Movable or foldable roofs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices and methods for covering/uncovering railway cars, specially used for freight vehicles.

Following drawing shows one example:

media27.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Sealing arrangements
Tarpaulins for vehicles in general
Covering for swimming pools
{telescopic}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Railway wagon covered by telescopically movable roofs.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Indicators for reserved seats; Warning or like signs; Devices or arrangements in connection with tickets, e.g. ticket holders; Holders for cargo tickets or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The titles of this group are self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media28.jpg

Devices for using the energy of the movements of the vehicles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

All types of devices using the movement of the vehicle to provide energy.

Some examples are:

  • Regenerative train brakes
  • Bogies comprising flywheel and prime mover
  • Axle-driven generators
  • Generators in wheel set bearing

Following drawing shows one example:

media29.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Auxiliary drives
Generators
Means or devices for securing or supporting the cargo, including protection against shocks (for vehicles in general B60P 7/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices and methods for securing a load on the railway freight car.

Typical examples are:

  • Cable tightening devices and load binders.
  • Railway car loading rack.

Following drawing shows one example:

media30.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Securing of load in vehicle in general
Paltform wagon
Large containers
Loading or unloading devices combined with vehicles, e.g. loading platforms, {doors convertible into loading and unloading ramps} (combined with vehicles in general B60P)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The titles of this group are self-explanatory and do not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media31.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Loading/unloading devices for vehicles in general
Rail vehicle marshalling systems
Loading/unloading devices for wheelchairs
Loading/unloading devices in general
Other details
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Body details and kinds of railway vehicles that are not covered in B61D 1/00 to B61D 47/00.

Typical examples are:

  • On-board display systems.
  • Passenger information system for inside rail vehicle.
  • Overhead wiring arrangement for a railway car.
  • Railway swimming poolcar.
  • Handgrips for use in a railway passenger vehicle.
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013