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BODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES (vehicles in general B60; adaptation of vehicles to special systems B61B; underframes B61F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Constructional features of the body of railway vehicles and the different types of railroad freight cars. It covers also details and arrangement of interior equipment, e.g. chairs, tables.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Adaptation of vehicles to special systems

Underframes

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicles in general

B60

Carriages for ordinary railway passenger traffic (mine cars B61D 11/00; tramcars B61D 13/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangement details for sleeping and seating facilities in the carriages of railway vehicles to increase comfort and loading capacity. This main-group covers also arrangement in multiple deck, e.g. double deck, carriages.

Following drawing shows one example:

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References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Mine cars

Tramcars

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Superstructure for passenger vehicles with more than one deck

Omnibus

General arrangements in sleeping or couchette carriages (B61D 1/08 takes precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangement details of sleeping or couchette accomodation inside the railway vehicles. See example drawing:

media32.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Sleeping arrangement for multiple deck carriages

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of sleeping facilities

General arrangements of seats (B61D 1/06 takes precedence; seats per se B61D 33/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Seat arrangement for multiple deck carriages

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of seats and accessories therefore

Wagons or vans (tank wagons B61D 5/00; hopper wagons B61D 7/00; tipping wagons B61D 9/00; mine cars B61D 11/00; vehicles specially adapted for animal transportation B60P 3/04; {container traffic B65G})
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details and arrangements of railway cars for transporting goods.

Typical examples are:

  • Railway wagons for carrying road vehicles.
  • Low level freight wagons.
  • Swivel platform for rail vehicles.
  • Convertible freight cars.

Following drawing shows one example:

media1.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Tank wagons

Hopper wagons

Tipping wagons

Mine cars

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Train with lorries

Omnibus

Transferring at storage areas

Auxiliary measures taken in connection with loading/unloading

Vehicles specially adapted for animal transportation

Container traffic

with movable floors, e.g. rotatable or floors which can be raised or lowered
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The vehicle is able to raise, lower or rotate at least part of the floor, e.g. a container could be rotated by the floor from a first position in which the container is parallel to the roadway to a second position in which the container is parallel to the railway vehicle. The drawing shows an example:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Wagons or vans; loading platforms

{specially adapted for heavy vehicles e.g. public work vehicles, trucks, trailers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example:

A rail transport vehicle for carrying a hydraulic crawler crane.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Articulated vehicles comprising running gear interconnected by loads

Tank wagons for carrying fluent materials
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Railroad rolling stock designed for transporting liquid and gaseous commodities. This main-group further covers design and improvements of the container as also devices and methods for filling and emptying the railroad tank car.

Following drawing shows one example:

media4.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For cleaning container

Closure members for pressure vessels

Hopper cars (flat bottomed cars convertible into hoppers B61D 3/06)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Railroad freight cars used to transport loose bulk commodities such as coal, ore, grain, track ballast, and the like. This main-group comprises also devices and methods, e.g. closure elements, for discharging the freight from the hopper cars.

Following drawing shows one example:

media5.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Flat bottoned cars convertible into hoppers

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Vehicle for transporting loads

Tipping wagons
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Goods wagons designed primarily for the transportation of bulk goods and can usually be tipped, dumped or shovelled.

Following drawing shows one example:

media6.jpg

Mine cars (B61D 5/00 to B61D 9/00 take precedence)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Railroad wagons specially adapted to be used as mining cars.

Following drawing shows one example:

media7.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Tank wagons

Tipping wagons

Tramway vehicles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Tramways for public transport, used principally in the city.

Following drawing shows one example:

media8.png

Other railway vehicles, e.g. scaffold cars; Adaptations of vehicles for use on railways (conveyer frames mounted for movement on rail tracks B65G 41/02; wheeled machines used in permanent way construction or maintenance E01B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Peculiar railway vehicles that are not in B61D 1/00 to B61D 13/00.

Following drawings show two examples:

media9.jpg

media10.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Electric devices for preventing crash collisions

Repairing trolley lines

Cranes

B66C25/50

Track building vehicles

Dredgers

Shock testing of vehicles

Anti-collision systems

Conveyer frames mounted for movement on rail tracks

Wheeled machines used in permanent way construction or maintenance

Buffer cars; Arrangements or construction of railway vehicles for protecting them in case of collisions (buffers B61G 11/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example:

Rail vehicle having a driver's cab provided with an energy-absorbing structure adapted to cope with a collision above the frame of the vehicle.

media11.png

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Buffers

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

For end walls

Obstruction removers

Construction details of vehicle bodies (for tank wagons B61D 5/00; for hopper cars B61D 7/00; body details specially adapted for tipping wagons B61D 9/06; for mine cars B61D 11/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of designing the structure of the vehicle body. This main-group also comprises details of interior walls, end walls, sides, floors, roofs and internal lining of the vehicle body.

Typical examples are:

  • Modular double-decker passenger carriage for railway car.
  • Lightweight profiles of a railway vehicle body.
  • Aerodynamic drag reducing devices.
  • Communication passage, e.g. of the bellow type.
  • Improved vehicle insulation and method for making using same.
  • Height adjustable floor of a railway vehicle.

Following drawings show two examples:

media12.jpg

media13.jpg

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

For tank wagons

For hopper cars

Body details specially adapted for tipping wagons

For mine cars

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Bellows for gangways

Internal lining

Underframes of railway vehicle

Vehicles in general

Superstructure for vehicles

Streamlining

Joining sheets or plates;

Sound damping

reducing air resistance by modifying contour; {Constructional features for fast vehicles sustaining sudden variations of atmospheric pressure, e.g. when crossing in tunnels}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Examples:

Rail vehicle has rail vehicle ends that are aerodynamically arranged such that rail vehicle is provided with low driving resistance.

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Covering for a bogie of a rail vehicle for reducing the aerodynamic drag

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Streamlined rail vehicle front end for better aerodynamics.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Active systems

Braking by creating air resistance

End walls
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

End wall construction of railway vehicle bodies or details thereof

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Protection in case of collision

Sides
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Side wall construction of railway vehicle bodies or details thereof

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Door arrangements

Hatches in roofs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Example:

A railroad car with a hatch cover for releasably closing a hatch opening in a roof of a railroad hopper car.

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Roofs cover

Door arrangements specially adapted for rail vehicles (locks for vehicles E05B 77/00 - E05B 85/00; door-operating mechanisms E05F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of doors arrangements for railway vehicles. It concerns also methods and devices for operation of the vehicle doors.

Following drawing shows one example:

media18.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Emergency escape

Vehicle locks in general

Locking means for railway freight cars

E05B65/14, E05B65/20

Locking by electric means

E05B65/36B, E05B65/36R, E05B65/38R

Door mechanism especially for railways

Door-operating mechanisms in general

Door motorisation

Power-operated mechanism for wings for mass transport

Vehicle door arrangements in general

Door leaves

Construction of steps for railway vehicles (ladders in general E06C)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The title of this group is self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media19.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Arrangement of steps in general

Ladders in general

Window arrangements peculiar to rail vehicles (vehicle window arrangements in general B60J; cleaning vehicle windows B60S; heating arrangements specially adapted for transparent or reflecting areas H05B 3/84)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The title of this group is self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media20.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Windows for vehicles in general

Aircraft window

Cleaning vehicle windows in general

Heating arrangements specially adapted for transparent or reflecting areas

Heating, cooling, ventilating, or air-conditioning {(heating, cooling or ventilating devices for vehicles in general B60H 1/00; devices for moistening air in vehicles B60H 3/02; devices for filtering air in vehicles B60H 3/06)}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices and methods for heating, cooling, ventilating passenger carriages as also for refrigerating railroad freight cars.

Following drawing show one example:

media21.jpg

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Refrigerated goods vehicles

Internal lining design

Superstructures for load-carrying vehicles

Heating, cooling or ventilating devices for vehicles in general

Devices for moistening air in vehicles

Devices for filtering air in vehicles

Lighting
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The title of this group is self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Typical examples are:

  • Arrangement for emergency illumination of emergency exit in rail vehicles.
  • Passenger compartment lighting device for rail vehicles.
  • Headlamp and signaling lights for railway vehicles.

Following drawing shows one example:

media22.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting for vehicle interior

Sleeping accomodation
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The title of this group is self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media23.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Lighting for vehicles in general

Head or tail indicators

Lighting in general

F21

Seats
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details and accessories of seats for railway vehicle, seating arrangement and attachment of seats in the vehicle compartment, as also safety seats.

Following drawing shows one example:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Details of seats

Seats for dissabled persons

Vehicle seats in general

Sanitation
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The titles of this group are self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

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Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sanitary equipment

Toilets for vehicles in general

Toilets for ships

Toilets for air plane

Purification of waste

Water-closets or urinals with flushing devices

Sewers

Other furniture or furnishings
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of furniture that are not covered in B61D 29/00 and B61D 35/00.

Typical examples are:

  • Foldable tables
  • Universal computer support
  • Drink holder

Following drawing shows one example:

media26.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Stowage devices for air-planes

Wagon or like covers; Tarpaulins; Movable or foldable roofs
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices and methods for covering/uncovering railway cars, specially used for freight vehicles.

Following drawing shows one example:

media27.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sealing arrangements

Tarpaulins for vehicles in general

Covering for swimming pools

{telescopic}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Railway wagon covered by telescopically movable roofs.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Sliding doors

Indicators for reserved seats; Warning or like signs; Devices or arrangements in connection with tickets, e.g. ticket holders; Holders for cargo tickets or the like
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The titles of this group are self-explanatory and does not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media28.jpg

Devices for using the energy of the movements of the vehicles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

All types of devices using the movement of the vehicle to provide energy.

Some examples are:

  • Regenerative train brakes
  • Bogies comprising flywheel and prime mover
  • Axle-driven generators
  • Generators in wheel set bearing

Following drawing shows one example:

media29.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Auxiliary drives

Generators

Means or devices for securing or supporting the cargo, including protection against shocks (for vehicles in general B60P 7/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Devices and methods for securing a load on the railway freight car.

Typical examples are:

  • Cable tightening devices and load binders.
  • Railway car loading rack.

Following drawing shows one example:

media30.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Securing of load in vehicle in general

Paltform wagon

Large containers

Loading or unloading devices combined with vehicles, e.g. loading platforms, {doors convertible into loading and unloading ramps}(combined with vehicles in general B60P)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The titles of this group are self-explanatory and do not need to be more specified.

Following drawing shows one example:

media31.png

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Loading/unloading devices for vehicles in general

Rail vehicle marshalling systems

Loading/unloading devices for wheelchairs

Loading/unloading devices in general

Other details
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Body details and kinds of railway vehicles that are not covered in B61D 1/00 to B61D 47/00.

Typical examples are:

  • On-board display systems.
  • Passenger information system for inside rail vehicle.
  • Overhead wiring arrangement for a railway car.
  • Railway swimming poolcar.
  • Handgrips for use in a railway passenger vehicle.
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013