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MACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING (processes for producing decorative effects B44C; embossing leather C14B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled three-dimensionally for making single sculptures or models,

artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled substantially two-dimensionally for carving, engraving, or guilloching shallow ornamenting or markings,

machines or apparatus for embossing decorations or marks, e.g. embossing coins,

machines, apparatus or hand tools for branding,

machines or apparatus for inlaying with ornamental structures, e.g. tarsia or mosaic work,

artist's hand tools for sculpturing, kneading, carving, engraving, guilloching or embossing; accessories therefor

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Attention is drawn to the fact that class B44 is related to any machine, apparatus, tool or process so far as the matter produces an effect or product meant to be judged by eye, whereby human emotions or intellect may be influenced or affected.

General relationship of B44B with B41

B41C and B41D cover processes and apparatus for the reproduction of printing surfaces; B41F, B41J, B41K and B41M cover embossing combined with application of ink, type marking presses, selective embossing mechanisms.

General relationship of B44B with B44C, B44D and B44F

B44C covers processes for producing decorative surface effects or ornamental structures by removing surface material e.g. by engraving, pressing or stamping, by pyrography and by uniting ornamental elements to mosaics or mosaic plates in B44C 1/00 and B44C 3/00, and for producing special ornamental bodies in B44C 5/00.

B44D covers artist's accessories or implements for use in connection with painting or artistic drawing, accessories and implements for removing dry paint from surfaces, e.g. by scraping or burning, and surface treatment to obtain artistic effects or finishes or treatment for preserving or restoring paintings.

B44F covers special designs or pictures, e.g. special or unusual light effects and designs imitating natural patterns.

References relevant to classification in this subclass
This subclass/group does not cover:
Machines for ornamenting, producing designs, embossing of leather surfaces
Mechanical treatment for finishing or producing designs or patterns on leather
Marking or engraving machining specially adapted for treating particular metal objects or for obtaining special effects or results on metal object by the action of a high concentration of electric current
Working of wood not provided for in subclasses B27B- B27L by burning or charring, e.g. cutting with hot wire
Printing, duplicating, marking or copying processes; colour printing combined with embossing
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Working or processing of sheet metal or metal tubes , rods or profiles without essentially removing material
Control systems or devices for copying directly from a pattern or master model
Surface shaping of plastics or of substances in a plastic state by mechanical means, e.g. embossing; apparatus therefor
Embossing of paper of cardboard without removing material included combined deformation and laminating
Processes for the manufacture or reproduction of printing surfaces; engraving
Processes or the manufacture or reproduction of printing surfaces by embossing, e.g. with a typewriter
Printing machines or presses; apparatus or machines for carrying out printing operations combined with embossing
Typewriters; selective printing mechanisms for embossing
Stamps; stamping or numbering apparatus or devices with means for offset or intaglio stamping
Stamps; stamping or numbering apparatus or devices with means for relief stamping
Stamps; stamping or numbering apparatus or devices with means for deforming or punching the copy matter
Hand tools specially adapted for the treatment of hides, skins or leather
Photomechanical production of textured or patterned surfaces, e.g. for printing, for processing of semiconductor devices, apparatus specially adapted therefor; exposure
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Decorative arts
Crafts or arts providing an effect or product meant to be judged by eye, whereby human emotions or intellect may be influenced or affected.Such crafts or arts may comprise techniques such as sculpturing, kneading, carving, engraving, guilloching, embossing, branding, inlaying.
Artistic work
Work performed by craftsmen or artists to provide an effect or product meant to be judged by eye, whereby human emotions or intellect may be influenced or affected.Artistic work may comprise techniques such as sculpturing, kneading, carving, engraving, guilloching, embossing, branding, inlaying.
Artist`s machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled three-dimensionally for making single sculptures or models (copying devices for machine tool use B23Q 35/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled three-dimensionally for making single sculptures or models

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US3975983

Artist`s machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled substantially two- dimensionally for carving, engraving, or guilloching shallow ornamenting or markings (marking or engraving metal by the action of a high concentration of electric current B23H 9/06; forme engraving B41C, D; engraving by photo-mechanical reproduction G03F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled substantially two-dimensionally for carving, engraving or guilloching shallow ornamenting or markings

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US2561436

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GB679787

Machines or apparatus for embossing decorations or marks, e.g. embossing coins (corrugating sheet metal or metal tubes, embossing combined with sheet-metal working operations B21D; embossing plastics or substances in a plastic state, in general B29C 59/00; embossing of paper or cardboard in general B31F 1/07; forme embossing B41C 1/08; embossing combined with application of ink, type marking presses, selective embossing mechanisms B41F, B41J, B41K, B41M; embossing leather C14B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines or apparatus for embossing decorations or marks, e.g. embossing coins, embossing dies and accessories for holding work or loading and discharging arrangements

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US20070275169

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DE2146865

Machines, apparatus or hand tools for branding, {e.g. using radiant energy such as laser beams} (burning or charring wood stock B27M 1/06)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Machines, apparatus or hand tools for branding essentially by using heat to create a desing on the surface of a workpiece, e.g. by partially burning the surface layer

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US3732908

Machines or apparatus for inlaying with ornamental structures, e.g. tarsia or mosaic work (uniting ornamental elements, on a support B44C 1/28, to structures B44C 3/12; imitation of mosaic or tarsia work patterns B44F 11/04)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Uniting ornamental elements on a support
Uniting ornaments elements to structures
Imitation of mosaic or tarsia work patterns
Artists' hand tools for sculpturing, kneading, carving, engraving, guilloching or embossing; Accessories therefor
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Artist's hand tools for sculpturing, kneading, carving, engraving, guilloching or embossing essentially creating a surface relief onto a workpiece

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Last Modified: 10/11/2013