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IMPLEMENTS FOR WRITING OR DRAWING (containers, casings or accessories for cosmetic substances, e.g. shaving soap, lipstick, make-up A45D 34/00, A45D 40/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- nibs and writing-points of ink pens;

- nib holders (penholders);

- ink fountain-pens, ink ball-point pens, ink pens with writing-points other than nibs or balls;

- ink filling devices;

- devices for removing or cleaning nibs of ink pens;

- assembling, finishing, or repairing ink pens;

- continuously-adjustable nibs of ink pens;

- non-propelling pencils, styles, crayons, chalks;

- propelling pencils;

- holders or connectors for writing implements (pencils and ink pens) and means for protecting the writing-points of said writing implements;

- mechanisms for selecting, projecting, retracting or locking writing units;

- attaching writing implements to wearing apparel or objects;

- multiple-point writing implements (pencils and ink pens);

- combination of writing implements with other articles;

- writing implement receptacles functioning as, or combined with, writing implements.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Apparatus for applying liquids in general
Processes for applying liquids in general
Cutting, perforating, punching, stamping-out in general
Containers
Coating compositions, inks, correcting fluids
Electric digital data processing
Displaying, advertising
Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:
Writing implements
pens, pencils, crayons, chalks or like markers for writing or drawing
Nibs (continuously adjustable nibs B43K 17/00); Writing-points (for indicating or recording apparatus G01D 15/16)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- the writing-points of ink pens, by considering their different shapes and materials: e.g. capillary, porous, split or wire nibs; tubular or fibrous writing-points; ball points or felt pads.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Appliances for applying liquid cosmetics, e.g. using roller or ball
Brushes with reservoir
Hand-held spraying apparatus, e.g. pen-like sprayers
Hand apparatus for applying liquids
Making writing instruments
Machining for treating particular metal objects
Nib holders, fountain pens, ball-point pens, pens with other writing-points, multiple-point writing implements
Erasing devices, e.g. with fluids
Hand devices for applying liquid, other than ink
Implements e.g. for painting lines
Alloys
Coating metallic material
Pointing devices
Nib holders (holders for continuously adjustable nibs B43K 17/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- penholders, namely rods of e.g. wood, metal, plastic into which a nib is fixed or pinched;

- penholders with retractable nibs.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Nibs
Devices for removing or cleaning nibs
Mechanisms for retracting writing units
Implements e.g. for painting lines
Recording elements transferring e.g. ink to recording surfaces
Pens with ink reservoirs in holders, e.g. fountain-pens (nibs or writing-points with ink reservoirs B43K 1/01; ball-point pens B43K 7/00; pens with writing-points other than nibs or balls B43K 8/00; multiple-point writing implements B43K 27/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- ink fountain pens;

- components of ink fountain-pens, i.e. barrels, ink reservoirs, retractable nibs, closing means and arrangements for feeding ink to the nibs.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Hand apparatus for applying liquids
Layered products e.g. tubular
Ink supply systems
Split nibs
Holders for writing implements
Writing-points protecting means
Mechanisms for retracting writing units
Liquid applying hand-held devices of the fountain-pen type
Implements e.g. for painting lines
Inks
Ball-point pens ([N: B43M 11/085 takes precedence]; multiple-point writing implements B43K 27/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- ink ball-point pens;

- components of ink ball-point pens, i.e. barrels, ink reservoirs, retractable ball points and arrangements for feeding ink to the ball points.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Appliances for applying liquid cosmetics, e.g. using roller or ball
Hand apparatus for applying liquids
Layered products e.g. tubular
Ink supply systems
Nibs with ball points
Fountain-pens, pens with writing-points other than nibs or balls
Holders for writing implements
Mechanisms for retracting writing units
Erasing devices with fluids
Inks
Pens with writing-points other than nibs or balls (brushes with reservoir for supplying substances A46B 11/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- ink pens with writing-points other than nibs or balls;

- components of ink pens with writing-points other than nibs or balls, i.e. barrels, spraying systems, writing points (comprising fibres, felt or capillary material; with roller or coreless tube; electrically or magnetically activated), ink reservoirs, retractable writing points, closing means and arrangements for feeding ink to the writing points.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Appliances for applying liquid cosmetics, e.g. using roller or ball
Hand-held spraying apparatus
Hand apparatus for applying liquids
Layered products e.g. tubular
Ink jet printing mechanisms
Ink supply systems
Capillary or porous nibs, fibrous writing-points, felt pads
Fountain-pens, ball-point pens
Holders for writing implements
Writing-points protecting means
Mechanisms for retracting writing units
Multiple-point writing implements
Erasing devices with fluids
Hand devices for applying liquid, other than ink
Implements e.g. for painting lines
Hand-held apparatus for applying coatings
Inks
Apparatus for measuring force
Pointing devices
Filling devices (ink receptacles B43L 25/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- ink refilling arrangements for writing implements with ink reservoirs.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Refilling of cartridges in typewriters
Filling liquids in containers
Filling bottles with liquids
Devices for removing nibs; Devices for cleaning nibs, e.g. by wiping (ink receptacles with pen-wiping means B43L 25/12)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- devices for removing or cleaning the writing points of ink pens.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Devices for cleaning brushes
Cleaning in general
Machines for separating metal parts
Hand tools for separating parts
Assembling, finishing, or repairing pens
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- assembling whole ink writing implements or only parts (e.g. clips or writing points) thereof;

- providing the finished appearance to ink writing implements;

- repairing deteriorated ink writing implements.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Restoring or reconditioning objects
Machines for fitting together metal parts
Devices for polishing, finishing or abrading surfaces
Hand tools for fitting together parts
Repairing of articles made from plastics
Repairing layered products
Nibs
Fountain-pens, ball-point pens, pens with writing-points other than nibs or balls
Assembling, finishing, or repairing propelling pencils
Multiple-point writing implements
Assembling, repairing, or finishing erasers
Fittings for pipes
Continuously-adjustable nibs, e.g. for drawing-pens; Holders therefor (features common to fountain pens B43K 5/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- drawing-pens adapted to draw lines of any predetermined width;

- ink writing implements with e.g. cushioned or diameter expandable writing tips;

- holders with arrangements for drawing dotted lines.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Nibs
Nib holders
Generating stepwise movements of drawing equipment
Non-propelling pencils; Styles; Crayons; Chalks (batik pencils, cord-line chalkers B44D 3/00; writing-core compositions for pencils, crayon compositions, chalk compositions C09D 13/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- non-propelling pencils (e.g. with graphite, coloured or with short leads), styles, crayons (e.g. pastel or with wax) and chalks;

- non-propelling pencils with metallic writing-core (e.g. of metal alloy or aluminium) for writing on surfaces;

- slate pencils having a rod of slate and adapted for drawing, writing on slate surfaces;

- non-propelling pencil sheathings;

- making non-propelling pencils.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Holders for pencil-like cosmetics
Manufacture of specific wooden articles
Methods for working e.g. slate
Layered products essentially comprising wood
Printing on wooden surfaces
Holders for crayons or chalks
Multiple-point writing implements
Hand-held eraser holders of the pencil type
Propelling pencils (projecting mechanisms for writing units B43K 24/00; multiple-point writing implements B43K 27/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- propelling pencils, in which the writing core (lead) is projected by a feeding mechanism;

- different components of propelling pencils, namely barrels and writing core feeding mechanisms (with sliding tubelike writing-core guides, by gravity, by means sliding in longitudinally-slotted casings, by screws, by stepwise feed, or with gripping means);

- assembling, finishing, or repairing propelling pencils.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Holders for pencil-like cosmetics
Layered products e.g. tubular
B32B31/00
Barrels for pens with nibs, ball points or other writing points
Pens with retractable nibs, ball points or other writing points
Assembling, finishing, or repairing pens
Holders for writing implements
Hand-held eraser holders of the mechanical pencil type
Pencil-leads, crayon compositions, chalk composition
Holders or connectors for writing implements; Means for protecting the writing-points [N: (B43K 27/003 takes precedence)]
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- tubular pencil holders e.g. for the holding of short pencils;

- tubular shaped, open-ended writing implement holders;

- tubular pencil couplings which hold two pencils together;

- writing implements supporting means;

- holders or barrels with finger grips or adapted for handicapped persons;

- holders for attachment to finger tips;

- holders for crayons or chalks;

- means for connecting two or more writing implements;

- writing-points protecting means, e.g. caps.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Appliances for applying liquid cosmetics, e.g. using roller or ball
Holders for pencil-like cosmetics
Handle constructions with improve grip
Barrels for pens with nibs, ball points or other writing points
Pens with closing means or movable closure
Non-propelling pencil sheathings
Barrels for propelling pencils
Attaching writing implements to wearing apparel or objects
Barrels for multiple-point writing implements
Supports for attachment to hands or arms for facilitating writing
Holders for erasers
Hand-held devices
Desk sets comprising pen holders
Mechanisms for selecting, projecting, retracting or locking writing units
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- mechanisms (deformable barrels, sliding sleeves or means, flicking or tilting means, turning means or push-buttons) for locking a single writing unit in only fully projected or retracted positions;

- mechanisms (sliding means, turning means or push-buttons) for selecting, projecting and locking several writing units.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Holders for pencil-like cosmetics
Pens with retractable nibs, ball points or other writing points
Propelling pencils
Multiple-point writing implements
Hand-held eraser holders of the mechanical pencil type
Pointing devices
Attaching writing implements to wearing apparel or objects involving constructional changes of the implements (protecting means, e.g. caps B43K 23/08; garment-holding devices A44B21/00; fastening articles to wearing apparel A45F 5/02)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- attaching means for attaching writing implements to wearing apparel or objects, like e.g. tether, magnet, necklace, chain, ring, hooked fabric (Velcro) or clips.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Key-rings
Clips in their decorative or ornamental aspect
Bracelets with means for attaching a writing instrument
Supporting means for writing implements
Supports for attachment to hands or arms for facilitating writing
Friction-grip releasable fastenings, like clips
Magnets
Multiple-point writing implements, e.g. multicolour; Combinations of writing implements (B43K 29/00 takes precedence; mechanisms for selecting, projecting, retracting or locking writing units B43K 24/00; multiple writing devices with pantographic linkages B43L 13/12)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- writing implements (pencils or ink pens) with more than one writing-point (combinations of only pens, of only pencils or of pens and pencils).

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Appliances for applying liquid cosmetics, e.g. using roller or ball
Holders for pencil-like cosmetics
Hand apparatus for applying liquids
Layered products e.g. tubular
Fountain-pens, ball-point pens, pens with writing-points other than nibs or balls
Non-propelling and propelling pencils
Holders for writing implements
Means for connecting two or more writing implements
Mechanisms for retracting writing units
Erasers, rubbers, or erasing devices
Hand devices for applying liquid, other than ink
Inks
Combinations of writing implements with other articles
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- writing implements comprising one or more non-writing articles on or in them.

- besides the examples of articles listed explicitly in this group, other non-writing articles are also possible, namely e.g. magnetically means, toys, ornaments or decorations, letter openers, pocket knifes, nail files, cap openers, screwdrivers, perfuming means, bookmarks, key holders, massage devices, golf tees, cigarette holders, first-aid kits or spray devices.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Accessories for smoker's pipes
Cigarette holders
Key-rings
Jewellery
Nail files
Containers adapted for handling liquid cosmetic substances
Casings for handling solid cosmetic substances
Brushes
First-aid kits
Devices for massage
Containers adapted for medical purposes
Golf tees
Lottos or bingo games
Games not otherwise provided for
Noise-producing devices for toy effects
Other toys
Hand-held spraying apparatus
Screwdrivers
Hand-held cutting tools
Portable hand-operated stamp devices
Apparatus for stamping articles
Sheet pads
Calendar blocks
Bookmarkers
Circular curve-drawing instruments
Blotters
Erasers, rubbers, or erasing devices
Sharpeners for pencils or leads
Devices for opening envelopes
Hand devices for applying liquid, other than ink
Decorative arts
B44
Containers with means for dispensing contents
Hand-held apparatus for applying coatings
Hand devices for removing flanged caps
Perfumes
Making blotting paper
Combinations of lighting devices with other articles
Electric lighting devices
Lighters containing fuel
Instruments using mechanical measuring means
Compasses
Apparatus for measuring force
Light guides
Magnifying glasses
Other optical systems
Time-pieces combined with other articles
Indicating the time optically
Structural details of time-pieces
Input arrangements for transferring data
Arrangements for reading or recognising printed or written characters
Counting of objects
Lottery apparatus
Models for optics
Perpetual calendars
Indicating arrangements for variable information
Advertising on or in specific articles
Audible advertising
Sound-producing devices
Magnets
Scanning, transmission or reproduction of documents
Writing implement receptacles functioning as, or combined with, writing implements (other writing implement receptacles A45C 11/34, A45C 11/36)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

- writing implement receptacles like e.g. etuis, pen holding rulers, refill storing containers, containers for leads, containers for cartridges, lead dispensers or chalk dispensers.

References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:
Supporting means for writing implements
Desk sets penholders
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:
Casings for storing solid cosmetic substances
Storage of ink cartridges
Propelling pencils with lead cartridges
Holders for chalk
Straightedges combined with other drawing aids
Containers for dispensing rod-shaped articles
Containers adapted for pencils or pens
This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013