Skip over navigation
VEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Any categories of vehicles per se that:

  • Are not explicitly covered by another subclass of the class (B60) for this subclass or
  • Are not structurally restricted to the vehicular categories fully covered by subclasses providing for rail vehicles, waterborne vessels, aircraft, space vehicles, handcarts, cycles, animal-drawn vehicles, or sledges.

Vehicle components or parts of the following types when they are either of general utility or specially adapted for a category of vehicle proper for this subclass:

  • Devices utilizing plumbing that are specially adapted for vehicles, or modification to vehicles for accommodating such devices, which are used by vehicle occupants for sanitary purposes (e.g. water closets, urinals, sinks).
  • Specially adapted arrangements, devices, or fittings for preventing or reducing direct-impact type injuries to occupants of vehicles (e.g. air bags, seat belts) or otherwise directly protecting (e.g. from a physical attack) occupants of vehicles.
  • Specially adapted arrangements, devices, or fittings for preventing or reducing direct-impact type injuries to people that are not occupying vehicles (e.g. pedestrians).
  • Arrangements or devices for indicating or stopping the unauthorized use of vehicles.
  • Mirrors or other optical-type devices (e.g. camera/screen traffic viewers) specially adapted for vehicles, or arrangements of such mirrors or optical devices on vehicles, that are used during travel or vehicular operation to assist in viewing external objects.
  • Compartments or devices located on the interior or exterior of vehicles that are primarily intended to hold or contain stowed articles (e.g. luggage, maps, skis) for their occupants.
  • Devices or arrangements located on the interior or exterior of vehicles for holding articles used for vehicular maintenance (e.g. tools, jacks)
  • Devices or arrangements located on the interior or exterior of vehicles for mounting articles (e.g. television sets, makeup mirrors) or vehicle components (e.g. loud speakers) used by occupants for functions that are non- essential to the operation of vehicles.
  • Electrical or fluid circuits, or arrangements of electrical or fluid components used in such circuits, that are specially adapted for use with vehicles (excluding electric and hybrid vehicles).
  • Specially adapted arrangements, devices, or fittings for the lubrication of vehicles.
  • Specially adapted steps, or other vehicle components for supporting occupants (e.g. running boards), which are used by occupants when accessing vehicles or exterior portions of vehicles.
  • Exterior components of vehicles primarily designed to protect vehicles (e.g. bumpers), or particular components of vehicles (e.g. radiator guards), from damage caused by impact with other vehicles or objects.
  • Ornamental or functional vehicle components used in the finishing of vehicle bodies or interiors.
  • Vehicle components used for the identification of vehicles or parts of vehicles.
  • Devices mounted on or attached to vehicles, or modifications to the body components of vehicles, used for marketing or promotional purposes (e.g. advertising signs).
  • Vehicle components or parts of general utility that are for uses other than those specified above and that are not specially adapted for or restricted to usage with
  • vehicles provided for in another subclass of the class (B60) for this subclass or
  • a category of vehicle fully covered by subclasses providing for rail vehicles, waterborne vessels, aircraft, space vehicles, handcarts, cycles, animal-drawn vehicles, or sledges.
Relationship between large subject matter areas
  • General relationship between B60R and other subclasses providing for devices or fittings for preventing injuries to passengers of vehicles.
  • B60R covers safety devices or fittings for preventing or reducing direct-impact type injuries to occupants of vehicles when they are specifically for the types of vehicles proper for class B60 or are of general utility (i.e. usable on vehicles of several types). In addition to this, B60R covers air bags, seat belts or safety harnesses used in motor or rail-type vehicles of all types (i.e. land vehicles).
  • B60P covers safety devices for securing or bracing loads other than occupants on vehicles.
  • B64D (in particular B64D 25/00) covers safety devices or fittings for aircraft and, in particular, safety belts and harnesses used on aircraft.
  • B63B (in particular B63B 23/00) and B63C (in particular B63C 9/00) cover safety devices or fittings for boats or ships.
  • A62B 35/00 covers safety belts or harnesses that are not used in vehicles or that are not limited to use in vehicles.
  • General relationship between B60R and other subclasses providing compartments, holding devices, or mounting devices in vehicles.
  • B60R includes vehicle compartments or holding devices for storing or mounting articles in a non-use position when they are of general utility or not specifically provided for in an appropriate subclass for the category of vehicle they are on. Normally the 'articles' stored or held are not the primary payload of the vehicle (see B60P reference) and are limited to stowed articles that are the personal property of their occupants (e.g. luggage, skis), used by their occupants when traveling (e.g. maps, flashlights), or used for vehicle maintenance (e.g. jacks, tools). The 'articles' stored or held may also be an essential or primary vehicle component of the types specified in the main group titles of B60R (e.g. mirrors, air bags). Moreover, B60R also provides for devices for holding or mounting other types of 'articles' in a use position, but only when the 'articles' held or mounted are not essential to the operation of the vehicle (e.g. ceiling/roof liner, radio) or are secondary-type vehicle components (e.g. electrical wiring for circuits).
  • Other vehicle subclasses provide for compartments or component mounting devices when they are structurally limited to use only with a specific vehicle type provided for elsewhere. The exception to this statement is for those essential or primary vehicle components that are expressly provided for in specific groups of B60R (e.g. vehicle mirrors, bumpers, seat belts). Other vehicle subclasses provide for compartments or component mounting devices when they are for housing, positioning, or holding 'articles' that are the distinguishing essential or primary operational components for their category of vehicle (e.g. curtain-forming nozzle for aircushion vehicle ). However, in these situations, the operational components of vehicles must be useable in the held or housed position, or easily repositioned from a stored position to a position for use, for their primary purpose (e.g. B62D 25/08 for engine compartments, B60J 1/16 for vehicle windows slidable into non-use area of doors, B60Q 1/05 for retractable vehicle head lights) versus merely being transported freight.
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Fire prevention, containment, or extinguishing specially adapted for vehicles
Cooling, heating, or ventilating devices for compartments that store goods within passenger vehicles
Special receptacles, compartments, or holders on vehicles for the refuse, food, beverages, or cigarettes of occupants
Vehicles with living accommodations for people (e.g. caravans with closets or bathrooms)
Vehicle safety devices for securing or bracing loads other than the occupants
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Wheels and axles for vehicles
Tyres for vehicles
Vehicles for use both on rail and on road
Vehicles for use on land and in or on water
Vehicles convertible to travel in or on different media
Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads
Air0-cushion vehicles
Special rules of classification within this subclass

In B60R an Indexing Code- classification is present with respect to the groups:

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Direct-impact type injury
For drivers or passengers within a vehicle this consists of the types of injuries caused by a portion of an occupant's body striking a component that is within or encloses the passenger compartment of their vehicle (e.g. a bumper actuated air bag specifically protecting a passenger from hitting the steering wheel in contrast to an energy absorbing bumper protecting the vehicle ) and for non-occupants this consists of the types of injuries caused by a portion of a non-occupant's body striking an exterior component of a vehicle (e.g. a bumper actuated safety net catching a pedestrian prior to hitting the vehicle for specifically protecting the pedestrian in contrast to a flexible vehicle body part that is intended to resist damage due to any type of impact).
Vehicle
This term has been used with the following two variations in meaning within this subclass: (1) all varieties of apparatus (e.g. automobiles) intended to carry people or goods significant distances (e.g. between cities, to or from separate building complexes) across land, over water, or through the air except those restricted to one of the following types: rail vehicles, waterborne vessels, aircraft, space vehicles, hand carts, cycles, animal-drawn vehicles, or sledges. Moreover, the term "vehicle" also includes (i) vehicular characteristics which are common to more than one of the above-listed types of vehicles, (ii) certain characteristics restricted to automobiles, road trailers, or cross-country trailers, and (iii) all land vehicles having characteristics specifically adapted for occupant safety such as air bags, seat belts, or safety harnesses. (2) In some instances in this definition, the term "vehicle" has been qualified by another word which takes its meaning outside the scope of (1) above (e.g. "rail vehicle"), in such cases the word "vehicle" takes its broader dictionary meaning. The reader can determine from the context whether an occurrence of the word "vehicle" in this definition falls within the meaning stated in (1) or (2).
Optical viewing arrangements ( { house mirrors and spies A47G 1/00 ; } antiglare equipment, e.g. polarising, for windscreens or windows B60J 3/00 ; { visual aids for tractors B62D 49/0614 ; } devices per se G02B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

All optical viewing arrangements which are not structurally restricted to the vehicular categories fully covered by subclasses provided for rail vehicles, waterborne vessels, aircraft, space vehicles, handcarts, cycles, animal-drawn vehicles, or sledges.

This group covers mainly optical viewing arrangements for automobiles, busses and trucks.

The optical viewing arrangements provide an occupant of the vehicle with a generally realistic real time view of the vehicle or the surroundings of the vehicle.

The subclass covers mirror, periscope and lens arrangements (B60R 1/001-B60R 1/1207) as well as viewing arrangements using displays and cameras specially adapted for use in a vehicle (B60R 1/00).

In the case of viewing arrangements using displays and cameras both the display and the camera arrangement have to be present and the real time picture has to be displayed to the occupant (see also further subdivision under Indexing Code scheme B60R 2300/00). Aspects for B60R 1/00:

  • Improvement of driver's vision
  • Enhancement of driver's scene perception and understanding
  • Details of presentation of scene information
Relationship between large subject matter areas

Viewing arrangements using displays and cameras specially adapted for use in a vehicle falling under B60R 1/00 as general application overlap with group B62D 15/0275 for parking aids, comprising e.g. means to overlay a vehicle path based on present steering angle over an image without processing that image.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Antiglare equipment, e.g. polarising, for windscreens or windows
Mounting aspects of displays
The mounting aspects of cameras operative during drive
Camera and display systems where the display does not display a generally realistic real time picture i.e. where it displays a symbol or an alarm
Special rules of classification within this group

There is an Indexing Code B60R 1/00 when the inventive information of the document does not suffice for the subclass B60R 1/00 and there is a further Indexing Code subdivision scheme to be found under B60R 2300/00 applicable under B60R 1/00 when classifying viewing arrangements using displays and cameras specially adapted for use in a vehicle.

The subject-matter relating to viewing arrangements using displays and cameras specially adapted for use in a vehicle which falls under B60R 1/00 covers the functionalities of the viewing arrangements with respect to the adaptation to the vehicle and the occupant.

Parts of the system, for example camera optics, image processing, object detection, decision making means or display hardware details, are black boxes and therefore should not be a core aspect of the invention. If the invention concerns just the implementation of these black boxes no class should be given in B60R 1/00.

Subject-matter related solely to the implementation of specific functions or functionalities as such, i.e. image transformation as such is not classified in B60R 1/00 nor in the related B60R 2300/00 scheme.

The Indexing Codes below B60R 2300/80 are given in case the intended use of the viewing arrangement is specific to the technical solution. Mere mentioning of possible uses should not automatically lead to an Indexing Code.

Mirror assemblies combined with other articles, e.g. clocks
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Mirror assemblies forming an unit with other articles, e.g. clocks, radio receivers, cameras

Special rules of classification within this group

There is an Indexing Code subdivision scheme to be found under B60R 1/12 applicable when classifying under B60R 1/12 and B60R 1/1207. The related subject-matter may be of interest to be classified as well in the related technical field for mirror assemblies with lamps or turn indicators in B60Q Vehicle lighting or signalling.

Further classification entries may be given in B60Q according to aspects of signalling.

{with lamps; with turn indicators}
Special rules of classification within this group

Further classification entries may be given in B60Q according to aspects of signalling.

with information displays
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

An information display is displaying symbols, letters, icons etc.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Video screens etc. Such displays fall under
Arrangements of steps {or ladders facilitating access to or on the vehicle} , e.g. running-boards ( { construction of steps for railway vehicles B61D 23/00} ; ladders E06C)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements of steps [N: or ladders facilitating access to or on the vehicle], e.g. running-boards. The steps are adapted for use with a vehicle or combined with a vehicle.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Construction of steps for railway vehicles B61D 23/00
Ladders
Special rules of classification within this group

In case the construction of steps for railway vehicles is obviously applicable or mentioned as applicable to a vehicle within B60R the document is as well classified under B60R.

Warning: The IPC subclass B62D25/22 covering running-boards, steps, or the like, as superstructure sub-unit is not implemented in ECLA.

{Removable steps or ladders, e.g. foldable ( as access means for vehicle tops B60R 3/005) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Removable steps or ladders where the removable step or ladder is specially adapted for use with a vehicle or the vehicle is adapted for the provision of a removable step or ladder.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Steps, ladders or ramps without being adapted for use with a vehicle or without being combined with the vehicle are classified in B65G, E06C or E04F.

In case the removable step or ladder is provided for allowing access of animals a related entry in A01K (i.e. A01K 1/035) may be applicable.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Auxiliary measures taken, or devices used, in connection with preventing, minimising, or fighting fire
Auxiliary measures taken, or devices used, in connection with loading or unloading
Non-permanently installed loading ramps, e.g. transportable
Loading ramps as road or railway equipment
Compartments within vehicle body primarily intended or sufficiently spacious for trunks, suit-cases, or the like ( primarily intended for stowing loads in load-transporting vehicles B60P ; arrangements for stowing spare wheels B62D 43/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Compartments within vehicle body primarily intended or sufficiently spacious for trunks suitcases or the like.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Compartments within a vehicle body primarily intended for stowing loads in load transporting vehicles
Arrangements for stowing or holding spare wheels
Special rules of classification within this group

In case the luggage compartment as such is provided with additional elements or specially adapted for stowing or organising as well property smaller than suit-cases the subject-matter would generally be classified in one of the subclasses B60R 5/00 to B60R 5/04 for the compartment and additionally in B60R 7/02 for the adaptations regarding the feature "property smaller than a suitcase".

Stowing or holding appliances inside vehicle primarily intended for personal property smaller than suit-cases, e.g. travelling articles, or maps ( for radio sets, television sets, telephones or the like, mounting of cameras operative during drive, tools, or spare parts B60R 11/00 ; for receptacles for refuse, food, beverages, cigarettes B60N)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Stowing or holding appliances inside vehicle primarily intended for personal property smaller than suit-cases, e.g. travelling articles, or maps (for radio sets, television sets, telephones or the like, mounting of cameras operative during drive, tools, or spare parts B60R 11/00 ; for receptacles for refuse, food, beverages, cigarettes B60N 3/00).

The personal property smaller than suit-cases is meant to be easily removed from the stowing or holding appliance.

Examples of travelling articles falling under B60R 7/00 are mentioned in the subgroup titles of B60R 7/081 to B60R 7/14.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Arrangements or adaptations for receptacles for refuse, food, beverages, cigarettes
Arrangements for holding or mounting radio sets, television sets, telephones
Arrangements for mounting cameras operative during drive
Arrangements for stowing or holding tools or spare parts
Special rules of classification within this group

Holding appliances covered under B60R 7/00 may be additionally relevant to be classified in B60R 11/00 if as well applicable for holding or mounting articles which are not generally falling under the generic label of travelling articles.

In case the luggage compartment as such is provided with additional elements or specially adapted for stowing or organizing as well property smaller than suit-cases the subject-matter would generally be classified in B60R 5/04 for the compartment and additionally in B60R 7/02 for the adaptations regarding the smaller than a suitcase property.

Disposition of racks, clips, {holders, containers} or the like {for supporting specific articles (B60R 7/005 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The disposition of racks, clips, holders, containers or the like for supporting specific articles as far as the racks or clips allow for the general support of travelling articles generally falling under the travelling articles mentioned in B60R 7/081 to B60R 7/14.

Special rules of classification within this group

If as well applicable for holding or mounting articles which are not generally falling under the generic label of travelling articles covered by B60R 7/00, the disposition of racks, clips, holders, containers or the like for supporting specific articles may be additionally relevant to be classified in B60R 11/00.

Carriers characterised by wind deflecting means ( wind deflectors for open roofs B60J 7/22)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Carriers associated with vehicle roof and characterised by wind deflecting means.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Wind deflectors for open roofs
at vehicle front or rear { ( rear luggage compartments within vehicle extensible externally of the vehicle body B60R 5/041) }
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vehicles specially adapted for carrying aeroplanes, for carrying boats
Special rules of classification within this group

Supplementary fittings on vehicle exterior for carrying loads at the vehicle front or rear including specific aspects for the mounting of sports gear are classified as well in one of the groups B60R 9/08, B60R 9/10 or B60R 9/12.

Devices specially adapted for sports gear falling under B60R 9/08, B60R 9/10, B60R 9/12 are classified as well in B60R 9/06 or B60R 9/065 if general provisions relevant to all kinds of loads are considered to be part of the essential inventive information.

Arrangements for holding or mounting articles, not otherwise provided for
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for holding or mounting articles not otherwise provided for.

The subject-matter has to involve specific features specially adapted for use in a vehicle, i.e. requiring the adaptation of the vehicle or the adaptation of the mounting or holding arrangement to the vehicle, or specific features solving a specific vehicle related problem.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Supports for holding and mounting which do not require an adaptation of the vehicle or which do not solve a specific vehicle related problem are covered under F16M or the related device groups of the concerned device.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Vehicle storage compartments for roof parts
Arrangements or adaptations of other passenger fittings for receptacles for refuse, e.g. ash-trays; for receptacles for food or beverages, e.g. refrigerated for receptacles for cigarettes or the like; for electrically-heated lighters; for cooking or boiling devices; for drinking-water dispensing devices
Arrangements for stowing or holding spare wheels
Arrangements for holding or mounting of aerials
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Stowing or holding appliances inside of vehicle primarily intended for personal property smaller than suit-cases, e.g. travelling articles, or maps
Supplementary fittings on vehicle exterior for carrying loads, e.g. luggage, sports gear or the like
Special rules of classification within this group

Further classifications for additional information is given by Indexing Code-scheme in B60R 11/00.

The Indexing Code's of B60R 11/00 are not meant to be used to classify aspects falling exclusively under other B60R classes. A similar parallel Indexing Code-system may be implemented later for example with respect to B60R 7/00.

for radio sets, television sets, telephones, or the like; Arrangements of control thereof ( { stowing of tape cartridges, compact discs or the like B60R 7/08 H; } of aerials H01Q)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for holding or mounting radio sets, television sets, telephones or the like.

The subject-matter has to involve specific features specially adapted for use in a vehicle.

Relationship between large subject matter areas
  • Arrangements for holding or mounting for loudspeakers (or microphone transducers or earphones) which do not require an adaptation of the vehicle or which do not solve a specific vehicle related problem are classified in H04R 1/025, H04R 7/04, and H04R 7/18 (H04R 1/08 or H04R 1/105)
  • Transducer mountings or enclosures modified by provision of mechanical or acoustic impedances, e.g. resonator, damping means are classified in H04R 1/28
  • Stereophonic spatial arrangements of loudspeakers (of microphones) are classified in H04R 5/02 (H04R 5/027)
Special rules of classification within this group

See attachment A1 : Further details concerning loudspeakers or microphones.

{for radio sets (B60R 11/0211 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for holding or mounting radio sets.

The subject-matter has to involve specific features specially adapted for use in a vehicle.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

H04B 1/00 takes precedence where the constructional details, e.g. the cabinet is concerned and the holding or mounting means for the radio do not require an adaptation of the holding or mounting means at the vehicle and where no specific vehicle related problem is solved.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Constructional details, e.g. cabinets of receivers to be used in vehicles
{for loud-speakers}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for holding or mounting loud speakers.

The subject-matter has to involve specific features specially adapted for use in a vehicle.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Arrangements for holding or mounting for loudspeakers (or microphone transducers or earphones) which do not require an adaptation of the holding or mounting means at the vehicle or which do not solve a specific vehicle related problem are classified in H04R 1/025, H04R 7/04, and H04R 7/18 (H04R 1/08 or H04R 1/105)

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Details of transducers
Casings; Cabinets; [N: Supports therefore;] Mountings therein
{for telephones}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for holding or mounting telephones.

The subject-matter has to involve specific features specially adapted for use in a vehicle.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

H04M 1/00 takes precedence where the holding or mounting means for telephone transmitters or receivers (for transducers in general H04R 1/00 ) do not require an adaptation of the holding or mounting means at the vehicle and where no specific vehicle related problem is solved.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Constructional features of supports for telephone transmitters or receivers
For transducers in general
{for microphones or earphones}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for holding or mounting microphones or earphones.

The subject-matter has to involve specific features specially adapted for use in a vehicle.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Arrangements for holding or mounting microphone transducers or earphones which do not require an adaptation of the holding or mounting means at the vehicle or which do not solve a specific vehicle related problem are classified in H04R 1/08 or H04R 1/105.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Mouthpieces; Attachments therefore
Earpiece supports, e.g. ear hooks
{for navigation systems}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for holding or mounting navigation systems to the vehicle.

The subject-matter has to involve specific features specially adapted for use in a vehicle.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

G01C 21/00 takes precedence where holding or mounting means for the navigation system do not require an adaptation of the support at the vehicle and where no specific vehicle related problem is solved.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Navigational instruments
Mounting of cameras operative during drive; Arrangement of controls thereof relative to the vehicle (cameras per se G03B)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Camera calibration done by image analysing to determine camera calibration parameters from the acquired images
Special rules of classification within this group

Attention is drawn to the situation that an agreement on where other systems, arrangements or procedures for aligning cameras with the vehicle should be classified has not been reached. These documents are at the moment classified in B60R 11/04 concerning the aspect of mounting to the vehicle.

for tools or spare parts ( for vehicle roof parts B60J 7/20 ; for spare wheels B62D)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements for holding or mounting tools or spare parts.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Spare wheel stowing, holding, or mounting arrangements
Elements for body-finishing, identifying, or decorating; Arrangements or adaptations for advertising purposes
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Elements for body-finishing, identifying or decorating ; Arrangements or adaptations for advertising purposes.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Labels, tag tickets, or similar identification or indication means
Mobile visual advertising by land vehicles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Signs, name or number plates, letters, numerals, or symbols
Illuminated signs; Luminous advertising
Special rules of classification within this group

Further classifications are given under the Indexing Code-scheme in B60R 13/00. Layered products are classified as well in B32B. Manufacturing aspects in B29.

{Internal} Trim mouldings; {Internal} Ledges; Wall liners {for passenger compartments} ; Roof liners (B60R 13/01 takes precedence; { padded linings for the vehicle interior B60R 21/04 ; arrangements or adaptations of floor mats or carpets in vehicles B60N 3/04 ; internal lining for trains B61D 17/18} )
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Internal trim mouldings and liners inside the vehicle used to improve the external appearance of the related underlying elements.

{Mid-console liners}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Liners of mid-consoles, where the mid-console is either connected to the instrument panel or a separate console between the seats, and is not restricted to the front seats.

A gear shifter trim moulding is not considered as such a mid console but could be a part of one.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

The mid console aspects related to control elements, instruments or mounting to the dashboard are covered in B60K. The mid-console is classified as part of a seat or concerning items of B60N in B60N. The mid-console is classified concerning aspects of holding or stowing travelling articles in B60R 7/04.

{External} Ornamental or guard strips; Ornamental inscriptive devices {thereon ( fastening strips or bars to sheets or plates by means of clips F16B 5/12) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

External ornamental or guard strips, the guard strips meant to prevent scratches, e.g. from opening car doors.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Internal ornamental or guard strips which are classified as part of the internal trim mouldings or wall liners.
Water drainage or guide means not integral with roof structure (B60R 13/06 , {B60J 10/0045} take precedence; { integral with roof structure B62D 25/07 ; drainage openings having movable or removable closures B62D 25/24} )
Special rules of classification within this group

Warning: The IPC subclass B62D25/13 covering water deflectors for bonnets or lids is not implemented in ECLA. The water deflectors for bonnets or lids are classified in B62D 25/12 as parts or details of bonnets or lids or lids.

Arrangements or adaptations of sanitation devices
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Wheeled closets without flushing
Wheeled lavatories
Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for { ( devices for protecting vehicle occupants in case of accidents B60R 21/00 ; safety belts B60R 22/00 ; central door locking E05B 49/00 , E05B 65/38) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Electric circuits and devices specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for.
  • Wire harnesses for vehicles and electric power networks for vehicles.
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:

Examples of places where the subject matter of this group is covered when specially adapted, used for a particular purpose, or incorporated in a larger system:

Devices for protecting vehicle occupants in case of accident
Safety belts (controllers and actuators)
Central door locking
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Tires with transponders
Vehicle windows as such
Vehicle non-fixed roofs as such
Safety devices responsive to the conditions of the driver (antisleeping systems)
Power supply within electric vehicles
Vehicle seats
Vehicle lighting devices + switches therefor
Horn in (electric) vehicles
Control of hybrid vehicles
Avoiding collision
Path/Lane keeping
Cruise control
Automatic parking
Cable band (Kabelbinder)
Regulating voltage or current
Diagnosis and maintenance
Wire harness in general
Solar cells per se
Construct. details of batteries + Fixing of bat on vehicles (H01M 2/1083)
Connectors (/KW airbags; hybrid vehicles) per se
Junction boxes per se
Grommets / cables through walls in general (buildings)
Charging and decharging of batteries
Emergency power or standby power circuits
DC/DC converters
Databus systems in vehicles
LED driver
Arrangements or adaptations of lubricating systems or devices ( lubricating in general F16N)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Arrangements or adaptations of lubricating systems or devices in general as far as the lubricating system or device is not part of or covered in relation with a specific sub-unit integrated in the vehicle, i.e. motor, gear system etc.

Systems, e.g. central lubrication systems not related to a specific sub-unit providing lubrication to different points of use.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Lubricating in general
Wheel guards; Radiator guards, {e.g. grilles} ; Obstruction removers; Fittings damping bouncing force in collisions ( { reinforcement elements for side doors B60J 5/0412 ; } mudguards B62D)
References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Mudguards or wings
Special rules of classification within this group

Further classification entries are given under the Indexing Code-scheme in B60R 19/00.

{Details}
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Details of bumpers like openings in the fascia for allowing towing, provisions for mounting additional elements or fittings not otherwise provided for.

containing {mainly} gas or liquid, e.g. inflatable ( connection of valves to inflatable elastic bodies B60C 29/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Inflatable means containing gas or liquid within the bumper, eg. bumper bags, to absorb impact

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Arrangements of tyre-inflating valves to tyres or rims
Special rules of classification within this group

Documents with particular relevance to pedestrian protection should additionally be classified in B60R 21/36

destroyed upon impact, e.g. one-shot type
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

The one-shot type mounting means destroyed upon impact are typically separate crash-box units used to connect the bumper to the vehicle structure.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Vehicle understructures, i.e. chassis frame having impact absorbing means, e.g. a frame designed to permanently or temporarily change shape or dimension upon impact with another body
Special rules of classification within this group

The shock-absorbers as such using plastic deformation of members are classified only in F16F 7/12 if no specific bumper related disclosure is present.

with lights or registration plates
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Where the bumper arrangement as such has features specifically adapted for the combination with the lights or registration plates.

Special rules of classification within this group

The registration plates provided with mounting means are classified in B60R 13/105. The vehicle lights as such fall under B60Q.

Arrangements or fittings on vehicles for protecting or preventing injuries to occupants or pedestrians in case of accidents or other traffic risks ( safety belts or body harnesses in vehicles B60R 22/00 ; devices, apparatus or methods for life-saving in general A62B ; safety devices for propulsion unit control specially adapted for, or arranged in, vehicles B60K 28/00 ; seats constructed to protect the occupant from the effect of abnormal g-forces, e.g. crash or safety seats, B60N 2/42 ; energy-absorbing arrangements for hand wheels for steering vehicles B62D 1/11 ; energy-absorbing arrangements for vehicle steering columns B62D 1/19 ; harnessing in aircraft B64D 25/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:
  • Vehicles of this subclass that include specially adapted arrangements, devices, or fittings attachable to or forming part of vehicles for either:
  • Preventing or reducing direct-impact type injuries to occupants of vehicles (e.g. air bags),
  • Otherwise directly protecting occupants of vehicles (e.g. from a physical attack), or
  • Preventing or reducing direct-impact type injuries to people that are not occupying vehicles (e.g. bumper mounted pedestrian air bags).
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Safety devices for propulsion unit control specially adapted for, or arranged in, vehicles
Crash or safety seats constructed to protect the occupant from the effect of abnormal g-forces
Safety belts or body harnesses in vehicles
Energy-absorbing arrangements for hand wheels for steering vehicles
Energy-absorbing arrangements for vehicle steering columns
Safety devices or fittings for aircraft and, in particular, safety belts and harnesses used on aircraft
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus or methods for life-saving in general
Safety devices for securing or bracing loads other than occupants on vehicles
Safety devices or fittings for aircraft and, in particular, safety belts and harnesses used on aircraft
Safety devices for propulsion unit control specially adapted for, or arranged in, vehicles
Electrical circuits for triggering {passive} safety arrangements, {e.g. airbags, safety belt tighteners,} in case of vehicle accidents or impending vehicle accidents { ( electrical circuits for transmission of signals between steering wheel and the vehicle itself B60R 16/027 ; for electrically actuating belt retractor locking mens B60R 22/343) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Electric circuits for triggering safety arrangements. These circuits comprise mainly three functional blocks: a) detection (sensors), b) decision (CU) and c) actuating.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Pyrotechnic as such
Accelerometers as such
Special rules of classification within this group

Use of the Indexing Code-scheme, see end of this document.

Occupant safety arrangements or fittings, {e.g. crash pads ( seat belts with crash pads B60R 22/14 ; removable children's seats having a front guard or barrier B60N 2/2839) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Occupant safety guards or fittings. In general the occupant is supposed to come into contact with the safety element or the safety element provides a safety barrier next to the occupant.

Special rules of classification within this group

Actively deployed elements not being covered by the groups below B60R 21/02 are classified in B60R 21/02.

Inflatable occupant restraints or confinements designed to inflate upon impact or impending impact, e.g. air bags ( { protective garments with automatically inflatable shock-absorbing means A41D 13/018 ; } connection of valves to inflatable elastic bodies B60C 29/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Inflatable occupant restraints or confinements designed to inflate upon impact or impending impact, e.g. air bags.

From the subgroup B60R 21/20 to the subgroup B60R 21/2176 subject-matter related to the storage of the inflatable member.

From the subgroup B60R 21/23 to the subgroup B60R 21/239 the inflatable member as such.

From the subgroup B60R 21/26 to the subgroup B60R 21/33 subject-matter related to the inflation fluid source of the inflatable member.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Hydro-pneumatic adjustments of the shape of seats specially adapted for vehicles
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Seats having anti-submarining systems
Special rules of classification within this group

The classification is oriented towards the inventive information. A curtain airbag is not classified in the group for curtain airbags B60R 21/232 if the inventive information is generally related to the mounting place in the vehicle roof frame B60R 21/213. If certain aspects of the bag itself are considered as being relevant for additional information an Indexing Code is preferably used, in this case for the additional information related to the curtain air bag. In case both aspects, the mounting place and the air bag construction, are relevant both classifications are given.

in vehicle seats
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

arrangements for storing inflatable members inside seats. In general the arrangements relating to the fixing or mounting to or in the seat are covered.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Seats or parts thereof displaced during a crash involving residual deformation with anti-submarining systems
Special rules of classification within this group

Inflatable members specially adapted for side protection as such which are seat mounted but where no specific disclosure related to the fixing of the inflatable member is present are not classified under B60R 21/207, but only under B60R 21/231 with the Indexing Code B60R 2021/23146.

in vehicle side panels, e.g. doors ( pillar mounted arrangements B60R 21/213)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Air bags in vehicle side panels, e.g. doors.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Pillars, vehicle roof frames are not considered to form part of the side panels.

Vehicle roof frames or pillars
Protecting non-occupants of a vehicle, e.g. pedestrians { (B60R 19/02 takes precedence ) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Adaptation of vehicle elements for protecting pedestrians.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects
Locks for car bonnets with safety means for pedestrians
E05B65/19P
using airbags
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Bumpers containing [N: mainly] gas or liquid, e.g. inflatable means within the bumper to absorb impact
Special rules of classification within this group

Bumpers containing inflatable members per se are not classified in B60R 21/36. In cases where an inflatable member within a bumper provides for a specific pedestrian protection feature (e.g. like a definition of a structure with regard to parameters of the human body, or a definition of an interaction with further pedestrian safety devices) it should be classified in B60R 19/20 as well as in B60R 21/36.

Warning: The Indexing Code's for aspects of air bags inside the vehicle falling under B60R 21/16 were not given for external air bags.

Lately some Indexing Code's related to similar aspects were given with the idea to eventually find a harmonized approach at a later stage.

Safety belts or body harnesses in vehicles ( safety belts or body harnesses in general A62B 35/00)
Relationship between large subject matter areas

From the sub group B60R 22/18 to the sub group B60R 22/28 subject-matter related to anchoring devices.

From the sub group B60R 22/34 to the sub group B60R 22/4676 subject-matter related to belt retractors.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Buckles; Similar fasteners for interconnecting straps or the like, e.g. for safety belts
Safety belts or body harnesses in general
Safety belts for aircraft
Special rules of classification within this group

Further classification entries are given under the Indexing Code-scheme in B60R 22/00.

Where no better additional information classification Indexing Code's are available for disclosure falling under B60R 22/34 and lower, the Indexing Code's of B60R 22/28 and lower should be given for additional information if relevant.

Four-point seat belt systems, e.g. with the two upper points connected together
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Four-point seat belt systems. A suspender type belt system with the two upper points being connected behind the occupants seat is considered a four-point seat belt system; the fact that the two points are connected does not reduce the number to three.

Special rules of classification within this group

This group covers seat belt systems with four and more points, as long as no further sub-groups are created.

{for children ( adaptation of children`s seats for seat belts B60N 2/265 , B60N 2/2803) }
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Safety belts or body harnesses in vehicles specially adapted for children.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Safety belts being part of a readily mountable or dismountable child seat to secure the child to the child seat
incorporating energy-absorbing devices { ( belt anchors provided with energy-absorbing means for protecting the occupants in case of physical contact therewith B60R 21/055 ; belt retractors comprising energy-absorbing means B60R 22/341 , B60R 22/4676) }
Special rules of classification within this group

Where no better additional information classification Indexing Code's are available for disclosure falling under B60R 22/34 and lower, the Indexing Code's of B60R 22/28 and lower should be given for additional information if relevant.

Belt retractors, e.g. reels (anchoring devices {e.g. guide loops} , with means to tension the belt in an emergency B60R 22/195)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

belt retractors, e.g. reels for retracting the belt when the belt is not used. Anchoring devices with means to tension the belt in an emergency are not considered to be belt retractors.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Anchoring devices with means to tension the belt in an emergency
Control systems, alarms, or interlock systems, for the correct application of the belt or harness
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

the correct application of the belt or harness and sensing means arrangements therefore.

Special rules of classification within this group

Disclosure related to triggering belt tighteners or to controlled tensioning of the belt is classified in B60R 21/01 and in the group covering the related tightener.

Buckles; Similar fasteners for interconnecting straps or the like, e.g. for safety belts as such are classified in A44B 11/25 with respect to their general constructional features. In case the buckle comprises sensing means arrangements used for controlling the correct application of the belt, this aspect is classified in B60R 22/48.

Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles (locks for vehicles E05B 77/00-E05B 85/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Vehicle antitheft systems, like systems for preventing unauthorised access, preventing unauthorised use and retrieving stolen vehicles.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Antitheft of cycles
Antitheft of boats
B62J5/00
Mechanical locks as such, and door handles with integrated switched/sensors
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Access to programs in CPUs
Vehicle performance recording
Access control in general
Fob geometry
Burglar intruder alarm per se
Fleet monitoring
Identifying vehicles
Fobs in general
Antennas for access systems
Transmission through human body
Preventing theft of fuel
L60K15/429
Special rules of classification within this group

Antitheft of vehicle accessories or contents (goods) of a vehicle, see the relevant groups of these accessories or goods.

Special rule with access systems in general, G07C 9/00:

  • IF a document mentions the use of an access system in a vehicle AND does not mention any other use THEN a classification is given ONLY in B60R 25/00,
  • IF a document mentions the use of an access system in a vehicle AND other use THEN a classification in B60R 25/00 AND a classification in G07C 9/00 is given,
  • IF a document does not mention the use of an access system in a vehicle THEN no classification in B60R 25/00 is given (only a class in G07C 9/00).

Vehicle anti theft systems whereby the main feature is not the alarm feature, but have an alarm feature as secondary feature are classified under B60R 25/10.

Here additional information is given in relation to the anti-theft systems e.g. communication protocols and devices.

actuating a signalling device
Special rules of classification within this group

Vehicle anti theft systems whereby the main feature is not the alarm feature, but have an alarm feature as secondary feature are classified under B60R 25/10.

Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

This is a residual group for other vehicle fittings or vehicle parts, not otherwise provided for in this subclass.

An example for such fittings are devices preventing rodents from damaging vehicle parts. Such devices are additionally classified under the Indexing Code B60R 2099/005 and if applicable under A01M 29/30.

Special rules of classification within this group

Further classification entries are given under the Indexing Code-scheme in B60R 99/00.

Indexing Codes:

In B60R an Indexing Code- classification is present with respect to the groups:

Indexing scheme relating to vehicle anti-theft devices
Special rules of classification within this group

Here additional information is given in relation to the anti-theft systems e.g. communication protocols and devices.

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013