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BOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Particular final and input products of bookbinding processes, including

  • bound products, especially books, obtained by connecting fillings to covers,
  • book covers or bookbinding cases suitable for obtaining bound products,
  • loose leaves modified for bookbinding,
  • separately printed inserts to be permanently placed into, a main bound product;

Particular final and input products of other processes for associating printed sheets, signatures or webs, e.g. processes for interposing inserts, including

  • sheets united without bookbinding to form pads or blocks,
  • newspapers or the like,
  • separately printed inserts, to be removably or permanently placed into, a main united or printed product;

Printed matter of special format, i.e. selection, arrangement, size or shape of the substrate, or style, i.e. selection or arrangement of indicia, comprising:

  • book-keeping books, forms or arrangements, including arrangements for carrying forward or transferring entries from one page to another,
  • postcards and greeting, menu, business or like cards,
  • letter cards or letter-sheets,
  • identity, credit, cheque or like information-bearing cards,
  • other printed matter of special format or style not otherwise provided for;

Particular devices for use with the above products or printed matter, comprising

  • bookmarkers, spot indicators, devices for holding books open, leaf turners,
  • devices for carrying forward or transferring entries from one page to another,
  • hanging or securing devices for books, newspapers, or the like,
  • other devices for use with particular printed products or printed matter covered by this subclass and not otherwise provided for;

Movable-strip writing or reading apparatus.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Book-rests, book-ends; Desks, cabinets, racks, shelf units or troughs adapted for reading or storing books, documents, forms, or the like.

Permanently attaching together sheets, quires or signatures, or permanently attaching objects, e.g. map sections, thereto

Bookbinding

Sheets temporarily attached together; Filing appliances; File cards; Indexing means

Special rules of classification within this subclass

In this subclass, it is desirable to add the Indexing Codes of groups B42P 2201/00 - B42P 2261/00.

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Binding

Used in the sense of book-binding for permanently connecting a filling to a cover to provide a bound product. Usually, the filling is a book block consisting of a set of printed sheets, quires, or signatures, which are loose or already permanently attached together, or insets which are individually mounted to become a permanent part of the book. Usually, the cover is a bookbinding case comprising a spine and the bound product is a book.

Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the expression/word "casing-in" is often used instead of "binding" which is used in the classification scheme of this subclass.

Books or other bound products (match books A24F 27/12; picture books with additional toy effects A63H 33/38; indexing features B42F 21/00; educational or demonstration appliances G09B, e.g. textbooks for teaching foreign languages G09B 19/08)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Books as an association of fillings with covers;

Albums as bound products comprising a cover associated with fillings, e.g.

  • relatively stiff album pages and thin separator pages connected to the cover,
  • stiff album pages united by photo prints and connected to the cover of a photo book, usually without an additional filing option;

Files with adhesive strips for mounting papers, the files providing a cover with adhesive strips allowing for permanently mounting papers thereto, e.g. insets or loose leaves, individual sheets or sheets already united to subunits, being subsequently mounted in one go or collected in the course of time and optionally modified for being mounted thereto.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Some special adaptations of book or other bound products for particular purposes are covered by other places, e.g.

  • toy purposes by A63H, especially picture books with additional toy effects like pop-up or slide displays,
  • teaching purposes by G09B, especially textbooks for teaching foreign languages, books combined with devices for teaching reading or with devices working with questions and answers,
  • display purposes by G09F, especially books adapted for samples or modified for advertising.
  • If books are provided with replaceable fillings or units of fillings, this aspect is covered by B42D, e.g. B42D 1/06 and B42F, e.g. by B42F 11/00.
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Match books

Picture books with additional toy effects, e.g. pop-up or slide displays

Applying glue or adhesive peculiar to bookbinding and subsequently applying a cover

Machines or equipment for casing-in or applying covers to obtain books, or pamphlets, magazines, paper-covered pads or other paper-covered booklets

Multi-step processes for making books

Features of book covers; Covers or spine strips provided with adhesive for bookbinding

Diaries, memorandum calendars

Sheet features for sheets united without binding or for sheets of printed matter of other special format or style

Filing features of the fillings, i.e. for temporarily attaching objects to sheets

Indexing features of the fillings, e.g. thumb cuts

Textbooks for teaching foreign languages

Books of samples

Book covers (loose-leaf binders B42F)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

All kinds of covers: hard, soft, removable and permanent protective covers and particular details thereof;

Particular devices for use with covers, e.g. for protecting or reinforcing edges of corners thereof;

Accessories for book covers or books not otherwise provided for, specially adapted for use therewith or for removable attachment thereto, e.g. protective jackets or protective book cases.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Reading-desks, lecterns or pulpits characterised by association with line indicators or other auxiliary devices

Reading-racks or book-rests characterised by association with line indicators or other auxiliary devices

Manufacturing bookbinding cases or paper covers, e.g. decorating them

Jacketing books

Rebinding books

Books or other bound products, e.g. files with adhesive strips for mounting papers

Supports for note-pads combined with light emitting devices

Bookmarkers, spot indicators, devices for holding books open

Postcards, greeting, menu, business or like cards, letter cards or letter-sheets combined with permanently fastened sound-producing or light-emitting means or carrying sound records

Covers for loose-leaf binders

Filing appliances with means for engaging perforations or slots combined or formed with other articles, e.g. with devices enabling the cover to be positioned upright

Indexing means

Electrically-operated educational appliances with both, visual and audible presentation of the material to be studied, combining audio and printed presentations, e.g. talking books

Special rules of classification within this group

Details of covers which are the same for book covers, and covers of loose-leaf binders, are classified in B42D 3/00 only.

Sheets united without binding to form pads or blocks (processes therefor B42B)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Sheets of a pad, note-pad, tablet or block are united with the intention or option to permanently remove single sheets.

Particular supports or holders for such sheets united without binding, not otherwise provided for.

Combinations of such sheets, supports or holders with other articles, not otherwise provided for.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Photograph stands

Devices for hanging pictures, mirrors, or the like

Apparatus for printing calendars

Manifolding assemblies made up of single sheets or forms, e.g. pads, or of continuous webs

Processes for uniting sheets without binding to form pads or blocks

Similar features for book sheets, e.g. perforated

Form sheets per se, e.g. cheques, questionnaires, forms for book-keeping, planning or inventories, forms for commercial use

Foldable or multi-part cards or sheets, e.g. combined with detachably mounted or permanently fastened articles

Letter-cards or letter-sheets

Sheets perforated or punched for temporarily attaching them together

Clip boards, i.e. boards with devices clamping sheet edges

Writing or drawing underlays, e.g. blotting pads

Envelopes

Containers or packages with special means for dispensing thin flat articles in succession, e.g. with means assisting pulling out through an aperture

Perpetual calendars, e.g. with interchangeable or movably mounted members bearing the indicia

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Pad

A pad (GB) or tablet (US) comprises a set of identical stacked sheets, usually glued together at one edge and backed by a piece of cardboard provided with a cover flap.

Note-pad

A note-pad is a united set of sheets with usually identical sheets for writing there upon, either unprinted or provided with guiding marks.

Form set

A form set is a united set of sheets printed with a form comprising spaces for filling in data or text, e.g. by writing or printing.

Block

A block is typically a block calendar or tear-off calendar comprising an ordered set of different sheets.

Newspapers or the like
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Advertising on paper articles, e.g. booklets, newspapers

Bookmarkers; Spot indicators; Devices for holding books open (combined with covers B42D 3/16, indexing tabs for sheets B42F 21/00) ; Leaf turners
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Reading-racks or book-rests characterised by association with leaf turners or other auxiliary devices

Book covers combined with column markers or line or heading indicators

Book covers combined with means for holding books open

Indexing tabs integral with, detachably mounted to, or permanently fastened to sheets

Apparatus making use of leaf turning devices:

Selective printing or marking mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers, for printing downwardly on bank books or the like

Numbering devices having integral means for supporting the articles to be stamped

Automatic teller machines (ATM)

Carrying forward or transferring entries from one page to another, e.g. for book-keeping
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Book covers combined with column markers or line or heading indicators

Book-keeping books, forms or arrangements

Book-keeping books, forms or arrangements (B42D 11/00 takes precedence)
Synonyms and Keywords

In patent documents the following expressions/words "book-keeping book", "ledger" and " account book" are often used as synonyms.

In patent documents the following expressions/words "book-keeping form" and "balance sheet" are often used as synonyms.

Loose leaves modified for binding; Inserts (loose leaves modified for temporary attachment B42F 3/00; indexing features B42F 21/00)
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Loose leaves modified for binding and insets become permanent part of the book or bound product, e.g. a laminated passport data page specially adapted for binding with other passport pages.

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Preparing the edges or backs of leaves or signatures for binding

Sheets perforated or punched for temporarily attaching together

Advertising on paper articles, e.g. booklets, newspapers

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Binding

Used in the sense of book-binding and of permanently attaching sheets together

Printed matter of special format or style not otherwise provided for
Definition statement
This subclass/group covers:

Printed matter of special format or style comprises:

Particular features selected for the substrate, usually paper or plastic sheets or cards, e.g. the selected material, the size or shape of the article, the article being foldable or made up of multiple parts;

Particular selection, presentation or arrangement of the indicia, e.g. of guiding marks, as combination of markings, as a form or in a table, to obtain a particular technical effect related the intellectual impression provided by the indicia;

Particular association with devices for use therewith, e.g. with stamps, photographs or security elements.

Particular substrate and indicia features can contribute in combination to provide a printed matter specially adapted for a particular purpose, e.g. a bank-note, a postcard, a letter-sheet or an identity card.

Relationship between large subject matter areas

Special adaptations of printed matter for particular purposes are often covered by other places, e.g.

  • binding, bookbinding, filing and indexing aspects of printed matter are covered by other places in B42B, B42C, B42D and B42F;
  • display or advertising purposes by G09F, e.g. labels, tag tickets or similar identification or indication means, security seals and postage or like stamps by G09F 3/00, especially attachment aspects thereof, or show-cards, signs, name or number plates, panels or boards with letters, numerals, or symbols;
  • teaching purposes by G09B, especially maps, plans, charts or diagrams for teaching in general, guide sheets or tracing charts for teaching writing, textbooks for teaching languages or printed appliances for teaching book-keeping.
References relevant to classification in this subclass/group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Places in relation to which this group is residual:

Cards of card games; Special shapes of such cards

Book-keeping forms or arrangements

Sheets temporarily attached together; Sheet details therefor; Sheets and objects temporarily attached together; Means therefor

Securities or banknotes characterised by colour effects

Maps, plans, charts, diagrams, e.g. route diagrams

Cardboard or like show-cards of foldable or flexible material

Labels, tag tickets, or similar identification or indication means; Seals; Postage or like stamps

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Card games appurtenances, e.g. card-presses, card holders, shufflers or dealers

Tickets for lotto or bingo games having a message becoming legible after rubbing-off a coating or removing an adhesive layer

Layered products; Methods or apparatus for laminating

Printing machines or presses

Selective printing mechanisms, i.e. mechanisms printing otherwise than from a forme

Manifolding assemblies made up of single sheets or forms

Security printing processes

Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein

Permanently attaching objects, e.g. map sections, to sheets

Sheets temporarily attached together or sheets and objects temporarily attached together; Sheet details and devices therefor

Machines or apparatus for embossing decorations or marks, e.g. embossing coins

Producing decorative effects

Designs or pictures characterised by colour effects, e.g. changing, amusing, or secret pictures, or iridescent effects

Envelopes

Cards, coupons, being located within a pouch or envelope attached to the exterior of packages, e.g. shipping mailers

Non-fibrous material added to the pulp or paper impregnating or coating material, characterised by its function, form or properties, e.g. agents facilitating proof of genuineness or preventing fraudulent alteration, e.g. for security paper

Optical elements, systems or apparatus

Photosensitive materials for photographic purposes; Photographic processes; Auxiliary processes in photography

Photomechanical production of textured or patterned surfaces, e.g. for printing; Materials therefor; Originals therefor; Apparatus specially adapted therefor

Electrography; Electrophotography; Magnetography

Holographic processes or apparatus

Methods or arrangements for reading or recognising printed or written characters or for recognising patterns, e.g. fingerprints

Methods or arrangements for graph-reading or for converting the pattern of mechanical parameters, e.g. force or presence, into electrical signals

Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings, e.g. credit or identity cards with integrated circuit chips

Testing specially adapted to determine the identity or genuineness of paper currency or similar valuable papers, e.g. for segregating those which are unacceptable or alien to a currency

Mechanisms actuated by coded identity card or credit card to free or to actuate vending, hiring, coin or paper currency dispensing or refunding apparatus

Teaching appliances of chart form working with questions and answers, e.g. of the multiple-choice answer type or with invisibly printed correct answers

Guide sheets or tracing charts for teaching hand-writing, shorthand, drawing, or painting

Glossary of terms
In this subclass/group, the following terms (or expressions) are used with the meaning indicated:

Printed matter

Articles bearing visible indicia produced by a graphic process, which effect primarily intellectual impressions, e.g. information, as opposite to esthetical impressions. Usually, the articles are sheet materials, the indicia are characters or patterns and examples for the graphic processes are printing, marking, duplicating, copying or decalcomania.

Hanging or securing devices for books, newspapers or the like (suspended filing appliances B42F 15/00)
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Book-troughs; Accessories specially adapted for book-storing, e.g. book-ends

Filing appliances with separate intermediate holding means engaging folds

Suspended filing appliances

Movable-strip writing or reading apparatus (manifolding apparatus B41L; adapted for, or incorporated in, cash registers G07G {drawing board with moving strip B43L 5/025} )
Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Autographic registers or like manifolding apparatus using movable strips or webs, e.g. with mechanisms for feeding webs

Drawing boards with paper rolls and means for clamping sheets of paper thereto

Unwinding or winding webs in general

Moving webs in general, e.g. advancing, registering, tensioning, smoothing, or guiding webs

Receipt-giving machines or cash registers giving receipts

Maps, plans, charts or diagrams of belt form, e.g. endless belt

Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the complete information is permanently attached to a moving band which brings it to the display position

Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof (printing processes to produce identification or security features B41M 3/14)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Printing processes to produce identification or security features

Informative references
Attention is drawn to the following places, which may be of interest for search:

Machines or apparatus for embossing decorations or marks

Agents, added to the pulp or applied with paper impregnating or coating material, facilitating proof of genuineness or preventing fraudulent alteration, e.g. for security paper

Diffracting gratings

Holograms used as optical elements

Holography

Reading or recognising characters or patterns, e.g. fingerprints

Testing specially adapted to determine the identity or genuineness of paper currency or similar valuable papers

Record carriers in general

Public transport tickets (apparatus for printing and issuing G07B)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Apparatus for printing and issuing

Associated digital information (record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings G06K 19/00)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Record carriers for use with machines and with at least a part designed to carry digital markings

using electromagnetic radiation (B42D 25/435 takes precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Marking by removal of material using electromagnetic radiation

using chemicals (B42D 25/445 takes precedence)
References relevant to classification in this group
This subclass/group does not cover:

Marking by removal of material using chemicals

This page is owned by Office of Patent Classification.
Last Modified: 10/11/2013